What’s HELLP Syndrome


Signs and Symptoms of HELLP Syndrome | Nursing Mnemonics

Video taken from the channel: NURSINGcom


HELLP syndrome in Pregnancy

Video taken from the channel: Ajit Virkud


HELLP Syndrome CRASH! Medical Review Series

Video taken from the channel: Paul Bolin, M.D.


Preeclampsia and HELLP Syndrome

Video taken from the channel: University Hospitals


HELLP Syndrome | Hemolysis, Elevated Liver, Low Platelets

Video taken from the channel: Medicosis Perfectionalis


Maternity: HELLP Syndrome

Video taken from the channel: All Health TV


What is HELLP syndrome?

Video taken from the channel: MedWatch Today

HELLP syndrome is a rare but serious condition that can happen when you’re pregnant or right after you have your baby. HELLP stands for the different things that happen when you have i. HELLP syndrome is a group of symptoms that can develop in pregnant women.

HELLP syndrome is a disorder of the liver and blood that can be fatal if left untreated. HELLP syndrome is a complication of pregnancy characterized by hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and a low platelet count. It usually begins during the last three months of pregnancy or shortly after childbirth.

Symptoms may include feeling tired, retaining fluid, headache, nausea, upper right abdominal pain, blurry vision, nosebleeds, and seizures. Complications may include disseminated intravascular coagulation, placental abruption, and kidney failure. HELLP syndrome is a life-threatening condition that can potentially complicate pregnancy. [1] It is named for 3 features of the condition: H emolysis, E levated L iver enzyme levels, and L ow P latelet levels. It typically occurs in the last 3 months of pregnancy (the third trimester) but can also start soon after delivery. [2].

What is HELLP Syndrome? HELLP syndrome is a life-threatening pregnancy complication usually considered to be a variant of preeclampsia. Both conditions usually occur during the later stages of pregnancy, or sometimes after childbirth.

HELLP syndrome was named by Dr. Louis Weinstein in 1982 after its characteristic. HELLP Syndrome is a series of symptoms that make up a syndrome that can affect pregnant women.

HELLP syndrome is thought to be a variant of preeclampsia, but it may be an entity all on its own. There are still many questions about the serious condition of HELLP syndrome. HELLP syndrome, which is a group of symptoms, stands for hemolysis (a breakdown of red blood cells), elevated liver enzyme levels, and low platelet levels, and the condition affects just under.

What is HELLP syndrome? HELLP syndrome is a life-threatening condition that usually occurs in pregnant women who have high blood pressure (BP). Your risk also increases if you had preeclampsia in a past pregnancy or are older than 40 with this pregnancy.

HELLP syndrome usually develops between week 20 and the end of pregnancy. HELLP syndrome is a serious condition for both mother and baby and complications may arise if left untreated. Treatment may include medications needed for mother/baby, blood transfusions for severe bleeding. The main treatment is to deliver the baby as soon as possible, even if premature if there is distress for mother and baby. The acronym for HELLP Syndrome stands for: Hemolysis (H), where your red blood cells are broken down too soon, causing dangerously low red-cell blood counts.

Elevated liver enzymes (EL), which indicate that your liver is functioning poorly and is unable to process toxins in your body efficiently.

List of related literature:

HELLP syndrome, a multisystem disease, is a form of severe preeclampsia in which the woman presents with a variety of complaints and exhibits common laboratory markers for a syndrome of hemolysis (H), elevated liver enzymes (EL), and low platelets (LP).

“AWHONN's Perinatal Nursing” by Kathleen R. Simpson
from AWHONN’s Perinatal Nursing
by Kathleen R. Simpson
Wolters Kluwer Health, 2013

HELLP syndrome is an acronym for a condition characterized by hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelets.

“Pharmacology for the Prehospital Professional” by Jeffrey S. Guy
from Pharmacology for the Prehospital Professional
by Jeffrey S. Guy
Mosby/Elsevier, 2009

HELLP syndrome is a true obstetrical emergency that affects about 10% of pregnant women who have preeclampsia or eclampsia.11 Signs and symptoms ofHELLP syndrome include headache, worsening nausea and vomiting, upper abdominal pain, and vision disturbances.

“Mosby's Paramedic Textbook” by Mick J. Sanders, Lawrence M. Lewis, Kim D. McKenna, Gary Quick, Kim McKenna
from Mosby’s Paramedic Textbook
by Mick J. Sanders, Lawrence M. Lewis, et. al.
Elsevier/Mosby Jems, 2012

HELLP syndrome refers to a maternal condition causing low platelets and elevated liver enzyme levels.

“Certification and Core Review for Neonatal Intensive Care Nursing E-Book” by AACN, AWHONN, NANN, Robin L. Watson
from Certification and Core Review for Neonatal Intensive Care Nursing E-Book
by AACN, AWHONN, et. al.
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2012

The HELLP syndrome is a variant of severe preeclampsia characterized by hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelets.

“Textbook of Gastroenterology” by Tadataka Yamada, David H. Alpers, Anthony N. Kalloo, Neil Kaplowitz, Chung Owyang, Don W. Powell
from Textbook of Gastroenterology
by Tadataka Yamada, David H. Alpers, et. al.
Wiley, 2011

The HELLP acronym stands for hemolysis, elevated liver tests, and low platelet levels and represents a unique disorder which characteristically develops during the third trimester of pregnancy.

“Netter's Gastroenterology E-Book” by Martin H. Floch, C.S. Pitchumoni, Neil R. Floch, Raul Rosenthal, James Scolapio, Joseph K. Lim
from Netter’s Gastroenterology E-Book
by Martin H. Floch, C.S. Pitchumoni, et. al.
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2019

HELLP syndrome is a variant of GH that involves hemolysis (breakage of erythrocytes), elevated liver enzymes, and low platelets.

“Introduction to Maternity and Pediatric Nursing E-Book” by Gloria Leifer
from Introduction to Maternity and Pediatric Nursing E-Book
by Gloria Leifer
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2018

• HELLP syndrome is a particularly severe form of preeclampsia associated with high maternal morbidity and characterized by hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelet counts.

“Emergency Medicine E-Book: Clinical Essentials (Expert Consult Online)” by James G. Adams
from Emergency Medicine E-Book: Clinical Essentials (Expert Consult Online)
by James G. Adams
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2012

HELLP syndrome is a subcategory of preeclampsia in which the patient presents with hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelets.

“Blueprints Obstetrics and Gynecology” by Tamara L. Callahan, Aaron B. Caughey
from Blueprints Obstetrics and Gynecology
by Tamara L. Callahan, Aaron B. Caughey
Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott William & Wilkins, 2009

What is HELLP syndrome?

“Emergency Medicine Secrets E-Book” by Vincent J. Markovchick, Katherine M. Bakes, Jennie A. Buchanan, Peter T. Pons
from Emergency Medicine Secrets E-Book
by Vincent J. Markovchick, Katherine M. Bakes, et. al.
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2015

Oktay Kutluk

Kutluk Oktay, MD, FACOG is one of the world's foremost experts in fertility preservation as well as ovarian stimulation and in vitro fertilization for infertility treatments. He developed and performed the world's first ovarian transplantation procedures as well as pioneered new ovarian stimulation protocols for embryo and oocyte freezing for breast and endometrial cancer patients.

Mail: [email protected]
Telephone: +1 (877) 492-3666

Biography: https://medicine.yale.edu/profile/kutluk_oktay/
Bibliography: oktay_bibliography

View all posts


Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

  • ► �� My Antibioitcs course is on sale…Use the discount code: ANTIBIOTICS25 at checkout to get a 25% discount: https://www.medicosisperfectionalis.com/products/courses/antibiotics/

  • I was diagnosed with HELLP syndrome at my 38 week appointment. (No clear symptoms until this appointment). Thank you so much for this video. Really informative to help me understand this black sheep complication.

    My son would then have to stay in the NICU for 10 days for breathing issues. I don’t believe I remember if I was given a cortical steroid. Would my son have had a shorter stay in the NICU if this would have been provided? Dealing with the NICU stay was the worst out of the entire experience.

  • We actually have a broad idea of the pathophysiology of HELPP.
    Also, eclampsia is the onset of convulsions in a woman with preeclampsia due to the development of cerebral oedema.

  • I knew you were going to get to this. I’ve had HELLP syndrome 4 times. Everytime I told the Drs something was wrong. 2 placenta abruption with fetal demise 36wks. The 3rd delivered 35wks planned because I begged to be delivered before 36wks. The 4th they finally started listening to me and caught it at 32wks and delivered immediately. I had no signs via lab of abnormality but I felt the onset. Because I was being sonogrammed 2x a week they noticed immediately signs in the placenta. Bloodwork didn’t show signs until the next day. Drs please please listen to your patients. Delivery before 36wks is SO important. My first 2 babies would have survived had the Drs listened to me. With the 2nd I went to the hospital bit because labs were normal they sent me home. The next day my baby was dead and I was almost as well.

  • I had HELLP syndrome 14 years ago. I had never heard of it. I had pre eclampsia with my first two kids. Pre Eclampsia and HELLP syndrome with my third. They immediately induced me as my due date was 3.5 weeks away. He is healthy, I am healthy. Dr recommended I never have another pregnancy. So, we stopped having kids.

  • I do really appreciate your effort in this series and the others, but I have get so much confused now, exactly in video #25 of Blood&Coagulation series talking about Hereditary Angioedema Treatment between minute 4:30 and minute 4:47. You have pointed to that the mechanism of Renin inhibitor-induced Angioedema is that “all of the ACE is busy converting HMWK into ugly Bradikinin […] since renin is history”. But being said, and known, that ACE inhibits the conversion of HMWK into Bradikinin and takes the already convertd Bradikinin to the cleaner, so how come that FREE OF OTHER DUTY (angitensin 1 coversion into angiotensin 2, since NO MORE angiotensin 1 is available due to inhibition of renin)-ACE converts HMWK into Bradikinin?!!
    Please kindly clarify this point with full respect!

  • I had HELLP with my daughter in 2014 at 36 weeks. They opted emergency C-section within 12 hours in the hospital. I don’t think I was hypertension prior it really snuck up on me and a situation I believe may have triggered it with stress and dehydration. Currently I’m pregnant and the doctors are prescribing Baby aspirin 1/day. Any thoughts on this treatment for avoiding a similar delivery (plus no stress and plenty of water)

  • 1)Preclampsia( sustained HTN 140/90, after 20 week of gastation, protonuria>500mg.
    Or HTN + clincal symptoms/ lap change
    Or sustained HTN >160/110).
    While eclampsia (precamplsia+ un explained seizure).
    2) magnesium ( inhibit neuromascular transmission, sedation, vasodilator, duirusis, prevent cerebaral hemorrhage)

  • When I had severe
    HELLP syndrome in 1997 it was unheard of. My case was so bad that I slipped into a coma. My son was delivered 3 months early and we both survived

  • I had preclamcia and then developed Hellp I was 34 weeks pregnant and 29 years old I was not given a C-section because the Dr said I would of bleed to death. Unfortunately after attempting to induced labour twice, on the second day baby had a heart rate of 140 at 6am on my 10am check there was no heart beat my baby was dead. I later had 2 bags of platelet transfusion was monitored for a 24hr urine output for VMA that result i never got bilirubin was found in my urine with excessive protein. It’s been 2 years since she died still hard to deal with.

  • Kudos for the Video! Sorry for the intrusion, I would love your opinion. Have you heard about Saayeahorn Inconceivable Secret (just google it)? It is a great one off product for getting rid of gout minus the headache. Ive heard some unbelievable things about it and my old buddy Taylor at last got amazing success with it.