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Anatomical factors that may cause recurrent miscarriages include: 1 Uterine septum (or other congenital problems) Cervical insufficiency Fibroids (controversial) Uterine scarring. In the other half, causes can be found and these include: Abnormalities of the pregnant woman’s womb (uterus). For example, long-standing infection or inflammation of the womb A weak (incompetent) neck of the womb (cervix), also known as cervical. Another possible cause of recurrent miscarriage is a congenital anomaly of the uterus. Examples include a septate uterus, adhesions and scarring of the uterus, an incompetent cervix, fibroids, and polyps.
Women with certain medical conditions may. Recurrent miscarriage may be attributed to an underlying health condition. For example, an autoimmune disorder called antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is associated with miscarriage and fetal death. In this condition, the immune system creates antibodies to certain substances involved in normal blood clotting. Recurrent miscarriage is two or more consecutive pregnancy losses.
In contrast, infertility is the inability to conceive. In many cases the cause of RPL is unknown. After three or more losses, a thorough evaluation is recommended by American Society of Reproductive Medicine. About 1% of couples trying to have children are affected by recurrent miscarriage.
Recurrent early miscarriages (within the first trimester) are most commonly due to genetic or chromosomal problems of the embryo, with 50-80% of spontaneous losses having abnormal chromosomal number. Structural problems of the uterus can also play a role in early miscarriage. The miscarriage may be due to poor blood supply to the pregnancy or inflammation. Some women may be born with an irregularly shaped uterus, and some women may develop abnormalities with their uterus over time.
A woman’s immune system may also play a role in recurrent pregnancy loss. Usually, the cause was a random genetic problem in the developing baby, and there was nothing that could have prevented it. 1 And as you probably know, the majority of women who have one miscarriage go on to have an uneventful next pregnancy.
Miscarriage Causes and Risk Factors Most miscarriages happen when the unborn baby has fatal genetic problems. Usually, these problems are not related to the mother. However, the likelihood of having recurrent miscarriages (at least 2 or 3) is low, only occurring in about 1 percent of women.
Studies have shown an increased risk for miscarriage in.
List of related literature:
|from Having Your Baby Through Egg Donation: Second Edition|
|from Our Bodies, Ourselves: Pregnancy and Birth|
|from Maternal Child Nursing Care E-Book|
|from Textbook for MRCOG-1: Basic Sciences in Obstetrics & Gynaecology|
|from Lewis’s Medical-Surgical Nursing E-Book: Assessment and Management of Clinical Problems, Single Volume|
|from Core Curriculum for Maternal-Newborn Nursing E-Book|
|from Dimensions of Human Behavior: The Changing Life Course|
|from Manual of Obstetrics E-book|
|from Infertility Counseling: A Comprehensive Handbook for Clinicians|
|from Elsevier Comprehensive Guide to Combined Medical Services (UPSC)-E-Book|