Viral and Microbial Infections and Pregnancy Loss

 

Virus vs Bacteria

Video taken from the channel: BoysTownHospital


 

Does your child have a virus or a bacterial infections?

Video taken from the channel: KPRC 2 Click2Houston


 

INFECTIOUS DISEASES IN PREGNANCY

Video taken from the channel: Ina Irabon


 

Bacterial infections of the GI tract

Video taken from the channel: MedLecturesMadeEasy


 

Bacterial vs. Viral Infections Dr. Andreeff, CHOC Children’s

Video taken from the channel: CHOC Children’s


 

Viral and bacterial infections in children

Video taken from the channel: Raising Children Network


 

Bacterial Vaginosis in Pregnancy CRASH! Medical Review Series

Video taken from the channel: Paul Bolin, M.D.


Viral and Bacterial Infections and Pregnancy Loss Bacterial Vaginosis. Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is the excess growth of normal vaginal bacteria, including ureaplasma and Chlamydia. Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection and, if left untreated, can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease.

Zika is caused by a virus spread mainly by the bite of a certain type of mosquito, but it is also spread through sexual contact. Although its symptoms are usually mild, Zika infection during pregnancy can cause pregnancy loss and other pregnancy complications, as well as birth defects and other problems for the infant. The group of agents falling in ‘other infections’ include HIV, varicella zoster, syphilis, Epstein-Barr virus, hepatitis B, measles, and mumps. All these can spread from mother to the baby during pregnancy or during delivery. Health effects – A baby exposed to these infections might experience: Delayed growt.

Both scenarios can result in severe birth defects or pregnancy loss. Systemic maternal viral infections can also affect the pregnancy, and these can be especially dangerous, because pregnant women suffer higher virus-associated morbidity and mortality than do nonpregnant counterparts. Objective: To review the treatment of common bacterial and viral infections occurring in the pregnant patient. Data sources: A literature search of MEDLINE was performed (inception to October 2018).

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website was utilized for additional information. Study selection and. These bacterial infections can result in premature birth, severe illness, miscarriage, deformity, or fetal death. Viral Respiratory Infections: Common viral respiratory infections include Cytomegalovirus (CMV), Parvovirus, Varicella (chickenpox), and Rubella.

Bacterial and viral infections are often transmitted in similar ways, but symptoms and treatment methods may vary depending on the cause of your infection. Learn the differences. Bacterial and viral infections can cause similar symptoms such as coughing and sneezing, fever, inflammation, vomiting, diarrhea, fatigue, and cramping all of which are ways the immune system. RESEARCH UPDATE.

Maternal viral infection during pregnancy is a risk factor for schizophrenia. 1 But there has been relatively less research on the association between maternal bacterial infection during pregnancy and psychosis risk. Maternal infections may include forms of sexually transmitted disease (STD), some viral respiratory and bacterial infections. Chorioamnionitis is a bacterial infection that occurs before or during labor.

The name refers to the membranes surrounding the fetus: the “chorion” (outer membrane) and the “amnion” (fluid.

List of related literature:

Most acute bacterial infections (e.g., Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, Neisseria gonorrhoeae) can cause a pregnancy loss.

“Comprehensive Gynecology” by Gretchen M. Lentz, David M. Gershenson
from Comprehensive Gynecology
by Gretchen M. Lentz, David M. Gershenson
Elsevier Mosby, 2012

More commonly, however, bacterial infections stimulate a fetal inflammatory response and inflammatory cascade involving cytokines and oxidative stress that results in failure of pregnancy with observable postmortem lesions.

“Pathologic Basis of Veterinary Disease Expert Consult E-BOOK” by James F. Zachary, M. Donald McGavin
from Pathologic Basis of Veterinary Disease Expert Consult E-BOOK
by James F. Zachary, M. Donald McGavin
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2016

Watts DH: Management of human immunodeficiency virus infection in pregnancy.

“Creasy and Resnik's Maternal-Fetal Medicine: Principles and Practice E-Book” by Robert Resnik, Robert K. Creasy, Jay D. Iams, Charles J. Lockwood, Thomas Moore, Michael F Greene, Lesley Frazier
from Creasy and Resnik’s Maternal-Fetal Medicine: Principles and Practice E-Book
by Robert Resnik, Robert K. Creasy, et. al.
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2008

Systemic viral infections have for long been associated with pregnancy loss because of generalised viraemia and transplacental infection of the neonate.

“Textbook of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery” by Balaji
from Textbook of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
by Balaji
Elsevier (A Divisionof Reed Elsevier India Pvt. Limited), 2009

Reduced incidence of preterm delivery with metronidazole and erythromycin in women with bacterial vaginosis.

“Preterm Birth: Causes, Consequences, and Prevention” by Institute of Medicine, Board on Health Sciences Policy, Committee on Understanding Premature Birth and Assuring Healthy Outcomes, Adrienne Stith Butler, Richard E. Behrman
from Preterm Birth: Causes, Consequences, and Prevention
by Institute of Medicine, Board on Health Sciences Policy, et. al.
National Academies Press, 2007

Chronic endometritis due to common bacteria is prevalent in women with recurrent miscarriage as confirmed by improved pregnancy outcome after antibiotic treatment.

“Integrative and Functional Medical Nutrition Therapy: Principles and Practices” by Diana Noland, Jeanne A. Drisko, Leigh Wagner
from Integrative and Functional Medical Nutrition Therapy: Principles and Practices
by Diana Noland, Jeanne A. Drisko, Leigh Wagner
Springer International Publishing, 2020

Because of the clear association with sporadic pregnancy losses and the ease of diagnosis, women with recurrent pregnancy loss should be cultured for the three most common organisms and both partners should be treated if positive.

“Clinical Reproductive Medicine and Surgery” by Tommaso Falcone, William W. Hurd
from Clinical Reproductive Medicine and Surgery
by Tommaso Falcone, William W. Hurd
Mosby/Elsevier, 2007

Bacterial vaginosis (Trichomonas vaginalis) is also associated with late second-trimester miscarriage and preterm labour, but the use of metronidazole or other antibiotics in women with demonstrable bacterial vaginosis infection does not reduce late miscarriage or preterm delivery rates (Carey et al 2000).

“Gynaecology E-Book: Expert Consult: Online and Print” by Robert W. Shaw, David Luesley, Ash K. Monga
from Gynaecology E-Book: Expert Consult: Online and Print
by Robert W. Shaw, David Luesley, Ash K. Monga
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2010

Despite periodic reports that have implicated specific infectious agents as risk factors for miscarriages, there remains no compelling evidence that bacterial or viral infections are a cause of recurrent pregnancy loss.

“Clinical Gynecologic Endocrinology and Infertility” by Marc A. Fritz, Leon Speroff
from Clinical Gynecologic Endocrinology and Infertility
by Marc A. Fritz, Leon Speroff
Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2011

In addition to the above, some infectious agents are common in the community and may have varied risk in pregnancy, like infections with Listeria, toxoplasmosis, influenza, group B streptococci, and gastrointestinal infections or genital infections which can cause poor foetal development or premature birth.

“Prevention and Control of Infections in Hospitals: Practice and Theory” by Bjørg Marit Andersen
from Prevention and Control of Infections in Hospitals: Practice and Theory
by Bjørg Marit Andersen
Springer International Publishing, 2019

Oktay Kutluk

Kutluk Oktay, MD, FACOG is one of the world's foremost experts in fertility preservation as well as ovarian stimulation and in vitro fertilization for infertility treatments. He developed and performed the world's first ovarian transplantation procedures as well as pioneered new ovarian stimulation protocols for embryo and oocyte freezing for breast and endometrial cancer patients.

Mail: [email protected]
Telephone: +1 (877) 492-3666

Biography: https://medicine.yale.edu/profile/kutluk_oktay/
Bibliography: oktay_bibliography

View all posts

20 comments

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

  • What is Womezon Remedy? Does it work? I hear a lot of people fix their bacterial vaginosis issue naturally with this bacterial vaginosis remedy.

  • Can bv go by itself.how can it be treated.and can it come back again if tested negative because of antibiotic used.can it be treated with food.

  • Has anyone used the Womezon Remedy to cleanse your bacterial vaginosis issue naturally? Just simply do a google search. On there you will discover a great suggestions about how exactly you can treat your bacterial vaginosis issue inherently. Why don’t you give it a chance? perhaps it’s going to work for you too.

  • Cheers for the Video! Apologies for chiming in, I would appreciate your opinion. Have you tried Millawdon Destroy Toxic Trick (just google it)? It is a smashing one of a kind product for getting rid of Bacterial Vaginosis (BV) minus the hard work. Ive heard some extraordinary things about it and my work buddy after a lifetime of fighting got great results with it.

  • Anyone tested out the Womezon Remedy (search on google)? I’ve noticed numerous awesome things about this bacterial vaginosis secret remedy.

  • Appreciate video content! Sorry for butting in, I would appreciate your initial thoughts. Have you tried Patlarny Bacterial Relief Principle (Have a quick look on google cant remember the place now)? It is a great one of a kind guide for Getting rid of Bacterial infections without the headache. Ive heard some interesting things about it and my buddy after many years got cool success with it.

  • Has anyone used the Womezon Remedy to cure your bacterial vaginosis issue naturally? Just simply do a search engine search. On there you’ll discover a great tips about how you can fix your bacterial vaginosis issue inherently. Why not give it a shot? maybe it is going to work for you too.

  • What is the best way to treat my bacterial vaginosis issue inherently? I read a lot of superb opinions on the net about how Womezon Remedy will help you fix your bacterial vaginosis issue inherently. Has anyone tested out this bacterial vaginosis remedy?

  • Dear police and sheriff: us females have menstrual cycles. If we state that we are on our periods, it might be prudent to ensure said female/s recieve adequate hygienic treatment. I won’t sue the Ormond beach or volusia county sheriff for literally ignoring that fact on a regular basis. Luckily, silicone menstrual cups can hold a lot of fluids.

    Suing would only ultimately hinder the ethical first responders because it would take money out of already limited resources. Instead, awareness can be achieved, albeit verrrrrry slowly, of ethically moral humane treatment. Lots of cameras, wouldn’t be good for anyone for bacterial or viral diseases to spread because of poor hygiene. That includes bleeding children who fight on top of broken glass. You’re welcome, I picked up all of the broken glass. Protecting the children is paramount, and that entails protecting them from themselves.

    Some children have genetic autoimmune disorders, things to respectfully considered. Not transferable unless via procreation. But, still extra sensitive to the dangers in those lurking in bacterial and viral infections.

  • Does Womezon Remedy (do a google search) help me fix my bacterial vaginosis issue inherently? I see lots of people keep on talking about this bacterial vaginosis secret remedy.

  • What exactly is Womezon Remedy? How does this thing really work? I notice lots of people keep on talking about this bacterial vaginosis secret remedy.

  • What if it comes back after you’ve had the saline bag in labor? Is this a reoccurring thing if your eating like shit? Or your not treating your body right all together?

  • Do anyone know about Womezon Remedy? Does it really work? I hear most people fix their bacterial vaginosis issue inherently with this bacterial vaginosis secret remedy.

  • As specialist, I think Womezon Remedy is good way to cure your bacterial vaginosis issue inherently. Why not give it a chance? maybe it can work for you too.

  • Hello there, have you considered Womezon Remedy yet? Just do a google search. On there you’ll discover an awesome tips about how you can cleanse your bacterial vaginosis issue naturally. Why not give it a chance? perhaps it will work for you too.

  • “I SNAGGED AN EMAIL,FROM, “ALEXANDRIA OCASIO-CORTEZ, “SHE HURRIED AND TOOK IT DOWN BUT,”WE SNAGGED IT”,, “THIS IS EXACTLY WHAT SHE SAID” “IT’S VITAL THAT GOVENORS MAINTAIN RESTRICTIONS ON BUSINESS UNTIL AFTER THE NOVEMBER ELECTIONS BECAUSE ECONOMIC RECOVERY WILL HELP TRUMP GET RE-ELECTED. A FEW BUSINESS CLOSURES OR JOB LOSSES IS A SMALL PRICE TO PAY TO BE FREE FROM HIS PRESIDENCY. #KEEPUSCLOSED “THIS WAS POSTED BY HER ON FACEBOOK, MAY 20, 2020 “THERE IS NO DOUBT ABOUT WHAT THE EVIL DEMS AND THE COMMUNISTS ARE UP TO.” “I AM SO GLAD SHE WAS SLOW.” 20,000 PEOPLE DOWNLOADED THIS AND PASSED IT AROUND.” “THE EVIL DEMOCRATIC AGENDA IS OUT IN THE OPEN FOR ALL TO SEE.” NO MORE COMMUNISTIC RULES.” “NO MORE DIRTY STIFELING FACE RAGS.” “WE ARE FREE AMERICANS” “THIS IS,”NOT”, COMMUNIST CHINA.” THIS WAS NEVER HELPFUL, OR GOOD FOR US.” “ENOUGH, IS ENOUGH”. “THE NUMBERS ARE MANIPULATED,”LIES”.” “LETS STOP BEING CONTROLLED AND START LIVING LIKE FREE AMERICANS.”

  • What are some ways to fix your bacterial vaginosis issue inherently? I read a lot of great reviews on the net about how exactly Womezon Remedy will help you cleanse your bacterial vaginosis issue inherently. Has anybody tried using this bacterial vaginosis remedy?

  • Cheers for the Video! Apologies for chiming in, I am interested in your opinion. Have you tried Patlarny Happy Vagina Principle (probably on Google)? It is an awesome exclusive guide for Getting rid of bacterial infection minus the hard work. Ive heard some amazing things about it and my mate after a lifetime of fighting got amazing results with it.

  • What is Womezon Remedy and how does it work? I hear many people treat their bacterial vaginosis issue inherently with this bacterial vaginosis treatment.

  • Excellent video content! Excuse me for chiming in, I am interested in your initial thoughts. Have you heard the talk about Patlarny Happy Vagina Principle (Sure I saw it on Google)? It is a smashing exclusive guide for Getting rid of bacterial infection minus the hard work. Ive heard some unbelievable things about it and my cooworker finally got excellent results with it.