So Why Do Black Women Experience More Pregnancy Loss

 

Why black women are more likely to die of pregnancy related complications

Video taken from the channel: Women in the World


 

Deaths From Pregnancy and Childbirth: The burden on African American women

Video taken from the channel: Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health


 

How Beyoncé’s Near Death Childbirth Experience Exposes Healthcare Issues For Black Women | Glam Gap

Video taken from the channel: BETNetworks


 

U.S. Maternal Mortality is Much Higher for African-Americans

Video taken from the channel: Healthcare Triage


 

Why are black women ‘five times more likely to die in childbirth’? BBC Stories

Video taken from the channel: BBC Stories


 

Why are black mothers and infants far more likely to die in U.S. from pregnancy-related causes?

Video taken from the channel: PBS NewsHour


 

Pregnancy Complications in African-American Women

Video taken from the channel: MedStar Health


The reasons why have baffled scientists for decades. We do understand that Black women have higher rates of the risk factors associated with pregnancy loss, such as diabetes, tobacco use, obesity, and low socioeconomic status. But even studies that control for these variables find higher rates of pregnancy loss among African Americans.  . Why black women face a high risk of pregnancy complications.

Black women are three to four times more likely to die from pregnancy-related complications than white women, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention—and a big reason for the disparity may be racism, say experts. “It’s basically a public health and human rights emergency because it’s been estimated that a. In the US, women of color face more risks in pregnancy and childbirth than white women, and the reason for the disparity has become clear: racism. A. Black women in the United States are more likely to die from pregnancy or childbirth than women in any other race group.

Black women are three to four times more likely to experience a pregnancy-related death than white women. Black women are more likely to experience preventable maternal death compared with white women. Black, American Indian, and Alaska Native (AI/AN) women are two to three times more likely to die from pregnancy-related causes than white women – and this disparity increases with age, researchers from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) report today in the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR).. Most pregnancy-related deaths are preventable.

Black women are more than three times as likely to die from pregnancy-related causes as white women. Even when receiving the same care. Even when doing everything right.

Meet the moms and experts. “For so long, black women in the UK have had to lean on the statistics of the US to help validate their own stories of pregnancy and childbirth,” she wrote. “Black women now have the data to. Black women are more likely to be uninsured before they become pregnant, making them more likely to start prenatal care later. Lack of health insurance can also keep Black women from getting the postpartum care they need. It found that AfricanAmerican women like her, along with women of other minority groups, are far more likely to experience severe, life-threatening.

According to the U.S. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, pre-eclampsia—one of the leading causes of maternal death—and eclampsia (seizures that develop after pre-eclampsia) are 60 percent more common in African American women than in white women, and also more severe.

List of related literature:

Black women have a higher risk of pregnancy-related death than White women.

“Critical Care Study Guide: Text and Review” by Gerard J. Criner, Rodger E. Barnette, Gilbert E. D'Alonzo
from Critical Care Study Guide: Text and Review
by Gerard J. Criner, Rodger E. Barnette, Gilbert E. D’Alonzo
Springer New York, 2010

Medical, psychosocial, and behavioral risk factors do not explain the increased risk for low birth weight among black women.

“Creasy and Resnik's Maternal-Fetal Medicine: Principles and Practice E-Book” by Robert Resnik, Charles J. Lockwood, Thomas Moore, Michael F Greene, Joshua Copel, Robert M Silver
from Creasy and Resnik’s Maternal-Fetal Medicine: Principles and Practice E-Book
by Robert Resnik, Charles J. Lockwood, et. al.
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2018

The authors concluded that the increase in preterm birth rates among white women was largely due to an increase in medically indicated preterm birth, whereas in African American women the preterm birth rate declined because of decreased rates of preterm rupture of membranes and spontaneous preterm birth.

“Preterm Birth: Causes, Consequences, and Prevention” by Institute of Medicine, Board on Health Sciences Policy, Committee on Understanding Premature Birth and Assuring Healthy Outcomes, Adrienne Stith Butler, Richard E. Behrman
from Preterm Birth: Causes, Consequences, and Prevention
by Institute of Medicine, Board on Health Sciences Policy, et. al.
National Academies Press, 2007

Black women have the highest rate of preterm birth and low-birth-weight babies.

“Reproductive Justice: An Introduction” by Loretta Ross, Rickie Solinger
from Reproductive Justice: An Introduction
by Loretta Ross, Rickie Solinger
University of California Press, 2017

Risk Factors In the United States, the stillbirth rate for non-Hispanic black women is dramatically higher compared with non-Hispanic white women (11.1 vs. 4.8 per 1000 deliveries).95–97 Rates are intermediate for American Indian or Alaska Native (6.2) and Hispanic women (5.4).

“Obstetrics: Normal and Problem Pregnancies E-Book” by Mark B Landon, Henry L Galan, Eric R. M. Jauniaux, Deborah A Driscoll, Vincenzo Berghella, William A Grobman, Sarah J Kilpatrick, Alison G Cahill
from Obstetrics: Normal and Problem Pregnancies E-Book
by Mark B Landon, Henry L Galan, et. al.
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2020

Moreover, a black baby is four times more likely to lose his mother due to causes associated with pregnancy, childbirth, and postpartum complications.

“Frantz Fanon and the Psychology of Oppression” by Hussein Abdilahi Bulhan
from Frantz Fanon and the Psychology of Oppression
by Hussein Abdilahi Bulhan
Springer US, 2004

That these conditions affect Black women with a disproportionate frequency and are more fatal has been attributed to the higher rates among Black women of high blood pressure, preexisting and gestational diabetes, and obesity.

“Reproducing Race: An Ethnography of Pregnancy as a Site of Racialization” by Khiara Bridges
from Reproducing Race: An Ethnography of Pregnancy as a Site of Racialization
by Khiara Bridges
University of California Press, 2011

When these factors are controlled, black women continue to have a higher rate of preterm delivery than women in other

“Fanaroff and Martin's Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine: Diseases of the Fetus and Infant” by Richard J. Martin, Avroy A. Fanaroff, Michele C. Walsh
from Fanaroff and Martin’s Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine: Diseases of the Fetus and Infant
by Richard J. Martin, Avroy A. Fanaroff, Michele C. Walsh
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2010

Black women are more likely than any other women in the United States to experience premature births, and to have low-birthweight infants.

“Reproductive Injustice: Racism, Pregnancy, and Premature Birth” by Dana-Ain Davis
from Reproductive Injustice: Racism, Pregnancy, and Premature Birth
by Dana-Ain Davis
NYU Press, 2019

This added stress may further increase the risk of preterm birth among the black women, though not necessarily for the Hispanic women due to the Latina paradox.

“Health Disparities in the United States: Social Class, Race, Ethnicity, and the Social Determinants of Health” by Donald A. Barr
from Health Disparities in the United States: Social Class, Race, Ethnicity, and the Social Determinants of Health
by Donald A. Barr
Johns Hopkins University Press, 2019

Oktay Kutluk

Kutluk Oktay, MD, FACOG is one of the world's foremost experts in fertility preservation as well as ovarian stimulation and in vitro fertilization for infertility treatments. He developed and performed the world's first ovarian transplantation procedures as well as pioneered new ovarian stimulation protocols for embryo and oocyte freezing for breast and endometrial cancer patients.

Mail: [email protected]
Telephone: +1 (877) 492-3666

Biography: https://medicine.yale.edu/profile/kutluk_oktay/
Bibliography: oktay_bibliography

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33 comments

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  • This is a work of nonfiction abd fiction and solely the property of the original creator(s). Any names or characters, businesses or places, events or incidents, are factual to the best of the author’s knowledge, at the time of the recording. Any resemblance to actual persons, living or dead, or actual events is purely coincidental. We do not take responsibility for decisions taken by the viewer based solely on the information provided in this virtual application. We do not take responsibility for decisions taken by the viewer based solely on the information provided in this video.

  • What a joke. Everyone with low income gets neglected in hospitals, dentists offices anywhere we go. It’s not about color. Y’all are all about division and can’t see these black celebrities get paid hella money to encourage your race to keep playing victim.

  • You all are still blinded by these hollyweird-ohs…..they’re not who/what you think they are.
    “The choice to KNOW will be yours.”
    Q

  • Well, can it have some correlation with the health education that some (poorer) women receive? Or with the fact that black women have in average more children than white women, which leads to more incidents? I don’t get you being traumatised by the system/hospitals and still having 4 children.

  • 95% of all babies born are non-white mabey that’s why they pissed? In the bible all children under 2yrs old was killed, in white america, kill the baby before it’s born and the mother too! And there’s nothing you can do about it? SOMETIMES I WONDER GOD WHERE ARE YOU!

  • Of course they’re is a race problem. Until a few years ago the medical books had that black people don’t feel pain as other races. Which is bull. We feel pain and we scream it to the high heavens but we are told that we are angry. And don’t have no reason to be screaming about unfair treatment. even through we are the most disenfranchised everywhere we go, Because of skin color. It’s sad that animals can look past the colors of each other and see themselves but humans can’t.

  • We as Black women allow ourselves to be in the most toxic and stressful circumstances for the sake of strength and “Black love”. Can we start making choices that benefit US and stop worrying about what everbody else wants?

  • It’s sad that it takes high profile black women to speak on their experiences to get attention on the health crisis around black women and pregnancy. My cousin passed away last year after she had her baby and i am certain it is because she was ignored. Even i was ignored when i went in for a mammogram, I’ve had sever pain in my breast and i was told they didn’t find anything and nothing was wrong. And when i asked them why am i in pain they looked at me like i was an idiot. I’m now learning that unfortunately if i want anything done i have to do it my self

  • I was done listening after you quoted the CDC. They’re the ones pushing this Black genocide crap. So I guess you’re right when you say racism is causing this crisis. The pharmacutical industry, government, and CDC are all in bed together and are specifically targeting Blacks, just like Planned Parenthood.

  • Black women also tend to be less happy during pregnancy in contrast to non-black women. This is due to their lack of social and emotional support. My opinion on this is: you reap what you sew. If you’re a selfish, materialistic, overly aggressive bitch with anyone close to you prior to your pregnancy; what makes you think they will stick around after you get pregnant. I think alot of women have to learn to treat people the way they want to be treated.

  • Are black womens lower levels of oxytocin due to racism? What about the shorter pregnancy duration? Or higher rates of twins whether in Africa or America? Maybe there’s biological differences between the races influencing mortality rather than just raycism..?

  • The current hospital model for pregnancy and childbirth is currently completely insane in most places. The “get-in-get-out” model does not work for families-childbirth does not follow a schedule. Laboring patients also often lose the ability to make choices for themselves in hospitals-meaning one might be forced into an episiotomy or cesarean among many other procedures that wouldn’t be performed in an out-of-hospital birth. This is a huge problem for our society, as hospital birth tends to interfere with the bonding process. And why is that bad? Look around at people today. The younger they are, the more likely they are to hate people on contact, because they never had the secure love that bonding provides.
    And the African-American dying near is the time of birth far from new, and violations from doctors on laboring women only seem to be increasing. Dr. Carroll, you know first-hand how hard it is to navigate childbirth in a hospital and how easy it is to get railroaded into receiving care that is not in the laboring patient’s best interest. When will the medical community start insisting on midwives and out-of-hospital settings for primary pregnancy care and birth?

  • Stop giving birth in the hospital! Midwives and Doulas are a must. In addition, abortion affects more African Americans than any other demographic. It’s genocide of an entire race. Wake up people. Having an Abortion also affects future pregnancies as well….thus the higher mortality rate and fertility issues with black women than any other people group. Racist practices in the medical industry have to be called out by all races. United front.

  • This is all very sad. Abortion is not health care. Planned parenthood was started by Margaret Sangar, not to help Black women, but a deliberate plan to keep the Black population down.

  • The pple in the comments trying to pick apart his points yall are annoying. Stop playing dumb. bottom line is black women are treated unfairly by the health care system and its due to racism. Those are the facts regardless of how he articulated it. You knew wtf he was saying.

  • Ok so we have unequal birth rates among black women vs white women. What about black women with money vs white women with money? What about black women with money and a healthy diet vs white women with money and a healthy diet? What about poor black women with unhealthy diets vs poor white women with unhealthy diets? What about all the variables that contribute to birth rates?When it comes down to it i think this video is not giving us a well informed perspective that is necessary before making judgments like healthcare outcomes depends on your race. Lets get allllll the facts first.

  • This is a work of nonfiction and solely the property of the original creator(s). Any names or characters, businesses or places, events or incidents, are factual to the best of the author’s knowledge, at the time of the recording. Any resemblance to actual persons, living or dead, or actual events is purely coincidental. We do not take responsibility for decisions taken by the viewer based solely on the information provided in this virtual application. We do not take responsibility for decisions taken by the viewer based solely on the information provided in this video.

  • Beyonce… A billionaire… Has a feeling for what we go through in the real world…?????���������������� The audacity. You expect us to eat this…?? Hahahhahahahhahaa

  • The main reasons for this issue is because if identity politics. Blacks are taught that it’s acceptable to not trust whites, and the idea that a high school dropout who got knocked up knows more about what her body is going through than a highly trained male doctor because she has a uterus and he doesn’t. To fix this we need to admit that racism is racism regardless what way it’s pointed and that highly trained people who actually know what they are talking about know more than people who really only feel like they know what they are talking about. But as Newt Gingrich stated in an interview at the 2016 Republican National Convention, “Facts don’t matter, what people FEEL are the facts is what matters.” P.S. Newt Gingrich may be a genius, but he’s an evil genius.

  • Well said. I was shocked when I first heard about the high black maternal mortality rate, I knew it was higher than for white women but I didn’t know it was that much higher.

  • The demokkkrats are in America telling people they are victims.

    The biggest risk to black children is abortion. Demokkkrats and their media want them all dead.

  • Are we not going to mention that black women have high obesity rates, which increase the rate of pregnancy and labor complications?

    Nah, just muh racism.

  • Thats funny. Beyonce is mixed, not black. Plus, since she’s a gazillionaire, she doesnt have to worry about any perceived healthcare issues.

  • First thing. Doctors don’t care about people. Second stop making this about race when it’s every race that gets treated like this. Second if you’re poor you won’t get the right treatment because you have to do your OWN dam research. Stop playing victim.

  • 1) “Race is a social construct”

    This is an absurd premise to begin with. It means you literally contradict yourself the moment you speak of “black” women having any problems relative to “white” women. You essentially admitted by axiomatic fiat that race has no objective definition, thus rendering all of your studies meaningless. When you say “black” women, did that just mean anyone with darkish skin? Are Indian women included in that statistic? Or Polynesian? Or did you mean women with specifically African descent? I have no idea, because you didn’t define anything.

    2) “Racism = prejudice plus power”

    Absolute hogwash. “Power” has no meaning in a context like health care. Either the health care providers are providing care equally to all skin colors, or they are not. If a black woman doctor is mistreating white patients, is that racism? What if black doctors are just as likely to provide the same levels or care to their patients as white doctors? What now?

    There is no “power structure” here like there is with politics. There is just the patient, her ability/willingness to access quality health care, and the quality of care provided by their local doctors. Who exactly has the “power” here? The doctor, who can provide care? Or the patient, who at any moment can tell the doctor to take a hike and go find care somewhere else? You can’t prop yourself up as a respectable scientific outlet when your studies are grounded in such empirically worthless terminology.

    Did you ever bother at any point in this presentation to account for culture? Poor black communities, by the mere virtue of being poor and black, are going to have different priorities and practices with respect to health care than other groups. You even admitted in this video that they tend to initiate prenatal care much later, but gave no hard data as to WHY. Where exactly is the “racism” in a patent who can’t/won’t see a doctor as early as other people? Yet you just asserted outright that it absolutely has to be “racism,” and that such communities couldn’t possibly be inflicting harm on themselves through basic cultural practices.

    This is an unacceptable level of sloppy scholarship, especially given the self-proclaimed authority this channel attempts to present, and ESPECIALLY given the politically sensitive nature of the subject.

  • Thank you for a well researched and understanding of racial health disparities. I have been working on this for the last 50 years. First as a nurse practitioner and then as a law professor. I have argued for the last 10 years that epigenetic changes due to slavery, segregation, and racism is a core issue. While we can reduce the impact of current stress we need solid research on what epigenetic changes have occurred AND how to provide treatment that will turn the appropriate switches on or off: https://youtu.be/-HK2PA1Dab8

  • It’s disappointing that you buy into the “plus power” tripe in the definition of racism. To call that a “common” part of the definition is to accept the redefinition being pushed by those wanting to use an accusation of racism as a cudgel. Or maybe you’re just living in a saturation of those who push this tripe. It’s further disappointing when it seems like the core message of this episode could have still been made without this inflammatory definition.

  • I watch just about every new video on this channel and just the dislike bar is a witness that there is so much work to do.

    There are people, educated and curious enough, to look into current healthcare topics, but still racist enough to go, nah, good that more of dem black babies die.

  • Can tell there is no scientist here when people are asking questions like
    “How is racism operating here?”

    Which makes the implicit assumption racism is indeed operating at all. The reason this is bad is because a) It assumes someone or some people are being racist (something which should be proved, not assumed) and b) narrows people’s scope of investigation, as they’ve already assumed the cause.

    A better question is
    “How are the disparities (an unfortunate, but true observation) between white and black maternal mortalitie rates occuring?”

    Racism could be 1 reason, but there could be other factors also contributing to the observations (see biology, income, diet, lifestyle, medical practices). The former questions limiting the scope to racism reeks of ideaology, not science; we all know which one ends lives and which one saves lives.

  • As a Mexican doctor I can only feel disgust knowing​ that in America even the doctors and nurses are part of the discrimination, it’s unthinkable to me to act maliciously against​ a patient, is just disgusting, it makes me so sad I even considered applying to study anesthesia there, thinking that maybe the overwhelming discrimination you suffer was an exaggeration of the media, those are no worthy persons to call themselves doctors discriminating lives

  • I stopped listening when you went into describing structural racism. I came here to learn about healthcare not to be given a course in leftist propaganda. Unsubscribed.

  • How is racism meassured? And how was the conclusion reached that racism caused these inequalities? I don’t live in the US. But I can’t believe someone would be so masochistic as to do something racist there, specially a big institution, specially against black people. It’s a huge pill to swallow. Maybe it needs it’s own episode.

  • You all need to go to other shithole countries. Stop complaining about everything. Always putting the color of the skin as an excuse to complain about and for everything. Seriously, Beyonce is the one bringing health care issues? Is that a joke?