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For women who are not immune, rubella infection during pregnancy poses a high risk of congenital birth defects and miscarriage or stillbirth. According to the March of Dimes, infection during the first trimester carries an 85% risk of birth defects. Infection from weeks 13 through 16 of pregnancy brings a 54% risk of defects, and infection at the end of the second trimester. Pregnant women who contract rubella are at risk for miscarriage or stillbirth, and their developing babies are at risk for severe birth defects with devastating, lifelong consequences.
CRS can affect almost everything in the developing baby’s body. The most common birth defects from CRS can include: Deafness. Cataracts. A rubella infection can cause miscarriage, preterm birth, or stillbirth, as well as a variety of birth defects, but it depends on how far along you are when you contract the virus. The risks are highest during the early stages of a baby’s development and they go down as pregnancy.
Acquiring rubella (German measles) during pregnancy can cause miscarriage and other major problems, so women are encouraged to stay up to date on MMR (measles, mumps, and rubella) vaccinations as a way to decrease the risks. Rubella is only harmful to an unborn baby in the womb. If you get infected during pregnancy, rubella can cause serious problems for your baby. Rubella has been eliminated in the United States because of routine vaccination of children. Vaccination protects a person against rubella for.
The rubella virus is able to cross the placenta and is most dangerous early in pregnancy, when babies exposed to the virus are at risk of a condition called congenital rubella syndrome, characterized by eye defects, heart defects and mental retardation. The risk of miscarriage or stillbirth also increases if a pregnant woman contracts rubella. the placenta of infected pregnant women; in the ﬁrst trimester, rubella causes miscarriage or fetal death, or congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) could develop. In 1941, an Australian ophthalmologist, Norman McAlister Gregg, established the relationship between congenital defects and rubella during pregnancy, thus demonstrating the teratogenic potential of the rubella virus.
1 Rubella easily crosses the placenta of infected pregnant women; in the first trimester, rubella causes miscarriage or fetal death, or congenital rubella. The most serious complication from rubella infection is the harm it can cause a pregnant woman’s developing baby. If an unvaccinated pregnant woman gets infected with rubella virus she can have a miscarriage, or her baby can die just after birth. Also, she can pass the virus to her developing baby who can develop serious birth defects such as—. But if you get it when you’re pregnant, rubella could harm your baby.
It can cause: loss of the baby (miscarriage) serious problems after the baby is born – such as problems with their sight, hearing, heart, or brain; The risk is highest if you get rubella early in pregnancy. There’s not thought to be a risk to your baby if you get rubella after week 20 of your pregnancy.
List of related literature:
|from Lehne’s Pharmacotherapeutics for Advanced Practice Nurses and Physician Assistants E-Book|
|from Burns’ Pediatric Primary Care E-Book|
|from Clinical Dermatology E-Book|
|from Health Promotion Throughout the Life Span E-Book|
|from Mims’ Medical Microbiology|
|from Public Health and Infectious Diseases|
|from Medical Microbiology and Infection|
|from Qrs for Bds III Year E Book|
|from Drugs During Pregnancy and Lactation: Treatment Options and Risk Assessment|
|from Laboratory and Diagnostic Testing in Ambulatory Care E-Book: A Guide for Health Care Professionals|