Kinds of Injuries Baby’s Might Have During Birth

 

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The following are common birth injuries: Brachial palsy. This occurs when the group of nerves that supplies the arms and hands (brachial plexus) is injured. It’s Bruising or forceps marks. Some babies may show signs of bruising on the face or head simply because of the trauma of Caput.

The following are common birth injuries: Swelling or bruising of the head. Bleeding underneath one of the cranial bones. Breakage of small blood vessels in the eyes of a baby. Facial nerve injury caused by pressure on the baby’s face.

Birth Injuries Caused by Improper Use of Forceps Proper placement of the forceps is critical. If placed improperly, the pressure on the baby’s soft head can cause severe damage and injuries. Forcefully pulling the infant or repositioning the forceps can also cause a birth injury caused by swelling or hemorrhaging. A birth injury is any type of harm to a baby that occurs during or near the time of birth.

This can include oxygen deprivation (birth asphyxia), excessive pressure on the baby’s head or body (birth trauma), contracting an infection, and other complications. Brachial plexus birth injury, also known as brachial plexus injury, is an injury to the brachial plexus nerves that occurs in about one to three out of every 1,000 births The nerves of the brachial plexus may be stretched, compressed, or torn in a difficult delivery. Birth asphyxia is a general term for any injury that causes oxygen deprivation before or during birth. It can be caused by several different events, including umbilical prolapse (when the umbilical travels through the birth canal first), placental abruption (when the placenta detaches too early), shoulder dystocia (more on that below), or.

Brachial plexus injuries happen whenever nerves get stretched or torn. Some of these injuries happen during the birth process. Most often the baby’s shoulders might become wedged within the birth canal, causing the brachial plexus nerves to stretch. Neonatal brachial plexus injuries are a common type of birth injury (2 to 3 for every 1,000 births).

Yet, identifying them in newborns can be hard. Doctors will check the affected arm for paralysis, numbness, position, and grip strength. They also will check a baby’s Moro reflex (startle response).

Birth asphyxia. Sometimes, an unborn child may get too little oxygen during pregnancy. This might happen, for example, because of a lack of oxygen in the mother’s blood, or problems with the. Shoulder Dystocia For over three decades, Searcy Denney has represented the families of babies injured during birth.

We hold obstetricians, nurses and hospitals liable for brain damage, brachial plexus injuries, facial paralysis, nerve damage and other.

List of related literature:

Physical assaults can result in higher rates of preterm labor, infections, complications, placental abruption, hemorrhage, women less likely to seek prenatal care, and low birth weight infants (Ellis, Chang, Bhandari, and others, 2008).

“Manual of High Risk Pregnancy and Delivery E-Book” by Elizabeth S. Gilbert
from Manual of High Risk Pregnancy and Delivery E-Book
by Elizabeth S. Gilbert
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2010

The most important of these factors are preterm delivery, congenital malformations, preterm rupture of membranes, placenta previa, and abruptio placentae.

“Practical Guide to High Risk Pregnancy and Delivery E-Book” by Fernando Arias, Amarnath G Bhide, Arulkumaran S, Kaizad Damania, Shirish N Daftary
from Practical Guide to High Risk Pregnancy and Delivery E-Book
by Fernando Arias, Amarnath G Bhide, et. al.
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2012

Causes and risk factors for birth trauma include macrosomia, prolonged labor, precipitous delivery, breech presentation, instrumentation (forceps/vacuum-assisted delivery), extreme prematurity, and oligohydramnios (decreased volume of amniotic fluid during a pregnancy).

“Critical Care Transport” by American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS), American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP), UMBC
from Critical Care Transport
by American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS), American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP), UMBC
Jones & Bartlett Learning, 2017

Injuries caused by iatrogenic trauma in utero or at delivery are common; they include scars from injury by an amniocentesis needle, minorlacerations and abscesses from fetal scalp electrodes or fetal blood gas sampling, scalpel lacerations during cesarean section, and ecchymoses and abrasions from forceps or vacuum.

“Avery's Diseases of the Newborn E-Book” by Christine A. Gleason, Sherin Devaskar
from Avery’s Diseases of the Newborn E-Book
by Christine A. Gleason, Sherin Devaskar
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2011

Infants born prematurely are at risk for respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH), necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), and sepsis.

“Management of Common Problems in Obstetrics and Gynecology” by T. Murphy Goodwin, Martin N. Montoro, Laila Muderspach, Richard Paulson, Subir Roy
from Management of Common Problems in Obstetrics and Gynecology
by T. Murphy Goodwin, Martin N. Montoro, et. al.
Wiley, 2010

Obstetrical risk factors include prematurity, postmaturity, placental problems (e.g., abruptio placentae and placenta previa), use of analgesia or anesthesia, and maternal problems (e.g., infection, hypertension, and substance abuse).

“Comprehensive Neonatal Nursing Care: Fifth Edition” by Carole Kenner, PhD, NNP, FAAN, Judy Wright Lott, DSN, RN, BC-NNP, FAAN
from Comprehensive Neonatal Nursing Care: Fifth Edition
by Carole Kenner, PhD, NNP, FAAN, Judy Wright Lott, DSN, RN, BC-NNP, FAAN
Springer Publishing Company, 2013

Factors predisposing the infant to birth injury include macrosomia, prematurity, cephalopelvic disproportion, dystocia, prolonged labor, abnormal presentation, and certain operative deliveries, particularly vacuum extraction.

“Fanaroff and Martin's Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine: Diseases of the Fetus and Infant” by Richard J. Martin, Avroy A. Fanaroff, Michele C. Walsh
from Fanaroff and Martin’s Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine: Diseases of the Fetus and Infant
by Richard J. Martin, Avroy A. Fanaroff, Michele C. Walsh
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2010

In utero spontaneous cervical thoracic epidural hematoma imitating spinal cord birth injury.

“Volpe's Neurology of the Newborn E-Book” by Joseph J. Volpe, Terrie E Inder, Basil T. Darras, Linda S. de Vries, Adre J du Plessis, Jeffrey Neil, Jeffrey M Perlman
from Volpe’s Neurology of the Newborn E-Book
by Joseph J. Volpe, Terrie E Inder, et. al.
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2017

Factors that place the newborn at risk for birth trauma include cephalopelvic disproportion, maternal pelvic anomalies, oligohydramnios, prolonged or rapid labor, abnormal presentation, fetal prematurity, fetal macrosomia, and fetal abnormalities.

“Maternity and Pediatric Nursing” by Susan Scott Ricci, Terri Kyle
from Maternity and Pediatric Nursing
by Susan Scott Ricci, Terri Kyle
Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2009

Maternal complications, which affect less than 1% of patients, include amniotic fluid embolism, hemorrhage, infection, premature labor, abruptio placentae, placenta or umbilical cord trauma, bladder or intestinal puncture, and Rh isoimmunization.

“Lippincott's Nursing Procedures” by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
from Lippincott’s Nursing Procedures
by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2009

Oktay Kutluk

Kutluk Oktay, MD, FACOG is one of the world's foremost experts in fertility preservation as well as ovarian stimulation and in vitro fertilization for infertility treatments. He developed and performed the world's first ovarian transplantation procedures as well as pioneered new ovarian stimulation protocols for embryo and oocyte freezing for breast and endometrial cancer patients.

Mail: [email protected]
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Biography: https://medicine.yale.edu/profile/kutluk_oktay/
Bibliography: oktay_bibliography

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14 comments

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  • That almost happened to my son! He’s 4 months now but when i was in labou he was a quick baby and big and i pushed really hard and his shoulder was stuck a bit so the midwife and doctor helped him out safely, he is fine now. x

  • This does happen with large births. My second child was 10lbs. 14oz. and yes, this was our fate. We did full range of motion for about two weeks. Happily within a weeks time she started to use her arm.

  • just can’t refrain myself from appreciating your efforts in making these videos.. it’s fantastic… helped me in preparing for exams..

  • @Norb1t9
    My doctor/nurse put me on a birthing ball to speed up dilation of cervixtold me to rock back and forth-on ball for roughly 20-30 minutes to my recollection-contractions were very strong I dilated to 8 cm on the ball and felt like pushing took me off the ball and began pushingholly was born 45 min later-she now has autistic like behaviors and unable to feed herself, speak or potty train at 5yrs. She also has microcephaly-very small head circum. Any thoughts???

  • A very healthy pregnancy can be jeopardized because of an error in the mechanisms of labor and delivery. Birth injuries such as this don’t only put the baby’s life at risk, but the mother’s as well.

  • Man, that’s because the kid’s head doesn’t have all of his bone structures welded, it will get together like in a grow adult between 4 and 6 years old of his life.

  • @wargarkaz The plates of a fetus’/newborn’s skull are not yet fused all of the way to allow for passage through the birth canal and to allow room for the brain to grow as more than 50 percent of the total growth of the head occurs in this first year of life. These soft spots don’t actually fully fuse until closer to 2 years of life.:-)

  • My last baby of six had head dystocia and then shoulder dystocia you’d think the sixth one would just pop out, wouldn’t you?
    No way! It was an incredibly painful birthing experience for me and probably also for my baby!

  • @Onekatmandu the whole birthing process is extremely traumatic for the child in the first place imagine u have know only darkness and your mother voice your how short 9 months of existance then suddenly light sound coloer ppl chaos. on your topic of autism. Though many cases of autism have occured in history doctores have not yet found a diffinative answer to what causes autism unfortunatly/.

  • @wargarkaz You have plates in your head that are not closed until you began the birth process to leave room so your head can squeeze so thats what happend right then!

  • @makkapakka5 7 kids?! Wow! Supermom! What about doing a c-section rather than early induction? I’ve never had one myself but that seems better for baby.

  • WHY does everyone assume this is only in diaetic mothers????? My daughter was born with this and I wasn’t diabetic, or overweight. I have a family history of average size babies AND I only gained 13 pounds with the pregnancy. My daughter was 2 weeks early. Nobody saw this coming. If you think it can’t happen to anyone, you’re crazy…..

  • my niece was 10lb 8oz, they pulled her with the forces, dislocated her arm and ripped her ear loop in the process:(:(
    and nope people, the baby was healthy, mom couldnt not eat anything during pregnacy, mostly fruits and veggies, anything besides that she would only try eating because she knew she had too. Second pregnancy, they know is possible to be another big baby:(:(:(

  • I have had this happen to both my daughters The 1st had physio till she was 2n a half The 2nd was not so bad but is still being monitored by a physio (she is now 18 months old) They were both big babies almost 10lb n almost 9lb My boys were much smaller Im now expecting my 7th child n the Dr is worried even tho they say the baby isnt big it could happen again n wants me induced early I really dont want 2 and there is no guarantee it still wont happen again anyway Im really worried!