Fetal Alcohol Exposure May Cause Birth Defects

 

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Foundations of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

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Video taken from the channel: BBC London


 

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Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

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Fetal Alcohol Exposure Can Cause Birth Defects Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders. FAS is relatively rare, occurring in only 0.5 to 2.0 times per 1,000 births in the Lower IQ Scores.

A study at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine found that children whose. Fetal Alcohol Exposure Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD). Scientists define a broad range of effects and symptoms caused by prenatal FASD-Related Problems. Each individual with FASD experiences a unique combination of day-to-day challenges that may Risk Factors 9. Other factors can also.

“Prenatal alcohol exposure is a leading preventable cause of birth defects and neurodevelopmental abnormalities in the United States,” said NIAAA Director, George F. Koob, Ph.D. “Since marijuana and alcohol are frequently used simultaneously, the combined effects of cannabinoids and alcohol are worrisome as well as the dangers of either. Even negligible amounts of alcohol, like the amount found in cough syrup, can hurt a developing baby in the womb and cause alcohol-related birth defects. Alcohol begins affecting a fetus from the time it’s conceived – which means it could be harming your baby’s development before you even know you’re pregnant.

Prenatal exposure to alcohol can damage the developing fetus and is the leading preventable cause of birth defects and intellectual and neurodevelopmental disabilities (2). (See risk #372 Alcohol and Substance Use for more information.) FASD is an umbrella term describing the range of effects that can occur in an individual whose mother. Environmental causes of birth defects include chemical and other exposures that occur during pregnancy, including exposure to alcohol and drugs. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), birth defects occur in one of every 33 babies and are the leading cause of infant death. A variety of developmental defects occur as a result of prenatal exposure to alcohol (ethanol) in utero.

In humans, those defects are collectively classified as Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders, with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) representing the more severe defects. In addition to dose-related concerns, factors such as maternal genetics and metabolism and the timing of alcohol exposure during prenatal development also impact alcohol-related birth defects. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) is the most severe collection of alcohol-related birth defects, and is defined by preand post-natal growth retardation, minor facial abnormalities, and deficiencies in. The problem of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) and other alcohol-related birth defects (ARBDs) is very large. In fact, maternal alcohol consumption is the leading known cause of mental retardation in the Western world (transparency #1).

Although the range of intellectual deficits is wide, the average IQ of individuals with FAS is approximately 70. Always remember there is no amount of alcohol that is safe during pregnancy and all forms of alcohol can be harmful,” says Dr Nomafrench Mbombo, Western Cape Minister of Health. Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) are a group of birth defects caused in babies when the mother drank alcohol during pregnancy.

List of related literature:

Together with smoking and nutritional deficiencies, prenatal alcohol exposure can lead to poor or limited placental development, and consequent placental dysfunction or abruption can even threaten fetal or maternal life.

“Biomarkers in Toxicology” by Ramesh C. Gupta
from Biomarkers in Toxicology
by Ramesh C. Gupta
Elsevier Science, 2014

Alcohol use during pregnancy can lead to fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD), which includes FAS, fetal alcohol effects, and alcohol-related neurologic developmental disabilities.

“Maternity and Women's Health Care E-Book” by Deitra Leonard Lowdermilk, Shannon E. Perry, Mary Catherine Cashion, Kathryn Rhodes Alden
from Maternity and Women’s Health Care E-Book
by Deitra Leonard Lowdermilk, Shannon E. Perry, et. al.
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2014

Alcohol consumption during pregnancy is known to cause alcohol-related defects among infants and fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), which is characterized by growth retardation, facial malformations, and central nervous system dysfunctions, including mental retardation.

“New Dimensions In Women's Health” by Linda Alexander, Judith LaRosa, Helaine Bader, Susan Garfield
from New Dimensions In Women’s Health
by Linda Alexander, Judith LaRosa, et. al.
Jones & Bartlett Learning, 2009

In the first trimester, when a baby’s organs are forming, excessive alcohol can cause organ defects, facial abnormalities, or miscarriage.

“Pregnancy, Childbirth, and the Newborn: The Complete Guide” by Janet Walley, Penny Simkin, Ann Keppler, Janelle Durham, April Bolding
from Pregnancy, Childbirth, and the Newborn: The Complete Guide
by Janet Walley, Penny Simkin, et. al.
Meadowbrook, 2016

Some birth defects are caused by environmental influences such as fetal exposure to teratogens—drugs, alcohol, viruses, or other substances that directly damage the tissues of the embryo (during weeks 3 to 8 ofpregnancy) or fetus (during week 9 of pregnancy through birth).

“Essential Concepts for Healthy Living” by Sandra Alters, Wendy Schiff
from Essential Concepts for Healthy Living
by Sandra Alters, Wendy Schiff
Jones & Bartlett Learning, 2009

Exposure to alcohol later in pregnancy is less likely to cause major anatomical defects in the fetus, but because of the complex course of physiological maturation in the brain throughout preg­nancy, more subtle behavioral defects can result.

“Human Embryology and Developmental Biology E-Book” by Bruce M. Carlson
from Human Embryology and Developmental Biology E-Book
by Bruce M. Carlson
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2018

However, the best-known adverse effect of alcohol exposure on the fetus is the fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), which is associated with a wide range of birth defects and ongoing educational, behavioural and psychological problems.

“Midwifery: Preparation for Practice” by Sally Pairman, Sally K. Tracy, Carol Thorogood, Jan Pincombe
from Midwifery: Preparation for Practice
by Sally Pairman, Sally K. Tracy, et. al.
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2011

Prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) can cause fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD), a group of conditions, which include fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), partial fetal alcohol syndrome (pFAS), alcohol-related birth defects (ARBD) and alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder (ARND).

“Anatomy and Physiology for Midwives E-Book” by Jane Coad, Kevin Pedley, Melvyn Dunstall
from Anatomy and Physiology for Midwives E-Book
by Jane Coad, Kevin Pedley, Melvyn Dunstall
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2019

Prenatal exposure to alcohol can cause a range of effects that can occur in an infant of a woman who drank alcohol during pregnancy.

“Core Curriculum for Maternal-Newborn Nursing E-Book” by AWHONN, Susan Mattson, Judy E. Smith
from Core Curriculum for Maternal-Newborn Nursing E-Book
by AWHONN, Susan Mattson, Judy E. Smith
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2010

Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) and fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) are caused by the toxic influence of alcohol on the fetus via the placenta.

“The New Public Health” by Theodore H. Tulchinsky, Elena A. Varavikova
from The New Public Health
by Theodore H. Tulchinsky, Elena A. Varavikova
Elsevier Science, 2014

Oktay Kutluk

Kutluk Oktay, MD, FACOG is one of the world's foremost experts in fertility preservation as well as ovarian stimulation and in vitro fertilization for infertility treatments. He developed and performed the world's first ovarian transplantation procedures as well as pioneered new ovarian stimulation protocols for embryo and oocyte freezing for breast and endometrial cancer patients.

Mail: [email protected]
Telephone: +1 (877) 492-3666

Biography: https://medicine.yale.edu/profile/kutluk_oktay/
Bibliography: oktay_bibliography

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31 comments

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  • Not every woman knows she’s pregnant at 6 weeks. And 6 weeks is when the unborn baby starts developing it’s nervous system and brain, plus other things. My cousin didn’t know she was pregnant. She had no symptoms of pregnancy until she was around 8 weeks. She was having drinks at a birthday dinner. Luckily her son was born with no defects.

  • Doctor’s always fail to inform their patients of the possible outcome. Pharmaceuticals should always be kept out of every pregnancy.

  • I have valporate syndrome, luckily it wasn’t bad for me just had a cleft palette and other defects. I am mentally ok and normal to others, scary to think that I could have been worse, feel sorry for others affected.

  • Our adopted daughter has fetal valproate syndrome. She is such a blessing, but it is unfortunate that this isn’t common information. All doctors who prescribe valproic acid should know the risks and let their female patients know the risks.

  • My mother was an alcoholic which is unfortunate for me and my brothers because if she wasn’t an addict she could of been warned and convinced to not drink at all during her pregnancy but I’ve been giving a great life and I’m grateful for her adoption choice she literally saved my life for her choice

  • Well this is what happens when the government of all countries ignore the need of something known as patient counselling done by PHARM.D or CLINICAL PHARMACISTS, also highly underestimated.
    I feel so sorry for the girl & her mom

  • The comments are making me roar with laughter. You think this woman was the one who drank and birthed this child? are you out of your minds. Listen to her speak.

  • Kids with FASD need sports. It’s the best way to work off energy and frustration. If one child has it and the other doesn’t, it’s important to give both kids time alone with the parent.

    Each kid should have a “special” day when they can do something they like. If necessary, leave the other kid at home with a babysitter. If the babysitter can’t handle it, find one who can.

  • me realizing i am 70% sure i have it ��
    mom!!!! did you drink alcohol during your pregnancy??? �� she said no, so now i’m 80% sure i just am weird looking
    and adhd

  • I came from an alcohol proscribed country to the US & always wondered why some look a bit maldeveloped, I never saw such facial features in my teetotaling folks. But saw too many in the low cost housing children (liquor stores around the blocks). It’s better for women to leave drinking when considering having children.

  • Don’t get angry with the doctor, they’re concerned of both the mother and child. Sometimes risks have to be taken for both to survive, even if the odds aren’t in their favor.

  • I find this very odd. I assume she is the birth mother. At no point did she show any guilt……..”MY CHILD HAS A DISABILITY”………..yes, caused by you madame. She acts as though this was inflicted upon her child by some freak accident. She must have known alcohol during pregnancy is not recommended. Baffling…..

  • No offence but she’s trying to make out that it wasn’t her fault, and it just “happened”, but she drank. Not him. She caused him to be like that.

  • I took sodium valproate for my extreme migraines for over 10 years never ever was warned not to take then if I become pregnant doctor are very very wreck less and irresponsible.

  • I think a public apology and policy change is more important than compensation, we would then have more money to invest in doctors and drug trials that can make sure this doesn’t happen again.

  • Signs and Symptoms��

    Low body weight.

    Poor coordination.

    Hyperactive behavior.

    Difficulty with attention.

    Poor memory.

    Difficulty in school (especially with math)

    Learning disabilities.

    Speech and language delays.

  • Don’t always trust what your doctor gives you. If you REALLY need it, then take it, BUT be careful! Every drug they give you, they get paid more especially if you have to take it for years.

  • I believe there are some pretty sick doctors in this world. Ones that knowingly cause birth defects just so another child can be trafficked through the system. Why else would they write prescription drugs that would cause such atrocities? It’s like they have Jekyll and Hyde personalities.

  • Sad but true. We have to become adept at researching our prescribed medications and making the call. I
    research everything and hand prescriptions right back to the doctor.
    Get used to checking out nutraceuticals and
    alternative protocols.
    Doctors get perks for prescribing some of the drugs that reach the market. Obliging patients get punished when things don’t go well. Dont be a chump, and don’t do the beta testing for any new drug attempting to create a broad market.

  • I so know what this family is going through. I am a mom to 4 adopted children all with fetal alcohol. It is not an easy road that is for sure. But with supports we make it work the best we can. We also have a service dog for one of our daughters and we are in the works on getting a service dog for our oldest daughter. Service Dogs are amazing animals and help out greatly with not only our kids but other special needs kids. All the best to the family.

  • Some women don’t even KNOW they are pregnant until 8 weeks into the pregnancy. I didn’t know, as I still had a period and had no symptoms of pregnancy until 2 months along. I was drinking as my son’s father had his birthday party. Our son could have been born with FAS. Luckily he wasn’t. It’s not always the mothers fault. It’s sometimes just very unlucky!!!

  • I do not think she is the biological mother. She is his mother and she did not want to make that distinction; coming to think of it we are the mothers of all children and we all feel their pain.

  • I can’t get over how many people judge this mom before they even know the history of the family. Both of their chldren were born in Russia and they adopted them. So no she didn’t drink.

  • This mother is insane. She’s the cause of his FAS and she’s acting like he was diagnosed with it by some ‘accident’ No, it’s YOUR fault. You drank alcohol while you were pregnant, and you gave you’re own son his disability. I’m not trying to sound harsh, but if she cared, she wouldn’t have done it when she knew the consequences.

  • Anyone who tells a women not to drink while pregnant need to keep their opinions to themselves. You have no right to tell a woman what to do.

  • the healthcare field needs to warn all women than even a little bit of alcohol can damage your unborn child. I’ve heard doctors tell women 1-2 drinks per day is perfectly okay! Wake up people and stop drinking!!!

  • My cousin has severe mental issues and obviously had lots of impulsive unprotected irresponsible sex and ended up pregnant. She decided to keep her baby since aborting it is evil. But she harmed her baby by using drugs taking anxiety meds bipolar meds and other meds to help treat her conditions doctors didint even care they prescribed her tons of drugs to control her mental issues etc and now the baby was born with severe birth defect. And now the baby has to endure lots of pain and support because she DECIDED TO KEEP her child. I think abortion is necessary for certain situations like my cousins. ITS changed my whole perspective on abortion

  • Mom doesn’t need to pay for a specialist: “Boy Jimmy sure acts strange…maybe it was the 20 martini’s a night when i was pregnant with him?” Diagnosis = fetal alcohol syndrome

  • I feel bad for mothers who drink while pregnant and for the child. The child will suffer fr syndromes for the rest of his life and the mother who drinks is either uneducated or in a really bad situation that she thinks drinking is the only option

  • Why do Americans take so long to explain something, it could be done in 5 minutes, no wonder they are so dumb they fall asleep waiting for their teacher to get to the point.

  • @szeszi21 No, thats the adoptive mother. But you can’t say that every birth mother is evil, because some of them are just as sick and damaged as their kids.