Environmental Influences (Pregnancy)
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How the environment affects fertility, pregnancy, and childhood development
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Genes & Environment in Prenatal development | Developmental Psychology
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3.2 Prenatal Environmental Influences & Newborns
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2282 Genetic and Environmental Influences on Pre natal Development
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2.3 Influences on Prenatal Development
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Environmental Influences on Prenatal Development
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During prenatal development, environmental factors can significantly affect the development of the child. Most everything the mother ingests, including food, liquid, and even medication, travels through the placenta to the fetus; anything the mother is exposed to in the environment affects the fetus. One means for study of environmental influences on development consists of an examination into the causes of morphologic abnormalities. The book begins with some consideration of such defects.
This useful and interesting book consists of the proceedings of one of the Developmental Biology Conference Series held under the auspices of the. Prenatal Environmental Influences Teratogens. The scientific study of congenital abnormalities caused by prenatal environmental influences is known as Drugs. Chemicals (over-the-counter and prescribed pharmaceuticals as well as illegal substances) can cause a wide range Smoking and Nicotine. Environmental Pollution Mercury, lead, and dioxins are among the list of polluting chemicals that can impair prenatal development.
Infectious Disease most seem to have little impact, except for rubella, HIV, herpes, and toxoplasmosis. The environment can have an important influence on development, and this also includes the prenatal period. The growth that happens during the nine months of prenatal development is nothing short of astonishing, but this period is also a time of great vulnerability.
Prenatal Development: Environmental Influences (cont) •Maternal factors. –Nutrition and maternal weight. • Need 300 –500 more calories a day • Need extra protein • Weight gain of 25 –35 pounds less likely to have birth complications • Overweight before pregnancy. 2.2 In what ways do genes influence development? Development from Conception to Birth 2.3 What happens in each of the stages of prenatal development? 2.4 How do male and female fetuses differ? 2.8 How do maternal diseases and environmental hazards affect prenatal development?
2.8a How has technology changed the way that health professionals. During prenatal development, environmental factors can significantly affect the development of the child. Most everything the mother ingests, including food, liquid, and even medication, travels through the placenta to the fetus; anything the mother is exposed to in the environment affects the fetus. Environmental Influences on Child Development The prenatal environment: • The chemical balance of the mother’s body and the presence of conditions or potentially toxic substances that can alter development processes. • Examples are the mother’s use of drugs or alcohol, viral or bacterial diseases, and direct traumatic injury to the fetus. Research suggests that genetic, prenatal, endocrine, and parenting influences across development individually contribute to internalizing and externalizing problems in children.
The present study tests the combined contributions of genetic risk for psychopathology, prenatal environments.
List of related literature:
|from Human Development|
|from Introduction to Special Education’ 2007 Ed.|
|from Encyclopedia of Human Behavior|
|from Juvenile Crime, Juvenile Justice|
|from Contemporary Intellectual Assessment, Fourth Edition: Theories, Tests, and Issues|
|from Exercise and Sporting Activity During Pregnancy: Evidence-Based Guidelines|
|from The American Psychiatric Association Publishing Textbook of Psychiatry, Seventh Edition|
|from Lifestyle Psychiatry|
|from Child Psychopathology, Third Edition|
|from Introductory Textbook of Psychiatry|