Do you know the Most Typical Stillbirth Causes

 

The truth about stillbirth

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2011-12/13 OBSTETRIC CONDITIONS, PLACENTA ABNORMALITIES MOST COMMON CAUSES OF STILLBIRTH IN THE U-S

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Ending preventable stillbirths (extended version)

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LifestyleK24: What are the causes of stillbirths and can it be prevented?

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Reducing the risks of stillbirth

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Miscarriage and stillbirth: Everything to know l GMA Digital

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What Are the Most Common Stillbirth Causes? Chromosomal Abnormalities and Birth Defects. Chromosomal abnormalities are known to cause the majority of miscarriages, Intrauterine Growth Restriction.

Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is a condition where a. Pregnancy and labor complications are more commonly a cause of stillbirth when labor occurs before the 24th week. Other infrequent causes of stillbirth include: umbilical cord accidents, trauma, maternal diabetes, high blood pressure and postdate pregnancy (a pregnancy that lasts longer than 42 weeks) Unfortunately, despite efforts to find out why, the cause can not be. Some of these infections include: listeria parvovirus B19 toxoplasma gondii rubella herpes simplex cytomegalovirus. Placental abnormalities, such as blood clots, were blamed in 24 percent of stillbirths, making it the most common identifiable cause.

Fetal genetic abnormalities, including trisomy 13 or 18 (involving an extra chromosome), and major birth defects of the brain or heart, were blamed in about 14 percent of stillbirths. The cause is not always known (1/3 of stillbirths cannot be explained), but the most likely causes include: Problems with the placenta and/or the umbilical cord. Your placenta is an organ that lines your uterus when you’re pregnant. Through it and the umbilical cord, the fetus gets blood, oxygen and nutrients.

Stillbirth causes tend to shift depending on gestational age, and unexplained stillbirth is more common late in pregnancy. Review the most common causes that can cause pregnancy loss after 20 weeks. Chromosomal Abnormalities and Birth Defects in Stillbirths.

Stillbirths (pregnancy loss after the 20th week) usually have different causes from earlier miscarriages, although chromosomal errors in the baby can cause stillbirths. Other common causes of stillbirth are cervical insufficiencies, placental problems, infection, blood clotting disorders in the mother, and uterine abnormalities. Stillbirth causes There are any number of conditions and complications that can lead to stillbirth, including infections, placental defects, umbilical cord problems, high blood pressure and associated conditions, and others.

The researchers found that the most common causes of stillbirth were obstetric conditions, such as cervical insufficiency, placental abruption, or preterm labor, and abnormalities of.

List of related literature:

The most common known causes of stillbirth are maternal diabetes, bacterial infection, high blood pressure, placental problems, growth restriction, and umbilical cord accidents.

“Our Bodies, Ourselves: Pregnancy and Birth” by Boston Women's Health Book Collective, Judy Norsigian
from Our Bodies, Ourselves: Pregnancy and Birth
by Boston Women’s Health Book Collective, Judy Norsigian
Atria Books, 2008

For deaths occurring after a live birth (compared with stillbirth, ectopic pregnancy, or abortion), the most common causes were cardiomyopathy (15%), cardiovascular conditions (14%), and infection (13%).

“Creasy and Resnik's Maternal-Fetal Medicine: Principles and Practice E-Book” by Robert Resnik, Charles J. Lockwood, Thomas Moore, Michael F Greene, Joshua Copel, Robert M Silver
from Creasy and Resnik’s Maternal-Fetal Medicine: Principles and Practice E-Book
by Robert Resnik, Charles J. Lockwood, et. al.
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2018

Ectopic pregnancy is the most common cause of maternal death in the first trimester of pregnancy, accounting for 9% of pregnancy­related maternal deaths in the United States, and the second leading cause for maternal mortality overall, after postpartum hemorrhage.

“Rosen's Emergency Medicine Concepts and Clinical Practice, 2-Volume Set,Expert Consult Premium Edition Enhanced Online Features and Print,7: Rosen's Emergency Medicine Concepts and Clinical Practice, 2-Volume Set” by John A. Marx, Robert S. Hockberger, Ron M. Walls, James Adams
from Rosen’s Emergency Medicine Concepts and Clinical Practice, 2-Volume Set,Expert Consult Premium Edition Enhanced Online Features and Print,7: Rosen’s Emergency Medicine Concepts and Clinical Practice, 2-Volume Set
by John A. Marx, Robert S. Hockberger, et. al.
Mosby/Elsevier, 2010

also the main cause of stillbirth when medical conditions such as hypertension or diabetes affect the mother and when the obstetrical history reveals placental insufficiency in a prior pregnancy.

“Practical Guide to High Risk Pregnancy and Delivery E-Book” by Fernando Arias, Amarnath G Bhide, Arulkumaran S, Kaizad Damania, Shirish N Daftary
from Practical Guide to High Risk Pregnancy and Delivery E-Book
by Fernando Arias, Amarnath G Bhide, et. al.
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2012

In summary, based on available data, about 30% of antepartum fetal deaths may be attributed to asphyxia (IUGR, prolonged gestation), 30% to maternal complications (placental abruption, hypertension, preeclampsia, and diabetes mellitus), 15% to congenital malformations and chromosomal abnormalities, and 5% to infection.

“Obstetrics: Normal and Problem Pregnancies E-Book” by Steven G. Gabbe, Jennifer R. Niebyl, Henry L Galan, Eric R. M. Jauniaux, Mark B Landon, Joe Leigh Simpson, Deborah A Driscoll
from Obstetrics: Normal and Problem Pregnancies E-Book
by Steven G. Gabbe, Jennifer R. Niebyl, et. al.
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2016

Other associated risk factors for placental abruption include abdominal trauma, grand multiparity, uterine anomalies, nutritional (folate) deficiencies, short umbilical cord, cigarette smoking, cocaine use, a history of abruption, and advanced maternal age.

“Family Medicine: Principles and Practice” by A.K. David, S.A. Fields, D.M. Phillips, J.E. Scherger, Robert Taylor
from Family Medicine: Principles and Practice
by A.K. David, S.A. Fields, et. al.
Springer New York, 2002

Approximately 62% of miscarriages and 5 to 7% of stillbirths and perinatal deaths are caused by chromosomal abnormalities (Groden, Gocha, & Croce, 2014).

“Maternal Child Nursing Care in Canada E-Book” by Shannon E. Perry, Marilyn J. Hockenberry, Deitra Leonard Lowdermilk, Lisa Keenan-Lindsay, David Wilson, Cheryl A. Sams
from Maternal Child Nursing Care in Canada E-Book
by Shannon E. Perry, Marilyn J. Hockenberry, et. al.
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2016

The most common identifiable causes of stillbirth were trauma or dystocia (Sesbuppha et al., 2008).

“Nonhuman Primates in Biomedical Research: Diseases” by Christian R. Abee, Keith Mansfield, Suzette D. Tardif, Timothy Morris
from Nonhuman Primates in Biomedical Research: Diseases
by Christian R. Abee, Keith Mansfield, et. al.
Elsevier Science, 2012

Maternal hypertension, physical trauma to the mother and fetus (such as a car accident), and a short umbilical cord are among the most common causes of placental abruption.

“Anatomy and Physiology For Dummies” by Maggie Norris, Donna Rae Siegfried
from Anatomy and Physiology For Dummies
by Maggie Norris, Donna Rae Siegfried
Wiley, 2011

The major causes of stillbirth and early neonatal death (during the first 7 days after birth) are birth asphyxia (defined by the WHO as the failure to initiate and maintain spontaneous respiration), low birthweight, and preterm delivery.

“Avery's Diseases of the Newborn E-Book” by Christine A. Gleason, Sherin Devaskar
from Avery’s Diseases of the Newborn E-Book
by Christine A. Gleason, Sherin Devaskar
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2011

Oktay Kutluk

Kutluk Oktay, MD, FACOG is one of the world's foremost experts in fertility preservation as well as ovarian stimulation and in vitro fertilization for infertility treatments. He developed and performed the world's first ovarian transplantation procedures as well as pioneered new ovarian stimulation protocols for embryo and oocyte freezing for breast and endometrial cancer patients.

Mail: [email protected]
Telephone: +1 (877) 492-3666

Biography: https://medicine.yale.edu/profile/kutluk_oktay/
Bibliography: oktay_bibliography

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6 comments

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  • I had a miscarriage two years ago, I went to the hospital and they said the baby was gone. My period never came back on after my miscarriage. I went to the hospital 5 months later and I was still pregnant!!!!! Now I have an almost two year old laying next to me. The reason for this was because I was pregnant with twins and I lost one, and the other one was still alive.

  • I hate this narrative that there is nothing to be done it’s just a part of life.There is something we can try to do to prevent miscarriages especially early ones. Most miscarriages are caused by chromosomal abnormalities that start within the egg in the 3 months before Ovulation. Limiting our exposure to toxins such as bpa and parabens as well as taking supplements especially antioxidants and a healthy diet BEFORE getting pregnant can help tremendously!! Even something as simple as checking vitamin D levels to make sure you have adequate levels because low vitamin d levels has been linked to an increased risk of miscarriage and infertility. Hell low vitamin D has been linked to MS and even diabetes and cancer etc! A really good supplement is N-acetylcysteine which greatly reduces the risks of miscarriages especially in women that have had more than one miscarriage. As well as Co Q 10, vitamin E, Alpha lipoic Acid all things that are available over the counter. So yes let’s talk about it but let’s also talk about the ways to at least TRY to prevent it

  • I had two in two years. To anyone who has gone thru this may you stay strong. I learned a great thing, don’t call it miscarriage it’s a mispregnancy. I have two special angels looking over me.

  • I’ve said it for ages. A high nutrient dense is essential for the placenta to function optimally. If we lack hormones in us or essential nutrition that babies need. Then nature has no other option to let the cells die. Its very sad.

  • I understand shes talking from her point of view as an OBGYN, but you have no idea, can’t physically or emotionally, begin to understand what losing a baby, at any gestation, feels like, and how it affects a woman and the father as well.
    Speaking from experience, as someone who has had to endure recurrent miscarriages, one still birth at 36 weeks and one loss at 22 weeks, without any medical or scientific explanation whatsoever. I can tell you that her information is very very true. But, one part I disagree with and wish the medical professionals would cone9der this, STOP REFERRING TO MISCARRIAGE AS ABORTION. Yes, that’s the scientific term, but since this is already hard to discuss, I can tell you that this reference, whether spoken by an assistant at the E.R. OR AN OBGYN, always, always hurts the woman suffering the loss and makes it that much harder to not blame yourself and your body!
    If people would simply show kindness, compassion, and ACKNOWLEDGE THE LOSS, women across this country would fell less and less like they’re enduring the pain of their loss, alone. SAYING THESE SIMPLE WORDS IS WHAT SHE NEEDS TO HEAR THE MOST WHEN GOING THROUGH THIS HELL: “I’m here for you. I love you and it’s ok to be sad, angry, and frustrated. It’s ok to cry. This was your baby and you’re not going through this alone”.

  • Nice video!
    Read: Stillbirth Causes, Definition, Risk Factors, Signs, Prevent – The Complete Guide
    https://lifecarecity.com/stillbirth-causes-definition/