Do Prenatal Vitamins Prevent Miscarriages

 

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Prenatal vitamins are usually recommended during a woman’s pregnancy to prevent birth defects. The evidence on prenatal vitamins and decreased miscarriage risk has been mixed. Some studies have found a link and others have not. For example, a study from the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill published in 2009 found that women who took vitamins before or during pregnancy had a 57 percent. The Daily Mail reported “Taking folate supplements on their own or multivitamins while expecting had a slight beneficial effect.

But the study isolated a particular risk of miscarriage among those. Riboflavin may be part of your prenatal vitamin supplement, but you can also find vitamin B2 in yogurt, milk, eggs and almonds. References. PubMed Central: Low Plasma Folate Increases Risk of Miscarriage, Says Study.

Medline Plus: Vitamin D. PubMed: Riboflavin Deficiency and Preeclampsia. Vitamin B-3 supplements could prevent miscarriages and congenital malformations in newborns by correcting a harmful deficiency, a landmark study suggests. Prenatal vitamins are often recommended for use before, during and even after a pregnancy. Once your pregnancy is over, you may continue to benefit from your prenatal if you are breastfeeding.

Without continual input from your doctor, you may be confused about when you can switch back to. Often, there’s nothing you can do to prevent a miscarriage. However, making healthy lifestyle choices is important for you and your baby. Take a daily prenatal vitamin or folic acid supplement, ideally beginning a few months before conception.

During pregnancy, limit caffeine and avoid drinking alcohol, smoking and using illicit drugs. B vitamins, which you’ll often hear referred to as the vitamin B complex, are particularly important aspects of your nutrition during pregnancy, especially vitamins B6, B9, and B12. These three specifically help minimize the risk of birth defects as well as relieve some symptoms of pregnancy. If a specific cause for a miscarriage is identified, your doctor can help you treat the condition to prevent a future pregnancy loss. Taking care. Beyond checking for folic acid and iron, look for a prenatal vitamin that contains calcium and vitamin D. They help promote the development of the baby’s teeth and bones.

It also might be beneficial to look for a prenatal vitamin that contains vitamin C, vitamin A, vitamin E, B vitamins. Given that folic acid is established to prevent neural tube defects with possible reduction in miscarriage, it is regularly prescribed during early pregnancy. #2 Iron Iron is required to make hemoglobin in red blood cells that transport oxygen and prevent anemia. It is also associated with a lower risk of premature births and low weight babies³.

List of related literature:

Some vitamins can also help reduce the risk of miscarriage.

“It Starts with the Egg: How the Science of Egg Quality Can Help You Get Pregnant Naturally, Prevent Miscarriage, and Improve Your Odds in IVF (Second Edition)” by Rebecca Fett
from It Starts with the Egg: How the Science of Egg Quality Can Help You Get Pregnant Naturally, Prevent Miscarriage, and Improve Your Odds in IVF (Second Edition)
by Rebecca Fett
Franklin Fox Publishing LLC, 2019

Vitamin supplementation for preventing miscarriage.

“Textbook of Natural Medicine E-Book” by Joseph E. Pizzorno, Michael T. Murray
from Textbook of Natural Medicine E-Book
by Joseph E. Pizzorno, Michael T. Murray
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2012

Supplementation with a multivitamin (including B-complex, vitamin C, and vitamin E) but not vitamin A alone effectively reduces adverse pregnancy outcomes, such as fetal loss, low birth weight, and prematurity, while also improving maternal weight gain during pregnancy [19, 50].

“Handbook of Nutrition and Pregnancy” by Carol J. Lammi-Keefe, E.A. Reese, Sarah C. Couch, Elliot Philipson
from Handbook of Nutrition and Pregnancy
by Carol J. Lammi-Keefe, E.A. Reese, et. al.
Humana Press, 2008

Folic acid supplements during pregnancy and the risk of miscarriage.

“Drugs During Pregnancy and Lactation: Treatment Options and Risk Assessment” by Christof Schaefer, Paul W.J. Peters, Richard K Miller
from Drugs During Pregnancy and Lactation: Treatment Options and Risk Assessment
by Christof Schaefer, Paul W.J. Peters, Richard K Miller
Elsevier Science, 2014

Vitamins, bed rest and progestogens have been suggested as ways to prevent miscarriage in women.

“Women's Health in General Practice” by Danielle Mazza
from Women’s Health in General Practice
by Danielle Mazza
Elsevier Health Sciences APAC, 2011

Both prescription and nonprescription prenatal vitamins contain more than the recommended daily intake of folic acid and should be sufficient to prevent and treat folate deficiency.

“Maternal Child Nursing Care E-Book” by Shannon E. Perry, Marilyn J. Hockenberry, Kathryn Rhodes Alden, Deitra Leonard Lowdermilk, Mary Catherine Cashion, David Wilson
from Maternal Child Nursing Care E-Book
by Shannon E. Perry, Marilyn J. Hockenberry, et. al.
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2017

This study found higher levels of ascorbic acid in the follicular fluid and an increase in the pregnancy rate in those patients who received vitamin C supplementation.[78] In the absence of a true deficiency, supplementation with other vitamins or minerals does not appear to increase final fertility.

“Infertility Counseling: A Comprehensive Handbook for Clinicians” by Sharon N. Covington, Linda Hammer Burns
from Infertility Counseling: A Comprehensive Handbook for Clinicians
by Sharon N. Covington, Linda Hammer Burns
Cambridge University Press, 2006

Folic acid supplements during pregnancy and risk of miscarriage.

“Hemostasis and Thrombosis: Basic Principles and Clinical Practice” by Victor J. Marder, William C. Aird, Joel S. Bennett, Sam Schulman, Gilbert C. White, II
from Hemostasis and Thrombosis: Basic Principles and Clinical Practice
by Victor J. Marder, William C. Aird, et. al.
Wolters Kluwer Health, 2012

There are reports of increased miscarriage rates in women who took vitamin supplements containing folic acid before and during early pregnancy.

“Encyclopedia of Human Nutrition” by Benjamin Caballero, Lindsay Allen, Andrew Prentice
from Encyclopedia of Human Nutrition
by Benjamin Caballero, Lindsay Allen, Andrew Prentice
Elsevier Science, 2005

Vitamin E is an important lipophilic antioxidant, but supplementation of vitamin E (along with vitamin C) is not an effective strategy for preventing preeclampsia nor does it reduce risk of fetal or neonatal loss, SGA, or preterm delivery.

“Krause and Mahan’s Food and the Nutrition Care Process E-Book” by Janice L Raymond, Kelly Morrow
from Krause and Mahan’s Food and the Nutrition Care Process E-Book
by Janice L Raymond, Kelly Morrow
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2020

Oktay Kutluk

Kutluk Oktay, MD, FACOG is one of the world's foremost experts in fertility preservation as well as ovarian stimulation and in vitro fertilization for infertility treatments. He developed and performed the world's first ovarian transplantation procedures as well as pioneered new ovarian stimulation protocols for embryo and oocyte freezing for breast and endometrial cancer patients.

Mail: [email protected]
Telephone: +1 (877) 492-3666

Biography: https://medicine.yale.edu/profile/kutluk_oktay/
Bibliography: oktay_bibliography

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26 comments

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  • Thank you for this! I used Maca Root to help treat my endometriosis and bring balance to the hormones that were feeding the disease (which causes infertility). I became pregnant after only 4 months of trying and do not want to stop taking it. We need more evidence based proof like your story to show the benefits of these natural remedies! Our Miracle Maca Baby is due July 2018!

  • I recently had a late miscarriage at 17.2 weeks after my waters broke. Looking to try again soon but its been a month and im still bleeding. How long should this last for??

  • I have 2 kids, after my youngest I had 4 miscarriages, it just doesn’t develop only yolksac and placenta
    now. And it usual happens between 8 to 12 weeks, now I’m im pregnant again hopefully my last. And I’m on my 24 weeks now. Thank God after 4 miscarriages this had heart beat where the 4 had non. Don’t give up mommy’s God won’t let you fail if it is not his will.

  • I live by the Maca Root as well. I remember having a miscarriage before I had my daughter. I stopped taking Maca Root. when I decided to continue with taken it to help to relax my nerves, I got pregnant half way through the bottle. Pregnancy was smooth.

  • The thyroid medication definitely played a part in this. Congratulations! I’m very happy for you.
    I recently had a miscarriage and I’m scared of trying again, but I want to.

  • I have had my 2nd miscarriage in 2 months. I have maca capsules. How many is best to take when ttc, and how many when pregnant. I cannot bear to lose another baby

  • Try vitex a natural supplement sold at gnc or Amazon but you have to take all the way thru second trimester from what I’ve read a lot of people have good outcomes from taking it I’m definitely going to try since I just had a chemical pregnancy.

  • So no one come at me please this is very hard for me to talk about but here we go…. I am having issues getting pregnant and I have been trying for about a year now and nothing has worked I have purchased the Pre-seed lubricant and am going to try it but I understand if you don’t have an answer for me but if someone like me is having an irregular mentrsrol cycle and do not know when I am ovulating. Do you think it would work the same?

  • MTHFR does play a huge role! Good for you in switching to folate! Folate is always better even with someone who doesn’t have MTHFR! Myself and my son both have ti and I suspect my husband too but he hasn’t been tested. Congrats girl!

  • I am fully convinced ultrasounds had an effect on my babies heart, (she died days after the ultrasound and abruptly quit moving after both ultrasounds) my advice is to avoid them especially early on in pregnancy. i avoid them all together now

  • Thanks for sharing! I was hoping to find out how you dealt with (if you even had this happen) people “tiptoeing” around you after you miscarried? After miscarrying, I feel like people don’t know what they can and cannot say around me. Which actually makes things worse. People will start to say something about babies, look at me, and then change the topic. My older sister is currently pregnant and when I walk in the room, I feel like everyone stops talking. I know they are just trying to protect me, but I need people to know that I am hopeful for the future and do not want to spend my time in the past forever.

  • What are natural options to these meds? Aspirin is for blood thinning for example and I know there are natural blood thinners. Thyroid could be helped with lugols iodine

  • Im going through my second miscarriage. Thank you so much for sharing this with us. You have given me some more hope and direction. I cant expess my gratitude for you sharing such a personal story to help those of us struggling with the same things. Congratulations on your beautiful baby boy i am praying for you and your precious family. Thank you i cant say it enough.. xoxo

  • Could you please share what your TSH was and your dose of medication? 25microgram? What was your TSH when you get pregnant? Thank you so much!

  • For anyone wanting to do their own research, 23 and Me will provide raw data that can be uploaded to a website Called promethease… their report will tell you if you have MTHFR and which mutation you have.

    Other dna testing companies may do the same but my experience was with 23 and Me. I ended up taking a prenatal with folate also because I have one version of the MTHFR gene

  • Insurance pays for fertility stuff? Lol �� really? No one talks about Donor/PGS tested eggs my doctor says these vitamins do not help to prevent miscarriageladies be careful and talk to your doctorsevery pregnancy is different

  • Just looking through the comments and I want to say that you need to test thyroid antibodies as well as thyroid function. Your tests may come back normal but you could have what’s called Hashimoto’s thyroiditis.

  • Congrats! I’m surprised your doctor wasn’t willing to test to you for MTHFR. I’m willing to bet he also didn’t test for many other possible causes. There are SO many things that need to be tested for recurrent miscarriage. Whether or not it would’ve given you any answers is a mystery. Anyway… I’m glad you are having success regardless of not having any answers!

  • Congratulations!! OMG! I can SOOOOOOO relate. 10 miscarriages in 5 years. I fully understand how you feel and hope nothing but the best! ����

  • Congratulation. I am just started taking aspirin as well. I had two miscarriages 20 wks in 2018 and at 6 wks in 2019, it has been hard. However my husband and I, we are excite to resume ttcing.

  • Underactive thyroid DOES have a lot to do with misscarriage. I suffer from hyperthyroidism and my endorcrinologist said there is a chance if your levels are too low or too high.

  • It could’ve definitely been because of the thyroid for me I have hypothyroidism I definitely need to be taking medication especially while pregnant or trying to get pregnant! If you don’t have it under control it can produce so much hormone which is dangerous… it’s always great to have your thyroid levels checked! ❤️

  • i got 3rd miscarriage my husband decide not to try again. for me i really want to having a baby again next year… now im in recovery heavy bleed yesterday im 8weeks and so sad:(

  • I definitely think the thyroid medicine has a lot to do with it. My sister couldn’t get pregnant as soon as she went on thyroid meds she got preggers:) Some doctors don’t take it much in to consideration but I think its a big issue if not looked at by the right doctor.

  • I have depression because this hormone problems after miscarriages. thank you so much please give us some photos about this pils.

  • The folate vs. folic acid is a very dangerous topic to be discussing based on your “own research”. I would like to see the peer-reviewed, published studies that you were looking at. Until then, you are creating false hope for women that are in a vulnerable position.