Can Herpes Cause Miscarriage or Later Pregnancy Loss

 

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Brian Levine, MD, MS, is board-certified in obstetrics and gynecology as well as in reproductive endocrinology and infertility. If you’ve been diagnosed with herpes you might wonder if it can cause miscarriage or later pregnancy loss. While some research has linked herpes simplex virus to miscarriage, the biggest risk of active herpes during pregnancy is that the baby could become. Currently I don’t think there is an actual scientifically proven link that herpes causes miscarriage, although there has been some research that points to it may being a cause.

ANSWER Outbreaks of genital herpes during pregnancy have been associated with miscarriage, stillbirth, prematurity, and herpes infection that can cause severe brain injury and possible blindness in. In rare cases, if you get an initial herpes infection during your first trimester, the virus could pass through the placenta and cause a miscarriage or serious birth defects. Herpes can also be transmitted to your baby after birth, and the complications can be severe. advertisement | page continues below.

Although it can occasionally cause genital herpes, herpes type one (also called herpes labialis) generally leads to sores around the mouth, whereas herpes type two generally leads to genital sores. Genital herpes is linked to pregnancy complications, including miscarriage and the development of genital conditions, but rarely causes miscarriage. There is no evidence at all that herpes causes miscarriages. The highest risk for herpes and pregnancy is when a woman contracts the virus for the very first time during the third trimester.

In this situation (true primary outbreak), the mother does not have antibodies built up to the virus. Similarly, a few researchers have found evidence that the virus could cross the placenta and lead to damage of the placenta (potentially increasing the. What is Late Miscarriage?

Miscarriage is the term used to define the loss of a baby during pregnancy within 20 weeks from conception. Most miscarriages occur in the first trimester of pregnancy i.e., within 13 weeks of being pregnant where the foetus is expulsed from the uterus and is not yet fit to live in the outside world. Learn all about the causes of miscarriage and risk factors leading to pregnancy loss to stay as protected against it as you can. Miscarriage refers to the spontaneous ending of a pregnancy before the 20th week of gestation.

According to estimates by the American Pregnancy Association (APA) miscarriages happen in 10 to 25 percent of all. Miscarriage is a word used to describe the early loss of a pregnancy before 20 weeks of pregnancy. It usually happens in the first trimester..

Unfortunately, between 10 and 15 percent of known.

List of related literature:

HSV-2 can cause neonatal herpes infection which, although unusual (estimated at one in 3000 births in the United States), is often severe or fatal when primary infection occurs during pregnancy (Brown et al. 1997; Dinh et al. 2008; Xu et al. 2008).

“Oxford Textbook of Global Public Health” by Roger Detels, Martin Gulliford, Quarraisha Abdool Karim, Chorh Chuan Tan
from Oxford Textbook of Global Public Health
by Roger Detels, Martin Gulliford, et. al.
Oxford University Press, 2017

If you are pregnant and have an active herpes infection around the time of delivery, your doctor may recommend that you have a cesarean section to prevent transmitting the virus to your newborn, which can cause blindness, brain damage, or even death.

“The Harvard Medical School Family Health Guide” by Anthony L. Komaroff, Harvard Medical School
from The Harvard Medical School Family Health Guide
by Anthony L. Komaroff, Harvard Medical School
Simon & Schuster, 1999

Because the risk of neonatal herpes is much greater in mothers who experience their initial episode during pregnancy, antiviral treatment of all initial episodes of genital HSV in pregnancy is recommended (except in the first month of gestation, when there may be an increased risk of spontaneous abortion).

“Andrews' Diseases of the Skin E-Book: Clinical Dermatology” by William D. James, Dirk Elston, James R. Treat, Misha A. Rosenbach, Isaac Neuhaus
from Andrews’ Diseases of the Skin E-Book: Clinical Dermatology
by William D. James, Dirk Elston, et. al.
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2019

An association between herpes simplex virus infection and early pregnancy loss was first reported in the 1970s Box 23.1 Infective causes associated with sporadic miscarriage

“Gynaecology E-Book: Expert Consult: Online and Print” by Robert W. Shaw, David Luesley, Ash K. Monga
from Gynaecology E-Book: Expert Consult: Online and Print
by Robert W. Shaw, David Luesley, Ash K. Monga
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2010

An initial attack of herpes during pregnancy presents serious risks to the developing fetus, including possible pregnancy loss or preterm delivery.

“New Dimensions In Women's Health” by Linda Alexander, Judith LaRosa, Helaine Bader, Susan Garfield
from New Dimensions In Women’s Health
by Linda Alexander, Judith LaRosa, et. al.
Jones & Bartlett Learning, 2009

Primary infection with herpes simplex virus in the genital tract has been reported to cause miscarriage.

“Comprehensive Gynecology E-Book” by Rogerio A. Lobo, David M Gershenson, Gretchen M Lentz, Fidel A Valea
from Comprehensive Gynecology E-Book
by Rogerio A. Lobo, David M Gershenson, et. al.
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2016

Because the risk of neonatal herpes is much greater in mothers who experience their initial episode during pregnancy, antiviral treatment of all initial episodes of genital HSV in pregnancy is recommended (except in the first month of gestation where there may be an increased risk of spontaneous abortion).

“Andrew's Diseases of the Skin E-Book: Clinical Dermatology” by William D. James, Dirk Elston, Timothy Berger
from Andrew’s Diseases of the Skin E-Book: Clinical Dermatology
by William D. James, Dirk Elston, Timothy Berger
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2011

Pregnancy Complications The acquisition of genital herpes during pregnancy has been associated with spontaneous abortion, prematurity, and congenital and neonatal herpes.

“Habif' Clinical Dermatology E-Book” by James G. H. Dinulos
from Habif’ Clinical Dermatology E-Book
by James G. H. Dinulos
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2019

Miscarriage and premature delivery have been linked to herpes simplex.

“Adult Health Nursing E-Book” by Kim Cooper, Kelly Gosnell
from Adult Health Nursing E-Book
by Kim Cooper, Kelly Gosnell
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2018

However, genital herpes does not cause preterm delivery [11A] or spontaneous abortion [11E].

“Textbook for MRCOG-1: Basic Sciences in Obstetrics & Gynaecology” by Richa Saxena
from Textbook for MRCOG-1: Basic Sciences in Obstetrics & Gynaecology
by Richa Saxena
Jaypee Brothers,Medical Publishers Pvt. Limited, 2019

Oktay Kutluk

Kutluk Oktay, MD, FACOG is one of the world's foremost experts in fertility preservation as well as ovarian stimulation and in vitro fertilization for infertility treatments. He developed and performed the world's first ovarian transplantation procedures as well as pioneered new ovarian stimulation protocols for embryo and oocyte freezing for breast and endometrial cancer patients.

Mail: [email protected]
Telephone: +1 (877) 492-3666

Biography: https://medicine.yale.edu/profile/kutluk_oktay/
Bibliography: oktay_bibliography

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