Can a Pap Smear Result in a Miscarriage

 

Can I get pregnant if I have an abnormal pap smear? Dr. Sapna Lulla

Video taken from the channel: Doctors’ Circle World’s Largest Health Platform


 

Pap Test

Video taken from the channel: Nucleus Medical Media


 

Pap smear (pelvic exam) causes miscarriages

Video taken from the channel: Nate pain


 

What causes a pap smear to be abnormal?

Video taken from the channel: EinsteinHealth


 

Pap Smear

Video taken from the channel: Women’s Care Florida


 

I Had A Miscarriage Now What? Pap Smear Talk

Video taken from the channel: Caity Hunt


 

Are Pap Smears safe during pregnancy? Can Pap Smear cause miscarriage? Dr Rajendra Motilal Saraogi

Video taken from the channel: Doctors’ Circle World’s Largest Health Platform


Unfortunately, given that roughly 15% to 20% of confirmed pregnancies end in miscarriage, some women do inevitably miscarry after having a Pap smear. Some may even start having symptoms of miscarriage after having had a Pap smear earlier that same day. While talking a Pap smear will often result in minor bleeding for a short time, taking a Pap smear will not cause a miscarriage.

A Pap smear is taken from the uterine cervix where the type of cervix skin cell changes from one called ‘squamous’ to one called ‘columnar’. A Pap smear cannot induce a miscarriage or abortion. Almost all miscarriages are caused by so called “chromosomal anomalies,” defects in the fetus’ chromosomes. These are usually determined at the moment of conception, and miscarriage is inevitable.

Pap smears do not cause miscarriages. Most professional organizations recommend a Pap smear every 2 years and more frequently if you. Having a pap smear does not mean that you will miscarry, but it highly increases your chances. I was reading an article that read, “Unfortunately, given that roughly 15 to 20% of confirmed pregnancies end in miscarriage, some women do inevitably miscarry after having a Pap smear.

Pap tests are commonly done during the first trimester of pregnancy to check for inflammation, STDs, or abnormal cervical cells. It is highly unlikely that a Pap would cause you to miscarry. You don’t say hold old you are, but age related hormonal changes have an effect on. In short, no.

Cervical screening does not lead to a miscarriage. There is no reason to be worried about having a PAP smear during pregnancy if you were due to have one. Unfortunately, around 20 percent of women will miscarry. There has been no research to establish a cause and effect relationship between pap smears and miscarriage although there may be a “correlation” it is most likely due to the fact that the miscarriage was imminent to begin with.

A pap will not cause a miscarriage, but are you due for a pap? If you aren’t due, I’d skip it anyways. Paps are standard practice in my midwife’s office too, but she didn’t do one because I had one in October. Yeast infections, as well as STIs, can cause cervical bleeding after a Pap smear. These infections may make your cervix more tender, and blood vessels may bleed more following the procedure.

Yes miscarriage: Based on the history you give, then you have had a miscarriage. The miscarriage most likely did not cause an abnormal pap and you should still follow.

List of related literature:

This is not always a sign of pending pregnancy loss, but it may be caused by a blighted ovum, friable cervix, ectopic pregnancy, perigestational hemorrhage, or cervical lesions.

“Physical Examination and Health Assessment Canadian E-Book” by Carolyn Jarvis, Annette J. Browne, June MacDonald-Jenkins, Marian Luctkar-Flude
from Physical Examination and Health Assessment Canadian E-Book
by Carolyn Jarvis, Annette J. Browne, et. al.
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2018

Pregnancy does not preclude colposcopy but may impact the decision to biopsy the cervix or perform endocervical curettage based on increased bleeding and miscarriage risks.

“Textbook of Family Medicine E-Book” by David Rakel, Robert E. Rakel
from Textbook of Family Medicine E-Book
by David Rakel, Robert E. Rakel
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2011

If you have any vaginal bleeding during pregnancy, your health care provider can help determine if the bleeding is likely to result in miscarriage or if it has another cause that does not threaten the pregnancy.

“Our Bodies, Ourselves: Pregnancy and Birth” by Boston Women's Health Book Collective, Judy Norsigian
from Our Bodies, Ourselves: Pregnancy and Birth
by Boston Women’s Health Book Collective, Judy Norsigian
Atria Books, 2008

When any pregnant woman complains of episodes of vaginal bleeding in pregnancy, other than confirmed causes of haemorrhage, cervical cancer must be excluded by direct observation of the cervix and a cervical smear taken.

“Obstetrics & Gynaecology: An Evidence-based Text for MRCOG, Third Edition” by David M. Luesley, Mark Kilby
from Obstetrics & Gynaecology: An Evidence-based Text for MRCOG, Third Edition
by David M. Luesley, Mark Kilby
CRC Press, 2016

Organism proliferation found on the Pap test may become significant enough to cause miscarriage or premature rupture of membranes if left untreated.

“Manual of High Risk Pregnancy and Delivery E-Book” by Elizabeth S. Gilbert
from Manual of High Risk Pregnancy and Delivery E-Book
by Elizabeth S. Gilbert
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2010

Some doctors and midwives try to avoid performing Pap smears during pregnancy because they can result in a small amount of spotting, which isn’t harmful to the pregnancy, but can be quite alarming to the pregnant woman nonetheless.)

“The Mother of All Pregnancy Books: An All-Canadian Guide to Conception, Birth and Everything in Between” by Ann Douglas
from The Mother of All Pregnancy Books: An All-Canadian Guide to Conception, Birth and Everything in Between
by Ann Douglas
Wiley, 2009

There is some increased risk of bleeding following biopsy during pregnancy, but the risk of miscarriage is low.

“Oxford American Handbook of Obstetrics and Gynecology” by Errol R. Norwitz, S. Arulkumaran, I. Symonds, A. Fowlie
from Oxford American Handbook of Obstetrics and Gynecology
by Errol R. Norwitz, S. Arulkumaran, et. al.
Oxford University Press, 2007

Uterine abnormalities can cause miscarriage, but this is not a common cause.

“Mosby's Review Questions for the NBCE Examination: Parts I and II E-Book” by Mosby
from Mosby’s Review Questions for the NBCE Examination: Parts I and II E-Book
by Mosby
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2005

Cervical biopsy during pregnancy may cause increased bleeding, which is generally well controlled by silver nitrate sticks, ferric sulfate solution, or, rarely, suture placement.

“Clinical Maternal-Fetal Medicine” by Hung N. Winn, John C. Hobbins
from Clinical Maternal-Fetal Medicine
by Hung N. Winn, John C. Hobbins
Taylor & Francis, 2000

The antibodies themselves do not cause miscarriage, but their presence indicates that an abnormal autoimmune process will likely interrupt the ability of the phospholipids to do their job, putting the woman at risk for miscarriage, second trimester loss, intrauterine growth restriction and preeclampsia.

“Manual of Obstetrics E-book” by Daftary, SUDIP Chakravarti, Muralidhar Pai, Prahalad Kushtagi
from Manual of Obstetrics E-book
by Daftary, SUDIP Chakravarti, et. al.
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2015

Oktay Kutluk

Kutluk Oktay, MD, FACOG is one of the world's foremost experts in fertility preservation as well as ovarian stimulation and in vitro fertilization for infertility treatments. He developed and performed the world's first ovarian transplantation procedures as well as pioneered new ovarian stimulation protocols for embryo and oocyte freezing for breast and endometrial cancer patients.

Mail: [email protected]
Telephone: +1 (877) 492-3666

Biography: https://medicine.yale.edu/profile/kutluk_oktay/
Bibliography: oktay_bibliography

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8 comments

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  • My first one was painful a deep brush feeling then the second was a light squeezing and my third was light brushing,different docs use different tools

  • More women need to speak up!!

    Im going through it right now I started spotting right after and it increased and the cramping became constant. I woke up Day 2 with blood. Lots of it.

    The doctor was an idiot she didn’t use forceps….she shoved that long stick brush and I was almost crying but I held it in…I’ve had this done before and it was a slight pinch I didn’t even bleed thank Jesus my daughter is alive and well but same thing could have happened!

    Even the manufacturers of the bristles don’t even recommend it for pregnant women

  • Just got mine done today for the first time. They let me put the specula in myself and then they took it from there. Honestly it was not painful!

  • i cant pull a tampon out without covering my mouth to keep from yelling, so i will 100% refuse to get this done. im a lesbian anyways, and penetration is so painful for me so no

  • Yeah and so can meditation. I’m not subjecting myself to this unnecessary dangerous medical intervention. Health officials aren’t even sure HPV causes cancer. What they are sure about is scarring delicate tissues causes many different cancers.

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  • I had this done today and it was a breeze, I hardly felt anything �� in my honest opinion intercourse hurts worse than this �� don’t be scared!

  • My wife has been a midwife for 40 years and pap smears are NOT necessary. They have unfortunately been “normalized” by our western medicine system, but the reality is that the average woman has less than 1% risk of getting cervical cancer in her lifetime! Our current health care system pressures women into this highly invasive and often traumatizing exam. Women should know that doctors can prescribe birth control, test for STD’s, HPV, and all other issues WITHOUT doing a pap smear.

    Read this: https://forwomenseyesonly.com/2018/08/06/how-many-women-wont-go-to-doctors-because-of-pap-test-coercion/