An introduction to Hydrops Fetalis

 

Ultrasound Video showing Hydrops fetalis, Soft tissue edeme, and Fetal pleural effusion.

Video taken from the channel: Saeed Ahmad


 

Fluid in Too Many Spaces and Places Hydrops

Video taken from the channel: Radiology Video


 

Ultrasound Video showing Hydrops fetalis, Anencephaly, Soft tissue edeme, ascites, and club foot.

Video taken from the channel: Saeed Ahmad


 

Ultrasound Video showing Hydrops fetalis (fetal hydrops).

Video taken from the channel: Saeed Ahmad


 

Hydrops fetalis 04: Detailed discussion of the diagnosis and various causes of hydrops fetalis

Video taken from the channel: openmichigan


 

hemoglobin bart’s hydrops fetalis syndrome ( Usmle quick review )

Video taken from the channel: Dr.G Bhanu Prakash Animated Medical Videos


 

Hydrops fetalis

Video taken from the channel: Medicosis Perfectionalis


These include: fetal blood sampling amniocentesis, which is the withdrawal of amniotic fluid for further testing fetal echocardiography, which looks for structural defects of the heart. Hydrops fetalis (fetal hydrops) is a pathologic condition of excessive accumulation of fluid in at least two extravascular compartments, including fetal soft tissues and body cavities. It is the physiological end-stage process in a number of fetal conditions and placental pathologies.

Hydrops fetalis is a serious condition in which abnormal amounts of fluid build up in two or more body areas of a fetus or newborn. There are two types of hydrops fetalis: immune and nonimmune. Immune hydrops fetalis is a complication of a severe form of Rh incompatibility. Fetal hydrops is defined as the presence of excess fluid in more than one body cavity, a combination of two or more from skin oedema, pleural effusions, pericardial effusion and ascites (Figures 8-1 to 8-3).

Sign in to download full-size image FIGURE 8-1. Gross fetal oedema (arrow) due to monosomy X. Hydrops fetalis is severe swelling (edema) in an unborn baby or a newborn baby.

It is a life-threatening problem. Hydrops develops when too much fluid leaves the baby’s bloodstream and goes into the tissues. Treatment of hydrops depends on the cause.

During pregnancy, symptoms of hydrops fetalis may include: large amounts of amniotic fluid thickened placenta enlarged liver, spleen or heart in the baby fluid buildup in the baby’s abdomen. Hydrops fetalis is a condition in the fetus characterized by an accumulation of fluid, or edema, in at least two fetal compartments. By comparison, hydrops allantois or hydrops amnion is an accumulation of excessive fluid in the allantoic or amniotic space, respectively.

Hydrops fetalis is a serious condition. It occurs when abnormal amounts of fluid build up in two or more body areas of a fetus or newborn. It is a symptom of underlying problems.

Background. Hydrops fetalis (fetal hydrops) is a serious fetal condition defined as abnormal accumulation of fluid in two or more fetal compartments, including ascites, pleural effusio. Hydrops fetalis refers to abnormal fluid collections in at least two sites (ie, fetal skin edema, ascites, pleural effusions, or pericardial effusions).

Nonimmune hydrops fetalis (NIHF) comprises the subgroup of cases not caused by red cell alloimmunization (eg, RhD, Kell). Multiple fetal anatomic and functional disorders can cause NIHF.

List of related literature:

Etiology of nonimmune hydrops fetalis: a systematic review.

“Viral Infections of Humans: Epidemiology and Control” by Richard A. Kaslow, Lawrence R. Stanberry, James W. Le Duc
from Viral Infections of Humans: Epidemiology and Control
by Richard A. Kaslow, Lawrence R. Stanberry, James W. Le Duc
Springer US, 2014

hydrops fetalis are described.

“Study Guide for Maternity & Women's Health Care E-Book” by Deitra Leonard Lowdermilk, Shannon E. Perry, Mary Catherine Cashion, Kathryn Rhodes Alden
from Study Guide for Maternity & Women’s Health Care E-Book
by Deitra Leonard Lowdermilk, Shannon E. Perry, et. al.
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2019

Resolution of hydrops fetalis in

“Holcomb and Ashcraft's Pediatric Surgery E-Book” by George W. Holcomb, J. Patrick Murphy, Shawn D. St Peter
from Holcomb and Ashcraft’s Pediatric Surgery E-Book
by George W. Holcomb, J. Patrick Murphy, Shawn D. St Peter
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2019

conditions, manyof which should not becategorized as hydrops.

“Ultrasonography in Obstetrics and Gynecology E-Book” by Peter W. Callen
from Ultrasonography in Obstetrics and Gynecology E-Book
by Peter W. Callen
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2011

Hydrops fetalis due to ABO incompatibility.

“Fetal Medicine E-Book: Basic Science and Clinical Practice” by Pranav P Pandya, Ronald Wapner, Dick Oepkes, Neil Sebire
from Fetal Medicine E-Book: Basic Science and Clinical Practice
by Pranav P Pandya, Ronald Wapner, et. al.
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2019

Some cases of associated hydrops fetalis have

“Core Curriculum for Neonatal Intensive Care Nursing E-Book” by AWHONN, M. Terese Verklan, Marlene Walden, Sharron Forest
from Core Curriculum for Neonatal Intensive Care Nursing E-Book
by AWHONN, M. Terese Verklan, et. al.
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2020

In many case of hydrops fetalis, the etiology is different from that of erythroblastosis fetalis (EF).

“Pathology of the Human Placenta” by Kurt Benirschke, Peter Kaufmann
from Pathology of the Human Placenta
by Kurt Benirschke, Peter Kaufmann
Springer New York, 2013

See hydrops fetalis.

“Mosby's Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing and Health Professions Australian & New Zealand Edition E-Book” by Peter Harris, Sue Nagy, Nicholas Vardaxis
from Mosby’s Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing and Health Professions Australian & New Zealand Edition E-Book
by Peter Harris, Sue Nagy, Nicholas Vardaxis
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2009

Etiology and outcome of hydrops fetalis.JMatern FetalMed, 10, 175–181.

“Fetal and Neonatal Brain Injury: Mechanisms, Management and the Risks of Practice” by David K. Stevenson, Philip Sunshine, William E. Benitz, Avroy A. Fanaroff
from Fetal and Neonatal Brain Injury: Mechanisms, Management and the Risks of Practice
by David K. Stevenson, Philip Sunshine, et. al.
Cambridge University Press, 2003

Various angiomas have repeatedly caused hydrops fetalis and placentomegaly (see Chapter 24).

“Pathology of the Human Placenta, 5th Edition” by Kurt Benirschke, Peter Kaufmann, Rebecca N Baergen
from Pathology of the Human Placenta, 5th Edition
by Kurt Benirschke, Peter Kaufmann, Rebecca N Baergen
Springer New York, 2006

Oktay Kutluk

Kutluk Oktay, MD, FACOG is one of the world's foremost experts in fertility preservation as well as ovarian stimulation and in vitro fertilization for infertility treatments. He developed and performed the world's first ovarian transplantation procedures as well as pioneered new ovarian stimulation protocols for embryo and oocyte freezing for breast and endometrial cancer patients.

Mail: [email protected]
Telephone: +1 (877) 492-3666

Biography: https://medicine.yale.edu/profile/kutluk_oktay/
Bibliography: oktay_bibliography

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3 comments

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  • What a outstanding and excellent video sir and also the way you describe the things and demise is more impressive.. thank you so much sir for giving us so much knowledge.. And keep on giving videos like this, sir. Thank you

  • My hb capillary electrophoresis result,
    hb Bart’s is 24.6%
    Hb A is 73.3%
    Hb B 2.1%
    Hb conc. Is 14.6/DL
    Doctor says nothing to worry about but Im suffering from chronic fatigue, brain fog, nauseous, heart palpitations.
    What should I do now?
    I’m 19, 58 kg

  • alpha thallasemia -> gamma tetramer -> high affinity for O2 -> must make a lot of hb portland to fix hypoxia -> extramedullary hematopoesis -> inc blood volume -> inc blood pressure -> edema -> hydrops fetalis

    alpha gene deletions
    beta gene mutations, target cell, mutation is minor or major, alpha tetramer -> damage -> HSM -> extramed hematopoesis
    transfusion -> iron overload