Recognizing Hyperlexia in youngsters

 

Patricia Ng Reading Comprehension for Children with Hyperlexia: A Scaffolding Method

Video taken from the channel: Dyslexia Association of Singapore


 

Autistic Kids Reading Early Autism & Hyperlexia

Video taken from the channel: Neurodivergent Rebel


 

Hyperlexia and Autism 3 year old can read

Video taken from the channel: thenlifehappensagain


 

What is HYPERLEXIA?

Video taken from the channel: Jody Parmann


 

Children with High-Functioning Autism: “Gifted” or Hyperlexic?

Video taken from the channel: Mark Hutten, M.A.


 

Children with Hyperlexia

Video taken from the channel: CSLD Aide


 

Hyperlexia and Its Connection to Autism Child Development and Language Comprehension

Video taken from the channel: Mary Barbera Turn Autism Around


Signs of hyperlexia Signs of a developmental disorder. Despite being able to read well, hyperlexic kids will show signs of a developmental Lower than normal understanding. Kids with hyperlexia have very high reading skills but lower than normal understanding Ability to learn quickly. A diagnosis is usually made based upon these symptoms: A precocious and unnatural ability to start reading words that are far above the normal age of the child [3] Child may be extremely deficient in some areas and extremely gifted in other areas Difficulty in communicating and trying to understand.

Identification of hyperlexia is most important when children are young, because early intervention increases children’s chances for success, and since reading is a powerful tool for learning language and social skills, Once a child begins to understand verbal language, written language can be gradually decreased and used only in certain situations when something new or confusing is introduced. The article discusses the concept of hyperlexia, the continuum of word recognition abilities which may exist separately from general verbal functioning. There is an increasing number of school children who are subject to stressful situation in school because their skill to identify words is higher than their ability to comprehend and integrate. Hyperlexia is the spontaneous and precocious development of reading skills in children who are aged between 2and 5-years-old.

Hyperlexia is typically associated with kids. Children in the type II category have hyperlexia as a splinter skill as part of an autistic spectrum disorder. They read voraciously, usually with astonishing memory for what they read, and often have other memorization abilities, sometimes linked with number or calendar calculating skills.

If a disorder is not considered a diagnosable disorder in the DSM, it doesn’t technically exist and doesn’t get diagnosed. Hyperlexic kids often have sensory issues and autistic-like traits. Overview of Hyperlexia in Children. Medically reviewed by Lyndsey Garbi, MD At What Age Does Giftedness Appear?

Fact checked by Sean Blackburn Should You Hothouse Your Child? Fact checked by Adah Chung How Reading Fluency Develops. By Carol Bainbridge How Cluster Grouping Benefits Gifted Children in School. A child with a learning disorder in nonverbal skills appears to develop good basic language skills and strong rote memorization skills early in childhood.

Difficulties are present in visual-spatial skills, visual-motor skills, and other skills necessary in social or academic functioning. Hyperlexia: children who read early—identifying the subtypes. Hyperlexia— precocious reading ability in very young children—can present itself in several ways.

In one group some neurotypical children simply read early; they may be reading at a sixth grade level at age 3 for example with no behavioral or other concerns.

List of related literature:

In all children, look for dysmorphic features, inspect the skin (for neurocutaneous disorders such as NF1), and inspect the back (for any spinal disorder such as spina bifida, kyphoscoliosis).

“Oxford Handbook for Medical School” by Kapil Sugand, Miriam Berry, Imran Yusuf, Aisha Janjua, Chris Bird
from Oxford Handbook for Medical School
by Kapil Sugand, Miriam Berry, et. al.
Oxford University Press, 2019

(A) shows a plexiform neurofibroma in a 3-year-old boy, and (B) shows the same plexiform neurofibroma when the child is 11 years of age.

“Hurwitz Clinical Pediatric Dermatology E-Book: A Textbook of Skin Disorders of Childhood and Adolescence” by Amy S. Paller, Anthony J. Mancini
from Hurwitz Clinical Pediatric Dermatology E-Book: A Textbook of Skin Disorders of Childhood and Adolescence
by Amy S. Paller, Anthony J. Mancini
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2011

Ideally, telepsychiatrists would always query parents about the child’s eye contact so as to accurately assess relatedness—even when the difficulty seems obvious.

“Telemental Health: Clinical, Technical, and Administrative Foundations for Evidence-Based Practice” by Kathleen Myers, Carolyn Turvey
from Telemental Health: Clinical, Technical, and Administrative Foundations for Evidence-Based Practice
by Kathleen Myers, Carolyn Turvey
Elsevier Science, 2012

If most behaviors at the child’s age level are observed, the clinician can ask the parent about behaviors at subsequent levels.

“Language Disorders from Infancy Through Adolescence E-Book: Listening, Speaking, Reading, Writing, and Communicating” by Rhea Paul, Courtenay Norbury
from Language Disorders from Infancy Through Adolescence E-Book: Listening, Speaking, Reading, Writing, and Communicating
by Rhea Paul, Courtenay Norbury
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2012

Assessment of BPSD in adolescents should be longitudinal and comprehensive, including adolescent, parent, and teacher information to obtain a picture of the adolescent’s mood and behavior across home, school, peer, and work (if applicable) settings over an extended period of time (Fields and Fristad M).

“Encyclopedia of Adolescence” by Roger J.R. Levesque
from Encyclopedia of Adolescence
by Roger J.R. Levesque
Springer New York, 2014

Although there is a large literature on hyperlexia, it is in the main limited to descriptions of the condition rather than attempts to understand the nature of reading behaviour in children considered to be hyperlexic (see Snowling and Frith, 1986).

“Dyslexia, Speech and Language: A Practitioner's Handbook” by Margaret J. Snowling, Joy Stackhouse
from Dyslexia, Speech and Language: A Practitioner’s Handbook
by Margaret J. Snowling, Joy Stackhouse
Wiley, 2013

However in each case where there is pupillary mydriasis, the clinician should examine the child searching for signs of extraocular muscle dysfunction, ptosis and an exotropia that could represent avery early oculomotor nerve paresis.

“Peyman's Principles & Practice of Ophthalmology: Two Volume Set” by N Venkatesh Prajna
from Peyman’s Principles & Practice of Ophthalmology: Two Volume Set
by N Venkatesh Prajna
Jaypee Brothers,Medical Publishers Pvt. Limited, 2019

If Kallmann’s syndrome is suspected in a boy, then questioning about the sense of smell is useful (ask the parent whether the child notices smells at home, or ask the child if there are smells he likes or ones he does not).

“Examination Paediatrics” by Wayne Harris
from Examination Paediatrics
by Wayne Harris
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2011

If most behaviors at the child’s level are observed, the clinician can ask the parent about behaviors at subsequent levels.

“Language Disorders from Infancy Through Adolescence: Assessment & Intervention” by Rhea Paul
from Language Disorders from Infancy Through Adolescence: Assessment & Intervention
by Rhea Paul
Mosby, 2007

Even in the first year of life normally developing children show implicit mentalizing abilities, ‘joint attention’ skills, that are absent in children with ASD (Sigman et al. 1986).

“Special Educational Needs, Inclusion and Diversity” by Norah Frederickson
from Special Educational Needs, Inclusion and Diversity
by Norah Frederickson
McGraw-Hill Education, 2009

Oktay Kutluk

Kutluk Oktay, MD, FACOG is one of the world's foremost experts in fertility preservation as well as ovarian stimulation and in vitro fertilization for infertility treatments. He developed and performed the world's first ovarian transplantation procedures as well as pioneered new ovarian stimulation protocols for embryo and oocyte freezing for breast and endometrial cancer patients.

Mail: [email protected]
Telephone: +1 (877) 492-3666

Biography: https://medicine.yale.edu/profile/kutluk_oktay/
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12 comments

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  • My kiddo knew all his numbers/letters when he was 15 mos. old. He learned to read on schedule and reads well. However, he has terrible reading comprehension. In order to be hyperlexic does a child have to continue to be precocious in reading? My child is seemingly normal, but when he was really young he had a really amazing memory. He knew all the United States and could tell you what they were just by seeing the shape of the state. He knew all his shapes, all the way up to a dodecagon. He knew how many sides each shape had. He could count by 10s 100s 1000s 10,000s all the way to billions when he was 4. He knew all the planets and which ones were gas giants etc…But he’s not really doing stuff like that anymore, however, I still think he’s hyperlexic. And yes, my kiddo is autistic.

  • My son has autism and hyperlexia. I remember him starting to read at 1! In kindergarten the school said he was reading at a third grade level, yet he only attends a typical classroom for a couple of hours a day and he has to have a an aide all day. Transitions are very hard but getting better! He just doesn’t understand conversation. He is OBSESSED with letters and numbers. He has problem behaviors and self harming behaviors. One thing he likes to to do is jump and vocal stimming all day. It will drive you nuts! I really think if he understood more words meanings, he would have less behaviors. But getting there is so hard. We did ABA for two years, he didn’t respond well, that’s when a lot of his behaviors started and he is so much more defiant now. Not saying we didn’t get any good out of ABA because we did. I’m at a loss on what to do. He is seven years old now, he lays in the floor in public kicking and screaming when something doesn’t go just his way. However, sometimes now we can get him to hush and listen to us and he seems to understand our explanation as to why he can’t have what he was screaming about in the first place. That to me that is big progress and I think it shows that his language understanding is growing.

  • My daughter is 2 and a half year old now, can read pretty well, pronouced words pretty well too. She knows and is also very facinated with numbers, can count to 100. She knows the names of a lot of things, shapes,colors,animals and their sounds,the sorroundings and even knows the solar system. She is bilingual, danish and english and sometimes she counts in spanish and names colors in russian. The problem is she prefers to be alone, she doens’t socialize with other kids or play with them. She also have selective muteness, she only speaks what she read or heard that interest her. she sings a lot with the lyrics and not just mumbling and dance a lot. But she doesn’t communicate. For example if i say ”are you hungry, thirsty etc…?” she doesn’t answer yes or no….nothing at all. But if i say ”get your blanket”, ”get your dinosaur.” among others,,she goes and get them without saying anything at all. If i tell her to ”please turn on/off the lights”, ”close the door.” she does that too and looks at me because she is waiting for me to say ”thank you”. But that’s it, she doesn’t really communicate to me or to her dad or her sitter,grandparents,anyone…like the basic, i want water, i want to play,etc…she wont. It’s like she’s mute on those areas but she is really noisy singing, reading,stating the numbers, planets,shapes,animals and many more that interest her all day long. Her understanding is quite well even if she doen’t communicate normally. If i tell her its time for her to sleep now, she will pick up her blanket and go to her room and wait for me there to put her on the bed then i say goodnight and she says goodnight back but that’s it. If she is thirsty she doen’t tell me,or she wants something,she just grabs my hands and bring me to the kitchen or bring me to where the thing is that she wants. It is also a challenge for me to bring her to a doctors appointment or densist because she gets kinda temperant when we arrived there, it’s quite a reaction she does. She has something like communication delay? And it seems hard fr her to understand a certain situation and if i try to explain she doesn’t focus on what i am saying but just kept on scream/crying. Had you encounter a similar matter like this?

  • I’m hyperlexic. Started reading at around 2 & started reciting the Quran (in Arabic, which is my 3rd language) at around the same age. I still have deep passion for reading till this day & prefer books/other reading materials over people. The interaction with other human improves as I age but sometimes I still struggle a little bit with sentence structuring during talking (not when I’m writing though). I’m now 36, married & am a physical therapist with a bachelor degree in law & am also currently studying psychology. All in all life’s amazing. I don’t think of it as a major disadvantage at all. I just think that it made me a real student of life which is fantastic��

  • So guess who was hyperlexic and dysgraphic when they were a kid? Was able to read at a college level in primary, wrote like I was a 4 year old. That discrepancy between the two confuses a lot of people. Normally when somebody can’t write, they can’t read. Just like it is expected that if a person cannot speak, they cannot comprehend. Even now, because I choose to associate with those who have intellectual disabilities and/or Autistic, the non LD adults who run the groups seem to get extra excited when I start speaking fancy or start talking about abstract concepts. Then people wonder why I waste my time with people who aren’t as smart as me. Then I remind them that I don’t know how to tie my shoes and that my problems are just “different” than the others.

  • My girl could read fluently before she was 2 without knowing what she was reading. She also had severe language delay. She started speaking with age 4. At 5 i was advised she might be autistic. I didn’t know much about autism before. She is in normal school. She does well in school but she has clear problem with math. She cant seem to be able to calculate. Still watching her progression. She started her first terapy yesterday 12.02.2019 (12. February 2019). Im keeping my fingers crossed for her

  • My 3 year old can read as if he was a 6 year old or older. He can read in Spanish and English. He is trying to teach himself German. I am not sure this is something to worry about. He does not seem to be autistic, where do I have to go to get help and figure out if he needs a diagnosis?

  • Hi I just stumbled across this subject after googling it last night.

    My son started saying the alphabet and counting before 2 but we never taught him we assumed his daycare probably did.
    He seems bored since than so I’ve been trying to find new things to stimulate him. But only the alphabet and numbers he likes.

    I’m not sure if he has this but he loves letters and numbers and patterns. He becomes obsessed.

    And the about a month ago he read a baby book to me that I thought perhaps he’d memorised. I must admit I was a bit worried he would be picked on so I haven’t encouraged him as much but I see now that it’s apart of him. My family encouraged me to continue.

    So thank you for this information. It helps me a lot to try and figure out what is happening ❤️❤️❤️ and what to expect. ❤️

    Actually it’s great information because I wasn’t sure what was going on with him but now it all makes sense ❤️

  • Hey……We are looking to partner with you to create a series of review/tutorial videos. But not able to get your email ID. Please send email to [email protected](dot)com with your channel URL. We will discuss there…Waiting

  • Hyperlexia is so much more than that and yet there is not so much information about it to the public. There are type 1,2 and 3 for instance. The early reading and understanding letters and numbers is a blessing but comes with struggles like lack of social awareness and lack of social skills, reading comprehension (they can read but cant understand what they are reading), the speech eventually gets to a good level but because of comprehension issues there is a struggle to communicate, the autistic traits fade with time 7+ years on the type 3. But the social interaction, social awareness, social skills, social development is a massive issue.

  • I enjoyed your video but I’m not sure I agree with your approach of not focusing on one of the child’s key strengths and instead promoting verbal language. My three year old son does not speak yet, but we work on speech sounds ALL the time and he can now mimic those with increasing clarity. We DO focus on speech, but every SALT we’ve seen has told us that speech should not be the key focus, communication should, in whatever way is easiest for that child. By utilising his hyperlexic skills, I have programmed an app (a bit like the ones they have with pictures, but just words only) that turns his ability to read into a communication device. It enables him to communicate his needs in a way that he wasn’t able to before. I have also used his love of letters and numbers to teach him wider concepts and to increase social interaction, turn-taking etc. I agree it should be monitored so it does not become obsessive in nature and distract from other areas of learning, but I think in many cases, focusing on this skill can actually be a good thing.

  • Wow. My son is 29 and now I know what he is. Back when he was a kid the insurance didn’t cover autism. My showed many signs of autism. And read books at four and was reading history books at 7. He couldnt be touched. Poor socialization and language skills. And couldn’t follow written or verbal directions. Didn’t look into eyes. Etc. No one tested him until 15. By then he had anxiety. Right around 17. He became more outgoing and verbal. But social cues are still really poor. And as an adult he has relationship problems because if that. Also because he still hates being touched. Before he could talk at 3.5 years he was doing crazy things like getting up in the middle of the night and cooking or pouring gallons of milk down the sink. At 9 he collected old batteries. He was an f student in school until late highschool. Then in college he has been a straight a student because he is good at reading and writing. He is math dyslexic though. This is all similar to my brother who couldnt talk until 5 and walked very late. was building tvs from scratch at 9. Also was playing games against college kids on ms dos at 10. Had his own tv VCR computer repair at 17. But again very difficult with math and social skills. Now my grand daughter couldnt walk until 2. Only said a few words at 2. And now 2.5 is beginning to read and has been showing us objects to identify since 10 months old. Repeats a lot but remembers everything that is said to her. She knew all her letters capital and lowercase before she could more than a few words. And knows all the sounds and is answering ending sounds. Also counts to 30 in Spanish and english knows the Spanish and English alphabet etc. She understands both spanish and english. She knows every kids song possible. So I think she is following in the same pattern. She has been going ti therapy for speech, development and physical since 18 months. She showed unusual fears at a young age. Like walking around furniture it took her 2 months to go around a corner on a table. I really think its genetic. I am going to talk to the therapist about this. Very interesting.