Parenting Stress and Depression Risks

 

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PARENTING with a MENTAL ILLNESS | Kati Morton

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A parenting stress study by Florida State University professor Robin Simon and Vanderbilt University’s Ranae Evenson found that parents have significantly higher levels of depression than adults who do not have children. Though many parents of young children across demographics are feeling increased levels of stress, two subgroups may be particularly at risk for clinical levels of anxiety and depression. Parents of young children are reporting alarming increases in anxiety and depression during COVID-19. This is not only a risk to parents’ mental healt. Parental depression is a pervasive problem, and a large and growing body of research shows that it is a major risk factor for difficulties in a child’s life, says Megan Smith, PhD, co-director of the Parenting Center at the Yale Medicine Child Study Center and director of the New Haven Mental Health Outreach for Mothers (MOMS) Partnership.

If depression causes additional stressors such as marital problems or job loss, children also suffer. When children grow up in stressful or uncertain environments, they can develop their own behavioral or emotional problems. Defiance, anxiety, or depression are common outcomes.

Also, parenting stress and depression influence child’s behavioral problems. These results suggest that identification of children at risk for ADHD and development of parental education programs would contribute to the prevention of behavioral problems and aggravation of the ADHD symptoms. About 1 out of 6 Americans will experience symptoms of depression at some point, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). And if depression happens to affect a parent.

It is not known exactly why some children develop anxiety or depression. Many factors may play a role, including biology and temperament. But it is also known that some children are more likely to develop anxiety or depression when they experience trauma or stress, when they are maltreated, when they are bullied or rejected by other children, or when their own parents have anxiety or depression. Having an immediate family member with depression or a mood disorder can increase your risk for depression.

The Stress-Depression Connection Stress whether chronic, such as taking care of a parent with Alzheimer’s, or acute, such as losing a job or the death of a loved one can lead to major.

List of related literature:

In addition to behavior problems later in life, “these infants have a significantly increased risk of developing learning problems, and may themselves be more vulnerable to depression or anxiety as they age” when compared to children of mothers who were less burdened by mental health and high-stress issues.

“Trauma Through a Child's Eyes: Awakening the Ordinary Miracle of Healing” by Peter A. Levine, Maggie Kline
from Trauma Through a Child’s Eyes: Awakening the Ordinary Miracle of Healing
by Peter A. Levine, Maggie Kline
North Atlantic Books, 2006

Results indicated that mother’s parenting stress and negative affect (anxiety and depression) significantly predicted early childhood anxiety.

“Evidence-Based Psychotherapies for Children and Adolescents, Second Edition” by John R. Weisz, Alan E. Kazdin
from Evidence-Based Psychotherapies for Children and Adolescents, Second Edition
by John R. Weisz, Alan E. Kazdin
Guilford Publications, 2010
from birth these infants may be more difficult to care for, adding stress to an already anxious mother, and more likely to have an elevated stress response, both of which increase vulnerability to depression.

“Handbook of Depression, Second Edition” by Ian H. Gotlib, Constance L. Hammen
from Handbook of Depression, Second Edition
by Ian H. Gotlib, Constance L. Hammen
Guilford Publications, 2008

Parents report increased stress, including concern for the child’s survival, fear of incompetence in assuming home responsibility, inadequate respite care, lack of time for other children and spouse, social isolation from friends and extended family, constant work, and fatigue.

“Wong's Nursing Care of Infants and Children E-Book” by Marilyn J. Hockenberry, David Wilson
from Wong’s Nursing Care of Infants and Children E-Book
by Marilyn J. Hockenberry, David Wilson
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2018

Many children protected from experiencing stress and developing coping skills are likely to be vulnerable to stress in later life and unable to cope effectively with life events (eg, relocation, marriage, death).

“Psychiatric Nursing: Contemporary Practice” by Mary Ann Boyd
from Psychiatric Nursing: Contemporary Practice
by Mary Ann Boyd
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2005

First, stress outside of the parent-child relationship (including marital problems, occupational concerns, and financial stress) can undermine the quality of parenting, mainly because of the effects that these stressors have on parental emotion.

“Encyclopedia of Human Behavior” by Vilayanur S. Ramachandran
from Encyclopedia of Human Behavior
by Vilayanur S. Ramachandran
Elsevier Science, 2012

If parents present depression, stress and anxiety, young children are more likely to model their parents and also be depressed, stressed, and anxious.

“Encyclopedia of Family Health” by Martha Craft-Rosenberg, Shelley-Rae Pehler
from Encyclopedia of Family Health
by Martha Craft-Rosenberg, Shelley-Rae Pehler
SAGE Publications, 2011

While maternal depression is a “risk factor” for children’s healthy development, there are “protective factors” that may help compensate.

“Parenthood in America: An Encyclopedia” by Lawrence Balter, Robert B. McCall
from Parenthood in America: An Encyclopedia
by Lawrence Balter, Robert B. McCall
ABC-CLIO, 2000

That is, when stress and challenge are high for parents, they generally have an increase in emotional and behavioral problems, which in turn affect family functioning and increase risks for children.

“The Science of Adolescent Risk-Taking: Workshop Report” by National Research Council, Institute of Medicine, Board on Children, Youth, and Families, Committee on the Science of Adolescence
from The Science of Adolescent Risk-Taking: Workshop Report
by National Research Council, Institute of Medicine, et. al.
National Academies Press, 2011

Parents who grieve inappropriately may leave their children a legacy of psychosocial problems, such as difficulty with separation, independence, and control (e.g., school phobia and toilet training); failure to thrive; and sleep disturbances.

“Merenstein & Gardner's Handbook of Neonatal Intensive Care E-Book: An Interprofessional Approach” by Sandra Lee Gardner, Brian S. Carter, Mary I Enzman-Hines, Susan Niermeyer
from Merenstein & Gardner’s Handbook of Neonatal Intensive Care E-Book: An Interprofessional Approach
by Sandra Lee Gardner, Brian S. Carter, et. al.
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2020

Oktay Kutluk

Kutluk Oktay, MD, FACOG is one of the world's foremost experts in fertility preservation as well as ovarian stimulation and in vitro fertilization for infertility treatments. He developed and performed the world's first ovarian transplantation procedures as well as pioneered new ovarian stimulation protocols for embryo and oocyte freezing for breast and endometrial cancer patients.

Mail: [email protected]
Telephone: +1 (877) 492-3666

Biography: https://medicine.yale.edu/profile/kutluk_oktay/
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25 comments

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  • Thank you, thank you so much. I am a BPD patient and I work hard to provide a peaceful home to my son and hubby. This video is so good for people like me.

  • I raised my brothers, my children and will always be a caretaker apparently. No one is coming to caretake for me. Never have. I guess I better learn to take care of ME as well. You are told you need to. It makes sense, yet it seems an impossible task.

  • i feel like such a bad mom because i can’t be a better mom to my kids i feel like almost everyday is a set back, one way or another.:'(

  • You’re an angel. I’m in tears. I always knew that isn’t important for kids to understand that what’s going on is not their fault. But knowing it’s ok to talk openly to my kids, is so relieving thank you Kati

  • What if you are a single parent. With a disability and a mental health issue. With no support network. At all. My son is 17 now… We do talk openly. And my childhood was pretty emotionless so have tried to make those changes to not repeat that cycle… But as other videos have stated the paretified child…(me) probably still is lacking in skills and not even recognising them. Does concern me That the damage might be done inadvertently… Sometimes I wonder however if it’s just OK to Fk up every now and then as I’m Human too. Going to go next week to see about a referral for talking to someone.

  • We have postpartum depresdion but what about when ur kids become toddlers i hate myself for feeking overwhelmed overworked under suported snd inprisoned by my children. No one is talking about this am i all alone

  • I have severe depression, along with a 5 & a 3 yr old, my lifeline is working out, but all the gyms r closed due to the current pandemic and I’m too unmotivated for workout videos, so my depression and lack of motivation has exacerbated

  • I feel anxious when my parents come
    They always tell me your the best child I have! But Im the only child
    When they scream at me I feel like I wanna scream back but I just cry
    They always say Have good grades!Or Work harder! Study more! And it feels like I don’t matter I feel like they are ashamed of me im scared to upset them, and they always fight and I feel like it’s my fault, they also give me empty threats like Stop crying or else I’ll slap you with a cloth hanger! Or etc. When ever I want them to leave I keep it inside and pretend that I want them around me and I can’t focus on anything. I think im over reacting

  • My parents made me stressed to much somtimes they loose there temper and yell at me that is the reasone why somtimes i have chess pain ������

  • I am an international student in Canada. I haven’t seen my parents for a year now. I feel comfortable, safe and I think I found myself. Staying away from your parents is not necessarily a bad thing. Just an opinion!

  • So this is my story: My parents used to say ” Why can’t you be your brother, smart and social?”, ” Why can’t you be the top student?”, I thought that it was for my improvement but in 8th grade, it was…too much. Having 3 extra classes and having less time to do my hobby like writing stories and animation. They have seriously destroyed my friendship with my online bestie but I can’t change that. my dad would say ” You’re just a kid”, ” you know nothing”, ” Behave or I’ll kick u out”. I don’t laugh around them anymore, I would have a poker face around them. ” You don’t deserve privacy, saying “sorry” or anything, I’m sick of you.” dad and mom. Wow… they should have said it before…. I feel like crying when I remember it every time..

  • I need to vent here anonymously because I’m too scared to talk in person. I was diagnosed with severe depression and anxiety when I was just 10. The thing is I had it almost at the start of life, I’m 13 now. My mom doesn’t understand and there’s so much in my life going wrong and I can’t speak out because I’m afraid of getting yelled at. I have been stressed because I’m behind in school and I had to go to the doctors and visit family all in one day. I was really stressed out because time. When I got home my mom yelled at me for saying I was stressing her out and banged the table and threw things. I admit that I did yell back or get mad earlier but that’s because I’m afraid of failing. She told me I need to start behaving like a Christian girl. she’s the worst I can’t stand her. It’s like a switch, she’s on then off. I remember my arms slit up from razor blades and I walked out and started helping with dinner and she didn’t notice…some were bleeding. I confronted her telling her she’s emotional abusive and she apologized. Then the next day yelled at me for saying she’s emotion abusive because other kids have it worse and she’s not touching me. WELL NO KIDDING I SAID EMOTIONALLY I DONT CARE IF ITHER KIDS HAVE IT WORSE IM TOO WEAK FOR THIS. DO YOU KNOW HOW HARD IT IS TO GET UP WITH DEPRESSION AND SHOWER AND BRUSH YOUR TEETH? I sometimes skip days because I don’t the energy. Then you’re GOINNG TO YELL AT ME FOR NOT DOING LAUNDRY? WELL EVER THINK I CANT? I want to run away it’s too hard. It’s not even the worse part and I already want to die. I do online and she threatens me with going to a public school WERE I WAS CATCALLED AND BULLIED. Fuck you! I wish I could keep going but it’s too much already to read.

  • I have Bp and as a parent of a 18yr old daughter. I’ve been separated from my husband since she was in high school. I managed to get her across that stage to graduation on my own and by the grace of God. Now she’s in college, I’m also on meds for Bipolar. My daughter and I have grown even more closer. She also goes to therapy as well. I’m not a victim of my mental illness, I’m always going to be a parent of progress and my daughter is aware of this and still loves me just the same.
    ����✊������☝��

  • Being the custodial parent of a teenager who is being investigated for autism is hard. Having a mental illness, plus physical disabilities, makes effective parenting next to impossible. My girl says that I’m an awesome mum, but I know what an awesome mum looks like and that ain’t me. I’m told that I’m coping well with it all. Maybe, but only if the definition of coping is watching it all happen as though from the sidelines. It used to be that my reason for living would be my daughter. Even when I had strong suicidal ideations I chose to continue life because of her. Lately I find that the thought of leaving her behind, and the psychological damage I would inflict on her by killing myself, isn’t always enough to stop the thoughts.

  • What if you don’t have family support what do you do then are you able to give some advise for those who don’t have true proper support I suffer with bpd my mum has fully disowned me witch has taken a toll on me I can’t even get proper rest as I’m a solo mum to a 4year old 9months old and very soon in 3months I’ll have a new borne and I’m freaking out i can’t find any videos to help me rn

  • I have mental illness(*es)…….& I have fear that law can take(sorry for not finding right meaning of word in English)motherhood rights towards my future children.whom.where I can ask for help in this situation?(outside of my country)

  • I’m so thankful for this video Kati great job! Me and my partner have been discussing our future recently me definitely wanting a family but him being so afraid he will pass on his mental illness, and not be able to cope with parenting. More on this topic would be amazing:D X

  • My parents have put me into coding because apparently its “fun” but I’m not even interested in it, I love drama and music, they also put me into maths classes 2 times a week leaving me with 3 classes a week, and on top of that school has started and I am getting REALLY stressed with all the work on my shoulders but they don’t even seem to care

  • My life is very hard because I have social anxiety disorder, so day to day life is challenging in general and I try and push myself as much as possible but I find myself overwhelmed and stressed out because I have two kids and they both have severe ADHD. I’m constantly feeling stressed and overwhelmed from the second I wake up until I fall asleep, because my kids are so full on.

  • I’m a mum of 2 and I’ve had depression on and off for as long as I can remember. My eldest is 5 he’s coming into the age now where he notices I’m not myself and asks me why, I just have to tell him mummy isn’t feeling well and having a bad day. I’m terrified I’m going to pass this onto my children and can’t think of anything worse then being responsible for them having to go through this. I understand that you made this video with intent to help and give people useful tools to get better BUT especially with children it is SO much more difficult especially if you don’t have the extra help of family or money for childcare.

  • This is helpful for me even tho I don’t have kids I have roommates. I told them everything going with me and I feel more comfortable and safe with them

  • We are new to your channel (found you through DissociaDID) and we appreciate your videos. We are diagnosed with DID and complex PTSD. The husband just bought a house, our system has managed to be able to live a relatively healthy and safe life but there are alters that are still very messed up and in NEED of professional help. So even if those are helped, do you think we can ever have children? Some of us are still children themselves and we worry a lot because thats one of the host’s biggest hopes in life to have a baby or maybe two one day.

  • I have struggled with depression and anxiety since I was 14 Ish. I then had ppd and anxiety that had lingered, grown ect for 3 years. I’m currently getting help. My 3 year old knows sometimes mommy gets scared and we have to go home or mommy gets sad and we have movie days. He also knows my goes to “parapy” to get better. Thank you sup much for this video!

  • How do explain to my 2 1/2 yr old son that when mommies sitting on the bed crying my eyes out that it’s not his fault and it’s just that I am severly depressed. He always says ” I’m sorry mommy, it’s ok.” And I hate that he has to see me like that because I’m afraid it’ll effect him negatively. I always have to tell him it’s not his fault. I just don’t know if he can understand at that age that there’s other things either in life or in my head that’s making me go into break down mode? I’ve been severly depressed since I was 13, I think. I’ve lived with this for so long I can’t even remember. But how do I explain it, should I even have to explain it at his age?

  • Can you please make a video about single mothers (full time custody) who have depression. I’m struggling right now and want the best for my son.