Learning Disabilities in Significant Language


What is Developmental Language Disorder?

Video taken from the channel: Bryony Rust


Learning what Expressive Language Disorder is from Therapy Group of Tucson

Video taken from the channel: KGUN9


Talk About Expressive Language Difficulties

Video taken from the channel: Dr.Murali Chand Nallamothu


My Language Disorder | CrazyDragon

Video taken from the channel: Biss


Developmental Language Disorder Boys Town National Research Hospital Web

Video taken from the channel: BoysTownHospital


Living with Developmental Language Disorder (DLD) DLDandMe.org

Video taken from the channel: BoysTownHospital


Expressive and Receptive Language

Video taken from the channel: Autism Live

Kids who have trouble with expressive language may struggle with conversation. They may understand what others say and be able to pronounce words. But they may still struggle to express themselves. Here are signs that kids are having difficulty with expressive language.

Expressive language disorder makes it hard for kids to express their thoughts and ideas. Kids understand what other people are saying, but they have trouble using language when they speak. That can have a big impact on their ability to make friends, socialize, and interact with other people.

It can also affect them at school. You may hear people say they have dyslexia. People with dyslexia have problems reading. Many children with reading problems have other language problems. This makes LD a better term to use.

Other terms you may hear are language-based learning disabilities or specific learning disorder. Causes of LD. Learning disabilities are a brain disorder. Expressive language disorder occurs when a person is unable to express him or herself using spoken language. Students with this disorder have special needs.

When you are. Oral / Written Language Disorder and Specific Reading Comprehension Deficit Affects an individual’s understanding of what they read or of spoken language. Individuals with Oral / Written Language Disorder and Specific Reading Comprehension Deficit struggle with understanding and/or expressing language often in both oral and written forms. A language processing disorder (LPD) is an impairment that negatively affects communication through spoken language. There are two types of LPD—people with expressive language disorder have trouble expressing thoughts clearly, while those with receptive language disorder have difficulty understanding others.

One person with a language disorder might find it difficult to speak. A young child is diagnosed with receptive, expressive and social pragmatic language deficits as a toddler (2.5 years of age) begins to receive speech language services, which continue through preschool and elementary school until 2nd grade. Language processing disorders are brain-based conditions that make it difficult for someone to express himself or make sense of what is being said to him. Expressive language disorders are diagnosed when an individual struggles to produce language, speak in grammatically correct sentences, or translate thoughts into speech.

Individuals with LD often have difficulty with both expressive and receptive language. There is a strong relationship between language and learning disabilities. Articles within this section provide information about early warning signs of speech and language difficulties. Myth: A child with a language disorder will have both expressive and receptive issues.

Fact: Language disorders don’t necessarily have to include both expressive and receptive issues. For example, a student may have expressive language impairments, but show no receptive language issues at all. 4 Myth: Language and speech disorders are the same thing.

List of related literature:

A language disability may be concomitant in children displaying any of the following handicapping conditions: learning disability, mental retardation, hearing impairment, autism, or emotional disturbance.

“Encyclopedia of Special Education: A Reference for the Education of Children, Adolescents, and Adults with Disabilities and Other Exceptional Individuals” by Cecil R. Reynolds, Elaine Fletcher-Janzen
from Encyclopedia of Special Education: A Reference for the Education of Children, Adolescents, and Adults with Disabilities and Other Exceptional Individuals
by Cecil R. Reynolds, Elaine Fletcher-Janzen
Wiley, 2007

The profoundly deaf are frequently deprived of access to an L1 in early childhood because, on the one hand, they are cut off from auditory stimuli and, on the other, owing to anti-sign language prejudice, they are often not provided with opportunities to learn sign language until later in life.

“Routledge Encyclopedia of Language Teaching and Learning” by Michael Byram, Adelheid Hu
from Routledge Encyclopedia of Language Teaching and Learning
by Michael Byram, Adelheid Hu
Taylor & Francis, 2013

For example, your child’s reading specialist may work on phonemic awareness, the classroom teacher may be great at working on expressive language through writing and show-and-tell (for mild delays), and the special education teacher may be working on improving social language skills in a lunchtime “friends” group.

“Childhood Speech, Language, and Listening Problems” by Patricia McAleer Hamaguchi
from Childhood Speech, Language, and Listening Problems
by Patricia McAleer Hamaguchi
Wiley, 2010

Language impairments include delays and deficiencies in the receptive (i.e., the understanding of speech) and expressive domains (e.g., limited vocabulary size, improper use of words, age-inappropriate grammar; Schlosser et al., 2007).

“Handbook of Evidence-Based Practices in Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities” by Nirbhay N. Singh
from Handbook of Evidence-Based Practices in Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
by Nirbhay N. Singh
Springer International Publishing, 2016

Whereas at 18 months, a child with expressive language disorder only can comprehend simple commands and can point to familiar household objects when told to do so, a child of the same age with mixed receptive-expressive language disorder cannot either point to common objects or obey simple commands.

“Kaplan & Sadock's Concise Textbook of Clinical Psychiatry” by Benjamin J. Sadock, Virginia A. Sadock
from Kaplan & Sadock’s Concise Textbook of Clinical Psychiatry
by Benjamin J. Sadock, Virginia A. Sadock
Wolters Kluwer/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2008

Narrative abilities in monolingual and dual language learning children with specific language impairment.

“Communication Disorders in Multicultural Populations E-Book” by Dolores E. Battle
from Communication Disorders in Multicultural Populations E-Book
by Dolores E. Battle
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2012

Many of these cases fall near the extreme end of the spectrum of disorders or harms in that these children never become entirely fluent in a language and have cognitive deficits associated with those faculties that require a firm foundation in a first language (Mayberry et al. 2002).

“Web Accessibility: A Foundation for Research” by Yeliz Yesilada, Simon Harper
from Web Accessibility: A Foundation for Research
by Yeliz Yesilada, Simon Harper
Springer London, 2019

Signing deaf children mix, borrow, and transfer elements of their ASL and English into a kind of codemixing or codeblending within and across languages during the reading comprehension process as well as during the writing process.

“Handbook of Special Education” by James M. Kauffman, Daniel P. Hallahan
from Handbook of Special Education
by James M. Kauffman, Daniel P. Hallahan
Taylor & Francis, 2011

Language disorders are learning disabilities: Challenges on the divergent and diverse paths to language learning disability.

“Speech-Language Pathology Assistants: A Resource Manual, Second Edition” by Jennifer A. Ostergren
from Speech-Language Pathology Assistants: A Resource Manual, Second Edition
by Jennifer A. Ostergren
Plural Publishing, Incorporated, 2019

Reading disabilities: A developmental language perspective (pp. 199–260).

“Here's How to Treat Childhood Apraxia of Speech, Second Edition” by Margaret Fish
from Here’s How to Treat Childhood Apraxia of Speech, Second Edition
by Margaret Fish
Plural Publishing, Incorporated, 2015

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  • I learned that I had expressive language as an adult. My purpose is to help people who have had trouble talking like me because I know how hard it is. I have done some videos on my channel about the subject to show an example of someone who has worked through it the best they can.

  • I always knew something was wrong with me but I wasn’t diagnosed with mixed receptive expressive language disorder until I was almost 32. I struggled in school and never understood why I couldn’t keep up. I wish there was a magic switch to turn it off. I don’t always like coming across to people that I am slow. Along with this, I also have a phonological disorder where I can’t talk on a phone or understand language in crowded places so I lipread. All of these things have created a deficiency in me socially so I like being alone. It’s always hard to go to the grocery store because I have to be around people. I felt like I was the only person in the world with this until I came across your video. Thank you for sharing.

  • I can totally understand the feeling of frustration when you can’t figure out the words to use to express your thoughts. Not sure if I have this but I just started seeing a therapist about anxiety and I’ll have to mention this to her because I can relate to almost everything you said, except for the memory part because I can’t remember anything haha. You’re doing an amazing job and I hope the best for you. Thanks for sharing this!!

  • Thank you for posting this video. My 5 year old son was diagnosed with this recently and I am trying to understand every aspect of it. You have given me much inspiration.

  • I personally have something similar such as SLD and it’s what you’ve explained for the majority. I too have suffered all my life with this and with other issues I do not plan to share. I know how hard it is for you as with test questions you’ll need to re-read lots of times, and things you cannot understand. You aren’t the only person with this, just know that for sure:)

  • Wow I love you! I can’t believe I’m listening to someone else who sounds just like me. Even with similar facial expressions! It’s such a relief to know I’m not alone. Hopefully we will build a community eventually.

  • I felt this was really helpful, I think I might have DLD too. I have problems with processing language and writing as well as expressing my thoughts, this can be especially bad when I’m reading out loud because I don’t have enough time to process it in my head to speak it and my grammar and pronunciation thing is also really bad, I went to speech therapy when I was wee. I’ve been tested for dyslexia 3 times with no result even though it’s clear I have something not quite right

  • What did u do in speech therapy?? I think I have the same disorder as you.. but my mom can not afford the disorder diagnosis and speech therapy. Furthermore, she keeps saying that I am normal just like others, and she is not willing to listen to what I say. So, if you tell me what you did in speech therapy, it would help me a lot with my disorder for without going there. And could uou tell me how long you were in speech therapy and how much was it??

  • Hi Bryony I would like to ask you if there is help for an adult who has been straggling with this disorder without knowing and only now realized this situation has a name and a diagnosis. Thanks very much

  • My oldest son has mixed receptive and expressive language disorder. For the life of me I could not figure out how all the other kids his age were learning to talk so easily. My daughter is able to learn to talk normally, it really is like “magic” the way neurotypical children pick up on language skills. For my son, every single vocabulary word must be taught and practiced over and over again, almost like how you would expect to be taught math or something more complicated.

  • I was diagnosed with expressive language delay as an adult. My purpose is to help people who have had trouble talking like me because I know how hard it is. I have done some videos on my channel about the subject to show an example of someone who has worked through it the best they can.

  • Great video! My 12 year old is just now wanting to be more verbally social. She’s been diagnosed at age 10 and has an IEP and goes to speech therapy every week and I can see improvement in her eye contact and sense of humor. Not many friends if any and not for long. She likes to be around people to hear them talk..but not really join in. I think she will make the right kind of friends when she does because she does a lot of listening. I think you are an awesome �� young lady for creating that video. Keep up the awareness of MERLD.

  • I was digonoed with mixed repsective and expressive lnaguge disorder, age 6 yrs. Its hard to go through, its hard put to words togther, be able to write, do job interviews, manny things. I am also the same age as your self now turning 20yrs was 16 at the time you filmed that video. I found that school was really really hard, it was hard to keep up. I lost lots of friends too. But i soon realised once you are bad at lots of things you can find what you love to learn quickly easily using practical skills. I dont know if you still read through coments feel free to contact me via Intsagram, @caitlinaswift to have a chat.

  • Thank you for making this video. I have a 10 year old son. He was diagnosed with ADHD and mild autism about 3 years ago. He just started speech therapy in June this year. Seeing your video has really enlightened me. My son seems to have the same struggles. I never knew about this disorder. I will be doing more research on this. Your bravery in making this video and seeing how far you have come gives me hope that my son will overcome his difficulties as well. Thank you again! ❤️

  • Thank you so much for sharing your perspective. Language disorders are hard to explain, but you did that extremely well. Language disorders are also often not recongnised, so your video helps that also.
    You may not be aware but there is an international effort to sort out the confusing terminology and the agreed term is now ‘Developmental Language Disorder.’ There are some videos here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tQ-s02HWLb0&list=PLZKYMAk9g2pkp9rkIEdQGMWI6iNDbNdsV

  • Anyone who has this and would like to talk to me about this i’d really appreciate it. I’m new to this and would like coping stragedies because right now i don’t have any accomodations for school and i’m really struggling.

  • Thank you for this video. My son is 11 and has MERLD and it’s great to have a video of show him of someone else with the same thing!!

  • Thank you. My daughter was diagnosed with a language disorder at age 4. She is now 7 years and has received regular, intensive language therapy. It’s hard finding adults who also have a similar disorder, so its been a god send finding your video. You speak very beautifully and eloquently x

  • Thank you for sharing. My son just got diagnosed with this disorder a month before his 3rd birthday and I’m trying to find all the research I can on it.

  • Hi! I know you made this video 2 years ago but I just started to do my own research. My son is about to turn 5 but I’ve noticed a speech delay since he was very little. He was checked by early intervention services at 2 but only to be told that he was fine and it was only a matter of time for him to talk. As I said, doing my own research I found this topic (language disorder)and looking deep I was able to recognize that every single symptom matched.
    Now I’m working hard with school and his pediatrician to get him professionally diagnosed in order for him to be treated. I want to thank you for making this video, you are very brave. I wish you the best and also have a new subscriber. ❤

  • My nephew was diagnosed very recently with this. He’s 5. He’s my 1st nephew and I love the kid to the moon and back as if he was my own. I wanna understand what this is and how I can be helpful.

  • Bryony, what a fabulous video! thank you very much for taking the time to create engaging content that can help people understand better these disorders and conditions.

  • To Grant: Your video literally made me so happy, because you tell about DLD in such a great and funny way! Also, I can relate so badly to everything you describe and I laughed a lot, because even though DLD basically sucks, the people who have it experience a lot of the same struggles, and it is kinda fun to be on the other site of the planet (I’m from Denmark) and not only get everything you’re saying, but also having been through the exact same process with DLD. So this really gave me a boost haha. I’ve just started in university and about to climb what seems to be Mount Everest, however, I hope to find a way through it all ;))

  • Thank you so much for this video. My son was diagnosed at 3 and is now 5. We have been working with so many therapists. You rock and keep fighting the good fight!!!

  • This video is very helpful to my family and a loved one. You are brave for putting yourself out there to help many people. I could understand you very well and I thank you for sharing your intimate experiences with this diagnosis.

  • Thankyou so much for sharing, I have had the same struggle for many years undiagnosed, currently under investigation to see what support is available after 31 years.

    Would it be possible you could do a video to share what you have found helps you on a daily basis to get you through, general living, tips or advise you might have?

    I would very very much appreciate anything you are able to offer that has helped you in your life ��.

  • I want to thank everybody for the positive feedback on this video! I really appreciate it. It’ll be much easier filming my next video for sure.

  • You are amazing, as some one around yiur age I understand, I have the same disorder, I was dionosed when I was 6 and spent 13years in school in a lot of stress, hurt, bullying, non stop study. Your not alone.

  • My daughter Aubrey also has MERLD. She is the little Asian Girl on another Youtube Video. She is now 15 and still processes differently. She also has a unique memory ability. Thank you so much for sharing your story. This is very helpful and you are a brave young women.

  • You talked your heart out and it made me cry…. I want to talk to you about something, my age is 19, I can’t express myself verbally at all that what I want to say, I can’t share my feelings, I can’t convey them even to my mother but I can easily write them on book or copy, It almost every time makes me cry when I try to express myself, I lose control of myself, I don’t know what I’m saying because of which I have lost many of my childhood friends because of lots of misunderstandings, I don’t know if I also have this disorder or not because my parents haven’t taken my to any docter concerning my issue, they think that I just like to play victim to cry all the time etc but I really don’t know what is wrong with me? I really need help that’s why I decided to talk my heart out to you about it

  • Thank you so much for your video and sharing your story. My daughter was diagnosed when she first entered high school. She is now in college but still struggles. She too had issues early on with friends which made her feel isolated. Sharing your story helps people with this disorder know they are not alone (I will be sending this to her 😉 ) I do have a question for you. She has been set up with IEP’s since grade 2, but never really had speech therapy. She is now 20. In your honest opinion because you have done this, would speech therapy be helpful and beneficial at this later stage?

  • I have mixed receptive expressive language disorder. Are there any support groups, treatments or therapies out there I can try? Like a website or a specific type of therapy?

  • That’s crazy! I go threw the same shit! I notice your voice was cracking like does your voice crack when you speak to ppl cause my does too plzz get back to me!!!

  • I just want to say thank you so much for making this video! My daughter is 6, and I always kinda felt she was behind other kids but figured it was because she didn’t have much interaction with peers. Last year she entered kindergarten. That’s when her teacher noticed that she has issues with expressive and receptive speech. She was put into speech therapy immediately. This year, she is repeating kindergarten because she obviously was struggling socially and academically. She’s doing much better so far, and will start speech therapy again in a couple weeks. If there is any advice, words of encouragement, you could send my way, I’d really appreciate it. She is just like you by the way, her memory is incredible! She beats adults at memory games and can recall things that happened when she was 2 years old. I really really really needed to hear and see someone older who has this same condition because lately I’ve been very scared for her future. Thank you so much for sharing!!!

  • Thank you for sharing! My son has this & its hard for him to explain to me what he’s dealing with. Any suggestions for parents to do at home for their child that may have helped you?

  • Thanks for the educative video. My 4 year old son has been diagnosed with this. I cry every day, wondering if he can ever express himself. Seeing you gives me so much hope. He is receiving speech therapy too. You are an inspiration to me. Thanks, and you very beautiful

  • Hi Missbliss, I am creating a webinar presentation about atypical development of communication (as in those who develop slower or differently). I would like to be able to link to your video in my presentation to go along side the heading ‘The final myth they will grow out of it eventually’. I have shown your video to early child hood teachers before to help them understand the importance of referring children who had language difficulties to a speech and language therapist.

  • I have felt so misunderstood for years. I’m so grateful for your vulnerability. I have expression and auditory processing disability and it helps to know that I’m not alone in this. It would be awesome to have a friend that gets it!

  • Hey! I have the same language disorder as you and I also have a intellectual disability. So my memory is really bad, social skills are hard for me too, and also reading comp is hard for me. I’m still in speech thearpy and I’m 15.

  • Our 6 year old daughter was diagnosed a few years ago and we have some questions that perhaps you can help answer. Is there a way we can email or message you? Thanks!

  • Thank you so much for this video. My 7 years old was diagnosed with MERLD. We are in the deepest part of this journey, so I know how hard it can be, but looking at you is giving us so much hope. Keep this up, people need to hear about it. I am so tired of people thinking he is autistic, or dumb, or plain rude. Thank you again

  • My 3-year-old son was recently diagnosed with DLD and it seems my world is falling apart. I suffer in anticipation of thinking about his friendships at school, or labour market.

  • You seem like a loving and sensitive person. Have you thought of developing yourself with arts? And Did specialists commented something on autism or is it only language processing disorder? I am having some difficulties when hearing people speak and me expressing myself. I like arts because it can be the softest activity for my mind.

  • @MissBiss

    You are absolutely beautiful, inside and out! Your story was very informative and inspiring, as my son whom is 4, was diagnosed with “severe expressive and receptive language delay” just yesterday. You have given me hope that he will get better at understanding and expressing himself as time goes on, with the right help and effort we all put in. Thank you for sharing your story. Xoxoxo

  • i was assaulted on the left side of my head with a hammer when i was 9 years old consecutively i lost my memory i also came down with other cognitive problems -on top of that i also suffered years and years of abuse and torture – today i can function and interact with ppl only when i smoke weed without it:
    i dont understand the intention of others via their words i can not name different behaviors -my sense of self becomes weird
    like i feel my sense of self is mixed up with my past abusers i get flooded with past stuff which i dont even remember -the reality becomes dim meaningless disorganized i don’t see how others create reality via their words and speech and how they achieve their goals i feel confused and misunderstand every thing -how comes no one on the face of this universe has a similar problem like me?would nacNAC (N-acetylcysteine) help me?plz tell me what could help

  • Thanks for showing your disability. You are a lot more brave than I am. I also have a language retrieval disability, and I am so embarrassed with it I hardly talk to anybody.

  • Thank you so much for all the love on this video! I never thought so many people would want to reach out to me! I promise I will take the time (when I have the time) to reply to all your comments. I appreciate it!!

  • Thanks for sharing your story. Our daughter also has MERLD. She is 8 now and in 2nd grade. I hope you don’t mind me asking. What can we do as her parents to help her especially with building up her self-confidence? She is in speech in school and outpatient.