Indications of Speech and Language Delays in Infants

 

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However, there are common signs of potential speech and language delays that you can watch for. Infants Birth to 18 Months The first stages of speech development involve behavior cues such as looking at or turning toward sound, meeting a caregiver’s gaze, and making babbling noises. Parents’ Guide to Language Delays and Speech Disorders in Children. May 28, 2020 Nearly 1 in 12 U.S. children ages 3 to 17 has had a disorder related to voice, speech, language, or swallowing, according to the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD). While parents understand the importance of monitoring for potential signs of these issue.

By 1 year, contact the doctor if your child: shows no back-and-forth sharing of sounds, smiles, or facial expressions (at 9 months) shows no back-and-forth gestures, such as waving, reaching, or. The second half of your baby’s first year should be devoted to making sounds. “Bababa” or “dadada” doesn’t mean anything, but it’s crucial to speech and language development. Gestures such as waving bye-bye or pointing to an object indicate are a few of the early signs of conversational skills. What other parents are reading. A speech delay might be due to: an oral impairment, like problems with the tongue or palate (the roof of the mouth) a short frenulum (the fold beneath the tongue), which can limit tongue movement Many kids with speech delays have oral–motor problems.

Speech and language delay in children is associated with increased difficulty with reading, writing, attention, and socialization. Signs of a speech sound disorder in young children include: 1–2 years. Not saying p, b, m, h, and w the right way in words most of the time. 2–3 years.

Not saying k, g, f, t, d, and n the right way in words most of the time. Being hard to understand, even to people who know the child well. Children: Signs of a Language Disorder.

Does not smile or interact with others (birth and older) Does not babble (4-7 months) Makes only a few sounds or gestures, like pointing (7-12 months) Does not understand what others say (7 months-2 years) Says only a few words (12-18 months) Words are not easily understood (18 months-2 years) Does not put words together to make sentences (1.5-3 years). 2 days ago · Speech and language delays also may manifest themselves in your child’s behavior. Sometimes when a child is easily frustrated with activities that involve talking to others, listening to instructions, or following directions, this is a warning sign for a speech issue.

10 Warning Signs of Speech Disorder in Your Child. Your child does not interact socially starting in infancy. He does not follow or understand what you say (starting at 1 year) She says only a few sounds, words, or gestures (18 months to 2 years) Her words are not easily understood (18 months to 2 years).

List of related literature:

Infants also show a very early response to different properties of language.

“An Introduction to Language” by Victoria Fromkin, Robert Rodman, Nina Hyams, Mengistu Amberber, Felicity Cox, Rosalind Thornton
from An Introduction to Language
by Victoria Fromkin, Robert Rodman, et. al.
Cengage Learning Australia, 2017

A study of speech perception by Bosch and Sebastián-Gallés (1997) found that early bilingual infants at 4–5 months old responded differently to their two languages compared with a language they had not heard before.

“Foundations of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism” by Colin Baker
from Foundations of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism
by Colin Baker
Multilingual Matters, 2011

Infants’ early ability to segment the conversational speech signal predicts later language devel­opment: A retrospective analysis.

“Human Language: From Genes and Brains to Behavior” by Peter Hagoort
from Human Language: From Genes and Brains to Behavior
by Peter Hagoort
MIT Press, 2019

Early delayed language development in very preterm infants: Evidence from the MacArthur-Bates CDI.

“Research in Communication Sciences and Disorders: Methods for Systematic Inquiry, Third Edition” by Lauren K. Nelson
from Research in Communication Sciences and Disorders: Methods for Systematic Inquiry, Third Edition
by Lauren K. Nelson
Plural Publishing, Incorporated, 2016

While being carried or lying, the child’s brain is highly active in following verbal and nonverbal indications, and long before babies can speak by themselves, they have learned to discriminate their mother’s language from other sounds.

“Encyclopedia of Anthropology” by H. James Birx, Sage Publications, Thomson Gale (Firm), Sage eReference (Online service)
from Encyclopedia of Anthropology
by H. James Birx, Sage Publications, et. al.
SAGE Publications, 2006

Infants also appear to be endowed with perceptual and representational skills that enable them to tell the difference between different speech sounds from the moment they are born (or at most, within the first 24—48 hours).

“Introduction to Psycholinguistics: Understanding Language Science” by Matthew J. Traxler
from Introduction to Psycholinguistics: Understanding Language Science
by Matthew J. Traxler
Wiley, 2011

This may explain why deaf infants whose parents communicate using sign language begin to babble with their hands at the same age that hearing children begin to babble vocally – between four and six months (Petitto and Marentette, 1991).

“Psychology: Second European Edition” by Daniel Schacter, Daniel Gilbert, Daniel Wegner, Bruce Hood
from Psychology: Second European Edition
by Daniel Schacter, Daniel Gilbert, et. al.
Palgrave Macmillan, 2015

Vocal pattern recognition is proficient at 6 months, rhythms of syllabic sounds are quickly learned, and native language contrasts in speech begin to affect the baby’s vocalizations.

“The Blackwell Companion to Consciousness” by Susan Schneider, Max Velmans
from The Blackwell Companion to Consciousness
by Susan Schneider, Max Velmans
Wiley, 2017

The baby may not understand what you are saying – though there is evidence that by six to nine months babies are already building understanding of words (Bergelson & Swingley 2011) – but they will be picking up the rhythms of social turn-taking in a call-andresponse fashion (see Figure 6.1).

“Teaching and Learning in the Early Years” by David Whitebread, Penny Coltman
from Teaching and Learning in the Early Years
by David Whitebread, Penny Coltman
Taylor & Francis, 2015

Speech-language pathologists in early intervention will keep in mind that typical 2-year-olds should be about 50% intelligible while typical 3-year-olds will reach 75% intelligibility (Hodson, 2011).

“Speech-Language Pathologists in Early Childhood Intervention: Working With Infants, Toddlers, Families, and Other Care Providers” by Plural Publishing, Incorporated
from Speech-Language Pathologists in Early Childhood Intervention: Working With Infants, Toddlers, Families, and Other Care Providers
by Plural Publishing, Incorporated
Plural Publishing, Incorporated, 2017

Oktay Kutluk

Kutluk Oktay, MD, FACOG is one of the world's foremost experts in fertility preservation as well as ovarian stimulation and in vitro fertilization for infertility treatments. He developed and performed the world's first ovarian transplantation procedures as well as pioneered new ovarian stimulation protocols for embryo and oocyte freezing for breast and endometrial cancer patients.

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19 comments

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  • My son is 2 1/2 and in speech therapy through early steps program with a speech pathologist. She comes to our house 2 times a week and has been doing therapy with him for about a year now. He can say a handful of words and has made some progress. He still cannot speak in sentences, not even two words together. Any reasons why? His therapy is about to end and will continue through the school system. It’s very difficult to talk to him, because he can’t express anything and still whines and points instead of talking. He uses sign language as well that helps, but he is almost 3. Will he just eventually just start talking??

  • Can you please talk about kids therapy for swallowing troubles??
    My little one has a minor issue with that. She avoids popcorn because of a scare she had. She forgets but if she gets any food piece kind of stuck she gets really scare and avoids eating untill she forgets… How can I help her??

  • This is so educational. Im really learning a lot. My son is speech delayed. I have not taken him to the developmental pedia but I can feel that something is wrong which my son’s development.

  • Hi.. I have found your channel really helpful… Ive also subscribed to your website by email. My child is 32 months old and still she utters only few words.like hardly 10 words..mama,come, there,orange, white etc.she had cleft soft palate by birth which got operated by the age 12 months. Can cleft surgery b a reason of speech delay.our surgeon recommended to wait untill 3 for speech therapy but as in your e mail you said don’t delay( which i guess i already did now) please help us

  • Dear Dr. Paul, I would like to thank you for the amazing films you upload. I believe thanks to you I am becoming a better mother, better wife and a better person. Thank you so much!

  • My son is Two years and we go to speech therapy twice a week for about 1.5 month he only babbles but no words yet and he gets frustrated at time, is he too old to learning sign?

  • I was wondering about what age a child should have the ‘f’ and ‘th’ sounds down? And at about 3 1/2 years old is it normal for a child to be using the ‘th’ sound for both ‘th’ amd ‘f’ sounds?

  • @Walkie Talkie Speech Therapy Inc.

    I spoke with 2 years and 1-2 month, i had low birth-weight and i was neglected. Could neglect cause speech and language delay?

  • My son is 2 years and 2 months. He does not talk at all, say words that is. He understands when we ask him, for a kiss, when we say thank you, and he hands us items, when we say shoes, he knows that means we’re leaving or going outside. He babbles and he grunts, a lot. We’re struggling because he does not know how to tell us what’s wrong, so he will cry and gets frustrated. We don’t know what to do. I want t help him, and even if I do repetition he doesn’t seem to repeat what I say.

  • My 14 months old baby is not saying mama even dada, while she used to when she was younger, she doesn’t wave “hi” or “goodbye”. Somerimes she will repeat “mamamama” or papapapapa like a song and the only word that she clearly says is “five”. My husband and I talk in french at home, but I try to teach her some english words and she watches kids songs on TV in english.Now I just don’t know if I should worry about it or not.

  • We speak two languages at home. I only speak English to my 18 month old baby but my wife speaks our native tongue which is Indonesian Bahasa. Is it the reason why our baby can only say Daddy or Mommy (sometimes, not every time when she is trying to tell us sth)?

  • Hi, i am Sunita, i am from India and everyday i scroll through YouTube to find out solutions about how to make my son speak. He is 3 years 3 months old and he is showing all the signs which you have discussed in this video. I am feeling helpless. Can you please give me some guidelines as to how to develop his speech. At present he is able to understand what me and his dad tells him and is also able to say short sentences like he wants to drink water and “give me” (all in our regional language i.e Bengali).

  • We thought our son Damien was experiencing speech delay and just making noises but turns out he was speaking reverse Latin the whole time.

  • Hello! Thank you for all the videos you have shared. Im eager to use some exercises with my 30month old boy. He can sing from memory, counts to 20 in two languages, knows all the colors, shapes, animals, the abcs. Has been seen by a pediatric neurologist and he didnt see signs of autism. He is very sociable, but shy at first. He also responds to us very well, and connects with us.
    But at daycare they continue to alarm me he doesnt follow the instructions, he is behind in fine motor skills and problem solving; etc. He is very smart, they always praise him on that, and has great memory, but is very hyper, and lacking some fine motor skills at this age.
    Speech therapy has been suggested by the daycare teacher. But I cannot afford it.
    Would love to know your general opinion on this. I do understand is not as good as getting an evaluation. But I just wonder of he might in fact be autistic. I should mention he did have chronic ear infections right after turning 1, and not until 18 months did he get the tubes put in.

  • A language and speech pathologist would be the right person to guide you….Visit  https://www.pediatriconcall.com/articles/ent/delayed-speech/delayed-speech-patient-education#1562

  • My son is 9 now he talks a little more than couple years ago but he still has problems he mumbles and because of that hes embarrass to talk what can I do for him to open up and try more

  • Hi… I subscribed your channel. Its very informative. My son is 10 months old. He doesn’t babbling. He just speak “Ahh” “Gooooo” this 2 words. People telling me in this stage baby babbles “Maa” “Papa” “dada” etc. My son doesn’t started anything yet. Is this something to speech delayed? or else we have to wait until 12 months.? if you can suggest me.

  • Hi! My daughter is 17months and she only says mama and baba to everything, she is very smart, points to shapes, animal and numbers that I ask her, she follows instructions. From the beginning, she wasn’t a babbling baby, I am from a bilingual house hold, do u thing that could be the reason? (Hearing test showed no abnormality)

  • Hi Kayla, great videos, really helpful. My child is almost 2 years, he says 3 to 5 words but he knows most of the alphabets. If you point your finger to a certain letter, he can say it. only Q, L and W cannot pronounce. He can follow directions and his attention span is really good. he is attentive too. However, compared to his twin brother, he is far behind on saying more words. Any suggestion on which area we as parents should focus on?