Explanations Why Bystanders Don’t Speak Up


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Fear is perhaps the number one reason kids stay silent. They are afraid that if they tell someone, the bully will target them next. This belief is especially true for bystanders who have been victims of bullying before. They often look at bullying situations and are simply thankful they are not being targeted.

This can lead to significant gaps in knowledge within the organization. Though organizations may encourage employees to communicate frequently with each other or seek employees who are more likely to speak up, information redundancy may still lead to the bystander effect and prevent information from travelling up the hierarchy. 3. Know when people are less likely to intervene. In cases like sexual harassment and domestic abuse, research shows its more likely for people not to intervene as people are uncertain as to what to do. There are cases of this happening unchecked at festivals and.

Bystander effect, the inhibiting influence of the presence of others on a person’s willingness to help someone in need. Research has shown that, even in an emergency, a bystander is less likely to extend help when he or she is in the real or imagined presence of. The reasons for remaining silent are diverse and vary from person to person.

But in general, bullying is scary and confusing when it first happens. This fact leaves most tweens and teens unsure of how to handle the situation. As a result, they keep bullying incidents to themselves while they try to figure it out.

5 Reasons Why Employees Don’t Speak Up Fear of retaliation or looking stupid: Employees may harbor a strong fear of retaliation due to a lack of trust, or feel Appearance of challenging authority: Their upbringing may have taught them to never question authority, leading them to Previous bad. To understand why witnesses often don’t speak up, a colleague and I did a study in 2010 that asked participants to review hypothetical sexual harassment scenarios and indicate if they would. Our interviews pointed to three potential reasons why it can be difficult to speak up about sexual harassment: fear of retaliation, the bystander effect, and a masculine culture that permits sexual. We also don’t speak up due to the bystander effect. If a lot of people know about the situation, they’ll all tell themselves they can stay out of it and stay safe, because someone else will surely handle it.

Past experiences also keep people from speaking up. Confessions of a bystander: Why intervening in abuse can be so hard To what extent should we be held responsible for witnessing abusive behavior and not speaking up? view in app-Shares. Sarah Henstra.

List of related literature:

Reasons why bystanders do not speak up.

“School Nursing: A Comprehensive Text” by Janice Selekman, Robin Adair Shannon, Catherine F Yonkaitis
from School Nursing: A Comprehensive Text
by Janice Selekman, Robin Adair Shannon, Catherine F Yonkaitis
F. A. Davis Company, 2019

Because I couldn’t speak and, I was later told, the only thing the dispatcher heard was silence, those policemen smashed my door down, exactly like the afternoon Momma was bleeding to death.

“Henry's Sisters” by Cathy Lamb
from Henry’s Sisters
by Cathy Lamb
Kensington Books, 2009

Why then are bystanders so often passive and silent?

“The Roots of Evil: The Origins of Genocide and Other Group Violence” by Ervin Staub
from The Roots of Evil: The Origins of Genocide and Other Group Violence
by Ervin Staub
Cambridge University Press, 1989

Due to deeply ingrained rules of etiquette, people silence themselves to avoid embarrassment, confrontation, and other perceived dangers.

“Organizational Behaviour: A Modern Approach” by Kumar Arun & Meenakshi N.
from Organizational Behaviour: A Modern Approach
by Kumar Arun & Meenakshi N.
Vikas Publishing House Pvt Limited, 2009

Because just when we would scurry off into our silent rooms, you’d coax us out with your rumbling voice and tuck us into your arms as if you forgot that you hurt us with those same hands.

“A Breath Too Late” by Rocky Callen
from A Breath Too Late
by Rocky Callen
Henry Holt and Company (BYR), 2020

In addition, some events, such as someone falling down a flight of stairs, are very visible and hence attract bystanders’ attention.

“Encyclopedia of Group Processes and Intergroup Relations” by John M Levine, Michael A. Hogg
from Encyclopedia of Group Processes and Intergroup Relations
by John M Levine, Michael A. Hogg
SAGE Publications, 2010

People heard shouting or sensed danger.

“The Hardhat Riot: Nixon, New York City, and the Dawn of the White Working-Class Revolution” by David Paul Kuhn
from The Hardhat Riot: Nixon, New York City, and the Dawn of the White Working-Class Revolution
by David Paul Kuhn
Oxford University Press, Incorporated, 2020

They wanted us to be seen and not heard, speaking when spoken to, never speaking out of turn, never raising our voices or being disrespectful.

“An Untamed State: A Novel” by Roxane Gay
from An Untamed State: A Novel
by Roxane Gay
Grove Atlantic, 2014

In fact they tried to emphasize their discouragement, so bystanders would know that the reason they were here and not at the front was because there was no point in being at the front.

“The Pianist: The Extraordinary True Story of One Man's Survival in Warsaw, 1939-1945” by Wladyslaw Szpilman
from The Pianist: The Extraordinary True Story of One Man’s Survival in Warsaw, 1939-1945
by Wladyslaw Szpilman
Picador, 2000

According to researchers, bystanders choose not to act for three reasons: diffusion of responsibility, evaluation apprehension, and pluralistic ignorance (Fischer et al. 2011; Latané and Darley 1970).

“Social Psychology: How Other People Influence Our Thoughts and Actions [2 volumes]” by Randal W. Summers
from Social Psychology: How Other People Influence Our Thoughts and Actions [2 volumes]
by Randal W. Summers
ABC-CLIO, 2016

Oktay Kutluk

Kutluk Oktay, MD, FACOG is one of the world's foremost experts in fertility preservation as well as ovarian stimulation and in vitro fertilization for infertility treatments. He developed and performed the world's first ovarian transplantation procedures as well as pioneered new ovarian stimulation protocols for embryo and oocyte freezing for breast and endometrial cancer patients.

Mail: [email protected]
Telephone: +1 (877) 492-3666

Biography: https://medicine.yale.edu/profile/kutluk_oktay/
Bibliography: oktay_bibliography

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  • Could you please agree with the author of the “TED in Russian” channel about cooperation, his channel was the only opportunity to watch your wonderful conferences for the Russian-speaking audience.

  • Your mother helping you find your dream SOUNDS INCREDIBLE.! My Aunt Maxine Thompson Lemkey was the dream KEEPER matriarch in our family..! People especially family the stand in the way of a Woman’s dream are young Man’s dream piss me off..! Make dreams HAPPEN MAM it Pleases God..!

  • Those situations where somebody seems to need help can be so very different that they shouldn’t be categorized together. People have individual reasons and past experiences that partly can explain theirs disappointing actions or inaction.

    There is also “Somebody else’s problem”. And I don’t try to refer to any Douglas Adams books..

  • Thank you for this. Bravo to all you’ve done & all you do. Your words struck home with me, several times. Cried a bit twice. Will keep this handy to view every once in a while to remind myself to stop being a bystander, and a mere critic of my own life.

  • I find it more fun to think of others than myself. I sold my 38 Bertram and devote my life to animal welfare. Best move I ever made.

  • If you are invited to court as a witness, that can take several hours of your time.
    Witness can demand witness fee, which is a compensation of her/his time and expences.


  • Fascinating life choice I love it though I couldn’t imagine myself out there!! Thanks for the fabulous talk I took notes for living. All the best Tracy ������

  • I was trying to listen her valuables experiences, but it is the same generic message that the media is repeating all the day long. I am a woman, I am free, I am not going to allow any man decide about my future… ok, I guess that another woman can decide for you, and i guess that to be under the thumb of another woman is ok. Generic populist and hollow speech.

  • I know this sounds pathetic, but I could never trust myself to get all those people from one port to another with no land in sight. That really makes me feel bad. That’s a thing to change!

  • This is so amazing! I feel stuck between two worldsone is doing what I’m “supposed” to do (living in suburbia, near good schools, etc) the other is living unapologetically, just the way my heart desires. I have kids, so I worry about making a decision that will hurt their future. I worry that the less traveled path in life won’t offer them a bright future…

  • I’m all for equality, but imagine a man trying to compete in a major female-dominated activity and being given everything he needs just because he’s a man… the girls would tell the man to get it all himself.