Dyslexia Testing and Evaluation in Special Education

 

How to Test for Dyslexia Dyslexia Connect

Video taken from the channel: DyslexiaConnect


 

Understanding Testing Results for Dyslexia

Video taken from the channel: PEATCVirginia


 

Case Studies in Dyslexia Diagnosis

Video taken from the channel: Pearson Assessments US


 

Dyslexia Screening Tools: A Texas Solution

Video taken from the channel: Pearson Assessments US


 

Inside a Dyslexia Evaluation

Video taken from the channel: Understood


 

Introduction to Special Education Assessments

Video taken from the channel: Learning Rights Law Center


 

Learning Disability Identification: Linking Assessment to Intervention

Video taken from the channel: Pearson Assessments US


Dyslexia is diagnosed using a complete evaluation that is multifaceted. This includes: ntelligence testing: Intelligence testing is an important test which provides an overall background of learning which can help distinguish Dyslexia from other conditions. Procedure for obtaining consent for a dyslexia referral: If a general education student is referred for dyslexia testing.

Special education offers to complete the evaluation through IDEA. If parent requests evaluation through sped, the diagnostician completes the consent and coordinates with dyslexia. If parent refuses an evaluation through special education and wants only dyslexia evaluation, consent is obtained by dyslexia. Dyslexia and the Special Education Law The mere utterance of the word dyslexia within the confines of a school campus can stop a conversation and create a divide between a parent and that school. This does not have to be the case and there is information teachers can arm themselves with and become a resource and support for parents/guardians.

Answer Parents and educators often ask if dyslexia is included in the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEA, 2004), the federal special education law, and if the word dyslexia can be used in an IDEA evaluation, eligibility determinations, or individualized education program (IEP) documents. The answer is yes. Step 1 – Identification/Referral: After discussions with school staff or implementation of a reading intervention, a parent or teacher may suspect dyslexia and feel it is time to make a referral for special education evaluation. Parents should take care when making this referral request themselves, to do so in writing and to include their child’s teacher and relevant. Services in special education will be addressed through an IEP for students with dyslexia who qualify.

Services will differ from student to student depending on the identified areas of weakness and severity of the dyslexia. Clinical diagnoses of dyslexia, dysgraphia, and dyscalculia do not automatically qualify a student for special education programs and services; however, dyslexia, dysgraphia, and dyscalculia are conditions that could qualify a student as having a learning disability as defined above. Dyslexia Evaluation.

We emphasize the importance of early identification of dyslexia and provide dyslexia evaluation services to assist in the detection of this learning disability. Dyslexia Handbook. The State Board of Education (SBOE) on November 16, 2018, gave final approval to updates to The Dyslexia Handbook—2018 Update: Procedures Concerning Dyslexia and Related Disorders (Dyslexia Handbook).

The updates address recent legislative changes and clarify processes regarding identification and services for students. An evaluation for developmental dyslexia or a language-learning disability is a comprehensive assessment that provides you with a clear understanding of your child’s competencies in the following areas: oral language, phonological skills (e.g., phonemic awareness, rapid automatic naming), decoding, reading fluency (i.e., rate and accuracy), reading comprehension, spellin.

List of related literature:

Few children with dysgraphia actually qualify for special education services under the Individuals with Disabilities in Education Act (IDEA) of 1997; however, some may if the problem in writing is associated with other learning problems (e.g., written language).

“Encyclopedia of Special Education: A Reference for the Education of Children, Adolescents, and Adults with Disabilities and Other Exceptional Individuals” by Cecil R. Reynolds, Elaine Fletcher-Janzen
from Encyclopedia of Special Education: A Reference for the Education of Children, Adolescents, and Adults with Disabilities and Other Exceptional Individuals
by Cecil R. Reynolds, Elaine Fletcher-Janzen
Wiley, 2007

For example, your child’s reading specialist may work on phonemic awareness, the classroom teacher may be great at working on expressive language through writing and show-and-tell (for mild delays), and the special education teacher may be working on improving social language skills in a lunchtime “friends” group.

“Childhood Speech, Language, and Listening Problems” by Patricia McAleer Hamaguchi
from Childhood Speech, Language, and Listening Problems
by Patricia McAleer Hamaguchi
Wiley, 2010

Severe dyslexia will typically qualify a child for special education, but many children with milder dyslexia may never be properly diagnosed or treated and may “fall through the cracks.”

“Taylor and Hoyt's Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus E-Book” by Christopher J. Lyons, Scott R. Lambert
from Taylor and Hoyt’s Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus E-Book
by Christopher J. Lyons, Scott R. Lambert
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2016

The IEP team has a lot of discretion in determining whether your child is eligible for special education.

“The Complete IEP Guide: How to Advocate for Your Special Ed Child” by Lawrence M. Siegel
from The Complete IEP Guide: How to Advocate for Your Special Ed Child
by Lawrence M. Siegel
NOLO, 2017

Depending on what the criteria are for determining eligibility, a student with dyslexia may or may not qualify for special education services.

“Essentials of Dyslexia Assessment and Intervention” by Nancy Mather, Barbara J. Wendling
from Essentials of Dyslexia Assessment and Intervention
by Nancy Mather, Barbara J. Wendling
Wiley, 2011

Thus, as Johnston (2011) has noted, the RTI framework has both a prevention aspect focused on reducing the numbers of children identified as having a learning disability or dyslexia and a new process for identifying the children who may be LD or dyslexic.

“Best Practices in Early Literacy Instruction” by Diane M. Barone, Marla H. Mallette
from Best Practices in Early Literacy Instruction
by Diane M. Barone, Marla H. Mallette
Guilford Publications, 2013

Difficulty experienced by school-age children of normal or above-normal intelligence in learning to read (“dyslexia”), write (“dysgraphia”), and/ or calculate (“dyscalculia”).

“Psychological Evaluations for the Courts, Fourth Edition: A Handbook for Mental Health Professionals and Lawyers” by Gary B. Melton, John Petrila, Norman G. Poythress, Christopher Slobogin, Randy K. Otto, Douglas Mossman, Lois O. Condie
from Psychological Evaluations for the Courts, Fourth Edition: A Handbook for Mental Health Professionals and Lawyers
by Gary B. Melton, John Petrila, et. al.
Guilford Publications, 2017

If a child has an identified disability that qualifies for special education services, the child will have an IEP.

“Inclusive Physical Activity: Promoting Health for a Lifetime” by Susan L. Kasser, Rebecca K. Lytle
from Inclusive Physical Activity: Promoting Health for a Lifetime
by Susan L. Kasser, Rebecca K. Lytle
Human Kinetics, 2013

One in 16 public school students have an IEP for SLD (ADHD or Dyspraxia, a motor disorder that results in uncoordination); 1 in 50 have accommodations through a 504 plan (Horowitz, 2017).

“Burns' Pediatric Primary Care E-Book” by Dawn Lee Garzon Maaks, Nancy Barber Starr, Margaret A. Brady, Nan M. Gaylord, Martha Driessnack, Karen Duderstadt
from Burns’ Pediatric Primary Care E-Book
by Dawn Lee Garzon Maaks, Nancy Barber Starr, et. al.
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2019

There are still a number of unresolved issues, particularly in pre‐service training, but there has been significant progress in professional development for teachers with the development of specialised training courses in dyslexia.

“Dyslexia: A Practitioner's Handbook” by Gavin Reid
from Dyslexia: A Practitioner’s Handbook
by Gavin Reid
Wiley, 2016

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25 comments

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  • I love this video. I went through this ever other year in school. To think that I thought I was made to feel stupid, when ready they wanted to help me. This video is as real as it gets! He’s moving around so much because he’s uncomfortable, frustrated, and he’s starting to over think the “test”. Dyslexia is a challenge at first but but the older you get, you learn how to work with it.

    If you know anyone with dyslexia, just be patient with us please we’re already frustrated with ourselves we don’t need you frustrated with us to lol

  • Watching this evaluation was eye-opening to the skills the student needs to complete each task you gave for the student to complete!! The Evaluator was non-judgmental during each segment of the evaluation, and praised him frequently, and told the word to the student if he was stuck. That made a difference in helping the student to continue with a good effort! The calm tone and sometimes playful tone of voice from the Evaluator was very helpful too, and encouraged the student to believe that it was ok to make some mistakes. Very helpful!!! Thank you!

  • People with dyslexia are not stupid I have an IQ of 145 it’s just that our brains work differently from whats been set up in society I only know what my IQ is because I always felt stupid all my life when I got older I had myself tested

  • There’s an app designed for dyslexics called, ‘Wordspeller’. They can
    misspell their word phonetically (by the way it sounds) and the
    correctly revealed word appears in seconds along with available suffixes
    spelled out and prefixes all spelled out. A free version to try it is
    at ‘phoneticdictionary.com’.

  • Tearing up so much watching this. I am looking at my 11year old daughter. She has been this way since K5. Public schools pressed for evaluation at first. it was uncomfortable pressure, almost stalker like.i felt like there was a hidden agenda for pushing special education. Sent my child to a private schoolsmaller for more individual attention but had the same issue. finally decided to let the school rest my baby girl grade 3 and if course special education was recommended. No separate classroom but a teacher said sitting next to my child all day in a regular classroom teaching her. Almost like an interpreter is what my head saw. I declined services but watching his video it makes me feel like I should have

  • This is interesting, the guy is really good with the boy. My son is dyslexia and it is tough to keep him still, he wouldn’t like people writing things down about him during tests. It’s great if the child can learn strategies to cope better.

  • this is really interesting. I am a bilingual person, and I am so introverted. I always have a hard time communicating with people. I noticed that when I am speaking, I tend to pronounce words incorrectly, but when I am reading aloud, I am able to read at a faster pace and pronounce words better. I am also better at spelling and remembering words. I also have a mild lisp.
    Yet, my boyfriend who is extrovert and speaks english fluently can not read and has a hard time with spelling.

  • I was a child in the sixties my teacher told me I was just lazy I took no testing no nothing just told I was lazy finally I just taught myself how to read

  • I am very slow in naming colors, but only colors and nothing else I’ve found… Of course it can be English not being my mother tongue, but I was always wondering why retrieval of colors was just much slower than anything else for me

  • I am a licensed SLP looking for a test that covers these areas presented on the video. Do you have any recommnendations of specific tests that an SLP can use. Thank you.

  • I’m dyslexic and want to know if My fellow dyslexics completely ignore all grammar, I know what a noun and adjective is but that’s about it. When it comes to essays and writing my brain can create college level sentence structures at ease, but I have ignored all grammar lessons. I’m 17 btw

  • Hi I’m wondering if I’m dyslexic all through my life and Now I’m 15 I have problems spelling big words and also when I read I read excellent but a lot of times when there’s big words in the paragraph I don’t understand what it’s telling me so I have to keep on reading it again and again but I still won’t understand it since it’s the one word that I don’t understand. Also all through my life there’s things that school teaches u and u should know of heart like the months and alphabet or even when someone tells me what the big word mean I forget and I can never carry it in my brain like the next day or week I’ll forgot like example I watch a show and they say a word I don’t understand and my dad tells me what it means I won’t remember like I won’t pick it up. Also in school is it just me because I’m in applied in everything. high school and when I don’t do my hmw I will do bad but when I do my hmw everyday because that’s what I did I will understand and I did good but after a year or over the summer I will forget everything that I learn and I won’t even pick some things up also in math I’m very good when I do my hmw a lot but I still don’t know my times table. And agian over a year I don’t pick it up and my dad keeps telling me u won’t need that in life but u need to know tax times table words how to write read talk but I always forgot everything which makes me so sad because I know I I’m dyslexic I have to re teach things but I’m so old now which also makes me sad. And I’m wondering if I read books a lot and read the whole dictionary or read with a dictionary every night will I over come my dyslexic or u will forever have it and also get an English tutor plz answer.

  • Thank you for all the great information. Watching your professional video really improved my understanding. I just want to let you know that you might want to correct the spelling of “principal” to “principles” on the chalkboard.

  • I have always fond everything hard in school and out and my parents always worked about me. so far I have had 7 tests to set if I am or not my parents still are worked about me and we don’t know if I’m dyslexic or not I am going into secondary school now and am very scared. if engine knows why way To Help with my engsiaty ease say it to me.

  • As I am dyslexic have an iep and tutors extra time the whole party in dyslexia one thing I find a mistake people find is us it that we act different kinda like special needs kids but we act as normal kids we can speak find so please do not think people with dyslexia are like special needs! (He didn’t say he was acting different than other kids I just wanna put that out there)

  • I was at school and they called me to the office and they said they think I might be dyslexic. So I just got home and trying to find out if I am or not.

  • Man… I so needed you when I was a kid. I will never forget my struggles reading a USA Today newspaper..and unable to finish it without crying and shaking. Ugh so horrible.

  • I’m getting annoyed. Some of these are tricky. Like, “frog, pig, duck”… “g” and “k” sounds can sound really similar. This is why I suck at Spanish. ��

  • I am 51 years old and I didn’t even know what was wrong with me until I was diagnosed at 25 years old by a coworker who’s son was dyslexic. The coworker had gone through extensive training about dyslexia to understand and teach his son. He gave my two books Josh: a boy with dyslexia and The Gift of Dyslexia. First 2 books I ever read cover to cover.

    My mind freezes from processing words, I over heat, begin to sweat and have even passed out before trying too hard. It is near impossible for me to read out loud. They laughed at me in junior high and high school when called on to read out loud. Teachers just stopped calling on me. Back then they didn’t diagnose dyslexia in school. You can’t even imagine the childhood trauma it caused me.

    Though persistent focus, discipline, memorization of words and relentless repetitiveness I’ve taught myself to read and comprehend what I read. It requires all my attention and concentration – it is hard work. Forget about spelling or pronunciation of a word I have not seen before. I have to pretend to be writing to tell my right from my left – I am left handed. When I see a single letter alone I have to think hard to remember and say it out loud to recall how it is pronounced. Numbers are constantly reversed. I am super good at math, science, engineering and lots of other things though… it is fucked up, frustrating and extremely embarrassing.

    Early detection, explanation and instruction to child is vital for them to reach their full potential… knowing is the most powerful thing you can give someone with dyslexia. It would have changed my entire life if I knew before 10 years old when the distress, confusion and trauma really began.

  • I had delayed speech when I was little, wasn’t good with punctuation or capital letters, spelling I don’t remember but I would say I’m fine now, can’t read a book I get too bored but when I used to read to my mum when I was younger I would mix up the order of some words or not recognise them but I never got tested. Then a few days ago I did a test and missed loads of marks because when I read questions I have to read them twice then look at the the word individually and put together the question. And lastly mix up letters for example liek not like, I don’t want to ask my mum to get tested what do I do?

  • I wish the elementary schools I went to cared enough to evaluate me when I was in elementary. They just threw me special ed for reading when I went to middle school. When I switched school districts they just let me fail. When I got to high school I felt like no one cared so I started skipping school and I never finished.

  • Man these struggles he had remind me of when I was a kid, I was never diagnosed but it was always apparent that I was dyslexic. Lower case b’s and d’s were always the hardest for me, a trick a someone taught me at that age was to use the word bed to decipher between the two it helped. It’s better now as an adult but it still can cause struggles in the normal day to day.

  • Am dyslexic I truly think that it’s a phantom disorder, writing with your hand is not a innate human trait it didn’t evolve for that purpose

  • I just found out that I am Dyslexic After going through Life filling dumb, Inadequate, Abandoned. Divorced from 10 years of marriage with two boys, I am now fighting to get on my feet, a place of my own for 50/50 Custody over my boys. It is killing me to not be able to hold my boy, to talk to my boys,  and wake up in the morning from them jumping on my bed. I am writing a Manga comic about my life, wrapped in fiction to help me vent my frustration. I have graduated high school bin to college. I am a Whole life fashion designer of 20 years, graphic artist for 15 years & animator for 2 years. Is there anyone out there that can help Me organize my life?

  • I’m diagnosed with Dyslexia just two years ago. I have been carrying the symptoms since I was a child but my family thought I’m just a lazy child. I have difficulty reading since then and had been bullied because of it. I didn’t undergo proper reading techniques but I willed my self to learn though I still have difficulty reading up until now.