Behaviors That Respond Well to Reward Systems

 

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Behaviors That Respond Well to Reward Systems New Behaviors That You Want Your Child to Learn. New behaviors can take a while to learn because it takes practice. Your Behaviors You Want Your Child to Stop Doing. One of the keys to using a. Functions of Reward Systems.

Reward systems in organizations are used for a variety of reasons. It is generally agreed that reward systems influence the following: Job effort and performance. Following expectancy theory, employees’ effort and performance would be expected to increase when they felt that rewards were contingent upon good. The cards, created by the school’s Promoting Productive Behavior Committee, reward students for good behavior and they seem to be working!

Sixth-grade teacher Denise Kane explained the system. “Basically, the goal of the PAWS program is to promote productive behavior in the school and to give all school employees a way to interact positively. Implement a two-tier reward system. To make things extra-motivating, you can implement a two-tier reward system whereby your child will earn a small reward for each sticker earned (10 minutes of iPad time) and a bigger reward for earning all 5 stickers (a trip to the library, baking a special dessert with mom, etc.). 6 Free Printable Behavior. The term reward system refers to a group of structures that are activated by rewarding or reinforcing stimuli (e.g. addictive drugs).

When exposed to a rewarding stimulus, the brain responds by increasing release of the neurotransmitter dopamine and thus the. PBISWorld Tier 2 interventions are more targeted and individualized behavior strategies. Reward Systems are widely utilized to incentivize students to comply and. Choose a cue, such as going to the gym as soon as you wake up, and a reward, such as a smoothie after each workout.

Then think about that smoothie, or about the endorphin rush you’ll feel. Allow. Offering praise. Telling another adult how proud you are of your child’s behavior while your child is listening.

You can also offer positive reinforcement by giving a child extra privileges or tangible rewards. 2  For example, if your child cleans their room without being asked, you could take them to the playground as a reward. Often, a reward can take the form of an opportunity to do something desirable — stand at the head of a line, make announcements over the loudspeaker, etc. — but it can also be something concrete such as a toy or cookie.

For older children, it can be helpful to implement a token system: a child earns a sticker for each period of good behavior. Rewards for adults can fortify relationships, filling the recipient with gratitude and goodwill and the desire to repeat the good behavior. Rewards can trigger a pleasant, repetitive cycle of good behavior that means benefits for both parties.

Like many people, you may see the benefits clearly; it’s the execution that can be as fuzzy as that lollipop.

List of related literature:

Behavior-modification therapy reinforces good behavior and task completion by using a reward system.

“Diseases and Disorders” by Marshall Cavendish Corporation
from Diseases and Disorders
by Marshall Cavendish Corporation
Marshall Cavendish, 2007

Rather providing reward for behaviour that is intrinsically motivated, in fact, reduces the frequency or quality of the activity.

“SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY, Second Edition” by SINGH, ARUN KUMAR
from SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY, Second Edition
by SINGH, ARUN KUMAR
PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd., 2019

Rewards, including comments that sound like verbal rewards, lead us to feel just the opposite: our behavior seems to be a response to these controlling devices.

“Punished by Rewards: Twenty-fifth Anniversary Edition: The Trouble with Gold Stars, Incentive Plans, A's, Praise, and Other Bribes” by Alfie Kohn
from Punished by Rewards: Twenty-fifth Anniversary Edition: The Trouble with Gold Stars, Incentive Plans, A’s, Praise, and Other Bribes
by Alfie Kohn
HMH Books, 1999

Reward systems may be the antitheses of these traits.

“The Motivation Breakthrough: 6 Secrets to Turning On the Tuned-Out Child” by Richard Lavoie
from The Motivation Breakthrough: 6 Secrets to Turning On the Tuned-Out Child
by Richard Lavoie
Atria Books, 2008

Designs reward systems that reinforce desired behaviors {} C. C.

“Foundations of Psychological Testing: A Practical Approach” by Leslie A. Miller, Robert L. Lovler
from Foundations of Psychological Testing: A Practical Approach
by Leslie A. Miller, Robert L. Lovler
SAGE Publications, 2015

Reward behaviors that improve process characteristics to achieve the criteria.

“The Strategic Management of Health Care Organizations” by Peter M. Ginter
from The Strategic Management of Health Care Organizations
by Peter M. Ginter
Wiley, 2013

Rewards act as positive reinforcement for desired behaviors, and punishment discourages undesired behaviors.

“An Empowering Approach to Managing Social Service Organizations” by Donna Hardina, PhD, Jane Middleton, DSW, Salvador Montana, MSW, PhD(c), Roger A. Simpson, PhD
from An Empowering Approach to Managing Social Service Organizations
by Donna Hardina, PhD, Jane Middleton, DSW, et. al.
Springer Publishing Company, 2006

Reward will elicit approach behaviors.

“Getting Our Bodies Back: Recovery, Healing, and Transformation through Body-Centered Psychotherapy” by Christine Caldwell
from Getting Our Bodies Back: Recovery, Healing, and Transformation through Body-Centered Psychotherapy
by Christine Caldwell
Shambhala, 1996

An effective reward clearly defines the linkage between behavior and reward.

“Safety and Health for Engineers” by Roger L. Brauer
from Safety and Health for Engineers
by Roger L. Brauer
Wiley, 2016

Reward reinforcements will strengthen particular behaviours and increase the likelihood of their reoccurrence, while punishment reinforcements will weaken specific behaviours and decrease the likelihood of their reoccurrence.

“Human Resource Management” by Ronan Carbery, Christine Cross
from Human Resource Management
by Ronan Carbery, Christine Cross
Red Globe Press, 2018

Oktay Kutluk

Kutluk Oktay, MD, FACOG is one of the world's foremost experts in fertility preservation as well as ovarian stimulation and in vitro fertilization for infertility treatments. He developed and performed the world's first ovarian transplantation procedures as well as pioneered new ovarian stimulation protocols for embryo and oocyte freezing for breast and endometrial cancer patients.

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16 comments

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  • Great ideas. I am getting certified at the moment, but I have made a note of these incentives. I’m sure your students appreciate you!

  • Yeah! thanks for making this. do you have any other teacher videos planned? personal faves would be: teacher bag, a look around my classroom, teacher planner (to name birthday a few!) loving your channel. x

  • Here is a simple way from affective neuroscience to increase dopamine (arousal) and opioid (pleasure) in the brain, and to increase productivity and self-motivation.

    Hypothesis and proof below.

    HYPOTHESIS: Dopamine release will stimulate endogenous opioid systems when the latter are in a non-suppressed state.
    EXPLANATION AND ‘PROOF’: Activity that involves continuous positive act/outcome discrepancy or novelty (productive or meaningful behavior) while the covert musculature is inactive (a resting state) will result in heightened feeling of pleasure and arousal, or ‘eudaemonia’, ‘flow’, or ‘peak’ experience. This derives from the observation that neuro-muscular tension (or stress) inhibits endogenous opioid (pleasure) release, while relaxation accentuates it, the latter permitting opioid systems to be further stimulated by increased dopamine release (arousal) elicited by meaningful behavior.
    The reason this explanation does not appear evident from general observation is that its counterpart as ‘flow’ or ‘peak’ experience is described through literary metaphor and not scientific language and obscures the independent and dependent measures that accurately describe it. The virtue of this explanation is that it is easily testable by anyone. Just get into a relaxed state (mindfulness protocols are the best way to do this) and then exclusively pursue or anticipate pursuing productive activity for periods of a half hour or so, and voila, you will have a flow or eudaemonic experience. It is that simple.

    I offer a more detailed explanation in pp. 47-52, and pp 82-86 of my open source book on the neuroscience of resting states, ‘The Book of Rest’, linked below.
    https://www.scribd.com/doc/284056765/The-Book-of-Rest-The-Odd-Psychology-of-Doing-Nothing

    This above book is based on the research of the distinguished neuroscientist Kent Berridge of the University of Michigan, a preeminent researcher and authority on dopamine, addiction, and motivation, who was kind to vet the work for accuracy and endorse the finished manuscript. Berridge’s Site and his article from ‘Scientific American’ magazine on the neuroscience of happiness.
    https://sites.lsa.umich.edu/berridge-lab/
    https://sites.lsa.umich.edu/berridge-lab/wp-content/uploads/sites/743/2019/10/Kringelbach-Berridge-2012-Joyful-mind-Sci-Am.pdf

    also:
    Meditation and Rest
    from the International Journal of Stress Management, by this author
    https://www.scribd.com/doc/121345732/Relaxation-and-Muscular-Tension-A-bio-behavioristic-explanation

  • Great animated video! Rarely struggled quitting undesired behavior, except for swearing a ton. I still think there’s content missing on youtube that’s covering “How to continue doing things that feel unrewarding & used to be rewarding”, especially if you feel like you have a lot of grit / willpower generally speaking.

  • You are Worthy of everything you desire. Make a Decision of what you want, Back it with Burning Desire and take Aligned Action. Your Life will transform before your eyes ♡ Awesome Video!

  • What if I am aware of the reward of a bad habit, and I update the rewards value through awareness and I still find the reward valuable? If a bad habit have a pleasant reward wouldn’t awareness just amplify the “bad reward”?

  • Awesome,….., Awareness has helped me learn so many good habits,…, and break so many bad ones. It’s really a universal panacea!!!!

  • I remember helping others and deciding to go to a school that I did not build when someone said they wanted to be a teacher how they forgot so fast maintaining a class environment not mantis too many teachers I like mantis cuz I remember School that believe the building was there and everybody they walked through the door they were going to play with when they begin to open up the books all I said was one thing and the teacher said oh no I am going to have to ask you to leave how can others build so much and forget now this wasn’t yesterday you can have whatever you like that is not travel nowhere and don’t tell absolutely no one

  • Hi Miss V, are you interested in a part time online teaching job. Teach Chinese kids English Language arts online. http://www.sprout 4future is our website.

  • Thank you for this!
    This has helped me to scratch the surface of how Ive built up all my bad habits.
    The Brain guy reminds me of Headspace’s avatar for The Mind.

  • I love your advice, especially keeping the big denominations until the end of the year.:) Thank you for your work, your kids are lucky to have you!

  • Simple method
    to hack positive affect

    In affective neuroscience, it is well known that behaviors that involve continuous high and positive act/outcome discrepancy (gaming, gambling, creative work) correspond to elevated dopaminergic activity and a feeling of arousal, but not pleasure. However, for many individuals engaging in similar activity, a feeling of pleasure is also reported, but only when their covert musculature is inactive (i.e., a state or rest). Because relaxation activates opioid systems, and tension inhibits them, it is postulated that dopaminergic activity stimulates opioid activity, but only during resting states.

    This hypothesis can be easily tested and is described in greater detail below. If correct, it will demonstrate for the first time that elevated and sustained arousal and pleasure, or ‘eudaemonia’ or ‘happiness’ can be induced easily through simple modifications of abstract perceptual properties of behavior that anyone can easily do throughout the day.

    THE CONTINGENCY MANAGEMENT OF POSITIVE AFFECT

    AFFECT AND MOTIVATION

    Opioid and dopamine systems represent bundles of neurons or ‘nuclei’ in the mid brain that are respectively responsible for the affective states of pleasure and attentive arousal, and sub-serve the neural processes that govern motivation.

    OPIOID AND DOPAMINE SYSTEMS ARE ACTIVATED BY DIFFERENT STIMULI EITHER VIRTUAL (COGNITIVE) OR REAL

    Eating and drinking, having sex, and relaxing or resting all activate opioid systems, whereas the anticipation or experience of positive act-outcome discrepancy (or positive surprises or meaning) activate dopamine systems.

    OPIOID AND DOPAMINE SYSTEMS CAN CO-ACTIVATE EACH OTHER

    Taking our pleasures increases our attentive arousal, and increasing our attentive arousal accentuates our pleasure. If these systems are concurrently activated both are accentuated or affectively ‘bootstrapped’, as both pleasure and attentive arousal will be higher due to their synergistic effects.

    OPIOID AND DOPAMINE SYSTEMS CAN BE CO-ACTIVATED THROUGH THE ARRANGEMENT OF SPECIFIC ACT-OUTCOME EXPECTANCIES OR RESPONSE CONTINGENCIES

    As characterized by the well documented ‘flow response’ (pp.82-86), consistently applied contingencies that elicit pleasurable resting states and consistent attentive arousal result in self-reports of heightened pleasure and energy. This emotional experience can be easily replicated by simultaneously applied contingencies that elicit rest (mindfulness protocols) and meaning (imminent productive behavior and its uniform positive implications). To achieve complete rest and accentuate positive affect, these contingencies must be applied for periods of at least a half hour or more. Just as one sets meditative sessions to last for a set time period and frequency to be effective, so mindfulness and meaning sessions must be similarly arranged, with cumulative sessions if possible charted to provide proper feedback of efficacy. Finally, the intensity of positive affect will scale to the importance or salience of moment to moment meaningful behavior, with the more meaningful the task the higher the pleasurable affect.

    IMPLICATIONS

    Affect is as much an aspect of how information is arranged as what information is, or the abstract rather than normative properties of behavior. It follows that as a positively affective state, happiness is not just a product of what we think, but how we think, and derives not only from our pleasures but also from our incentives. Positive incentives can accentuate those very pleasures that we wish to maximize, and conversely, associated pleasure will increase the ‘appetitive value’ or ‘liking’ of incentives (or in other words, increase the value of productive work), and all sustained by simple choices within our grasp, as is ultimately happiness itself.

    I offer a more detailed explanation in pp. 47-52, and pp 82-86 of my open source book on the neuroscience of resting states, ‘The Book of Rest’, linked below.

    https://www.scribd.com/doc/284056765/The-Book-of-Rest-The-Odd-Psychology-of-Doing-Nothing

    This above book is based on the research of the distinguished neuroscientist Kent Berridge of the University of Michigan, a preeminent researcher and authority on dopamine, addiction, and motivation, who was kind to vet the work for accuracy and endorse the finished manuscript.

    Berridge’s Site

    https://sites.lsa.umich.edu/berridge-lab/

    also:

    Meditation and Rest

    from the International Journal of Stress Management, by this author

    https://www.scribd.com/doc/121345732/Relaxation-and-Muscular-Tension-A-bio-behavioristic-explanation

  • Thank you so much for sharing your experience and passion, Kristen! I find your videos so helpfull.
    I tried to acces the link for the behavioural scripts, but It didn’t open.

  • Nice video and clearly a lot of work has been put into this.
    But I still don’t understand how awareness helps me get rid of bad habits.
    And the specific example of cigarettes is telling yourself that they stink?
    I’m very doubtful that this can help re-wire my brain.
    Please be more specific on applying the solution.
    This seemed informative but eventually just feels like you’re trying to sell me something instead of genuinely helping me.

  • After you try to become aware of how you feel while acting out your habit, should you follow up with a diary or something else? Is there a next step?

  • I just found what it took me a year to write about! Please look up the term Neuroplastical Reversal Effective Mechanisms. As my scripts continued, I noticed a change into neuroplastical effective mechanistic transcripts.