Zika Virus Ladies and Youngsters Are in danger

 

Health Innovations Impacting Kids Worldwide – Part 5: Zika Virus

Video taken from the channel: SeattleChildrens


 

Zika Virus | Pregnancy Precautions

Video taken from the channel: St. Louis Children’s Hospital


 

Pregnant women warned about Zika virus outbreak

Video taken from the channel: CBS Evening News


 

CDC director on protecting pregnant women against Zika virus

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Understanding the Effect of Zika Virus on Pregnancy

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April Vital Signs Zika Virus: Protecting Pregnant Women and Babies

Video taken from the channel: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)


 

Zika Virus 101

Video taken from the channel: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)


Zika Virus: Women and Children Are at Risk. Created: 12/14/2016. Last Updated: 12/14/2016.

Share on: By Clarissa K. Wittenberg, former senior communications officer at the National Institutes of Health Since its outbreak in early 2015 in Brazil, the Zika virus has spread across South and Central America and now into the United States. As Covid-19 dominates headlines, the Zika virus silently continues to put women and children at grave risk in Brazil, and the country has not taken nearly enough steps to combat the mosquito-borne. Doctors aren’t certain how likely that outcome is, but one study found that of 250 pregnant women in the U.S. with a confirmed Zika infection, 1 in 10 had a baby with virus-related birth defects.

What are the symptoms and risks of Zika virus? Mild to no discomfort. For most people, the Zika virus poses little threat. Many people infected by the virus will have no symptoms or mild symptoms that last several days to a week. Some infected persons may experience a fever, rash, headache, joint pain, muscle pain or bloodshot eyes.

Birth defects. The virus causes birth defects in babies born to some infected pregnant women, including microcephaly, where babies are born with underdeveloped heads and brain damage. Zika has also been linked. Zika virus infection is associated with serious complications such as microcephaly and Guillain-Barré syndrome. Risk communication is one of the core pillars in the international response to Zika.

This mini-series is intended to be an educational resource for local, national or. CDC recommends special precautions for pregnant women to protect themselves from Zika virus infection. Because Zika during pregnancy can cause severe birth defects, pregnant women should not travel to areas with Zika outbreaks (as indicated by red areas on the Zika map).Before travel to other areas with risk of Zika (as indicated by purple areas on the Zika map), pregnant women should talk to.

Zika virus (ZIKV) (pronounced /ˈziːkə/ or /ˈzɪkə/ ) is a member of the virus family Flaviviridae. It is spread by daytime-active Aedes mosquitoes, such as A. aegypti and A. albopictus. Its name comes from the Ziika Forest of Uganda, where the virus was first isolated in 1947. Zika virus is related to the dengue, yellow fever, Japanese encephalitis, and West Nile viruses. Since the 1950s, it has been known to occur within a narrow equatorial belt from Africa to Asia.

From 2007 to 2016, the virus spread eastward, across the Pac. Pregnant women in countries where the virus is endemic and pregnant women from other countries who travel to tropical countries can still contract Zika. Even though it is no longer an epidemic, the virus still circulates in many settings and can spread from those areas, posing a risk of developmental or other abnormalities to unborn children.

If a pregnant woman is infected, the Zika virus can be transmitted to her baby while she is pregnant or around the time of birth. Mosquitoes that spread Zika virus bite both indoors and outdoors, mostly during the daytime. Some cases of Zika virus have been confirmed in the United States.

List of related literature:

The key preventive measures to minimize exposure to this virus are summarized below: • Women who are pregnant, or who are considering pregnancy, should be advised to avoid travel to areas where Zika virus infection is endemic.

“Creasy and Resnik's Maternal-Fetal Medicine: Principles and Practice E-Book” by Robert Resnik, Charles J. Lockwood, Thomas Moore, Michael F Greene, Joshua Copel, Robert M Silver
from Creasy and Resnik’s Maternal-Fetal Medicine: Principles and Practice E-Book
by Robert Resnik, Charles J. Lockwood, et. al.
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2018

As of 21 February 2015, 23,574 suspected cases and 9556 deaths had been reported.22,23 In 2015, Zika virus (a mosquito-borne virus) was reported in 84 countries and found to increase the risk of developing microcephaly and congenital malformations in babies born to women who have contracted the Zika virus.

“Emergency and Trauma Care for Nurses and Paramedics” by Kate Curtis (Trauma clinical nurse consultant), Clair Ramsden, Ramon Z. Shaban, Margaret Fry, Julie Considine
from Emergency and Trauma Care for Nurses and Paramedics
by Kate Curtis (Trauma clinical nurse consultant), Clair Ramsden, et. al.
Elsevier Health Sciences Apac, 2019

During April 2016, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) concluded “… that Zika virus is a cause of microcephaly and other severe brain defects”15 Infection with the Zika virus increases the risk of adverse health outcomes; not all infected pregnant females will give birth to infants who have

“Epidemiology 101” by Friis
from Epidemiology 101
by Friis
Jones & Bartlett Learning, 2017

Although the risk for travel-associated Zika virus disease appears to be decreasing, it is important that persons traveling to areas with a risk for Zika virus transmission continue to take precautions, including using strategies to prevent mosquito bites and sexual transmission.

“Public Health Nursing E-Book: Population-Centered Health Care in the Community” by Marcia Stanhope, Jeanette Lancaster
from Public Health Nursing E-Book: Population-Centered Health Care in the Community
by Marcia Stanhope, Jeanette Lancaster
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2019

■ In 2016, it studied the characteristics and spread of mosquito-borne Zika virus, which can cause birth defects in the children of infected mothers.

“Memmler's the Human Body in Health and Disease, Enhanced Edition” by Barbara Janson Cohen, Kerry L. Hull
from Memmler’s the Human Body in Health and Disease, Enhanced Edition
by Barbara Janson Cohen, Kerry L. Hull
JONES & BARTLETT PUB Incorporated, 2020

Update: interim guidance for health care providers caring for pregnant women with possible Zika virus exposure United States (including U.S. territories), July 2017.

“Hunter's Tropical Medicine and Emerging Infectious Diseases E-Book” by Edward T Ryan, David R Hill, Tom Solomon, Timothy P Endy, Naomi Aronson
from Hunter’s Tropical Medicine and Emerging Infectious Diseases E-Book
by Edward T Ryan, David R Hill, et. al.
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2019

It remains a significant public health concern, as there is no vaccine and the only reliable way to avoid the risk for the offspring is to avoid areas where Zika was identified or to postpone pregnancy should travel to or living in affected areas be unavoidable [78].

“Psychiatry of Pandemics: A Mental Health Response to Infection Outbreak” by Damir Huremović
from Psychiatry of Pandemics: A Mental Health Response to Infection Outbreak
by Damir Huremović
Springer International Publishing, 2019

Most recently, Zika virus, caused by pregnant women receiving bites from Zika-infected mosquitoes, has been associated with abnormal outcomes in children, including heads of reduced size (microcephaly) (www.scientificamerican.com/article/what-s-behind-brazil-s-alarming-surge-inbabies-born-with-small-heads/).

“Human Intelligence: An Introduction” by Robert J. Sternberg
from Human Intelligence: An Introduction
by Robert J. Sternberg
Cambridge University Press, 2019

CDC concludes Zika causes Microcephaly and other birth defects.

“Taylor and Hoyt's Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus E-Book” by Christopher J. Lyons, Scott R. Lambert
from Taylor and Hoyt’s Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus E-Book
by Christopher J. Lyons, Scott R. Lambert
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2016

In 2015-16 Zika virus caused large epidemics of Zika fever in Brazil and other South American and Caribbean countries with millions of infections (Figure 12).

“Viruses: A Very Short Introduction” by Dorothy H. Crawford
from Viruses: A Very Short Introduction
by Dorothy H. Crawford
Oxford University Press, 2018

Oktay Kutluk

Kutluk Oktay, MD, FACOG is one of the world's foremost experts in fertility preservation as well as ovarian stimulation and in vitro fertilization for infertility treatments. He developed and performed the world's first ovarian transplantation procedures as well as pioneered new ovarian stimulation protocols for embryo and oocyte freezing for breast and endometrial cancer patients.

Mail: [email protected]
Telephone: +1 (877) 492-3666

Biography: https://medicine.yale.edu/profile/kutluk_oktay/
Bibliography: oktay_bibliography

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9 comments

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  • Interesting this was published today when the announcement of the newest addition to the British royal family was today and they are traveling to Zika infected areas.

  • I learned about the zika virus and the panama canal today in school and the pregnant women who get zika there baby can have that birth defect where you barely have any brain i think

  • I wanna go to Brazil in rio but I’m scared of the Zika virus does anyone know some ways I can avoid? Cause I’m not gonna be in public places the whole trip I’m also going to be seeing wild life

  • Does the Zika infection affect 100s of Canadian babies? Perhaps 1000s? What if there was a substance encountered during pregnancy that affected hundreds of thousands of Canadians alive today? Actually, there is: prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) has a likely prevalence rate of 3-5% of newborns. Even the Health Canada conservative estimate of 1% has resulted in at least 355,000 Canadians today struggling with brain abnormalities and other birth defects commonly known as FASD. When will CDC raise the alarm about the most common, most expensive, yet most preventable of all mental disorders in the industrialized world? PAE robs too many children of their full potential to compete, thrive and contribute to society. Urge our governments to combat this scourge that is largely invisible but rends the fabric of our society.

  • When I saw that I was in the area I’m in Memphis by the Mississippi River and I’m gonna have a SEIZURE

    Edit:I actually almost GOT BITTEN BY ONE OF THEM

  • Me outside: runs around that no mosquitos touch me
    Also me: waves arm around
    Also also me: kills self if a thing lands on my arm or skin
    After me:in heaven
    Me:oh god it was just a dream

  • i just fought a mosquito in the bathroom that looked just like that mosquito in the video it was sitting on the shower and i looked close and yea but it won the fight and i ran to my room and closed my door… i recorded my fight and it was 2 minutes long

  • I was in the queue today waiting to ask a question, actually. Most of the questions you had were regarding the data, the actual numbers of pregnant women, that sort of thing.

    I had four questions for the CDC and I shared these with others (including doctors, scientists, and public health experts):

    1) Why has the CDC ignored the evidence by Dr. Ayres (submitted over a year ago), and confirmed by Drs. Hunter, Guedes, Guo et al., and just recently, Evans et al. that point to Culex as vectors of Zika?

    Culex bite at night, so mosquito bed nets at night would be crucial information for new mothers to know about.

    The whole truth: No infected mosquitoes were collected from Yap States and French Polynesia during their Zika outbreaks. They simply ASSUMED that Aedes species were vectors, although they never fulfilled the criteria: #3 and #4, i.e., “repeated demonstration that suspected vectors, collected under natural conditions, harbor the identifiable, infective stage of the pathogen” and “a biological association between clinical cases and infected mosquitoes in time and space,” respectively. Source: Dr. Walter S. Leal’s paper “Zika mosquito vectors: the jury is still out”.

    On September 7th, Guo et al. published “Culex pipiens quinquefasciatus: a potential vector to transmit Zika virus” but it received zero press. It stated:

    “These laboratory results clearly demonstrate the potential role of Cx. p. quinquefasciatus as a vector of ZIKV in China. Because there are quite different vector management strategies required to control Aedes (Stegomyia) species and Cx. p. quinquefasciatus, an integrated approach may be required should a Zika epidemic occur.”

    2) Why is the CDC ignoring the phylogenetics of Zika and lumping it in with dengue and yellow fever when Zika is supported 99 percent within the clade beside West Nile virus?

    And since over 300 birds carry West Nile, it makes sense to look for Zika in birds, right? Doesn’t the CDC agree with that?

    3) Why is the CDC ignoring the evidence that almost half of bulbuls tested by Okia et al., 1971 had Zika?

    Red-whiskered and red-vented bulbuls have been introduced into regions where Zika is spreading as have Wolbachia-infected Aedes mosquito releases.

    Because when all the evidence is considered, it makes sense to look for Zika in Culex and birds. Birds can amplify West Nile a billion times. One bird can infect 100s of mosquitoes.

    And we should assess how Wolbachia has been introduced into the food chain where it doesn’t belong. Some species of Culex larvae actually prey upon Aedes larvae.

    Wolbachia is responsible for the most widespread pandemics in the animal kingdom (LePage and Bordenstein, 2013).

    Yet, safety tests were never carried out on vertebrate species prior to Wolbachia-infected mosquito releases (carried out in Brazil, Columbia, India, Indonesia, Vietnam, China, Australia, California, and Florida).

    Wolbachia can survive about a week in a dead host; Zika can survive 5 days in a dead host ample time for other organisms and mosquitoes to acquire and spread Wolbachia and/or Zika to vertebrates. And lateral gene transfers to other species have happened.

    This could be the reason that Zika is spreading out of control. Culex that naturally acquire Wolbachia are better vectors of malaria and West Nile virus (very similar to Zika).

    4) When will Culex, birds, and Wolbachia become top CDC research priorities?

    I leave you with two study quotes:

    “Wolbachia spp. should be further evaluated as causes of human infection, especially as Wolbachia infection of mosquitoes is increasingly considered to be a tool for interfering with mosquito-borne transmission of human pathogens” (Chen, Dong, et al., 2015). NOTE: Filariodea coxI gene was not found in this case. Source: http://www.clinicalmicrobiologyandinfection.com/article/S1198-743X(14)00040-8/fulltext

    “… including Culex quinquefasciatus and Cx. pipiens. We suggest that empirical studies prioritize these species… ” (Evans et al., 2017). Source: http://biorxiv.org/content/early/2017/02/06/077966

    Thank you for reading this comment in full and taking to heart what others have figured out.