Zika Risk Might Be Less Than Initially Thought

 

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TUESDAY, May 9, 2017 (HealthDay News)—U.S. women traveling to areas where the Zika virus is circulating might be less likely to be infected than expected, but risk remains, a new study suggests. Only one out of 185 pregnant women at a Los Angeles clinic who visited an active Zika area between January and August 2016 wound up infected, researchers report. By Dennis Thompson HealthDay Reporter. TUESDAY, May 9, 2017 (HealthDay News) U.S. women traveling to areas where the Zika virus is circulating might be less likely to be infected than expected, but risk remains, a new study suggests..

Only one out of 185 pregnant women at a Los Angeles clinic who visited an active Zika area between January and August 2016 wound up infected, researchers report. That’s a lot lower than researchers initially thought, and it means that some 70%-80% of pregnant women who get Zika don’t transmit the infection. Zika Threat Is Worse Than Initially Thought, Health Authorities Say The outbreak of the mosquito-borne Zika virus in Latin America and the Caribbean, which began in May 2015 in Brazil, has raised concerns about a wider spread of the disease across the Western Hemisphere and the impact it may have on businesses and their employees.

Last week, Dr. Schuchat admitted that Zika virus “ seems to be a bit scarier than we initially thought.” Her unusual comments may be aimed partly at Congress, which has been reluctant to fund Zika control measures. But there are several reasons that public health officials are more nervous about Zika now than they were a few months ago. 1 These countries have a potential risk of Zika, but we do not have accurate information on the current level of risk. As a result, detection and reporting of new outbreaks may be delayed.

2 Because Aedes aegypti mosquitoes (the mosquitoes that most commonly spreads Zika) are present in these countries, Zika has the potential to be present, along with other mosquito-borne infections. However, recent research has been focusing on the persistence of viable ZIKV in semen following infection [1-3]. Evidence suggests that the presence of viable virus, in contrast to the presence of viral RNA alone, indicates Zika’s ability to cause infection. The amount of time viable virus persists in semen is lower than originally thought. Zika virus (ZIKV) (pronounced / ˈ z iː k ə / or / ˈ z ɪ k ə /) is a member of the virus family Flaviviridae.

It is spread by daytime-active Aedes mosquitoes, such as A. aegypti and A. albopictus. Its name comes from the Ziika Forest of Uganda, where the virus was first isolated in 1947. Zika virus is related to the dengue, yellow fever, Japanese encephalitis, and West Nile viruses. The greatest likelihood of acquiring Zika virus infection is in a country with risk, however, the individual risk of infection is likely to be lower if mosquito bite avoidance measures are followed. “Where there is a range of possibilities, from no Zika to low-level background Zika, we’re going to tell you there’s been virus there before; it could still be there.

If you’re a zero-risk.

List of related literature:

Since the arrival of Zika virus in the Americas (2016– 2017), the initial high rate of congenital infection has declined as fewer women are having primary infection during pregnancy.

“Neonatology at a Glance” by Tom Lissauer, Avroy A. Fanaroff, Lawrence Miall, Jonathan Fanaroff
from Neonatology at a Glance
by Tom Lissauer, Avroy A. Fanaroff, et. al.
Wiley, 2020

The key preventive measures to minimize exposure to this virus are summarized below: • Women who are pregnant, or who are considering pregnancy, should be advised to avoid travel to areas where Zika virus infection is endemic.

“Creasy and Resnik's Maternal-Fetal Medicine: Principles and Practice E-Book” by Robert Resnik, Charles J. Lockwood, Thomas Moore, Michael F Greene, Joshua Copel, Robert M Silver
from Creasy and Resnik’s Maternal-Fetal Medicine: Principles and Practice E-Book
by Robert Resnik, Charles J. Lockwood, et. al.
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2018

Eighty percent of Zika-infected individuals showed no signs of disease, symptoms were mild even in those who were symptomatic, and the link to microcephaly in infants born to infected women could not have been predicted.

“Biodefense in the Age of Synthetic Biology” by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Life Sciences, Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology, Committee on Strategies for Identifying and Addressing Potential Biodefense Vulnerabilities Posed by Synthetic Biology
from Biodefense in the Age of Synthetic Biology
by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Division on Earth and Life Studies, et. al.
National Academies Press, 2019

According to data in the US Zika Pregnancy and Infant Registry, 5% of pregnancies with suspected Zika virus infection and 10% of pregnancies with laboratory-confirmed Zika infection result in a fetus or newborn with a birth defect, while 15% had a birth defect if the infection occurred in the first trimester.

“Conn's Current Therapy 2020, E-Book” by Rick D. Kellerman, KUSM-W Medical Practice Association, David Rakel
from Conn’s Current Therapy 2020, E-Book
by Rick D. Kellerman, KUSM-W Medical Practice Association, David Rakel
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2019

By the end of the year, the CDC’s Zika registry had received reports from forty-four states of pregnant women who had tested positive for Zika infection.

“Building a Resilient Tomorrow: How to Prepare for the Coming Climate Disruption” by Alice C. Hill, Leonardo Martinez-Diaz
from Building a Resilient Tomorrow: How to Prepare for the Coming Climate Disruption
by Alice C. Hill, Leonardo Martinez-Diaz
Oxford University Press, Incorporated, 2019

It remains a significant public health concern, as there is no vaccine and the only reliable way to avoid the risk for the offspring is to avoid areas where Zika was identified or to postpone pregnancy should travel to or living in affected areas be unavoidable [78].

“Psychiatry of Pandemics: A Mental Health Response to Infection Outbreak” by Damir Huremović
from Psychiatry of Pandemics: A Mental Health Response to Infection Outbreak
by Damir Huremović
Springer International Publishing, 2019

Most Zika cases are asymptomatic or quite light but the risks of serious birth defects means that diagnosis of Zika is much more important to women than to men.

“Mathematical Models in Epidemiology” by Fred Brauer, Carlos Castillo-Chavez, Zhilan Feng
from Mathematical Models in Epidemiology
by Fred Brauer, Carlos Castillo-Chavez, Zhilan Feng
Springer New York, 2019

• The risk of a primary infection in pregnant women is the same as for any other adult, but there is significant risk to the unborn child, who is at risk of congenital Zika virus syndrome (CZVS).

“Canadian Clinical Nursing Skills and Techniques E-Book” by Anne Griffin Perry, Patricia A. Potter, Wendy Ostendorf, Shelley Cobbett
from Canadian Clinical Nursing Skills and Techniques E-Book
by Anne Griffin Perry, Patricia A. Potter, et. al.
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2019

Similarly, an increase in the incidence of Guillain–Barré syndrome during the Zika virus outbreak was estimated in the Americas with an increase from 2.0 to 9.8 times higher the baseline incidence [20].

“Evidence-Based Critical Care: A Case Study Approach” by Robert C. Hyzy, Jakob McSparron
from Evidence-Based Critical Care: A Case Study Approach
by Robert C. Hyzy, Jakob McSparron
Springer International Publishing, 2020

Although the risk for travel-associated Zika virus disease appears to be decreasing, it is important that persons traveling to areas with a risk for Zika virus transmission continue to take precautions, including using strategies to prevent mosquito bites and sexual transmission.

“Public Health Nursing E-Book: Population-Centered Health Care in the Community” by Marcia Stanhope, Jeanette Lancaster
from Public Health Nursing E-Book: Population-Centered Health Care in the Community
by Marcia Stanhope, Jeanette Lancaster
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2019

Oktay Kutluk

Kutluk Oktay, MD, FACOG is one of the world's foremost experts in fertility preservation as well as ovarian stimulation and in vitro fertilization for infertility treatments. He developed and performed the world's first ovarian transplantation procedures as well as pioneered new ovarian stimulation protocols for embryo and oocyte freezing for breast and endometrial cancer patients.

Mail: [email protected]
Telephone: +1 (877) 492-3666

Biography: https://medicine.yale.edu/profile/kutluk_oktay/
Bibliography: oktay_bibliography

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  • Stop it right now Suddenly will Happen As shut this Down done ✅ FINAL done ✅ FINAL Authority Surpreme AUTHORITY Supreme Court House FINAL Authority Surpreme AUTHORITY done ✅����������������☺️������

  • Unregulated pesticides is more of a cause to microsephaly, along with a lack of health care to the pregnant woman in Brazil with high prolonged body temprature is a more than likely cause. Not a damn bug.

  • Um the Mosquito with Zika Virus was Created by genetic engineering and released deliberately in venezuela, look at whom owns the “PATENT” on ZIKA?????????

  • Why are people specially ones trying for pregnancy wanting to travel on purpose to zika infected areas wasn’t prevention the best cure?

    Not worth a spring break vs disease?!?!? Common sense?!?

  • where mention of mandatory TDAP vaccine (expired) for pregnant women in that region of Brazil, or plyriproxyfen or dibrom or naled put in drinking water wells there also or Oxitecs first labs and release of GM mosquitos.. they wish (probably are) growing them here now to release on nearby island.. funked up chit it is, 4 miles away. Discovery came to show our cleanups of plastic that breeds em on shore and we fight but we are few.

  • It is a ploy by Monsanto to spray their distructive chemicals on the masses to sterilize and cause birth defects on babies. And big pharmaceutical companies can make billions of dollars off a vaccine. Follow the money..

  • Could not find video on ASU after email sent to me about it. You are the first to say how babies with microcephaly can still live a normal life but with a lot of care by their care takers. I’m glad you are tackling the social aspect of this virus.

  • I am sure the elites have a vaccine for this that they will be giving their families so they can continue to play god above the rest of us mere mortals.

  • Im just gonna say, Zika is not as bad as our “great” government is saying. We should be focusing on cancer not a disease thats only has nine cases in the us.

  • When you lie and restrict people in anyway and made to wear masks it is very much noticed by YAHWEH Yes YAHWEH takes action Free Freedom is Reigns In my creations I do not no longer hear lies evil ways or any people who stand with evil ways completely. Stop all communication of virus there is not any virus of what you are talking 19 virus or anything no more report spoken or any spead of of written. It is to stop immediately The Almighty YAHWEH Has commanded Decreed Declared no mention at all You will face Capital Punishisment Judgement stands as written as SPOKEN WORDS SPOKEN Amen Amen

  • Is it because Brazil forces pregnant women to get vaccinations while pregnant? In 2014, the Brazilian Minister of Health mandated that all expectant mothers receive the new Tdap vaccine. This meant that, at 20 weeks gestation, a vulnerable, developing young life would be exposed to aluminum adjuvant, mercury preservative, formaldehyde, antibiotics and a host of other chemicals that could damage a fetus’s developing brain. It’s no coincidence that birth defects have spiked in Brazil because of the toxic elements that fetuses have been exposed to.

    It’s also very obvious why Zika is being blamed for the birth defects. The biotech industry is using Zika virus to cover up three science experiments that have gone bad (Tdap vaccines, insecticides, GM mosquitoes). In this way, nature can be blamed, more insecticides and vaccines can be sold, and more GM mosquitoes can be released. The public is taught to fear nature even more and stop reproducing.