Understanding Your Menstrual Period

 

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THE MENSTRUAL CYCLE

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In addition, consult your health care provider if: Your periods suddenly stop for more than 90 days — and you’re not pregnant Your periods become erratic after having been regular You bleed for more than seven days You bleed more heavily. Another way we can understand the menstrual cycle is by looking at how the days of our cycle map onto the menstrual phases. The average period cycle lasts 28 days so we’ll use that in our example. Remember, 28 days is just the average and not all girls have a 28 day cycle.

The menstrual cycle has three phases: 1. Follicular Phase (Days 1-14) This phase of the menstrual cycle occurs from approximately day 1-14. Day 1 is the first 2. Ovulatory Phase (Day 14) The release of the mature egg happens on about day 14 as a result of a surge in LH and FSH 3. Luteal Phase. Understanding your menstrual cycle Women’s cycle lengths vary, and the most common cycle length is somewhere between 23 and 35 days. Any variation in menstrual cycle length that does occur is more likely to be during the part of the cycle.

Your menstrual cycle is the hormonal and reproductive cycle you, and all women, experience, usually monthly, typically beginning around age 12 and ending around age 50. The length of the menstrual cycle, menstrual cycle symptoms, and amount of blood flow during your period vary from woman to woman and throughout your reproductive years. What happens during the typical 28-day menstrual cycle?

Day 1 starts with the first day of your period. The blood and tissue lining the uterus (womb) break down and leave the body. All kinds of changes occur in your body during your menstrual cycle. “The thing that makes it all happen is hormones,” says Atlanta pediatrician Deborah Pollack, MD. “You get hormone surges at. To understand, let’s explore the hormonal fluctuations during the menstrual cycle.

An estrogenic hormone called estradiol rises steadily for the first half of a ‘normal’ cycle. This hormone supports the growth of your uterine lining and helps trigger ovulation. The average menstrual cycle is 28-35 days. Ovulation usually happens between days 11 and 21 of your cycle. A hormone called luteinizing hormone (LH) surges, triggering the release of the egg that’s.

When your menstrual cycle begins, your estrogen levels are low. Your hypothalamus (which is in charge of maintaining your hormone levels) sends out a message to your pituitary gland which then sends out the follicle stimulating hormone (FSH). This FSH triggers a few of your follicles to develop into mature eggs.

List of related literature:

Changes in pituitary and ovarian hormones, the ovary, and the uterus are shown during an average 28-day menstrual cycle with ovulation on day 14.

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Immediately after a menstrual flow (which occurs during the first 4 or 5 days of a cycle), the endometrium, or lining of the uterus, is very thin, approximately one cell layer in depth.

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from Maternal & Child Health Nursing: Care of the Childbearing & Childrearing Family
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Midway through the menstrual cycle (around day 14 in a 28­day cycle, though it could be anywhere from day 12 to day 18 in a shorter or longer cycle), and courtesy of the LH and FSH surge, the dominant follicle in the ovary begins to swell and then rupture.

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During the middle of each menstrual cycle (the midway point between periods), an ovum will travel down one of the fallopian tubes into the uterus (womb).

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In order to calculate the path of the menstrual cycle, it is essential that a woman understands when the first day of her cycle occurs, how this is identified, and how ovulation is determined by counting backward 14 days from the last day of the cycle in a 28-day cycle.

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from Sex and Society
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The changes that occur in the ovaries during this 28-day cycle can be divided into three phases: the follicular phase, ovulation. and the luteal phase.

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from Textbook of Therapeutics: Drug and Disease Management
by Richard A. Helms, David J. Quan
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Figure 16–1 ■ A, Changes in the ovarian follicle, endometrial thickness, and serum hormone levels during a 28-day menstrual cycle.

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from Williams Textbook of Endocrinology
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The average menstrual cycle lasts for 28 days, with days 1–5 representing bleeding, or shedding of the uterine lining, ovulation occurring mid-way through the cycle on day 14, and day 28 representing the end of the cycle before the next shedding begins.

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Conception generally takes place at the time of (a) Menses (b) Before menses (c) Immediately after menses (d) Two weeks after menses Ans. (d) A woman is most fertile at the time of ovulation, (when an egg is released from her ovaries) which usually occurs 12-14 days before her next period starts.

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The ovarian cycle is divided into the follicular phase (days 1 to 13) and the luteal phase (days 14 to 28).

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Oktay Kutluk

Kutluk Oktay, MD, FACOG is one of the world's foremost experts in fertility preservation as well as ovarian stimulation and in vitro fertilization for infertility treatments. He developed and performed the world's first ovarian transplantation procedures as well as pioneered new ovarian stimulation protocols for embryo and oocyte freezing for breast and endometrial cancer patients.

Mail: [email protected]
Telephone: +1 (877) 492-3666

Biography: https://medicine.yale.edu/profile/kutluk_oktay/
Bibliography: oktay_bibliography

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39 comments

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  • My spouse and I tried out the “Sοkοpο Wοzz” (Google it) when we made a decision to have one more kid. Please visit Google to know why this method is changing so many lives. I was able to achieve pregnancy after three months of following the plan and healthy eating foods. Although I am older, I was still able to improve my lifestyle making use of this formula.

  • If I have to work, I move through my menstruation ails, except the ones after my miscarriage since those were more heavy… If I don’t have to work, I snuggle up on the coach with a hot drink and, if I feel like it, a hot water bottle.

  • Love this! Thank you for all of this good information! Some of this I knew, but most of it I didn’t. Blown away by the good info here. Can you please do a vid about PCOS? And a vid about Menopause/perimenopause symptoms and the differences between Menopause and Perimenopause? (also, I love your hot pink nail color!) So cute.

  • What do you think of increase breast size without surgery by using Clegenatur Methods? I notice many people keep on speaking about Clegenatur Methods.

  • When you have an infertility issue as a couple, then it is suggested to check this guide. I attempted the West prescriptions however I was only dissatisfied with their outcomes. I was able to conceive after having a healthy diet and having planned acupuncture treatments for a few months. Seeing my year old daughter roaming around the house is very mesmerizing. You could learn about this tip more by getting to Google. I think name of this guide is Sofia Goρazna
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  • Yes, in my fall period I’m a bit scatterbrained but hyper. Good for cleaning the house or working on a project, but it can also drive me completely nuts if my period is late…

  • Body: time to get ready for a baby!������

    Me: Sorry I’m not having a baby…

    Body: tear everything down!������������������������������

  • You need help to GET PREGNANT? contact Dr Azegelo on this EMAIL ([email protected]) i am here to share my testimony on HOW I CONCEIVE my baby. i have been married to my husband for 11 years without no issue i had problems with my in-laws even my husband started to have new affairs aside our marriage. it was a very terrible thing to bear. i became a laughing stock among my pear, i prayed and fasted and nothing happened, been to many doctors and yet my case remain the same, i was now seen as always unhappy i was even ready to pack out of my marital home and stay on my own because my husband was not given me any attention that i needed from him. i decided to focus on my job and try to live happy on my own. on this faithful day, i decided to check the net for updates on healthy living and i came across a story of a man who Dr Azegelo helped his wife to conceive a baby. i decided to put a try because this has been my greatest problem in life. today i am a proud mom with two son. words will not be enough to explained what this man did for me. i am a happy mother,i know there is someone in same condition and you feel there is no way. i urge you to contact him. This is the solution to every single mother around the globe. distance is not a barrier, he will surely make your dreams come trough. contact him today via email:
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  • Can you still carry a baby if you have endometriosis? My aunt has it and she is unable to carry a baby and she found out she was unable to conceive and didn’t have healthy eggs to harvest. Is it the same for everyone or does it differ? Thanks for the awesome video!

  • What about in cases of luteal phase defect? Not being a smart ass….but I know i ovulate day 11 or 12 and have a 23 day cycle
    ..short luteal phase is my infertility nightmare!

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  • This was explained very well! I found your channel from your Instagram. I’m currently 6w3d pregnant & love your videos! Our bodies are truly amazing�� Thank you Dr. Crawford

  • kindly get to Google to get much details regarding the pregnant plan “wucu shocking plan” (Google it) It assisted me get over a massive fertility obstacle at the age of forty-four. I was very happy during my period was delayed. I’m preparing me for I was very excited when I didn’t get my periods. I am now ushering myself into motherhood.

  • Please I am 21 days menstrual cycle. I need to get pregnant. And I was operated on ectopic pregnancy since on the 3th of April 2016 and one of my tube was removed. And since then I have complicated menstrual cycle. From 21 sometimes 25. Please I need some advice on how to be pregnant

  • Wonderfully explained! I still wonder when is the best time to measure Progesterone levels (in order to determine if a woman is likely to have an insufficient Corpus luteum and will need some extra Progesterone to keep a pregnancy…:) )
    Thank you Nat, awesome work.
    Michaela

  • After getting confused reading two different books on this very topic, I had a solid understanding of the whole cycle in just 15 minutes.

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    https://twitter.com/28dff50c3aedbd8cb/status/783200219605245952 Hоw to Chаrt Yооur Мenstruаl Cyсlе Infеrtilitу

  • Hey sir, why aren’t you adding new videoes. Actually I had got so many doubt from this topic. But, this video hd cleared all my doubts. It’s really too good.

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  • If I’m on a long term birth control right now as a 15 yo and I don’t get my period, when I go off of it when I’m older will I have my period for a longer period of time before menopause bc I didn’t have my period for a couple years when I was younger?

  • I’m pretty sure you meant “progesterone” starts to decline right before menstruation. Not estrogen estrogen already declines right before ovulation.

  • Great video but you could have taken out the confusion at the end because the decreasing of the estrogen hormone automatically says negative feedback, so you should have said that this will not work when the hormone is below his average or normal or basic level, idk if you understand but it tricked me for a good 1 hour haha

  • Suficiete basura de brujas y naturaleza, sangrar por los genitales no tiene nada de hermoso. A mí ninguna madre hormonal me va a decir que me tengo que quedar en mi casa durante siete días, soy un ser humano y soy libre.

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  • I really enjoyed this video Bettina. I have started paying more attention to my menstrual cycle recently and I am finding it really healing and empowering. Now I understand what my body is doing in each stage, and how I can best support it, I feel like I can enjoy all the phases of my cycle especially important when TTC! I would love if you could do some videos on self care and nutrition for each phase of the cycle. thanks for your beautiful work!

  • God bless you.. Very simple.. I have watched about 20 times today and I think I need a test from you.. Hold do I get myself a test from you pls..

  • Geeze…I don’t know why I watched this. When I was still young enough to menstruation, a suffered too much from cramps and embarrassing accidents that I really didn’t want to be reminded of the bad old days. And after all that, we only had one son to show for it! It would have been nice to have a couple more. To justify everything, but NOOOOOOOOO!

  • Pls last month march I saw menses on d 5th 2020, when can my ovulation period be nd when do I see my next period in dis month of April, pls I need urgent reply

  • If you’re an infertile couples, kindly try the “Sοkοpο Wοzz” (Google it) The results that western medication gave me was disappointing Nevertheless, my conception was successful after getting a nutritious diet and considering planned acupuncture treatments for a few months. the scene of my twelve months old daughter roaming around the house is incredibly mesmerizing. For more information about this remarkable method, check out Google.

  • Women’s body is so fascinating. The graphics were quite nice. They reminded me of the contraceptive pill although I still don’t get very well how they work, it seems more clear now.

  • If you or your spouse is infertile, give the “Sοkοpο Wοzz” (Google it) a shot. I was disappointed by the outcomes that I was received from western medicine. later a couple of months of going through scheduled acupuncture therapies and following a healthy diet, I became conceiving. the sight of my year old daughter wandering around the home is incredibly mesmerizing. obtain much about this fantastic formula from Google.

  • The luteal phase can vary in length: “A normal luteal phase can last anywhere from 11 to 17 days. In most women, the luteal phase lasts 12 to 14 days. Your luteal phase is considered to be short if it lasts less than 10 days. In other words, you have a short luteal phase if you get your period 10 days or less after you ovulate.” -Healthline

  • Thanks so much Natalie!! I’m from Australia and have been following you on instagram for some time now! I find your messages and material so accessible, engaging, empowering and informative! Loved this video and found your explanations so helpful. I am really keen to see what’s to come and would be interested to learn more about painful periods in the future if that’s at all possible. We still have such a long way to go in terms of making discussion about women’s reproductive function a normal part of life. I remember growing up thinking that it was normal to be in so much pain during menstruation and that fainting was just part and parcel of having periods. Thank you for all that you do in this space Natalie:)

  • Leviticus 15:19 says, “When a woman has her regular flow of blood, the impurity of her monthly period will last seven days, and anyone who touches her will be unclean till evening.” Similarly, Leviticus 15:24 says. “If a man lies with her and her monthly flow touches him, he will be unclean for seven days; any bed he lies on will be unclean.” Finally, Leviticus 20:18 declares, “If a man lies with a woman during her monthly period and has sexual relations with her, he has exposed the source of her flow, and she has also uncovered it. Both of them must be cut off from their people.” As a result of these Scriptures, some hold that a married couple should not have sex while the wife is having her period.

    The problem with this view is that if the Scriptures are applied consistently, even touching a woman who is having her menstrual flow would be forbidden. Further, according to Leviticus 15:20-23, even touching something that the woman has also touched would be forbidden. Do these laws apply to us today? No, they do not. Why? It is important to remember the purpose of the Old Testament laws concerning blood. In the sacrificial system, blood was sacred (Leviticus 17:11). A woman’s “uncleanness” during her period was symbolic of the value placed on blood. As a result, contact with a woman who was having her period was forbidden.

    Christians today are not under the Old Testament ceremonial law (Romans 10:4; Galatians 3:24-26; Ephesians 2:15). There no longer is a sacrificial system. Jesus’ blood sacrifice paid the penalty for sins once and for all. The Levitical ceremonial laws do not apply today. There is no biblical reason why a married couple cannot have sex during the wife’s period. Some doctors do not recommend it from a medical perspective, but there are no proven “dangers” of having sexual intercourse during a woman’s period. Usually women have no desire to have sexual relations during their period, so that is definitely another thing to consider. Basically, this issue must be decided by a husband and wife in the spirit of “mutual consent” as 1 Corinthians 7:5 describes.

  • loved this video. I menstruate with the full moon. I observed this about 3 months ago.. but I try to neditate and pamper myself but its hard when u have a demanding job. Cant wait to hear your tips.

  • Yes please, self-care for utilizing the pros and cons of the cycle, nurturing the hormonal balance and optimizing our fertility focusing on each period of the cycle! Would absolutely love that! I’ll also try your yoga sessions for the cycles. Thanks so much for that! And all other videos ��

  • Leviticus 15:19 says, “When a woman has her regular flow of blood, the impurity of her monthly period will last seven days, and anyone who touches her will be unclean till evening.” Similarly, Leviticus 15:24 says. “If a man lies with her and her monthly flow touches him, he will be unclean for seven days; any bed he lies on will be unclean.” Finally, Leviticus 20:18 declares, “If a man lies with a woman during her monthly period and has sexual relations with her, he has exposed the source of her flow, and she has also uncovered it. Both of them must be cut off from their people.” As a result of these Scriptures, some hold that a married couple should not have sex while the wife is having her period.

    The problem with this view is that if the Scriptures are applied consistently, even touching a woman who is having her menstrual flow would be forbidden. Further, according to Leviticus 15:20-23, even touching something that the woman has also touched would be forbidden. Do these laws apply to us today? No, they do not. Why? It is important to remember the purpose of the Old Testament laws concerning blood. In the sacrificial system, blood was sacred (Leviticus 17:11). A woman’s “uncleanness” during her period was symbolic of the value placed on blood. As a result, contact with a woman who was having her period was forbidden.

    Christians today are not under the Old Testament ceremonial law (Romans 10:4; Galatians 3:24-26; Ephesians 2:15). There no longer is a sacrificial system. Jesus’ blood sacrifice paid the penalty for sins once and for all. The Levitical ceremonial laws do not apply today. There is no biblical reason why a married couple cannot have sex during the wife’s period. Some doctors do not recommend it from a medical perspective, but there are no proven “dangers” of having sexual intercourse during a woman’s period. Usually women have no desire to have sexual relations during their period, so that is definitely another thing to consider. Basically, this issue must be decided by a husband and wife in the spirit of “mutual consent” as 1 Corinthians 7:5 describes.

  • Someone please explain to me, what happens to the ovum if unfertilized? i mean during menstruation endometrium layers sheds off through vagina but what happens to the ovum?

  • I would love more information about what nutrition changes our body needs to sync with our cycle. Thank you so much for all of your videos.