The Main Difference Between Boys and Women With Autism

 

How autism affects girls and boys differently

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Based on recent research, here are a few of the ways in which girls with autism appear to differ from boys with autism: 3  Boys with autism tend to have very repetitive and limited areas of play. Girls with autism are less repetitive and have Girls with autism are more likely than boys to be. Autism Spectrum Disorders: The Difference Between Boys and Girls. Children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are a growing patient population with 1 in 68 children being diagnosed with ASD.

It is observed at a higher rate among boys, with 1 in 42 boys being identified as having ASD. This is a ratio of 1 female for every 4 males diagnosed with autism. As we study Autism more and more we’re learning that there aren’t any differences in how Autism impacts boys and girls. Girls are simply better and more likely to mask their symptoms than boys. This means that girls will have less support as they struggle through life without the support that boys.

They hope their research will shed light on autism spectrum disorders, which affect one in 59 children, and also identify the best interventions for both girls and boys. “Our goals include providing a much better understanding of the differences in how autism manifests in girls versus boys,” said Pelphrey, the Harrison-Wood Jefferson. FRIDAY, Sept. 4, 2015 (HealthDay News) The repetitive and restrictive behaviors common in autism aren’t seen as often in girls as they are in boys with the disorder, a new study says. However, girls with autism do not necessarily have the same kinds of special interests as typical autistic boys, and their interests are similar to those in typically developing girls, such as fascination with dolls, horses, pop stars and celebrities, Disney films etc. which are socially accepted. Autistic behavior is different in girls than boys, say Stanford University School of Medicine researchers. Their new study not only provides evidence suggesting girls with autism spectrum disorders have distinct characteristics, it also links such gender differences directly to the brain.

Girls with autism display less repetitive and restricted behavior than boys do, according to a study by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine. The study also found that brain differences between boys and girls with autism help explain this discrepancy. The first study, published in the March issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, is the largest yet to try to parse the differences between boys and girls with the disorder 1. The researchers report that autism characteristics in girls.

Just because autism is less frequently diagnosed in girls doesn’t necessarily mean it’s less prevalent. “The symptoms that (girls with autism) are exhibiting might not stand out as much as in a boy.

List of related literature:

Our girls [with ASD] really do seem different than autistic boys we know.

“Girls Growing Up on the Autism Spectrum: What Parents and Professionals Should Know About the Pre-Teen and Teenage Years” by Shana Nichols, Liane Holliday Willey, Ginamarie Moravcik, Samara Pulver-Tetenbaum
from Girls Growing Up on the Autism Spectrum: What Parents and Professionals Should Know About the Pre-Teen and Teenage Years
by Shana Nichols, Liane Holliday Willey, et. al.
Jessica Kingsley Publishers, 2009

The big question raised by this disparity is: are boys more likely to be autistic or are they just more likely to get diagnosed because their symptoms tend to fit the classic manifestation of ASD?

“Nerdy, Shy, and Socially Inappropriate: A User Guide to an Asperger Life” by Cynthia Kim
from Nerdy, Shy, and Socially Inappropriate: A User Guide to an Asperger Life
by Cynthia Kim
Jessica Kingsley Publishers, 2014

The boy is a person first, not defined by and only by autism.

“Love Anthony” by Lisa Genova
from Love Anthony
by Lisa Genova
Simon & Schuster UK, 2012

Additionally, autism is four times more likely to be diagnosed in boys than girls.

“Handbook on Animal-Assisted Therapy: Theoretical Foundations and Guidelines for Practice” by Aubrey H. Fine
from Handbook on Animal-Assisted Therapy: Theoretical Foundations and Guidelines for Practice
by Aubrey H. Fine
Elsevier Science, 2010

When the boys and girls showed similar levels of autism characteristics, girls had to display either more significant intellectual disabilities than the boys, more behavioral problems than the boys, or more of both, in order to be diagnosed.

“Autism in Heels: The Untold Story of a Female Life on the Spectrum” by Jennifer Cook O'Toole
from Autism in Heels: The Untold Story of a Female Life on the Spectrum
by Jennifer Cook O’Toole
Skyhorse, 2018

Most studies have reported significantly higher rates of ASD in boys than in girls although girls with more strictly defined autism are also more likely to have intellectual disability (Fombonne 2005a, b).

“Handbook of Life Course Health Development” by Neal Halfon, Christopher B. Forrest, Richard M. Lerner, Elaine M. Faustman
from Handbook of Life Course Health Development
by Neal Halfon, Christopher B. Forrest, et. al.
Springer International Publishing, 2017

Boys are five times more likely to have autism than girls and there a three to eight percent risk of recurrence in a family with one affected child.

“Introduction to Special Education' 2007 Ed.” by Inciong, Et Al
from Introduction to Special Education’ 2007 Ed.
by Inciong, Et Al
Rex Book Store, 2007

All the epidemiological studies show a significantly greater number of boys than girls with autism.

“Autism: An Introduction to Psychological Theory” by Francesca Happé
from Autism: An Introduction to Psychological Theory
by Francesca Happé
Harvard University Press, 1995

Boys are four to five times more likely than girls to have autism.

“Psychiatry” by Allan Tasman, Jerald Kay, Jeffrey A. Lieberman, Michael B. First, Mario Maj
from Psychiatry
by Allan Tasman, Jerald Kay, et. al.
Wiley, 2011

Autism is two to four times more common in boys than girls.

“Textbook of Paediatric Emergency Medicine E-Book” by George Jelinek, Ian Everitt, Jeremy Raftos, Peter Cameron, Gary J. Browne
from Textbook of Paediatric Emergency Medicine E-Book
by George Jelinek, Ian Everitt, et. al.
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2011

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Kutluk Oktay, MD, FACOG is one of the world's foremost experts in fertility preservation as well as ovarian stimulation and in vitro fertilization for infertility treatments. He developed and performed the world's first ovarian transplantation procedures as well as pioneered new ovarian stimulation protocols for embryo and oocyte freezing for breast and endometrial cancer patients.

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33 comments

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  • Let’s classify it as a function
    I’m a male and I used the function of how I think to recover faster from a concussion and might teach others with concussions it

  • This isn’t true alot of females go undiagnosed because we are better at masking and we are often found to have autism later also our interests are not always the same as males interests such as being into maths and science. While some females are into science the majority of females with autism are into the creative side and the arts. Girls still have autism probably on par with boys just its less likely to get found and be diagnosed because girls are better at masking. Even if an adult has the traits they can also majority of the time be misdiagnosed.

  • It remains to be seen how much of the gender disparity in ASD diagnosis is due to undiagnosed high functioning ASD girls. The fact that the girls that are diagnosed tend to be more severely affected is consistent with the notion that substantial numbers of high fn ASD girls are being missed.

  • I’m no geneticists but its probably due to the difference in hormones and thought processes that maybe miss a diagnoses in a female rather than a male?..

  • My mum has her masters in autism and her dissertation was on females with autism. Essentially a pattern emerged that more stereotypically masculine females with a diagnosis tend to get diagnosed younger with less minsdiagnosises obviously other that self reporting it’s hard to measure how masculine someone is so this wasn’t factored into the dissertation and it remained focused on late diagnosis rates and misdiagnosis rates in general with females. The view of autism is so male focused that even in females they focus on male traits. I can personally attest that I was told it was easy to diagnose me because I’m so masculine and I was diagnosed at 12 (early for females but a late diagnosis for males) I would go into more detail but I’m not out here trying to dox myself.

    To be clear I don’t think masculinity is linked to autism I think it’s linked to likely of diagnosis when you’re high functioning.

  • The reason autism is diagnosed more often in males than in females is because autism is more common in males than in femalesit is not an issue of males acquiring more medical evaluations. As the video noted, male chemistry is involved.

  • My cousin is autistic and he came at me when I was playing fortnite so I body slammed him as hard as I could because he was having a tantrum I’m a sociopath and he is autistic we don’t go together

  • I’m 46, and have known I have always been different and a major mimic. I’m know getting properly diagnosed by fighting for it. It’s really hard especially since my seizures that happened at 40. It’s changed due to it. My memory is terrible now ��. I feel lost and confused

  • I’d really like to know more and especially the talk between ASD and BPD as I’m 25 diagnosed BPD but I think I’m autistic and idk if I have both or how to tell the difference

  • Hi so I’m writing a female character with Asperger’s syndrome so if anyone with Aspergers wants anything shown or has any tips please tell

  • I think I have autism, I’ve done alot of reaserch and everything is now making sense in my life. My mum things I’m just odd from the others and won’t take me to the doctors

  • I like this video and I think it’s very important to shed light on the disparity between autism diagnoses in boys vs girls! I wanted to address something though: I think the whole “we know boys and girls are very different:) it’s probably hormones” thing is somewhat simplistic. We can’t know how much of differences in brains between sexes is based on biology and how much is based on socialization, because it’s not ethical to raise a human being without socializing them at all.

    Society treats people it considers girls and people it considers boys very differently. The same behaviors associated with autism that are encouraged or put up with in boys (not understanding their own or others’ emotions, preferring solo play, being very literal/not understanding sarcasm, asking obtrusive questions and “””being obnoxious”””, not understanding social cues, etc) are punished in girls.

    Even kids as young as 2 have an idea of what their gender is and what is expected of them because of it. Our brains are very malleable when we’re that young. Our brains are also highly attuned to positive attention and feedback from our caregivers when we’re young. Those caregivers are usually perpetuating this difference in treatment without even knowing it, or if they do know it, without thinking it’s wrong.

    Saying “it’s probably hormones” without acknowledging socialization as a factor at all perpetuates this idea that biological sex is destiny, which is not only untrue, it’s also a big contributing factor to sexism and especially transphobia.

    Thanks for listening, and double thanks for making this video. It’s a very important and complicated issue and I’m glad to see outreach from someone so educated and qualified.

  • Okay, so when I was 3 they diagnosed me with an IQ of 146 which made the autism diagnose impossible ( or that said him) but, I have many symptoms, i don’t make eye contact, I am very empathic, i have a lot of simps, i am very sensitive with sounds and textures, and I don’t have any social skills. Whenever someone asks me something, I go like “ what.. yes”. MY PARENTS STILL THINK I AM A NEUROTYPICAL, CAN YOU PLEASE TELL ME IF I HAVE AUTISM OR NOT PLEASE? And in case i don’t what do I have? Thanks

  • For me, the ED was about numbers. I wanted to weigh 43,2 kg. I really like the number 432 so…
    And also the number of calories in food.

  • I’m 28 and wasn’t diagnosed with asd until I was 25-26 and In college in California. Like for real and my daughter has it as well as my nephew and possibly my niece.

  • When I was a child, I would set up a scene with my toys for HOURS then when I came time to “play” I didn’t even know how to interact with my toys besides copying scenes in movies I liked.

  • I spent years misdiagnosed with BPD. When I was diagnosed with ASD I was in denial and disbelief… I was just diagnosed this year and I’m a 26 yo female

  • They thought I had autism as a child later was diagnosed with ADHD I didn’t wanna be late to school because I didn’t want people to look at me whenever I walked into the class I didn’t talk in front of others lots of nervous tics followed by extreme aggression I think it’s starting to make sense

  • I work with a significant amount of people with various disabilities, most of which are people with ASD. My colleagues have often commented on the similarities I share with alot of the people living with ASD and most of my closed friends and family have acknowledge my social skills/communication and thought processing is abnormal, my time management/self organisation terrible and my ability to mimic would probably land me an oscar. I know I share an extremely high amount of experiences and difficulties with people with ASD but I have not needed a diagnosis. I think experiences are relative and if something is impacting you in various domains then by all mean you should seek information and assistance. However I personally don’t think adding a label to something is always useful and regardless of diagnosis, if I have had areas of my life that have impacted functioning, I have worked damn hard on strategies to overcome them. A diagnosis may mean alot to some people but to me it’s my thoughts and actions around my behaviours that empower me.

  • I’m an aspie and I used to ”play” by organizing my toys perfectly to an aesthetically pleasing scene (like a city or something) for the whole day and was exhausted afterwards.

  • I Think it is so shitty to recommend Girls to not go to parties or meet up with guys, because they could be abusive assholes. Stop telling Girls the world is a dangerous place, it sucks. It let’s Girls feel in danger right before any danger is there and that is exactly what creates shy, silent Girls that are looking for protectors, rather than just going to a Party and feeling strong and great about it.

  • My sister and my mums boyfriend said I got tested for high asd.( Was looking for the paper of proof to help with jobs after my mum passed) We can’t find it because my crap father we think got rid of it as he believed my mum was wrong. But all the think I see in your videos fit me

  • My breath caught at the barbie part. I never realized it was so different because I had no one to play with, but my cousin would come over and ruin the “pretty scene” I made and it made me so upset. Really wasn’t expecting that to be a part of anything.

  • You said nothing here. There was little or no information to use regarding females with autism.
    Being one, I’d rather like some answers…
    They don’t NOTICE it in girls unless it’s extreme, they don’t look for it in girls.
    As far as my experience goes living with autism is like being born with PTSD. Born with it and having no idea what it is, small wonder youngsters melt down, resort to stimming behaviors to control their input.
    For those who have made rude comments, pointed fingers at others in derision, you have NO IDEA what you are doing, you are not being clever, you are being cruel.

  • Me and my sister used to play LPS together. The only issue was, I was super busy making the scene and crafting the characters… and when the actual role-playing started, I got bored.(this was the source of many fights between me and my sister) I have been diagnosed with ADD, which I think has recently been included in the spectrum. So that might explain somethings, haha.

  • I have autism… I don’t think i mimic people… But after binge watching Breaking Bad my GF noticed i was slowly turning into Walter White… even bought a hat similar to him haha… I had no idea i was doing it, weird. This could be completely unrelated to autism… but it was pretty funny at the time.

  • Hey guys, Africa magic is real. Got a local black that heals autism, he made my niece a normal kid. She was born autistic. Jacksonbells447atgmaildotcom.

  • The comment at 4:00 about setting up scenes that look nice rather than playing out actual scenarios hit hard. I’m learning a lot about ASD in girls and more and more applies to me that I had no idea about.

  • I haven’t been diagnosed but i feel and know i have autism. I am 17 years old and i’ve had difficulties with multiple different things since i was young

  • I get flirted with and have gotten myself into very inappropriate situations bc I truly don’t understand or know when people are hitting on me or trying to “get in my pants”

  • When you said the thing about lining your toys up to make a scene and just enjoying the aesthetics! I didn’t want other children to join in as I thought they would ruin the order ��

  • The females that I have seen with ASD, look quite similar to their male counterparts… social difficulties or lack thereof, language problems and restricted patterns of behavior/interests.

  • I’ve been in therapy for years. I’ve tried time and time again to figure out what made me different. I started researching ASD and Aspergers in females and something clicked… it’s like when I read about it it was a description of my life.