Drug withdraw syndrome affecting newborn babies
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INCREASE IN PREGNANT WOMEN USING OPIATES AND NEWBORNS WITH DRUG WITHDRAWAL SYNDROME IN THE US
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TUESDAY, Jan. 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) More babies are being born with drug withdrawal syndrome, possibly due to increased use of powerful prescription painkillers by pregnant women, according. TUESDAY, Jan. 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) More babies are being born with drug withdrawal syndrome, possibly due to increased use of powerful prescription painkillers by pregnant women, according to the director of the U.S.
National Institute on Drug Abuse. It’s estimated that 14 percent to 22 percent of pregnant women in the United States are prescribed narcotic (“opioid”) painkillers. Spike in Newborn Drug-Withdrawal Tied to Prenatal Painkiller Use. Rise in ‘neonatal abstinence syndrome’ may be due to prescription narcotic use in pregnancy, expert says. Please note: This article was published more than one year ago.
The facts and conclusions presented may have since changed and may no longer be accurate. Spike in Newborn Drug-Withdrawal Tied to Prenatal Painkiller Use. TUESDAY, Jan. 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) More babies are being born with drug withdrawal syndrome, possibly due to increased use of powerful prescription painkillers by pregnant women, according to the director of the U.S. National Institute on Drug Abuse.
It usually happens after newborns have been exposed to opiates during the pregnancy. So over the last decade, from 2000 to 2009, we found that the rate of babies diagnosed with drug withdrawal. Between 2000 and 2009 in the United States, the annual rate of maternal opiate use increased nearly 5-fold, while diagnosis of the drug withdrawal syndrome among newborns, neonatal abstinence.
Infants exposed to maternal drugs in fetal life develop signs of drug withdrawal during early neonatal life. This group of withdrawal signs is known as neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS). Although NAS is not a fatal condition, it results in significant illness and prolonged hospitalization. Drug abuse and addiction have significantly increased over the last few decades; specifically, opioid abuse.
INCIDENCE. Intrauterine exposure to drugs may lead to neonatal intoxication or withdrawal. Multiple substances may be abused by women of childbearing age (Table 1).The incidence of drug-exposed newborns has been reported to be from 3% to 50%, depending on the specific patient population, with urban centers tending to report higher rates.
1 Although the number of drug-affected newborns. Prenatal substance abuse continues to be a significant problem in this country and poses important health risks for the developing fetus. The primary care pediatrician’s role in addressing prenatal substance exposure includes prevention, identification of exposure, recognition of medical issues for the exposed newborn infant, protection of the infant, and follow-up of the exposed infant. The only effect a father can have on prenatal development is at the time of fertilization. ; MDNovember 2005′). Drugs can cause abnormalities in the sperm that makes it impossible for the sperm to fertilize the egg or for the embryo to develop more than a few weeks before miscarrying.
List of related literature:
|from Drugs in Pregnancy and Lactation: A Reference Guide to Fetal and Neonatal Risk|
|from Pediatric and Neonatal Mechanical Ventilation: From Basics to Clinical Practice|
|from Saunders Comprehensive Review for the NCLEX-PN® Examination E-Book|
|from Drugs and Society|
|from Saunders Canadian Comprehensive Review for the NCLEX-RN|
|from Avery’s Diseases of the Newborn E-Book|
|from Child Abuse and Neglect E-Book: Diagnosis, Treatment and Evidence|
|from Nelson Essentials of Pediatrics|
|from Neuromuscular Disorders in Clinical Practice|
|from Maternity and Pediatric Nursing|