Questions you should ask at the Breast Exam

 

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But, a breast exam by your health care professional is also a great opportunity to get your questions answered about breast health. The next time you are due for your breast exam—every three years if you’re age 20 to 39, and every year if you’re 40 or older—bring these important questions with yo. Your doctor or nurse can tell whether your breasts look and feel healthy. During a breast exam, your doctor will feel for lumps and other problems, and can recommend more tests if there’s anything unusual.

When should I get a breast exam? People with breasts should get a breast exam every 1 to 3 years from ages 25 to 39. If you have an abnormal finding on a clinical breast exam or a mammogram. What follow-up tests will I have? Please describe these tests to me. Questions for your mammography technologist (Before the exam, let your technologist know if you are anxious or have any concerns.

And, tell her if you feel any discomfort during your mammogram.). Clinical breast examination (CBE) is a physical exam done by a health professional. During the beginning of the mammography era, the combination of CBE and mammography was associated with a lower risk of dying from breast cancer, and CBE was shown to offer an independent contribution to breast cancer detection.

Introduction. Introduce yourself to the patient including your name and role.. Confirm the patient’s name and date of birth.. Briefly explain what the examination will involve using patient-friendly language: “Today I’ve been asked to perform a breast examination.The examination will involve me first inspecting the breasts, then placing a hand on the breasts to assess the breast tissue. (Note: A physical exam is always done, diagnostic tests may or may not be performed depending on the suspected condition) Your doctor will ask several questions when assessing your condition.

It is important to openly share any pertinent information to help your. Evaluation of a breast lump typically begins with a clinical breast exam. During this exam, your doctor will likely: Ask about symptoms and your risk factors for breast cancer or benign breast conditions; Examine your breasts and lymph nodes in your armpit, feeling for any lumps or other abnormalities; Examine the skin on your breasts. At an appointment to evaluate a breast lump, your doctor will take a health history and do a physical exam of the breast, and will most likely order breast imaging tests. Ultrasound is often the first or only imaging test used to evaluate a lump in women.

-Teach breast self-examination List points to include in teaching the breast self-examination -Early detection of breast cancer is important, if cancer isn’t invasive, survival rate is 98%. Breast exam: A breast exam can be used to check for abnormal lumps or signs of breast cancer. Pap smear: The pap smear is a screening for cervical cancer. Women should begin screening at age 21.

List of related literature:

• Breasts: If you’re a woman, do you see or feel any lumps, bumps, or dimples when you perform a breast exam?

“The End of Illness” by David B. Agus
from The End of Illness
by David B. Agus
Free Press, 2012

These three positions are most helpful if examining for a lump or mass.2 The provider will have to weigh the benefits of full breast inspection in young adult women who are at low risk for breast cancer against the aversion most teens or young adults have to being undressed in front of a provider.

“Pediatric Physical Examination E-Book: An Illustrated Handbook” by Karen Duderstadt
from Pediatric Physical Examination E-Book: An Illustrated Handbook
by Karen Duderstadt
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2013

The American Cancer Society recommends that women perform monthly breast self-examinations; a health care professional teaches a woman to check her breasts regularly for lumps, thickening of the skin, or any changes in size or shape.

“Radiologic Science for Technologists E-Book: Physics, Biology, and Protection” by Stewart C. Bushong
from Radiologic Science for Technologists E-Book: Physics, Biology, and Protection
by Stewart C. Bushong
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2013

Any breast examination should include checking how the breasts look and feel, looking for lumps, skin irritation, discharge from or changes in the nipple, or redness or scaly skin.

“Diseases and Disorders” by Marshall Cavendish Corporation
from Diseases and Disorders
by Marshall Cavendish Corporation
Marshall Cavendish, 2007

Include questions about breast examination, breast self-examination practices, and dates of last complete physical examination and Papanicolaou (Pap) smear in the assessment.

“Pharmacology and the Nursing Process7: Pharmacology and the Nursing Process” by Linda Lane Lilley, Shelly Rainforth Collins, Julie S. Snyder, Diane Savoca
from Pharmacology and the Nursing Process7: Pharmacology and the Nursing Process
by Linda Lane Lilley, Shelly Rainforth Collins, et. al.
Elsevier/Mosby, 2014

Physical examination may include assessment of the breasts for symmetry, masses (size, number, consistency, and mobility), and nipple discharge.

“Maternal Child Nursing Care in Canada E-Book” by Shannon E. Perry, Marilyn J. Hockenberry, Deitra Leonard Lowdermilk, Lisa Keenan-Lindsay, David Wilson, Cheryl A. Sams
from Maternal Child Nursing Care in Canada E-Book
by Shannon E. Perry, Marilyn J. Hockenberry, et. al.
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2016

Making sure that the patient is comfortable, tell her that you are going to perform a breast exam.

“Nursing: The Ultimate Study Guide” by Nadia R. Singh, BSN, RN
from Nursing: The Ultimate Study Guide
by Nadia R. Singh, BSN, RN
Springer Publishing Company, 2011

In examining a woman’s breasts and the external and internal genitalia, a nurse has the opportunity to assess the woman’s reaction, answer questions, and provide information about the examination of anatomical and physiological structures.

“Potter and Perry's Fundamentals of Nursing: Second South Asia Edition E-Book” by Sharma Suresh
from Potter and Perry’s Fundamentals of Nursing: Second South Asia Edition E-Book
by Sharma Suresh
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2017

She looks for any changes from the previous examination: for dimpling, puckering, or texture changes of the skin and for other, new differences between the breasts.

“Introduction to Medical-Surgical Nursing” by Adrianne Dill Linton, PhD, RN, FAAN
from Introduction to Medical-Surgical Nursing
by Adrianne Dill Linton, PhD, RN, FAAN
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2015

Physical examination may include assessment of the breasts for symmetry, masses (size, number, consistency, mobility), and nipple discharge.

“Maternity and Women's Health Care E-Book” by Deitra Leonard Lowdermilk, Shannon E. Perry, Mary Catherine Cashion, Kathryn Rhodes Alden
from Maternity and Women’s Health Care E-Book
by Deitra Leonard Lowdermilk, Shannon E. Perry, et. al.
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2014

Oktay Kutluk

Kutluk Oktay, MD, FACOG is one of the world's foremost experts in fertility preservation as well as ovarian stimulation and in vitro fertilization for infertility treatments. He developed and performed the world's first ovarian transplantation procedures as well as pioneered new ovarian stimulation protocols for embryo and oocyte freezing for breast and endometrial cancer patients.

Mail: [email protected]
Telephone: +1 (877) 492-3666

Biography: https://medicine.yale.edu/profile/kutluk_oktay/
Bibliography: oktay_bibliography

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