Is Poverty Fueling the Opioid Crisis

 

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MONDAY, March, 26, 2018 (HealthDay News)—Poverty may be fueling America’s opioid crisis, a new study suggests. Of the more than 515,000 Americans who have died from drug overdoses since 2006, most lived in poor areas where there were few job opportunities, researchers discovered. Importantly, the relationship between triplicate prescription programs and opioid overdose deaths held true even when economic conditions were taken into account, which shows that poverty alone did not contribute to the opioid crisis — aggressive marketing to doctors and the ease with which patients could get the drugs were an inescapable part of the problem. MONDAY, March, 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) Poverty may be fueling America’s opioid crisis, a new study suggests. Of the more than 515,000.

Poverty and pain, both physical and emotional, fuel misuse. If economic stress or physical pain (or both) is a factor in your own situation, please be mindful that seeking escape through opioid use can easily lead to a lethal overdose. The risk of death is magnified fivefold if you’re also using benzodiazepine-containing drugs. Evidence suggests the opioid addiction crisis is the result of a perfect storm of poverty, trauma, availability and pain, both psychological and physical Among men, non-Hispanic Whites and those younger than 45, economic downturns that substantially reduce house prices increase rates of opioid-related deaths. Researchers have long understood that the opioid epidemic sweeping the United States has hit white men and economically distressed communities especially hard.

But it’s one thing to. MONDAY, March, 26, 2018 Poverty may be fueling America’s opioid crisis, a new study suggests. Of the more than 515,000 Americans who have died from drug overdoses since 2006, most. Purdue Pharma, Accused Of Fueling Opioid Crisis, Files For Chapter 11 Bankruptcy The bankruptcy follows the Sackler family, which owns Purdu. MONDAY, March, 26, 2018 Poverty may be fueling America’s opioid crisis, a new study suggests.

Of the more than 515,000 Americans who have died from drug overdoses since 2006, most lived in poor areas where there were few job opportunities, researchers discovered. Poverty of the soul helps fuel opioid crisis (column) Addiction is a symptom of despair born of a spiritual hunger because we are creatures who cannot live on bread alone.

List of related literature:

Opioid dependence is not limited to low socioeconomic classes, although the incidence of opioid dependence is greater in these groups than in higher socioeconomic classes.

“Kaplan & Sadock's Concise Textbook of Clinical Psychiatry” by Benjamin J. Sadock, Virginia A. Sadock
from Kaplan & Sadock’s Concise Textbook of Clinical Psychiatry
by Benjamin J. Sadock, Virginia A. Sadock
Wolters Kluwer/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2008

The opioid epidemic has a demand side and a supply side.

“The Great Reversal: How America Gave Up on Free Markets” by Thomas Philippon
from The Great Reversal: How America Gave Up on Free Markets
by Thomas Philippon
Harvard University Press, 2019

America’s opioid crisis is certainly part of the story, but part of it might also be the consequence of rising joblessness.

“The Technology Trap: Capital, Labor, and Power in the Age of Automation” by Carl Benedikt Frey
from The Technology Trap: Capital, Labor, and Power in the Age of Automation
by Carl Benedikt Frey
Princeton University Press, 2020

Yes; and I think it is also due to the fact that the great work done by the Federal Bureau of Narcotics and local narcotics squads has made the supply very scarce and very expensive.

“Organized Crime and Illicit Traffic in Narcotics: Hearings Before the United States Senate Committee on Government Operations, Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations, Eighty-Eighth and Eighty-Ninth Congresses” by United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Government Operations. Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations
from Organized Crime and Illicit Traffic in Narcotics: Hearings Before the United States Senate Committee on Government Operations, Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations, Eighty-Eighth and Eighty-Ninth Congresses
by United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Government Operations. Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations
U.S. Government Printing Office, 1963

The crisis snowballed, and after a crackdown on overprescribing “pill mills” across America made the prescription versions more difficult to obtain, desperation led many users to turn to stronger (and cheaper) narcotic painkillers such as heroin and fentanyl, drugs that can cause instantaneous death.

“Mitch, Please!: How Mitch McConnell Sold Out Kentucky (and America, Too)” by Matt Jones, Chris Tomlin
from Mitch, Please!: How Mitch McConnell Sold Out Kentucky (and America, Too)
by Matt Jones, Chris Tomlin
Simon & Schuster, 2020

The problem stems not only from lack of resources to purchase opioids.

“Drug Policy and the Public Good” by Thomas Babor, Thomas F. Babor, Jonathan P. Caulkins, Griffith Edwards, Benedikt Fischer, David R. Foxcroft, Keith Humphreys, Isidore S. Obot, Jürgen Rehm, Peter Reuter
from Drug Policy and the Public Good
by Thomas Babor, Thomas F. Babor, et. al.
OUP Oxford, 2010

While the opioid crisis is newly gaining national attention, this problem is not novel: For many years, opioid addiction was a scourge belonging to inner cities, largely affecting poor families and families of color, and lacking broader public attention and interest.

“Human Trafficking Is a Public Health Issue: A Paradigm Expansion in the United States” by Makini Chisolm-Straker, Hanni Stoklosa
from Human Trafficking Is a Public Health Issue: A Paradigm Expansion in the United States
by Makini Chisolm-Straker, Hanni Stoklosa
Springer International Publishing, 2017

Drug overdose is now the leading cause of unintentional death nationwide, driven by increased prescription opioid overdoses.20 Although African Americans are not the heaviest abusers nationally, drug abuse remains a problem in many communities.

“Addiction Medicine E-Book: Science and Practice” by Bankole Johnson
from Addiction Medicine E-Book: Science and Practice
by Bankole Johnson
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2019

With a death toll of 49,000 from opioid overdoses in 2016, the problem is of epidemic proportions in North America.

“Robbins & Cotran Pathologic Basis of Disease E-Book” by Vinay Kumar, Abul K. Abbas, Jon C. Aster
from Robbins & Cotran Pathologic Basis of Disease E-Book
by Vinay Kumar, Abul K. Abbas, Jon C. Aster
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2020

Unfortunately, the drug epidemic is also fueling a very profitable financial holocaust that is impacting not only inner-city neighborhoods, but the entire economy.

“AIDS, Opium, Diamonds, and Empire: The Deadly Virus of International Greed” by Nancy Turner Banks
from AIDS, Opium, Diamonds, and Empire: The Deadly Virus of International Greed
by Nancy Turner Banks
iUniverse, 2010

Oktay Kutluk

Kutluk Oktay, MD, FACOG is one of the world's foremost experts in fertility preservation as well as ovarian stimulation and in vitro fertilization for infertility treatments. He developed and performed the world's first ovarian transplantation procedures as well as pioneered new ovarian stimulation protocols for embryo and oocyte freezing for breast and endometrial cancer patients.

Mail: [email protected]
Telephone: +1 (877) 492-3666

Biography: https://medicine.yale.edu/profile/kutluk_oktay/
Bibliography: oktay_bibliography

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12 comments

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  • Maybe I’m looking at this from a one-sided point of view but here goes. I’ve had rotator cuff surgery and herniated disc surgery. Both times I was in excruciating pain afterwards (and before of course) and both times my surgeons sent me to a pain management specialist who prescribed opioids. There is a history of drug abuse in my family and when I saw the same pain management doctor both times I explained my wishes to him this way ; “Doctor, my mother and brother were both dopers. There is a history of drug abuse in my family. I don’t know if you believe in predisposition to addiction, but let’s err on the side of caution shall we? I don’t want to be drugged out of my mind, I just want enough to take the edge off. Furthermore, I want to be off these drugs in 6 months.” The good doctor understood my wishes and prescribing opioids accordingly I never got hooked. Not bad, considering my family history. Comments?

  • This is what politicans are teaching the next generation to do: greed, selfish, divide to conquer, lazy, find execuses for EVERYTHING, don’t work HARD, and LIE! Thanks a whole bunch of 2 years old! You have accomplished your GOALS and will let other countries dominate!!! PANSIES!!!!

  • The high prescription areas, have you considered how many physical labor intensive jobs there are involved in these statistics? Are you looking into the factors for those areas other than the obvious? What about high outdoor activities, sports, and things of that nature that cause the use of pain meds? How are you collecting your data and substantiating it?

  • The mindset of those going into the medical field must change. Too often students choose medicine because they want a big income. They don’t want the work that comes with it, they just go in for the paycheck. That complete disregard and disconnect is what has created this! Why is it those with the least to gain are always to blame? Until we take a long hard look at what is actually motivating us as humans, we will continually repeat these miserable moments of humanity in crisis!

  • How are we determining misuse? I have chronic pain from a collapsing spine from degenerative disease and 2 forms of Leukemia, amongst others. I was a pro-athlete and also maintained a high security clearance career. Now I’m mainly bedridden and suffering in non-stop agony. I followed a good diet and didn’t even use caffeine or aspirin prior to this. To be treated like a drug addict because I require relief is frustrating at least. Where is our representation? I’m not alone.

  • Making a fortune off of our downfall. Death spiral. Who’s to blame for all of this?

    Ummmmmm….

    Ummmmmmm…

    Maybe just maybe,
    now hear me out…

    Could it possibly be the individual who actually takes the pills???

    Maybe take some responsibility for your actions and find an alternative route to tour pain…

    Be strong an

    and huge hint here…

    TAKE MEDS AS THEY ARE PRESCRIBED…

    Take ownership of your actions and don’t let a pill run your life. Make a change. Yes they do “make Skeeter feel good” and “Skeeter just got to have em, just to get out of bed in the morning so I can work my 14 hour shift down at the mine” I understand this mentality but it is absolutely not worth giving up your family, spouse, kids for a pill. Find another solution to coupe with injuries, car wrecks, pain. Yes pills are like Pringles. I get it but if you know you are predisposed to addiction or feel your inner voice tell you that you just absolutely have to have a pill today then that is a huge red flag for Betty Lou and ween yourself off of them before you get past the point of no return and a month later you are in an ally behind the family dollar getting Eiffel Towered and your forehead has a dent from more mushroom stamps than the US Postal Service…

    Be well my friends…

  • Big pharma knew when they were dumping out millions and millions of addictive pain pills (legal synthetic herion) they were going to cause a epidemic, and that was the plan. A addicted customer, is a customer for life… which in the end means $$ for life.

  • Trump should make all incoming US military jets and boats go through Customs. Get the drug dogs circling the various crafts and you’ll find the source. Poppy production is at an all-time high after Bush “liberated” the Afghan people.

  • Look up the SACKLER Family and how the drug MORPHINE had a patent on it that was about to expire and what they did to protect it! ONE FAMILY MURDERED this country with thier shady names and lies!!

  • This brings overpriced pharmaceutical drugs to mind….how so powerful the drug companies have become over our government….making way too much f*kng money……

  • More government DEA and CDC propaganda. People are dying from heroin and fentanyl. So much disinformation on prescription medication. Adults do substances because it fills a need. Children stray off the path of reason because they are too young to know what to do in life. DEA is a shadow government anymore. Good medical practice is being impeded by them constantly. DEA and CDC both work in tandem. DEA has not stopped heroin from being smuggled in the country since it was created in 1973. What a joke. Now they go after doctors since they can’t stop the people from what they want a little relief from the struggles of life.It didn’t happen during the 1920’s prohibition (look what crime that created) and it won’t stop now. This is America and you should be able to call your own shots when it come to relief from pain.

  • This is what on-going Systematic White Racism looks like…..This is what White Privilege looks like as it continues heading into 2018’ and beyond.

    Again we march and burn our own neighborhoods……they submit mandates/bills which become legislation and laws.

    https://youtu.be/54GNCnUe_dE