Interesting New Method to Make All Bloodstream Types Universal

 

Scientists convert blood type A into universal donor blood

Video taken from the channel: Hashem Al-Ghaili


 

Compatible blood transfusions

Video taken from the channel: Dr. John Campbell


 

New enzyme converts any type of blood group into universal donor type-O.

Video taken from the channel: True Science


 

Making Universal Donor Blood From Other Blood Types | Headline Science

Video taken from the channel: American Chemical Society


 

The World’s Most Dangerous Blood Type

Video taken from the channel: Real Science


 

Researchers transform blood types to universal Type O

Video taken from the channel: CBC News


 

We Are Closer to Making a ‘Universal’ Blood Type

Video taken from the channel: Mashable


The effect of a technology that could convert any blood type to the universal donor type O would be “transformational” for the world’s blood supplies, said Dr. Richard Benjamin, chief medical officer for the American Red Cross. Blood banks tend to lean heavily on donors who are type O, particularly if their blood also is RH-negative, Benjamin said.

New Technique Makes All Blood Types Universal Researchers say they have found a way to convert all types of blood to type O, the universal donor. The discovery might mean an end to blood shortages. In Nature Microbiology, a new paper presents a viable way to convert type A blood into O blood using enzymes that from the gut bacterium Flavonifractor plautii.

When these enzymes. Global – In a breakthrough that could save thousands of lives, scientists have found a way to convert all blood types to the universal type that is safe for all patients to receive, by using microbes found in the human gut. You may know the basics: Humans have various blood types. If you need a transfusion — say you’re injured in an accident, or you’re in the operating room awaiting some procedure — you need the right type of blood. You need either your blood type or Type O negative, considered universal and acceptable by all.

But Type O is in high demand and. Those who are so called “universal donors” are often particularly encouraged to donate, since their blood is so valuable. But now researchers have figured out how to. “Universal blood donors are important because this type of blood can be used in blood transfusions for any blood type,” says Amanda Ward, DPN, a clinical assistant professor at the Purdue. By modifying an enzyme to snip off the antigens from types A and B blood, they’ve managed to make it more like the universal donor type O+.

The study is published in the Journal of the American Chemical Society. The A and B antigens are sugars that are carried on the surface of red blood cells. There are four major blood groups determined by the presence or absence of two antigens – A and B – on the surface of red blood cells. In addition to the A and B antigens, there is a protein called the Rh factor, which can be either present (+) or absent (–), creating the 8 most common blood types (A+, A-, B+, B-, O+, O-, AB+, AB-). Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report: APA.

Robertson, Sally. (2019, June 24). Scientists turn type A blood into universal type O, potentially.

List of related literature:

Unfortunately, the supply of transfusable RBCs, especially ’universal’ donor type (O)Rh À, is often insufficient, particularly in the battlefield environment and/or major natural disasters due to the lack of blood type information and the limited time required for life saving transfusion.

“Principles of Tissue Engineering” by Robert Lanza, Robert Langer, Joseph P. Vacanti
from Principles of Tissue Engineering
by Robert Lanza, Robert Langer, Joseph P. Vacanti
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Patients should receive transfusions of their own blood type to minimize possible transfusion reactions.

“Critical Care Transport” by American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS), American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP), UMBC
from Critical Care Transport
by American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS), American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP), UMBC
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The reason why these exist has never been discerned, but differences in blood groups limit the possibilities for blood transfusions— blood can be transfused only for a compatible type.

“Legacy: A Genetic History of the Jewish People” by Harry Ostrer MD
from Legacy: A Genetic History of the Jewish People
by Harry Ostrer MD
Oxford University Press, 2012

After administration of uncross-matched universal donor blood, the decision to transfuse the patient’s corresponding ABO/Rh blood type is made when the blood bank determines that passively transfused anti-A and/or anti-B antibodies have fallen to levels low enough to permit the safe transfusion of type-specific blood.

“Trauma: Critical Care” by William C. Wilson, Christopher M. Grande, David B. Hoyt
from Trauma: Critical Care
by William C. Wilson, Christopher M. Grande, David B. Hoyt
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Type O blood could be used in any transfusions because it lacks both the antigens A and B or will not be agglutinated by other blood types, as the person of this blood type is called a universal donor.

“Experiments In Microbiology, Plant Pathology And Biotechnology” by K. R. Aneja
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unfortunately, since blood typing is time-consuming and only a few laboratories are offering this service, blood typing is rarely a practical method of donor selection.

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Knowing the blood types involved makes it possible to determine which transfusions are safe to do.

“Foundations in Microbiology' 2007 Ed.(sixth Edition)2007 Edition” by Talaro, Kathleen Park
from Foundations in Microbiology’ 2007 Ed.(sixth Edition)2007 Edition
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Another method to select blood for a potential transfusion is to order a “type and crossmatch.”

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Thus, it is best to use type-specific blood for transfusions.

“Atlas of Immunology” by Julius M. Cruse MD PhD, Robert E. Lewis
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To circumvent these issues, researchers have been trying to develop universal blood for decades, primarily through chemical modifications on the surface of RBCs.

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Oktay Kutluk

Kutluk Oktay, MD, FACOG is one of the world's foremost experts in fertility preservation as well as ovarian stimulation and in vitro fertilization for infertility treatments. He developed and performed the world's first ovarian transplantation procedures as well as pioneered new ovarian stimulation protocols for embryo and oocyte freezing for breast and endometrial cancer patients.

Mail: [email protected]
Telephone: +1 (877) 492-3666

Biography: https://medicine.yale.edu/profile/kutluk_oktay/
Bibliography: oktay_bibliography

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2 comments

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  • we have artificial blood since 2013, what are you dreaming about?

    https://mashable.com/2013/11/10/artificial-blood-transylvania/?europe=true

  • Today it is possible to achieve universal blood plasma of donored blood of any bloodgroup.
    http://www.glycorex.se/research-innovation/universal-blood-products/?lang=en