Faq’s Women Step Therapy with Forced Off-Label Prescribing


Looking at off-label drug use

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Off-label prescription drugs

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off label prescribing

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Off-label prescription drugs | Consumer Reports

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The Surprising Difficulties of Off-Label Prescriptions

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Frequently Asked Questions: Women & Step Therapy with Forced Off-Label Prescribing HealthyWomen Editors. 03 Mar 2015. What is step therapy with forced off-label prescribing? Step-therapy, also referred to as fail first, is a medication utilization practice commonly used by insurers.

It requires patients to “fail” on one or more medications. Frequently Asked Questions: Women & Step Therapy with Forced Off-Label Prescribing. Created: 03/03/2015. Last Updated: 03/03/2015. Share on: What is step therapy with forced off-label prescribing?

Step-therapy, also referred to as fail first, is a medication utilization practice commonly used by insurers. It requires patients to “fail” on one. Step-Therapy & Forced Off-Label Prescribing – Frequently Asked Questions: What is step therapy?

Step-therapy, also referred to as fail first, is a medication utilization practice commonly used by insurers. It requires patients to “fail” on one or more medications before the insurer will agree to cover the cost of the medication. Off-label prescribing is a fairly common practice in the United States. As many as 20% of prescriptions in the U.S. are off-label uses.

So, what is off-label prescribing? Off-Label Use. Off-label use is when medicines are prescribed for different purposes than they are approved for, or in different dosages or forms. This kind of prescribing is legal for many drugs. The frequently asked questions (FAQs) on this page are for a general public or consumer audience.

Other audiences may want to refer to additional FAQs: Hand sanitizers and COVID-19 FAQs. Out of 1,000 women, 500 will suffer a fracture during their lifetime unless they get treatment for osteoporosis. Don’t Forget Your Calcium and Vitamin D Whatever medication you are prescribed to protect your bones, it won’t work without enough calcium and vitamin D. Calcium tablets are good for filling in when you can’t get enough in your. SSRIs treat depression by increasing levels of serotonin in the brain.

Serotonin is one of the chemical messengers (neurotransmitters) that carry signals between brain nerve cells (neurons). SSRIs block the reabsorption (reuptake) of serotonin into neurons. This makes more serotonin available to improve transmission of messages between neurons. Off-label prescribing is legal. For example, Benadryl (diphenhydramine) is an antihistamine used to treat allergic symptoms in both children and adults.

Because it tends to make a patient sleepy but is safe for children, a pediatrician may use a low dose of Benadryl as a temporary sedative for a young child. Previously published studies of off-label prescribing typically consider this practice in the context of narrowly defined clinical populations, including those with psychiatric disorders, 3,8 those with human immunodeficiency virus and AIDS, 9 children, 10,11 pregnant women, 12 and others commonly underserved by FDA-approved medicines. 4,13.

Largent EAMiller FGPearson SD Going off-label without venturing off-course: evidence and ethical off-label prescribing Arch Intern Med 2009;169 (19) 17451747PubMed Google Scholar Crossref 2. Pub L No. 101-508, 104 Stat 1388, enacted November 5, 1990.

List of related literature:

However, for many climacteric women, having their sexual concerns addressed by the physician and being offered education and counseling is often an effective first step, regardless of whether the woman consents to pharmacologic therapy, such as estrogen or androgen treatment, or sexual counseling.

“Women's Sexual Function and Dysfunction: Study, Diagnosis and Treatment” by Irwin Goldstein, Cindy M. Meston, Susan Davis, Abdulmaged Traish
from Women’s Sexual Function and Dysfunction: Study, Diagnosis and Treatment
by Irwin Goldstein, Cindy M. Meston, et. al.
Taylor & Francis, 2005

Again, these are suggestions rather than definitive rules about who can and cannot have hormones.6 The prescribing provider should outline which changes are permanent and which changes regress if hormones are stopped.

“Comprehensive Care of the Transgender Patient E-Book” by Cecile A Ferrando
from Comprehensive Care of the Transgender Patient E-Book
by Cecile A Ferrando
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2019

There should always be an evidence-based rationale to support off-label prescribing and it should be fully discussed with the patient (Baldwin & Kosky, 2007; Royal College of Psychiatrists, 2017).

“Seminars in Clinical Psychopharmacology” by Peter M. Haddad, David J. Nutt
from Seminars in Clinical Psychopharmacology
by Peter M. Haddad, David J. Nutt
Cambridge University Press, 2020

For women who have difficulty questioning authority and asking for what they want, the incorporation of medication into treatment needs to be handled with care.

“Feminist Perspectives on Eating Disorders” by Patricia Fallon, Melanie A. Katzman, Susan C. Wooley
from Feminist Perspectives on Eating Disorders
by Patricia Fallon, Melanie A. Katzman, Susan C. Wooley
Guilford Publications, 1996

Particular care should be taken to inform patients where prescribing is off‐label and to ensure they understand the potential side‐effects of more experimental treatments.

“The Maudsley Prescribing Guidelines in Psychiatry” by David Taylor, Carol Paton, Shitij Kapur
from The Maudsley Prescribing Guidelines in Psychiatry
by David Taylor, Carol Paton, Shitij Kapur
Wiley, 2015

She points out that they may know little about nontoxic therapies because they offer less profit potential and do not receive funding for the hugely expensive studies required for approval by the FDA.”

“The Estrogen Alternative: A Guide to Natural Hormonal Balance” by Raquel Martin, Judi Gerstung
from The Estrogen Alternative: A Guide to Natural Hormonal Balance
by Raquel Martin, Judi Gerstung
Inner Traditions/Bear, 2004

• Such schemes help limit the ‘off label’ use of new medicines and/or indication creep in clinical practice.

“Pharmaceutical Market Access in Developed Markets” by Güvenç Koçkaya, Albert Wertheimer
from Pharmaceutical Market Access in Developed Markets
by Güvenç Koçkaya, Albert Wertheimer
SEEd, 2018

Women should be counseled on this issue when given the prescription as research has shown if not given information from their provider, many will not fill the prescription after reading the product labeling and their symptoms will go untreated.

“Primary Care E-Book: A Collaborative Practice” by Terry Mahan Buttaro, Patricia Polgar-Bailey, Joanne Sandberg-Cook, JoAnn Trybulski
from Primary Care E-Book: A Collaborative Practice
by Terry Mahan Buttaro, Patricia Polgar-Bailey, et. al.
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2019

No therapy is without risk, and women should be counseled to discuss any new medication or over­the­counter product with their health care providers before taking it.

“Primary Care E-Book: A Collaborative Practice” by Terry Mahan Buttaro, Patricia Polgar-Bailey, Joanne Sandberg-Cook, JoAnn Trybulski
from Primary Care E-Book: A Collaborative Practice
by Terry Mahan Buttaro, Patricia Polgar-Bailey, et. al.
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2012

Several reasons for this have been put forward by Solomon and Silvestri (2008:32), such as the availability of psychiatric consultants, diagnoses of ‘a minor or untreatable mental illness’, prioritising the more immediate concern of drug misuse and individual women resisting the stigma of the ‘mentally ill’ label.

“Multi-agency Working in Criminal Justice: Control and Care in Contemporary Correctional Practice” by Pycroft, Aaron, Gough, Dennis
from Multi-agency Working in Criminal Justice: Control and Care in Contemporary Correctional Practice
by Pycroft, Aaron, Gough, Dennis
Policy Press, 2010

Oktay Kutluk

Kutluk Oktay, MD, FACOG is one of the world's foremost experts in fertility preservation as well as ovarian stimulation and in vitro fertilization for infertility treatments. He developed and performed the world's first ovarian transplantation procedures as well as pioneered new ovarian stimulation protocols for embryo and oocyte freezing for breast and endometrial cancer patients.

Mail: [email protected]
Telephone: +1 (877) 492-3666

Biography: https://medicine.yale.edu/profile/kutluk_oktay/
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  • If you could convince doctors to tell me the indication for the drug they prescribe, that’d be amazing. But I’ve had doctors outright refuse, blaming HIPAA ( a lame excuse, as such a disclosure is covered), or giving some other lame excuse… Once, when I explained that it would help improve patient care, I had a doctor tell me “I don’t want to participate in any program that improves patient care.” And people wonder why their medications can take so long to fill… (rant over)

  • I would love a video on the long-term affects on those who take ADD and ADHD medications since they are stimulants. For instance, I know long term use of other stimulants can result in sexual dysfunction later on with regard to E.D. in males. Is this a concern for parents of children to take medications such as Vyvance? What about damage to the liver, kidneys, etc.?

  • A better solution is to put all drug development, manufacturing, marketing, distribution, and sale directly under government control.

  • I can’t even count how many times I see Seroquel (a strong anti-psychotic) prescribed as a sleep aid. “Take 1 or 2 tablets 12 hours before desired waking time”

    and let’s not forget Viagra, which is technically being prescribed entirely for the side-effects, and not what it was originally studied for: a heart condition. In fact, on the rare occasion it is being prescribed for severe angina, it has to be done at a specialty pharmacy, and at a high cost.

  • How about solving the free rider problem with public funded research? That way dollars spent on health care can go for health care and not private profit.

  • It seems like a perfect case for government, or internationally funded, grants to do studies for off-label use. That seems much more efficient than creating entire new systems to allow big pharma to monetize marginally off label uses. I can’t wait for Bayer to patent Aspirin for elbow pain rather than just headache. We should be working to bring drugs into the public domain faster, (probably by buying patents from them) not allowing pharma to monopolize them for longer.

  • the problem with restricting off label prescribing is it would prevent people getting the treatment they need until the studies are completed. take me for example, i have panic attacks and here in australia only prozac is labeled to treat me. i have a severe reaction that has twice nearly resulted in my death… so i would be unable to seek medication for my condition.

  • Can you please do a video about Flossing?

  • Not sure if this has already been addressed or not, but I would like to see a video or hear more about bio-identical hormone replacement therapy. I’ve seen that this is becoming more popular (and I’m assuming profitable) for healthcare providers to offer at private practices, but it doesn’t appear to be FDA approved?

  • We seem to only find the harms of off label usage after they cause a lot of problems, like mental health medications making the elderly develop dementia, so at the very least the FDA is tracking the harms to force drug companies to specifically speak out against proven harms

  • How do doctors know they are part of this broken system and still feel confident signing off on the scripts? The whole chain seems to be designed to give the company’s tons of money and not really about getting people better. There should be some sort of doctors union that stands up for the people and who could leverage thier position to help stop stuff like this. The company’s will never listen to the people, but the doctors control distribution. I know this opens up tons of other problems like corruption and bribes to distribute only thier pills, but I think it could be a good thing if done right.

  • Believe me… As a pharmacist assistant in Québec, I can assure you our system is pure BS. It doesn’t work as it should and often prevent us from doing actual work.

  • I would think it would be difficult justify charging more for the same compound based on it’s use. While I understand the desire to create market incentives, it seems like this would create more problems than it solves. Doesn’t it open up companies simply manufacturing new uses to continue holding onto a monopoly of the same drug, in the same way the simply manufacture slightly different versions of the same drug to do the same today? If someone has two conditions that are treated with the same medication, do they need to pay both prices?

    I’d gladly see prizes and more official publicly funded studies. The way the market is now is not conducive to creating anything consumer friendly, and adding additional incentives will only make it more complicated and more expensive for people to get the treatments they need.

  • Yah, my Father got turned down by the insurance company for an off label use of IVIG despite having proof in hand that the treatment works extremely well.

  • Or we could tax the drug companies to fund it. Cause they dotn give a damn about patients…I didnt know you loved drug companies so much. How much they pay you?

  • As a trans person, I’m forced to get by on off-label uses for my prescriptions. Unfortunately, most medicine, and thus medical research, is done by cis people, and very unsurprisingly, very few of them think about trans people. Even fewer care about us. So the chances of getting any real progress on stuff like HRT or some surgeries is practically nil until there’s a lot of progress in wiping out systemic cisnormativity and transphobia.

    Both of my current HRT drugs are off-label uses, but they’re the only way I can wake up in the morning and not immediately feel disgusted with my body and feel like it’s revolting. I knew there were risks going into it, but the alternative was far worse, and so I went for it.

    We definitely need more research into off-label uses of existing drugs, and it’s incredibly unfortunate how the current system is so directly against it.

  • Blood pressure meds beta blockers like propranol are used off label for anxiety and used by musicians to alleviate “stage fright”..i can list dozens and dozens of more examples. Adderall/amphetamines for treatment resistant depression.. opioids/opiates like morphine or oxycodone for diarrhea..I’m extremely passionate about issues like this one. Thanks!

  • I’d rather go for the government funded studies than selling the same chemical at different prices depending on why it’s used. A system that grants money based on how often a generic drug is used off-label could work out, but I can see that being too underfunded to really effect anything.

    Still, I found this video useful because I could never see why the same chemical would be sold under different brands depending on the condition it’s used for, and now it makes sense.

  • This looks suspiciously like one of the many problems that would get solved for free under a single payer universal healthcare system.

  • My mother is alive because of this practice. She has a rare form of MG, an autoimmune neuromuscular disease. It’s recently been found that Rituximab, which was developed as a cancer treatment, works on many autoimmune diseases, including MG and RA.

  • I worked in social services for ten years; we had a client who was aggressive and frequently violent. Many psychiatric medications were attempted to help the client with rage. A solution that seemed to help the client the most was a blood pressure medication. He was given a sturdy dose that help keep the client calm. Talk therapy that included teaching the client additional skills was added after he was assessed to be less dangerous. The blood pressure med was used off-label but it did lead to a successful outcome for the client.

  • What I don’t understand……..if a drug goes generic, why doesn’t the brand drug then lower their price comparable to the generic? Customers are more apt to buy the generic, so the drug company loses sales. If they reduced their price the same as the generic, they would at least still be doing sales, and could get a profit through volume selling. This is the thing that amazes me about ED drugs. Since they are yet to be generic, the prices are so high and many guys will not buy them. Reduce the price and I bet volume selling would bring in a greater profit.

  • Can you discuss the variances in amount of active medication in generic medications versus the brand name? I know I have had personal issues with generic medications as they don’t have as consistent of a dose of active ingredients compared to the name brand medication (eg. seroquel)

  • This doesn’t cover that FDA labelled use specifies not just the drug and the condition, but also the dosing and route of administration. Much of the medicine used in EMS is off-label, even though appropriate. For example, naloxone is administered intra-nasally with great efficacy, but isn’t actually approved for that route of administration.

  • And it would greatly offend patients’ sensibilities. The notion of paying many times more for a drug already on the market with an established safety profile is objectionable, and in practice it could be very serious for patients who are not wealthy and who are under-insured.

  • This is my favorite informative channel on YouTube. You very clearly cite your sources which is awesome. When I tell my friends and family about new studies and things they are always asking for sources, and I can’t always do that with certain channels.

    Thanks for taking the time to put those in for me! =)

  • If you need the drug for Condition A, you can have Drug brand 1, but if it’s for Condition B, you have to pay extra for Drug brand 2.

    That’s stupid and unfair. Why force people to pay extra for the exact same chemical, just because they need it for a different reason? We need more Government and Publicly funded studies, and maybe prizes.

  • The only example I know of is Buproprion, it is an anti depressant here in the US (apparently a good one for no weight gain) but in the UK you cant prescribe it as an AD, but you can prescribe it as a stop smoking aid….?

  • Every GYNo my wife sees wants to prescribe Metformin to aid fertility for PCOS. She has terrible side effects from the drug, so I do not support her using it. But what’s impossible to find is WHY the diabetes drug is helpful for fertility in PCOS women. What is it doing?! What metabolic processes that Metformin affects also affect fertility? Am I even asking the right question?

  • The FDA has killed millions more people than it has saved! Its time to stop this progressive blood letting and abolish the FDA once and for all!