Experts Condemn Gene Test as Way to ‘Designer Baby’

 

Designer Babies: The Fertility Expert

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He Jiankui and the World’s First Gene-edited Babies

Video taken from the channel: World Science Festival


 

Debate surrounding designer babies: Where do benefits of genetic testing end?

Video taken from the channel: KCTV5 News


 

Scientist claims he helped create world’s first genetically-modified babies

Video taken from the channel: CNN


 

Designer Babies: The Science and Ethics of Genetic Engineering

Video taken from the channel: The Friendly Brain


 

Designer Babies The Problem With China’s CRISPR Experiment

Video taken from the channel: Real Engineering


 

The First Gene-Edited Babies Are Here, Like It or Not | SciShow News

Video taken from the channel: SciShow


Genetically testing human embryos: why the designer baby debate is so heated. The issue is fraught with ethical and legal complexities – but. Ethical concerns aside, the genetic ingredients for human traits are so complex that editing a few embryonic genes is unlikely to have much effect — or achieve the fantasy of enhancing humans.

Where the Debate Over ‘Designer Babies’ Began Genetic technology is advancing, and critics are warning of a slippery slope. We spoke with the scientists working at the forefront of the researc. How to Create a Designer Baby Increasingly sophisticated genetic tests make it possible for parents to choose their baby’s traits. Here. Scientists and ethicists in Canada and abroad are expressing concern after a Chinese researcher claimed he used gene editing to alter the DNA of recently born twin girls.

Gene editing babies is unethical: Biochemist As human genetic engineering becomes ever more sophisticated, our policing mechanisms will need to match it. A designer baby is a baby whose genetic makeup has been selected or altered, often to include a particular gene or to remove genes associated with a disease. This process usually involves analysing a wide range of human embryos to identify genes associated with particular diseases and characteristics, and selecting embryos that have the desired genetic makeup; a process known.

Forget About Designer Babies – Gene Editing Won’t Work On Complex Traits Like Intelligence. 6 That means that the heritability of favorable traits may need to be very close to 100%. Gene-edited Babies: 5 Experts Condemn Chinese Scientist’s ‘Experiment’ suggesting that they were actually interested in testing the safety/efficacy of the technology and not the genetic. Experts debated on Wednesday evening (Feb.

13) whether prenatal engineering should be banned in the United States. Humans have already genetically modified animals and crops, said Sheldon Krimsky, a philosopher at Tufts University, who argued in favor of a ban on the same for human babies.

List of related literature:

Such preimplantation genetic testing that has no direct value to the newborn carries serious ethical concerns.

“Human Reproductive Biology” by Richard E. Jones, Kristin H Lopez
from Human Reproductive Biology
by Richard E. Jones, Kristin H Lopez
Elsevier Science, 2013

Testing people to determine their chances of acquiring a disease or to identify carriers of a recessive gene seems no more immoral perse than doing any diagnostic test to help with a patient’s medical condition.

“Ethics for a Brave New World, Second Edition (Updated and Expanded)” by John S. Feinberg, Paul D. Feinberg
from Ethics for a Brave New World, Second Edition (Updated and Expanded)
by John S. Feinberg, Paul D. Feinberg
Crossway, 2010

Nonetheless, anyone considering genetic testing would be wise to learn as much about the test as possible— including who will have access to the results—and should discuss available state and local legal protections regarding

“The New Harvard Guide to Women's Health” by Karen J. Carlson, Stephanie A. Eisenstat, Stephanie A. Eisenstat, M.D., Terra Diane Ziporyn, Alvin & Nancy Baird Library Fund, Harvard University. Press
from The New Harvard Guide to Women’s Health
by Karen J. Carlson, Stephanie A. Eisenstat, et. al.
Harvard University Press, 2004

This is no doubt why the British Government asked its advisory body the Human Genetics Commission (HGC) about the value of creating a complete gene profile of every baby at birth.

“The Cambridge History of Medicine” by Roy Porter, Former Professor of the Social History of Medicine Wellcome Trust Centre for the History of Medicine Roy Porter, Cambridge University Press, Ralph Erskine Conrad Memorial Fund
from The Cambridge History of Medicine
by Roy Porter, Former Professor of the Social History of Medicine Wellcome Trust Centre for the History of Medicine Roy Porter, et. al.
Cambridge University Press, 2006

It also raises fears, such as concerns about using DNA markers prenatally to select “designer babies,” and more generally, concerns about free will.

“Napoleon and History Painting: Antoine-Jean Gros's La Bataille D'Eylau” by Christopher Prendergast
from Napoleon and History Painting: Antoine-Jean Gros’s La Bataille D’Eylau
by Christopher Prendergast
Clarendon Press, 1997

This procedure also undermines Ramsey’s claim about the importance of the unique genetic blueprint that “never-to-be-repeated” informational speck’ having been determined in the case of the embryo but not in the case of the egg and sperm.

“Practical Ethics” by Peter Singer, Decamp Professor of Bioethics Peter Singer, Cambridge University Press, University of Cambridge
from Practical Ethics
by Peter Singer, Decamp Professor of Bioethics Peter Singer, et. al.
Cambridge University Press, 1993

Finally, the public grasp of genetic testing is fraught with misunderstanding.

“Practical Decision Making in Health Care Ethics: Cases and Concepts, Third Edition” by Raymond J. Devettere
from Practical Decision Making in Health Care Ethics: Cases and Concepts, Third Edition
by Raymond J. Devettere
Georgetown University Press, 2009

Clearly, easy access to genetic testing kits will increase the number of individuals and families who believe they are at greater risk for developing one or more genetic conditions.

“Encyclopedia of Family Health” by Martha Craft-Rosenberg, Shelley-Rae Pehler
from Encyclopedia of Family Health
by Martha Craft-Rosenberg, Shelley-Rae Pehler
SAGE Publications, 2011

This does not mean that everyone should be gene tested.

“The Perfect Gene Diet: Use Your Body's Own APO E Gene to Treat High Cholesterol, Weight Problems, Heart Disease, Alzheimer's...and More!” by Pamela McDonald, N.P.
from The Perfect Gene Diet: Use Your Body’s Own APO E Gene to Treat High Cholesterol, Weight Problems, Heart Disease, Alzheimer’s…and More!
by Pamela McDonald, N.P.
Hay House, 2010

Prenatal testing for a nondisease trait is already widely practiced, then.

“Babies by Design: The Ethics of Genetic Choice” by Ronald M. Green
from Babies by Design: The Ethics of Genetic Choice
by Ronald M. Green
Yale University Press, 2007

Oktay Kutluk

Kutluk Oktay, MD, FACOG is one of the world's foremost experts in fertility preservation as well as ovarian stimulation and in vitro fertilization for infertility treatments. He developed and performed the world's first ovarian transplantation procedures as well as pioneered new ovarian stimulation protocols for embryo and oocyte freezing for breast and endometrial cancer patients.

Mail: [email protected]
Telephone: +1 (877) 492-3666

Biography: https://medicine.yale.edu/profile/kutluk_oktay/
Bibliography: oktay_bibliography

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20 comments

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  • Another one proof that HIV is a laboratory-made virus.
    Now this scientist is in jail.. beacause he find the cure and he made it public.

  • Genetically modified babie can possibly have unknown diseases. I bet China would be the first one to have that kind of disease in the future

  • While we can and must discuss about the ethical dimension of gene modifications on humans, it is the way He has done this modifications that is the issue. Without scientific clearance, transparency and presenting the achievement first by youtube(!) is quite why He really has done what he has done. Personally I’m in favour for genetic engineering not just for health reasons but to help humans to have the best possible set of genetic tendencies. (see Nick Bostrom and the need to differ positional good traits and positional good traits). But for that the procedures must be fully understood and safe.

  • These girls, if they grow up with life changing traits because of this, might sue him in the future for it. Then what? They’re still stuck with it.

  • Maybe giving our eyes more cones, or use it on our ears so we can hear more than 20khz and regenerate ear cells, and change our appearance too

  • I know one thing for sure: If my parents would have improved my genetic code to make me smarter, better looking, healthier, more athletic… I would have never, ever blamed them for that. But if that technology existed and my parents would have decided against improving my genes, I would have a lot of angry questions.

  • Time for the people of planet Earth to know the truth people no more holding back cut the ethics out cut the religion out and cut the powers-that-be out we are here to give the people the choice to take the gift of life

  • I applaud what he did there curing the HIV baby, but I’m seriously concerned about the potential of this tech, especially knowing the Chinese Government.

  • I think this been going on for a long while. This isn’t anything new. The Bible speaks of genetically modified beings. And the future if genetically modified beings weren’t a good one. It’s sad because it’s not even the babies fault they have issues prior to being born.

  • I suffer from conditions with a genetic basis; Asthma and peripheral neuropathy… It sucks. I approve of genetic engineering on human beings…

  • Nice! Who doesn’t want a designer baby? Just throw the thing out let it hit the ground running’ just taking over everything in it’s path! Woo!

  • You know what? When I was a kid growing up China’s population was somewhat over a billion people. Now I’m 33 and it’s 2 billion now. In a communist country where the law they recently changed that 1 couple can have only 1 child. How that can be possible then?
    How if they aren’t cloning workers?

  • The countries that are condemning the gene engineering are probably trying to engineer superior soldiers as we speak.In the future everyone will have their genes scanned and corrected just like we have antivirus for our computers.It will give humans a chance to evolve fast enough to deal with the changing environment on earth.Lets face it. the rich will do this to their children as soon as it becomes available. As it is, people already pay for massive plastic surgery on their teenagers.I wish I had a dollar for every teenage boob job in the USA.

  • One thing with new technologies is that we only consider the risks and not the benefits from stuff. We could design people to have an higher IQ or have a better metabolism. We could eliminate hereditary disease entirely and many other diseases. The benefits are hard to overstate while the risks are moderate.

  • flatworm cut it 30 times it will self replicate itself 30 times tardigrade there are tardigrades that can live in the vacuum of space by hints sleeping hibernation there are some that can survive extreme cold there are some that can survive extreme heat and hibernate for very long periods of time there is the immortal jellyfish that can go from juvenile to sexual maturity and reverse back to juvenile we are cutting these out and putting in the human genome

  • The issue isn’t about people having HIV resistant humans.
    Many times science will use the facade of something beneficial (i.e. HIV resistant humans),
    without actually considering the various consequences of modifying the human genome.
    Also raising the question, where/when does science stop and observe nature?
    Science is beginning to show a “God Complex”, creating even more of a social caste system,
    which we don’t need compare the superior genetically engineered Elite of GATTACA,
    and the GMO clones of Cloud Atlas.
    Perhaps the person with HIV should adopt a child, especially in an overpopulated country like China.
    This is one example how humans could use their humane nature paired with logic to balance the equation.
    Using one’s own freewill to decide the best thing to do, taking responsibility, and not passing HIV onto another.
    Scientists often get so hungry (like a reckless God) to preform more and more of their experiments,
    that they lose what humanity is defined by. And of course, the total lost of respect for nature (if they ever had it to begin with).
    Humans need to stop trying to dominate mother Earth, and let her do what she did so well for so long, until parasitic vs. symbiotic humans began to mess up her system. We need to work with her, not change her, like any reciprocal relationship.
    This is not the current model, would appear as though these people have mommy issues or something…

    The warning is loss of what we call a fertile female, if we keep up with this nonsense.
    Humanity is threatened to become completely hermaphroditic,
    when Chinese/Russian/Israeli scientists create their ultimate goal, a womb outside a woman’s body.
    This biological incubator will be presented as a cure for infertile women, hermaphrodites, and trans women.
    Anyone opposing it will be called haters and discriminating, but it will mark the beginning of the end of freewill.
    What we think of as a fertile women will be rewritten forever, the Moon Lodge destroyed.
    Consequently, these scientist will believe they possess Earth and her re-birthing ability, therefore controlling death.
    Man from a womb may even be completely unique to this planet (the macro/micro), for all we know.
    Meaning women may actually be the physical incarnation of the Spirit of Earth/Nature.

  • 70% comments: that’s not ethicicallll cri
    20% comments: i want superpowers like x men
    8% comments: zombie apocolypse, sci fi films, or clone wars
    2% comments: CLONE ME PLS

  • I was aware that Jennifer doudna was the founder of crispr. Are the Asians trying to take credibility for something they never came up with again?

  • There’s no evidence these supposed children even exist. No one has seen them or talked to them. The whole thing could easily be a hoax.