E. Coli Romaine Lettuce Outbreak What you ought to Know

 

E. Coli: What You Need to Know

Video taken from the channel: Wall Street Journal


 

What you need to know about the 5th romaine lettuce E.coli outbreak

Video taken from the channel: marlerclark


 

Dr. Oz On The 2018 E. Coli Outbreak Linked to Romaine Lettuce

Video taken from the channel: Rachael Ray Show


 

E. Coli outbreak: What to know

Video taken from the channel: Fox News


 

Romaine lettuce E. coli outbreak: What it means and symptoms to look out for

Video taken from the channel: WSPA 7News


 

E Coli Outbreaks: What You NEED To KNOW | Dr. Nick Z.

Video taken from the channel: Dr. Nick Zyrowski


 

History of E. Coli Romaine Lettuce Outbreak of 2018 (From Beginning to End)

Video taken from the channel: Prof. Roofs, MD


identified the outbreak strain of E. coli O157:H7 in an unopened bag of Fresh Express® Leafy Green Romaine collected from an ill person’s home in Wisconsin. The Salinas Valley growing region in California was the main source of the romaine lettuce in both products. Generally, the symptoms include severe stomach cramps, diarrhea, fever, nausea, and vomiting. The most virulent infections can cause bloody diarrhea, a type of kidney failure called hemolytic uremic syndrome, high blood pressure, neurologic problems, and even death in rare cases. Following an E. coli bacterial outbreak in 11 states and Canada that has sickened 32 people, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention issued a stern warning Tuesday: Do not eat romaine lettuce.

With Thanksgiving right around the corner, CDC officials say they are acting out of an abundance of caution as they investigate. For now, here are few key things people need to know: Public health officials are advising people not eat romaine from Salinas, CA because it may be involved in an outbreak of E. coli. Grocery stores and restaurants have removed romaine grown in the Salinas region from store shelves and menus. However, some cases tied to the romaine lettuce outbreak represent a potentially serious strain of E. coli – O157:H7 – which can cause abdominal cramps, vomiting and bloody diarrhea.It can also cause life-threatening conditions, such as kidney failure, fever, bleeding, confusion and seizures. An E. coli outbreak that has hit 16 states and sickened 40 people has been linked to romaine lettuce.

Here’s what you need to know: Is all romaine lettuce suspect? No. This most recent E coli outbreak on romaine has the same DNA fingerprint as an earlier strain found on leafy greens in the US and Canada in 2017.

During that outbreak, 25. People are still getting sick after eating romaine lettuce tainted with E. coli. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Food and. Tony Black with KING TV reports on the e.coli outbreak.

There are two places where romaine lettuce comes from in the United States: Arizona and California. Marguerite Pappaioanou, an affiliate professor of environmental and occupational health sciences at the University of Washington School of Public Health, recently served as the CDC’s liaison to the FDA for food safety. The strain that contaminated romaine lettuce in 2018 was Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC), according to the CDC.

It’s one of the nasty, pathogenic types of E. coli that can sicken a person who.

List of related literature:

Between 1993 and 2006, 26 reported outbreaks of E. coli O157:H7 infection have been traced to contaminated lettuce and leafy green vegetables.

“Encyclopedia of Food Microbiology” by Richard K. Robinson, Carl A. Batt
from Encyclopedia of Food Microbiology
by Richard K. Robinson, Carl A. Batt
Elsevier Science, 2014

In addition, streptomycinand ampicillin-resistant E. coli were found in 15.0% and 1.4% of the lettuce pools, respectively, which indicates a risk of transferring antimicrobial-resistant genes.

“Postharvest Handling: A Systems Approach” by Wojciech J. Florkowski, Robert L. Shewfelt, Stanley E. Prussia, Nigel Banks
from Postharvest Handling: A Systems Approach
by Wojciech J. Florkowski, Robert L. Shewfelt, et. al.
Elsevier Science, 2014

Foodborne disease outbreaks associated with lettuce contaminated with E. coli O157:H7 was reported in 2006 in United States.

“Handbook of Vegetables and Vegetable Processing” by Nirmal Sinha, Y. H. Hui, E. Özgül Evranuz, Muhammad Siddiq, Jasim Ahmed
from Handbook of Vegetables and Vegetable Processing
by Nirmal Sinha, Y. H. Hui, et. al.
Wiley, 2010

Maki (2006) reported that at least 26 reported outbreaks of E. coli O157:H7 infection have been traced to contaminated lettuce and leafy green vegetables since 1993.

“Modified Atmosphere Packaging for Fresh-Cut Fruits and Vegetables” by Aaron L. Brody, Hong Zhuang, Jung H. Han
from Modified Atmosphere Packaging for Fresh-Cut Fruits and Vegetables
by Aaron L. Brody, Hong Zhuang, Jung H. Han
Wiley, 2010

An outbreak of Escherichia coli O157:H7 infections associated with leaf lettuce consumption.

“Emerging Infectious Diseases: Trends and Issues” by Felissa R. Lashley, Jerry D. Durham, Jerry D Durham, PhD RN Faan, Ralph Erskine Conrad Memorial Fund
from Emerging Infectious Diseases: Trends and Issues
by Felissa R. Lashley, Jerry D. Durham, et. al.
Springer Pub., 2002

Organic lettuce or spinach, commonly grown in soil to which manure has been added, can contain E. coli bacteria, which can cause hemorrhagic colitis, acute kidney failure, and even death.

“Designer Food: Mutant Harvest Or Breadbasket of the World?” by Gregory E. Pence
from Designer Food: Mutant Harvest Or Breadbasket of the World?
by Gregory E. Pence
Rowman & Littlefield, 2002

Example 2: E. Coli O157:H7 Outbreak Associated with Contaminated Spinach More recently (fall of 2006), an extensive field investigation of an E. coli O157:H7 outbreak involving 205 confirmed cases and three deaths was conducted.

“Introduction to Epidemiology” by Ray Merrill
from Introduction to Epidemiology
by Ray Merrill
Jones & Bartlett Learning, 2010

Raw vegetables, particularly lettuce and alfalfa and vegetable sprouts, have been implicated in several outbreaks of E. coli O157:H7 infection in North America, Europe, and Japan.

“Food Microbiology: Fundamentals and Frontiers” by Michael P. Doyle, Robert L. Buchanan
from Food Microbiology: Fundamentals and Frontiers
by Michael P. Doyle, Robert L. Buchanan
ASM Press, 2012

E. coli O157:H7 bacteria have long been associated with raw or improperly cooked ground beef and pork, but these organisms have also recently been linked to foodborne outbreaks associated with packaged spinach, shredded lettuce, and frozen pizza that contained pepperoni as a topping.

“Environmental Health: From Global to Local” by Howard Frumkin
from Environmental Health: From Global to Local
by Howard Frumkin
Wiley, 2010

Most E. coli O157:H7 infections (CDC, 2004) are food-borne and associated with undercooked or raw ground beef, unpasteurized fruit juices and milk, alfalfa sprouts, lettuce, spinach, and fruits.

“Health Promotion Throughout the Life Span E-Book” by Carole Lium Edelman, Carol Lynn Mandle, Elizabeth C. Kudzma
from Health Promotion Throughout the Life Span E-Book
by Carole Lium Edelman, Carol Lynn Mandle, Elizabeth C. Kudzma
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2017

Oktay Kutluk

Kutluk Oktay, MD, FACOG is one of the world's foremost experts in fertility preservation as well as ovarian stimulation and in vitro fertilization for infertility treatments. He developed and performed the world's first ovarian transplantation procedures as well as pioneered new ovarian stimulation protocols for embryo and oocyte freezing for breast and endometrial cancer patients.

Mail: [email protected]
Telephone: +1 (877) 492-3666

Biography: https://medicine.yale.edu/profile/kutluk_oktay/
Bibliography: oktay_bibliography

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10 comments

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  • I can’t believe Dr Oz is on this bull shit band wagon to destroy the romaine lettuce industry. That’s the most popular heathy vegetable…. the recall is bull shit folks

  • The e coli outbreak is the result of disgusting farming practice of using human waste from sewage plants to fertilize fields. E coli comes from human feces, which means the human waste being used is not processed in a way to be considered safe and contaminating soil and crops.  The EPA promotes this as an accepted way of getting rid of processed human waste, which by the way even the best processing cannot remove pharmaceuticals from the waste and heavy metals.  They also promote the use of human urine to irrigate fields.  Imagine the toxins such as pharma products in the urine.  And worst this is all considered “organic”, so if your a vegan good luck with your human X&$% and urine salad!

  • I got it a few days ago I thought I was gonna die. Salad bag from Trader Joe’s said washed ready to eat. Don’t believe it. I was so sick I never want to eat another salad ��

  • I’m pretty sure this is why I feel really ill right now with either food poisening or the stomach flu. I bought romaine lettuce from vons and had it twice this week with burgers I made ( the o organics brand). I was the only one eating it…now I live in the bathroom. Never had food poisoning before this. It is NOT fun.

  • I’ve gotten E. coli from a locally sold bottled water in my town. I was the only one of my family the night before that drank the bottled water and I ended up in the hospital with horrible cramps and vomiting. We learned 4 other people also had the same thing as me. I seriously don’t recommend it…

  • Also soaking lettuce or any produce in hydrogen peroxide 3% is helpful in killing off bacteria. Use about 1-2 cap fulls to about 1 1/2 gal of water. Soak for about 2-3 minutes.

  • I really hope that the good Dr. OZ does a better job of washing up for the OR. Merely pouring water over the leaves is not good enough. The lettuce should be chopped to bite sizes and washed and tossed several times. Merely pouring water over the leaves is not enough. Several times.!!!

  • First the eggs are recalled due to E.Coli. Now lettuce? Sounds like a biological attack. The FDA is a weak point, because it isn’t under the umbrella of Homeland Security. If terrorists, or hostile foreign nations can’t attack with bombs. They can attack our food supply.

  • Thank god the gubments fda is stopping contaminated food from getting out, oh wait they are busy bending over for Monsanto all the time…..

  • And guess who picks your lettuce? Pissed off mexican workers who have decided to forget to wash their hands after taking a shite.
    But sure let them in to do the jobs that Americans don’t want to do.