Dna Testing 101

 

Genetic testing 101

Video taken from the channel: Wendy Burton


 

GENETICS 101

Video taken from the channel: VitruvianPhysique


 

Genes & Chromosomes FAQ | Genetics 101 | Ambry Genetics

Video taken from the channel: Ambry Genetics


 

Genetics 101 (Part 2 of 5): What are SNPs?

Video taken from the channel: 23andMe


 

Genetics 101 | Ambry Genetics

Video taken from the channel: Ambry Genetics


 

Genetics 101 | National Geographic

Video taken from the channel: National Geographic


 

Genetic Testing 101 for People with Rare Diseases

Video taken from the channel: National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD)


Genetic testing can be used to determine susceptibility to, and aid in diagnosis of, disease in patients of all ages. A test for genes can identify changes in chromosomes, genes, or proteins. Such information can help your healthcare provider confirm or eliminate a suspected genetic condition, or help them to determine your chance of developing or passing on a genetic disorder. Tests fall into roughly six broad categories: Newborn screening. This is the most common genetic testing, and the first public health genetic testing implemented in Preimplantation testing.

Embryos conceived through in vitro fertilization can be tested. Genetic testing is the microscopic examination of the genetic material in fluid or tissue samples. Blood samples are most often used, but other fluid or tissue samples may be used in genetic testing for some conditions. Genetic Testing 101 PGS, PGD, and Their New Names Preimplantation genetic testing of embryos to be used in IVF is a fairly recent innovation in fertility treatment. Genetic Testing 101.

Research has shown that up to 10 percent of cancers are due to factors that are passed from one generation to the next. These syndromes are known as hereditary cancers and there are genetic tests that can be used to determine an individual’s risk for developing these cancers. If you suspect that you or someone you know may be at risk for cancer –such as a family history of cancer. Genetic Testing 101 Genetic testing is appearing more and more frequently in everyday life.

With products such as 23andMe available to the public for purchase, people can find out not only their ancestry but also if their bodies contain any genetic markers (predispositions) for. Genetic Testing 101: What are the possible benefits? This content is for WPA4A Nonprofit Membership (12 month subscription), WPA4A Nonprofit Membership (6 month subscription), and WPA4A Nonprofit Membership (3 month subscription) members only. Log In Register.

Cart. Once you have mastered genetics vocabulary, you will move on to Genetics 101—The Basics of DNA and Genes. Next, all this information is put in the context of heredity, the theory of evolution, and ancestry. And then you will close out your genetics crash course with the final section, “Genetics and Your Health.”.

Genetics research studies how individual genes or groups of genes are involved in health and disease. Understanding genetic factors and genetic disorders is important in learning more about promoting health and preventing disease. genetics 101 23andMe provides a collection of educational materials to guide you on your personal journey of genetic discovery. Explore our learning resources and discover the world of genetics! Part 1: What are genes?

Find out about the basics of cells, chromosomes, and the genes contained in your DNA.

List of related literature:

Genetic testing can be used to screen for disabling genetic conditions as well as to select for some characteristics, see pages 727, 806.

“Health Care Law and Ethics” by Mark A. Hall, David Orentlicher, Mary Anne Bobinski, Nicholas Bagley, I. Glenn Cohen
from Health Care Law and Ethics
by Mark A. Hall, David Orentlicher, et. al.
Wolters Kluwer, 2018

In most populations, the testing for three or four further mutations is likely to bring detection close to 90 per cent, leaving a residual risk of under 1 in 200, or 1 in 800 for a child being affected if the partner is a known carrier.

“Practical Genetic Counselling” by Peter Harper
from Practical Genetic Counselling
by Peter Harper
CRC Press, 2010

Non-invasive testing of free fetal DNA has also been used in the prenatal diagnosis of paternally inherited or de novo autosomal dominant conditions where mutations detected in the maternal plasma must be of fetal origin (98, 99).

“Oxford Textbook of Obstetrics and Gynaecology” by Sabaratnam Arulkumaran, William Ledger, Stergios Doumouchtsis, Lynette Denny
from Oxford Textbook of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
by Sabaratnam Arulkumaran, William Ledger, et. al.
Oxford University Press, 2019

If the patient belongs to a kindred with a specific known mutation, such as women of Ashkenazi Jewish heritage, the pathologist can test for the known mutations.674 Otherwise, full sequencing of both genes is necessary to identify abnormalities.

“Diagnostic Immunohistochemistry E-Book” by David J Dabbs
from Diagnostic Immunohistochemistry E-Book
by David J Dabbs
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2013

Knowledge of the human genome allows reliable tests to be developed which can identify whether an individual is a carrier of a genetic disorder, e.g. thalassaemia.

“Essential AS Biology for OCR” by Glenn Toole, Susan Toole
from Essential AS Biology for OCR
by Glenn Toole, Susan Toole
Nelson Thornes, 2004

Tests for defective genes known to be associated with certain diseases are now commonly used in screening populations of people who have certain phenotypes and family history compatible with a genetic mutation.

“Mosby's Manual of Diagnostic and Laboratory Tests E-Book” by Kathleen Deska Pagana, Timothy J. Pagana
from Mosby’s Manual of Diagnostic and Laboratory Tests E-Book
by Kathleen Deska Pagana, Timothy J. Pagana
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2009

reproductive risks for the family; and considering the appropriate testing of other family members.700 Genetic testing can be performed on blood lymphocytes, cord blood, skin, amniotic fluid, chorionic villi, and bone marrow.

“Nursing Care of the Critically Ill Child E-Book” by Mary Fran Hazinski
from Nursing Care of the Critically Ill Child E-Book
by Mary Fran Hazinski
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2012

The price for at-home genetic testing ranges from several hundred dollars to more than $1000.

“Lewis's Medical-Surgical Nursing: Assessment and Management of Clinical Problems” by Diane Brown, Helen Edwards, Lesley Seaton, Thomas Buckley
from Lewis’s Medical-Surgical Nursing: Assessment and Management of Clinical Problems
by Diane Brown, Helen Edwards, et. al.
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2017

More than 3,000 genetic tests are marketed, ranging in cost from hundreds to thousands of dollars; they are seldom covered by insurance, and there is limited scientific validity and reliability evidence for many tests (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2013a).

“Dimensions of Human Behavior: The Changing Life Course” by Elizabeth D. Hutchison
from Dimensions of Human Behavior: The Changing Life Course
by Elizabeth D. Hutchison
SAGE Publications, 2014

For more information about genetic testing, see www.cdc.gov/genomics/gtesting/ index.htm.

“Lewis's Medical-Surgical Nursing E-Book: Assessment and Management of Clinical Problems, Single Volume” by Mariann M. Harding, Jeffrey Kwong, Dottie Roberts, Debra Hagler, Courtney Reinisch
from Lewis’s Medical-Surgical Nursing E-Book: Assessment and Management of Clinical Problems, Single Volume
by Mariann M. Harding, Jeffrey Kwong, et. al.
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2019

Oktay Kutluk

Kutluk Oktay, MD, FACOG is one of the world's foremost experts in fertility preservation as well as ovarian stimulation and in vitro fertilization for infertility treatments. He developed and performed the world's first ovarian transplantation procedures as well as pioneered new ovarian stimulation protocols for embryo and oocyte freezing for breast and endometrial cancer patients.

Mail: [email protected]
Telephone: +1 (877) 492-3666

Biography: https://medicine.yale.edu/profile/kutluk_oktay/
Bibliography: oktay_bibliography

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36 comments

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  • I have an orphan disease plus an un known disease. It’s neurological and also similar to lupus. Doctors won’t test for it or try to figure out what’s wrong with me. What can I do? I’m disabled and on a fixed income.

  • Ay cuh ong ngl takin tha needle wil hook u up fat main that junt will mak u big asf no cap so jus get gear an genetics fr don matta

  • Watch some bums in the comments start talking about race and genetics like they’ve really uncovered this massive unknown secret because they found some studies and watched some videos lmao they’re on the same level of annoying as flat earth believers/conspiracy theorists.

  • Genes have been felt since they were young, but they seem very mysterious. It is very interesting that a child inherits the traits of a parent. Of course, I am a student of earth science, so I do not know very much about inheritance, but I could still feel the mystery as a human being.

  • Awesome, Actually This type of vedios Creating Scientist and Doctors, Amazing, For newer students to understand.. Wow. Love you National Geography �� So much Love from India..Now it’s turn to Change Gear From Maths for Indians to Bio..

  • I heard of a thought projection experiment that involved a experiment with a type of organic radio that sends and receive information to the brain and sounds more difficult then implanting inorganic devices that could be used as a form of short ranged nonverbal communication and either way both people must have the implant and could be made out of a persons own DNA reducing chances of the body rejecting the bio device and it would need a method of blocking people or shutting itself down and my worry is such devices might expand beyond this to mind control.

  • It’s weird my parents or family members don’t have dimples, acne as a teenager, and same eyebrows as me.

    I’m different

    and I don’t like it but God made me different

  • I personally just don’t see the point. I’m 6’1, six inch wrists, high calves and biceps with long tendons. I can fit four fingers between the bicep and my forearm, maybe even my whole hand. I have a wide pelvis, and let’s not even discuss the length of my chest and clavcle..

    I think I was dealt every negative muscle building gene you can think of. Not even average, just bad.

    It sort of fucks me up. If I ever have a confrontation scenario, it is more than likely that whoever it is would be able to snap me and half and drag me across the cement if they wanted to due to my strength disadvantage.

    Accepting that I am inferior to a good portion of people is difficult, but at least I’m not lying to myself. I’m just physically subpar, and that’s the way it is.

  • After seeing the complexity of the Chromosomes, DNA,genes and information carried on genes I now ask myself this question? Is it distantly possible that people still believe that a random big bang suddenly happened and Every thing fell perfectly into place. Why have we not seen a big bang that forms new perfect structures in our lifetime. But we have seen a creative designer who designed Mercedes and the Ferrari sports car. These things are not even as complex as the DNA

  • hah! westworld. that’s the ethical issue there, scientists can now make their own humans with designed traits or super human ahhhaahhaah

  • So, you want to have a small waist but you also want to have thick bones (such as big wrists). That seems somewhat contradictory, or at least I guess it illustrates how hard is for someone to have perfect genetics. For instance, I am 24 years old and 5’4 (I’ve never cared about my height but this video made me appreciate it more haha), I have a 28 waist (never have been heavier than 126 lbs) and I have relatively broad shoulders. Yet, my wrists are pretty much girl wrists haha.

  • Of course, there would be ethical issues pertaining to gene modification. Should we be given access to eventually modify traits of the human being as easy as flicking a switch for certain traits? Are we there yet? Are we almost there yet? It’s just a matter of time. Thanks for sharing National Geographic.

  • A lot of gray area in strength gain. Some beginners can easily see 200% strength gain, whereas seasoned bodybuilders don’t see any gain.

  • Does an SNP cause a major detectable change, if it’s a type of mutation. Why diseases like sickle cell anemia (which is a type of mutation due to s single base pair change) is not called an SNP.

  • I really liked the vidio. But it seem I can’t save the vidio and watch it offline so my request is that make it available to offline.

  • Great video but I don’t think most people want to look like Mr. Oympia. Also, you hit the genetic jackpot cuz you look like Superman lol.

  • Bro its impossible I mean I dont care about you genes its imposible at your firts atempt to bench 140 you crazzy at 19 700pound squat come on this guy was like larry wheels and maybe you gona say he was natural��

  • Today the emphasis is on genetic engineering. Modifying the dna with crispr/cas9. With that, both very low cost and very powerful, it is possible to make changes in the genome. For instance to wipe out cancer, or dengue. Or to destroy malaria by altering the dna of malaria carrying mosquito’s

    Front research is going in the direction of making complete ‘profiles’ of all genes in a genepool. With that experts can build software that uses those profiles. And then someone with hardly any knowledge of genetics can experiment on living cells.

    True, ethics is important. But think of this: there will always be countries that don’t live by our ethical standards. So whatever we do, changes and disasters will take place.

  • I just watched another video you out out where you showed a study arguing that 24% of women (majority in this study) said chest was the most attractive

  • What about metabolism bruh even if you both overeat by the same amount different people burn different amounts of calories n matter what

  • My only question is are you still together if so where’s the sister o o a the Vlog is sick too yes men your a soy boy beta male give up or shoot some test stop eating fast food, dairy,lots of soda popcorn w extra butter flavored grease on it ������

  • Can someone explain to me why I’ve got three different interpretations of my VDR rs731236 using raw data run through promethease, Genetic Genie and NutraHacker? Promethease gives me T;T, Genetic Genie gives me A;A and NutraHacker gives me G;G!

  • it must b upgraded again to understand the complicated understanding and a possibility to unlock so many changes compressed so tightly in it naturally that we may unleash a new world of genome.

  • At 6’1 the struggle is real. I’m sure I’d look a lot bigger if I had the same muscle mass but was 5’8. Either way I’d rather be the height I am.

  • I’m tired of this senseless motivational clichés like “The only person you should compare yourself to is yourself”. WHY?! Stop vomiting those positiveness shits or explain them.

  • I wish I woulda started lifting sooner. 30 years old 6’2 10in wrists and 19 inch arms. 20% body fat and I started lifting about 3 months ago. I started documenting my measurements and it seems like I’m growing pretty fast.

  • Really wish you didn’t talk about genetics when heaps of steroids are involved. The second you use them or the second that you become a USER then fuck your genetics because they didn’t ACHIEVE that

  • 7:31 bro but what happened if someone gets sick?or they burn more calories due to their lifestyle (maybe one of them works in the office and doesn’t move at all while the other person works in the building site or something like that)maybe one of them is a fap machine that burns alot of calories aswell xd

  • Me after watching this video: https://www.nacionrex.com/_export/1523381487841/sites/debate/img/2018/04/10/meme_nixo_llora_1_crop1523381487619.jpg_1834093470.jpg

  • Genetics are fun. Im 6.2ft 238lbs. Wide back and naturally muscular, not much fat on me. Meanwhile my buddy who is taller and looks like a noodle worked out for 2 years and only got definition. Maybe i should start working out, curious what happens.

  • Height: 74.8 in Wrist: 7.28 in

    Ankle: 9.45 in

    Your estimated maximum muscular bodyweight at 12% bodyfat is: 232.2 lbs
    105kg

    Your estimated maximum bulked bodyweight at 12% bodyfat is: 241.5 lbs

    Wtf i was 95 kg and was pretty chubby and wanted to cut idk if this is accurate.

  • Genetics are extremely critical for building muscle and strength. Anyone telling you otherwise is either lying or being ignorant of the facts.

  • SNPs are one form of mutation. A mutation does not need to be limited to a single nucleaotide and so entire genes could be deleted, repeated, replaced… But since SNPs are only one base pair, they are more survivable as the random effect of a mutation is more likely to be deleterious to the organism.
    Since SNPs are more survivable, they can accumulate in an individual and provide valuable insight on inheritance, relatedness to other individuals and evolutionary history.

  • Genetics helps us understand the biological programming behind all life forms. What aspect of genetics research intrigues you the most?

  • Very fascinating. I guess this also applies to naturally gifted smart ppl who don’t seem to study and still make excellent grades.