Breast Milk May Safeguard Against Deadly Newborn Disease

 

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The Biology of Breast Milk

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TUESDAY, Sept. 9, 2014 (HealthDay News) A protein in breast milk that is not found in infant formula may protect newborns from a potentially deadly gastrointestinal disease, a. TUESDAY, Sept. 9, 2014 (HealthDay News) A protein in breast milk that is not found in infant formula may protect newborns from a potentially deadly gastrointestinal disease, a new study suggests.

Breast milk contains the protein neuregulin-4 (NRG4), which can help prevent the intestinal damage caused by necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), the researchers found. TUESDAY, Sept. 9, 2014 (HealthDay News) A protein in breast milk that is not found in infant formula may protect newborns from a potentially deadly gastrointestinal disease, a new study suggests. Breast milk contains the protein neuregulin-4 (NRG4), which can help prevent the intestinal damage caused by necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), the researchers found.

Travel nursing professionals are well aware that breast milk is a balanced form of nutrition for infants, with plenty of protein, carbs and vitamins and minerals that allow babies to grow strong and healthy. Researchers have found in newborn mice that a component of breast milk may help protect premature babies from developing life-threatening sepsis. Breast milk sugar may protect babies against deadly infection by Imperial College London A type of sugar found naturally in some women’s breast milk may protect new born babies from infection. A type of sugar found naturally in some women’s breast milk may protect newborn babies from infection with a potentially life threatening bacterium called. Breast milk sugar may protect babies against deadly infection A type of sugar found naturally in some women’s breast milk may protect new born babies from infection with a potentially life threatening bacterium called Group B streptococcus, according.

In fact, preemies given breast milk as babies are less likely to have high blood pressure by the time they’re teenagers. Researchers have also found that breastfeeding protects against Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis. Breastfeeding may lower your baby’s risk of developing allergies and eczema.

Breast Milk Sugar May Protect Babies Against Deadly Infection A type of sugar found naturally in some women’s breast milk may protect newborn babies from infection with a potentially life threatening bacterium called Group B streptococcus, according to a.

List of related literature:

It is, moreover, the major immunoglobulin found in the colostrum of milk in nursing mothers, and it may provide the neonate with a major source of intestinal protection against pathogens during the first few weeks after birth.

“Immunology: A Short Course” by Richard Coico, Geoffrey Sunshine
from Immunology: A Short Course
by Richard Coico, Geoffrey Sunshine
Wiley, 2015

IgA, found in colostrum, is thought to contribute to passive immunity for breastfed newborns and may also play an important role in the development of the neonate’s immune system (Brandtzaeg, 2010).

“AWHONN's Perinatal Nursing” by Kathleen R. Simpson
from AWHONN’s Perinatal Nursing
by Kathleen R. Simpson
Wolters Kluwer Health, 2013

Human milk may protect against the development of allergies—both by reducing exposure of the infant to bovine milk allergens and by supplying secretory IgA, which reduces intestinal absorption of potentially antigenic proteins before gut closure at 6 to 9 months.

“Maternal, Fetal, & Neonatal Physiology: A Clinical Perspective” by Susan Tucker Blackburn
from Maternal, Fetal, & Neonatal Physiology: A Clinical Perspective
by Susan Tucker Blackburn
Saunders Elsevier, 2007

Anti-inflammatory Agents Although a direct anti-inflammatory effect of human milk has not been shown in vivo, numerous clinical observations suggest that breast-feeding protects the recipient infant from injury to the intestinal or respiratory mucosa [211,212].

“Infectious Diseases of the Fetus and Newborn E-Book” by Jack S. Remington, Christopher B. Wilson, Victor Nizet, Jerome O. Klein, Yvonne Maldonado
from Infectious Diseases of the Fetus and Newborn E-Book
by Jack S. Remington, Christopher B. Wilson, et. al.
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2010

Maternal milk protects infants against bronchiolitis during the first year of life.

“Counseling the Nursing Mother” by Judith Lauwers, Anna Swisher
from Counseling the Nursing Mother
by Judith Lauwers, Anna Swisher
Jones & Bartlett Learning, 2015

Antibodies in breast milk may protect the nursing newborn against these infectious disease agents.

“Understanding Pathophysiology 3e Australia New Zealand” by Judy Craft, Christopher Gordon, Sue E. Huether, Kathryn L. McCance, Valentina L. Brashers
from Understanding Pathophysiology 3e Australia New Zealand
by Judy Craft, Christopher Gordon, et. al.
Elsevier Health Sciences Division, 2018

Newburg DS, Ruiz-Palacious GM, Morrow AL: Human milk glycans protect infants against enteric pathogens.

“Obstetrics: Normal and Problem Pregnancies E-Book” by Steven G. Gabbe, Jennifer R. Niebyl, Henry L Galan, Eric R. M. Jauniaux, Mark B Landon, Joe Leigh Simpson, Deborah A Driscoll
from Obstetrics: Normal and Problem Pregnancies E-Book
by Steven G. Gabbe, Jennifer R. Niebyl, et. al.
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2016

Antibodies in the mother’s milk are highly targeted against infectious agents in the mother’s environment, those to which the infant is likely to be exposed shortly after birth (Brandtzaeg, 2007).

“Counseling the Nursing Mother” by Judith Lauwers, Anna Swisher
from Counseling the Nursing Mother
by Judith Lauwers, Anna Swisher
Jones & Bartlett Learning, 2010

Maternal antibodies in breastmilk protect the child from enterovirus infections.

“Breastfeeding Management for the Clinician” by Marsha Walker
from Breastfeeding Management for the Clinician
by Marsha Walker
Jones & Bartlett Learning, 2016

Preterm infants fed breast milk have lower risks of infection and NEC, learn to nipple feed better, have higher cognitive scores, and may have a lower risk of chronic gastrointestinal diseases and allergies (AAP, 2006; Mizuno et al., 2002; Mortensen et al., 2002).

“Preterm Birth: Causes, Consequences, and Prevention” by Institute of Medicine, Board on Health Sciences Policy, Committee on Understanding Premature Birth and Assuring Healthy Outcomes, Adrienne Stith Butler, Richard E. Behrman
from Preterm Birth: Causes, Consequences, and Prevention
by Institute of Medicine, Board on Health Sciences Policy, et. al.
National Academies Press, 2007

Oktay Kutluk

Kutluk Oktay, MD, FACOG is one of the world's foremost experts in fertility preservation as well as ovarian stimulation and in vitro fertilization for infertility treatments. He developed and performed the world's first ovarian transplantation procedures as well as pioneered new ovarian stimulation protocols for embryo and oocyte freezing for breast and endometrial cancer patients.

Mail: [email protected]
Telephone: +1 (877) 492-3666

Biography: https://medicine.yale.edu/profile/kutluk_oktay/
Bibliography: oktay_bibliography

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63 comments

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  • My grandpa keeps smoking im still wishing that he’s not getting cancer i hope he will stop.. Also my grandma smokes too and i hope they stop it..

  • Great video. One aspect was missing. Anticancer agents such as alphalacubim+oleic acid in child stomach low ph creates anti cancer activity shown i 40 diff cancer models. See hamletpharma.com Lund Sweden

  • Breast milk is good stuff. I tasted it when the baby was born. Why do we like cow’s milk, but find milk from a human revolting? My mother didn’t breastfeed me but a week, unfortunately.

  • You’re my favorite scientist! ❤️ You Dr. Rhonda! Can’t wait until I can introduce your work to my niece! Please appear on the JRE again when you can ������

  • Weird idea, but would HMOs have any application to adults? For example those who have a compromised guy microbiome for whatever reason? Seems like it would surely be a solution

  • Women’s brain aging: Effects of sex‐hormone exposure, pregnancies, and genetic risk for Alzheimer’s disease.
    https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/hbm.25180

  • I bet there is a biological reason vitamin K is low in new born infants, and breast milk, and the recommendation by the academy of pediatrics to inject it at birth is likely more harmful than helpful, especially factoring in any excipients in that injection. Kind of like the counter intuitive assumption around iron.

  • Wow what a timing. We just welcomed our little one last week and have been battling between formula and breastmilk. Thanks for the video

  • if you’re a stupid person, you probably watched < the first minute and assumed the video claims formula is better than breast milk.
    the video says breast milk is best, except when it’s not. we don’t need parent-shaming out of ignorance. don’t be that person.

  • Best time of my life, I finally had decent size breasts & a reason to have them out in public! Was a bit ahead of my time in 1982.
    FREETHETATAS

  • My mother breastfed my sister but not me yet am smarter. Rhonda;

    1) do you still breastfeed your child? If not, how long did you do it?
    2) Are breastfed babies/ children at risk of developing an autoimmune disease or no correlation?

    Thanks ��

  • It’s great seeing the biology of human breast milk. I wonder if brain development etc are also influenced by the social implications of breastfeeding.

  • Hmmm the HMO’s are fascinating but what if it’s a byproduct of the organisms already exisisting in the mothers gut? In other words similar to the parasites or fungi that cause the host to say die in a certain position that benefits proliferation of the fungi? Maybe in HMO’s case the gut bacteria of the mother are causing the mother to produce the oligosaccharides to ensure species survival?

  • I used to work with mothers and infants. One of the infants couldn’t keep ANYTHING down, not formula or breast milk. He started to look really emaciated. She tried very thin oatmeal and that finally worked! #FedIsFundamental and he ended up thriving. I actually think formula is extremely scary with its corn syrup (gmo) and soy (gmo) and plant oils (inflammatory). I think we should have much better alternatives for moms who need to rely on it.

  • this is amazing! I’m on my first trimester with my first (if hopefully everything goes OK) and for some reason the birth doesn’t bother me at all, but breastfeeding does! So I love having such detailed, in-depth scientific information about how vital it is:)

  • I’ve been following your work for years, and I’m a big fan. Your smoothies have impaced my life, microbiome, and definitely the quality of the milk l produce.
    You are changing peoples life in the most beautiful way, thank you so much.

  • What do you think about eating based on genetic testing? Just had mine done and it says the perfect macro ratio for me is 52-59 percent carbs 25-30 percent fat and 25-30 percent protein. That seems kinda high for carbs

  • The human body is a marvel of creation. Sadly, western mainstream medicine continues to pass the idea that pharma or doctors know best. Just like the K1 vit. If there is almost none in mothers milk…..why give a shot to the infant???? Human arrogance. Awesome video.

  • My mom didn’t have milk and the deranged doctors told her formula is horrible and that she should wait for her milk to come however long so I spent 1st 3 days of my life on chamomile tea… Yeah, end of 80s in Europe, doc should’ve known better. Thankfully I ate formula after that and have 0 health issues. So don’t fret, other factors are way more important, like playing in dirt

  • I didn’t produce enough milk to feed my first child solely on beast milk, and eventually went to straight formula at 3 months. My second child wasn’t breastfed at all. Both were born visa cesarean as well. I’m afraid for their wellbeing and their future development. What can I do to help them now!?

  • This���� currently still breastfeeding my 9 month old and this made me feel SO good about it. It definitely is the hardest thing I’ve ever done but SO worth it����

  • Who the actual F would give this video a thumbs down? Infant formula makers? Born in the sixties to a Doctor following the science at the time. Screwed from the get go. Formula fed. Sigh…

  • I knew a mother who hadn’t breast fed her child due to her smoking. The baby was commonly sick and had at least one round of antibiotics. Looking at the video it seems the cons of cigarette milk seem more trivial than the cons of not breastfeeding, which I suspected.

  • My daughter had problems digesting breast milk. She looked very healthy and grew quickly, but she would have at least 10 rounds of explosive diarrhea per day and also lots of reflux/spit up and she barely slept. At around 5 months she was spending at least 12 hours a day feeding since so much was being lost; I got no sleep at all. At 5 1/2 months I had to switch her to formula; she immediately started having one normal bowel movement per day, started sleeping through the night and ceased spitting up. We are both carriers for medium acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency; her infant screening for fatty acid oxidation disorders was normal, however. I have doubts about whether the newborn FAOD screening test is really a good indicator of all possible issues with fatty acid oxidation since some cell types are going to be more vulnerable than others to metabolic disturbance; there could be problems in some cells/tissues without what is considered to be clinically significant alteration of the acylcarnitine profile. I am symptomatic for MCAD, but the hypoglycemia attacks did not start until I was in my late teens. I regret not giving her solid food before weaning, since as pointed out in the video, breastfeeding when introducing wheat lessens the chance of developing Ceilac Disease. She was diagnosed with Celiac at 17 years.

  • The company bioMilq is making human breast milk in the lab.
    I wonder how the human race will change when we shift from cows milk for everything to human milk.
    https://www.biomilq.com/

  • Odd question I know. But if Breast milk is a primary method of infant Immune health, which transfers Immunoglobins to the infant. Wouldn’t infected and recovered and or normal breast milk(colostrum) from donors offer some degree of protection to the immunocompromised or sick patients with COVID.

  • You have been a household name in my immediate and extended family for years now. Thanks Dr. Rhonda for all you do! P.S. I have a 9 day old right now…so we are in the middle of figuring out how milk works! This is really helpful

  • I literally never drank breast milk because my mum didn’t love me enough. That probably the reason why I suffer with autism and severe paranoia.

  • Humans may have the most complex breast milk of all mammals. Human breast milk also helps lay the foundation for the new baby’s immune system. After birth, milk is rich in antibodies and molecules that slow the growth of harmful bacteria and coordinate white blood cell activity��

  • Thank you for explaining what many of us know in our hearts and souls. My son never had ear infections like other babies. It’s so sad how society has twisted common sense and nature.

  • Thank you so much for posting this amazing information, breastfeeding isn’t always easy for mums to master, but total worth the struggle and pain.

  • My younger sister ate so much when she was born that at 2 weeks my parents were having to feed her formula with mashed up soggy corn flakes just to keep her full for a minute.

  • I am super happy that he ended with “Formula is fine”. And not with a ringing endorsement of either. Of course modern formula isn’t going to harm your baby, especially with all the regulations in most countries. I think there is something to be said about the bonding that occurs though when breast feeding. To me, it makes sense to breast feed if you can just for that factor alone. Of course, there is a small percentage of women that can’t for various reasons. To those that don’t produce enough, some of them can produce more by changing their diet, etc. So, there are options out there for everyone really.:)

  • Skillshare is offering SciShow viewers two months of unlimited access to Skillshare for free! Try it here: https://skl.sh/scishow-15

  • Not true! The more you breastfeed the more milk you have!!! It’s a simple Demand-Supply relationship. If you feed your baby formula additionally, they’ll drink less of your milk, so your body will produce less milk. So if you want to breastfeed, don’t give formula (or only minimum very rarely) But if you choose formula for whatever reason, no judgement here, do what’s best in your opinion:))
    I’m just giving a tip to those who want to breastfeed (like I did, and I was given this valuable tip when I was a young mommy).

  • I guess that the symbolism here is that;
    Taking God away from humans is like switching a child from breast feeding to powdered milk.

  • This program kind of works with one’s brain chemistry to change it like you’ve never smoked before, kills your urge to even want a cigarette coulc.it/quitsmoke. I have never had such feelings before.

  • I understand the motivation behind this video but that was sloppy. Your bar for breastmilk being beneficial was way higher than your bar for formula being fine (repeatable well validated studies vs a single study and comparison to history). You should be as rigorous with research on both sides. Also fell into the framing trap of evaluating breastmilk as an intervention and not as the biological norm.

  • You didn’t mention the bond that increases between mother and baby because of breastfeeding. Babies who breastfeed are also held more than formula counterparts. Babies looooove the breast. Mine literally gets excited when I nurse him to sleep. The bond is priceless and I think it will help them develop emotional intelligence in future.

  • As a parent, I’m so happy for the family of the teenage boy who had that scary brain parasite. My heart is so happy he pulled thru.

  • Dude if I smoke and inhale nicotine it spreads in brain just to feel normal but carbon monoxide and nitrogen oxide and nicotine it damages my walls of artery and causes my red blood cells to get out of artery. And causes: heart disease, heart attack, stroke, lung cancer, death, emphysema.
    It gives me leucemia blood cancer.

  • Thank you for this video! My baby has an aggressive appetite. He only lost 4% of his body weight in the first week of life instead of the usual 10% and he gained it back plus an extra pound by his third week of life which his pediatrician was very impressed by. My right breast has stopped producing milk and the lactation consultants I’ve seen (plus my OBGYB) don’t know why. Lastly, my son was diagnosed with dysphasia with laryngeal penetration. He quite literally inhales his food and therefore needs to be on thickened liquids to feed safely. This means I can no longer nurse my baby and I have to thicken his food. The thickener needs to be added to a liquid at 100 degrees to mix properly, sit for at least five minutes to fully incorporate and is only stable in a breast milk bottle for 3 hours after mixing. Prepping a breast milk bottle can take up to 25 minutes and I can’t leave it out for up to six hours like a normal breast milk bottle if he doesn’t finish what I am able to produce. I can’t prep bottles ahead of time because it’s not recommended to reheat breast milk. Plus all that time spent pumping, prepping and then finally feeding my baby is extremely time consuming so we’ve resorted to formula for half of my son’s feeds. My husband and I formula feed at night, breast feed during the day and supplement with formula when he’s still hungry after a breast milk bottle. I’m constantly chastised by family and friends for not exclusively breastfeeding my baby and random people seem very entitled to give me their two cents on the topic, too. It’s extremely frustrating because I feel like I shouldn’t have to explain our circumstances to people and even when I take the time to do so, people still have this disapproving attitude to them.

  • I don’t wanna be THAT person, but I’m going to be THAT person anyways and say: parents that breastfeed???? As far as I know, only MOTHERS have the physical ability to breastfeed ��

  • In this cold cold world we black men live in, my heart goes out for little James. I’m so happy he made a complete recovery ������������‍♀️

  • Nice yesterday I got bitten by 3 mosquitoes and it was itchy af.. and now YouTube recommends me this video lmao I’m scared I might have worm larvas inside me now

  • The primary risks of tobacco usage include many forms of cancer, particularly lung cancer, kidney cancer, cancer of the larynx and head and neck, bladder cancer, cancer of the esophagus, cancer of the pancreas and stomach cancer. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q5-sRVLHhnE

  • breastfeeding exclusive for the first [6 monthes].. what is the wrong if still breastfeeding exclusive for the 8 monthes or one year? Why???

  • from what ive seen, “breast is best” is used almost exclusively to shame mothers who for whatever reason cant breastfeed. my mom got it a lot, even though she didnt breastfeed me because she just couldnt produce enough milk. she switched me to formula because she would nurse me for hours and i was still starving, yet other mothers (and of course a quite frankly ridiculous amount of men) who assumed they knew what was best for both of us shamed her for not breastfeeding me.

  • Just came back from a woman who was quite happy to let her baby starve for a few days until her milk came through more plentiful.
    When I told her the dangers of this she shrugged and told me; “It’s natural for this to happen, we’ve survived thousands of years doing it this way and so will my baby”.
    I don’t know what’s happened to the human population, but I’m going to quit my job (nursing) as I can no longer tolerate the lack of common sense.
    I give it less than 5 days before that baby is in intensive care, and guess who’s going to have to pull miracles out of our arses to save the little tyke? No mention of medical assistance being un-natural then…oh no of course not!

  • For cure of any disease, genital herpes, diabetes cancer, H I V, e t c…contact Dr harry mercy for herbal cure because helped my aunty with her cancer problems..whatasap number. +2348141659546 or email [email protected] gmail.com

  • I didn’t produce enough and had to switch to formula exclusively. I just dried up. I was literally formula shamed. It’s a thing and it’s awful.

  • Great and informative video! Also, I love the fact that you never once linked breastfeeding to soley mothers! #guysgalsandnonbinarypals

  • I tried so hard to breastfeed my baby, I couldn’t do it. I pumped every 60 minutes, I took the teas, I ate the oatmeal, I took the vitamins and I even went so far as to get medication from my midwife whose off-label side effect would cause breast milk. I was warned to only take it for a short time, I ignored what they recommended my dosage should be and I took 5 times the amount for 4 weeks and STILL I couldn’t make more than maybe 4 tablespoons a day.
    It made me unbelieveably sad, I felt like I let my child down, it made me feel like I was inadequate as a woman. Breast Milk is such a hot button issue for some people, for some they feel like they shouldn’t have to, for others they try so hard and know its so important but simply can’t.

  • Pretty much everyone in my family was fed with formula, we are all fine, healthy and beautiful, we all went to University also. <3

  • I breastfed and formula fed my son and he turned out wonderful. He is very intelligent and smart at just 5 years old. Doesn’t matter which method the baby will be fine.

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  • Not mentioned is the diet of the mother, if she’s deficient or loaded with toxins, it’s all passed on. I read recently that in some areas human milk wouldn’t meet quality standards, partly because of fertilizer, insecticide, drugs (traces now found in tap water) and heavy metals found in it.

  • you know that all babies should be breast fed because babies that are breast fed are much more healthier and don’t suffer from childhood illnesses but what you said about parents not producing enough milk is true but that does not make a excuse not to breast feed. so if you are a healthy parent to give your baby the correct amount of breast milk then breast feeding is an option

  • In 2008, when our boy was born, the mantra was more like “breastfeed or die!” I did my own homework and decided the evidence was flimsy. But that was after we’d been through the severe trauma in order to get breastfeeding working, lest we become evildoers of formula. So much pain and suffering for parents and babies trying to force breastfeeding when it’s not working. It’s so great that the truth is coming out. If you can breastfeed, great. If you can’t, don’t worry about it.

  • Thank you for using the word ‘parent’ instead of simply ‘mother’. Not only mothers feed the baby, and not everyone who lactates and nurses may identify as a woman. A small detail, but appreciated.

  • Thank you so much for this! The ‘breast is best’ was pushed so much when I was pregnant that I felt so much shame and guilt that I couldn’t produce after birth. I already felt like a bad mom because I already couldn’t provide the best for my child. Thank you so much