How Citrus Juice May Cause Phytophotodermatitis Sunburn

 

Phytophotodermatitis Squeezing Limes Outdoors

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Phytophotodermatitis AKA Margarita Photodermatitis

Video taken from the channel: Westlake Dermatology & Cosmetic Surgery


 

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How some plants and fruits, like limes, can cause severe skin reactions

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How limes and other citrus fruits can cause burns this summer l GMA

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The chemicals that cause phytophotodermatitis are found most commonly in wild parsnip, wild dill, wild parsley, buttercups and citrus fruits, especially limes. When these chemicals get on your skin and then are exposed to ultraviolet light, a chemical reaction occurs that often looks like a sunburn, or it may develop as a red, itchy patch, similar to eczema. The otherwise harmless green fruit can lead to chemical burns when its juice reacts with sunlight on your skin, a condition called phytophotodermatitis. Limes are. Medically referred to as phytophotodermatitis, this skin reaction develops when certain plant chemicals—especially those found in citrus fruits—cause the skin to become more sensitive to the sun.

Margarita Sunburn Dr Oz showed an animation that revealed how droplets of juice can hit the skin when you are cutting or eating a Citrus Fruit. When the sun hits those spots, a blister can form on the skin due to an attack of UV radiation and a darkening of the pigment. Fluid collection and dark scarring can happen in this case. Citrus fruits and the oils from citrus fruits may cause phytophotodermatitis.

Phytophotodermatitis occurs when someone is exposed to plant chemicals and subsequently exposed to sunlight. Symptoms. Phytophotodermatitis is also known as plant and sun dermatitis, parsnip burn, and sometimes lime disease (not to be confused with Lyme disease) or margarita photodermatitis.

You get it from exposure to plant sap or juice and sunlight, as outlined below. We’ll cover plants that cause phytophotodermatitis and how to treat it. The active substance within the furanocoumarins is psoralen, 2, 4 which reacts with UVA light to cause an intense cutaneous reaction. Phytophotodermatitis does not involve any immune mechanism but must be differentiated from an allergic response.

7 At a histologic level, cell damage is first detectable at 24 hours after the initial insult; clinical signs can be identified 48 hours after UVA. Plants associated with phytophotodermatitis mainly come from four plant families: the carrot family (Apiaceae), the citrus family (Rutaceae), the mulberry family (Moraceae), and the legume family (Fabaceae). The carrot family Apiaceae(or Umbelliferae) is the main family of plants associated with phytophotodermatitis. Of all the plant species that have been reported to induce phytophotodermatiti.

Phytophotodermatitis is caused by exposure to furocoumarins. This is a type of chemical found on plant surfaces. The chemical can become activated.

Phytophotodermatitis is a phototoxic reaction between the chemical compound furocoumarins (a photosensitizer found in the little green citrus fruit) and ultraviolet A radiation. The chemicals make.

List of related literature:

Studies showed that orally consumed goji berry juice altered the photodamage induced in the skin of Skh:hr-1 hairless mice by acute solar simulated UV (SSUV) irradiation; 5% goji berry juice significantly reduced the inflammatory oedema of the sunburn reaction (Reeve et al. 2010).

“Edible Medicinal And Non-Medicinal Plants: Volume 6, Fruits” by T. K. Lim
from Edible Medicinal And Non-Medicinal Plants: Volume 6, Fruits
by T. K. Lim
Springer Netherlands, 2013

The accumulation of lycopene in red grapefruits is stimulated by high temperatures (30°C) during the day (Meredith and Young, 1971), most likely because βLCY activity is inhibited at this condition.

“The Genus Citrus” by Manuel Talon, Marco Caruso, Fred G. Gmitter, jr.
from The Genus Citrus
by Manuel Talon, Marco Caruso, Fred G. Gmitter, jr.
Elsevier Science, 2019

Anthranoids, particularly aloe, can cause a reflex engorgement of abdominal blood vessels throughout the pelvis, with a substantial augmentation of blood flow to the uterus and its appendages.

“Rational Phytotherapy: A Reference Guide for Physicians and Pharmacists” by Volker Schulz, T.C. Telger, Rudolf Hänsel, Mark Blumenthal, V. E. Tyler
from Rational Phytotherapy: A Reference Guide for Physicians and Pharmacists
by Volker Schulz, T.C. Telger, et. al.
Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2004

Certain medications, such as tranquilizers, antidiabetic agents, diuretics, antiinflammatory agents, and antibiotics, can predispose an individual to sunburn.

“Berry & Kohn's Operating Room Technique E-Book” by Nancymarie Phillips
from Berry & Kohn’s Operating Room Technique E-Book
by Nancymarie Phillips
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The most common phytophotodermatitis seen in children is caused by lime juice, which presents as hyperpigmentation in streaky patterns on sunexposed skin consistent with dripping juice or handprints.

“Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics, 2-Volume Set” by Robert M. Kliegman, MD, Bonita F. Stanton, MD, Joseph St. Geme, MD, Nina F Schor, MD, PhD
from Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics, 2-Volume Set
by Robert M. Kliegman, MD, Bonita F. Stanton, MD, et. al.
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2015

When lime juice comes in contact with the skin and is exposed to direct sunlight, an immediate skin reaction resulting in erythema, edema, and burning is observed.

“Delivery System Handbook for Personal Care and Cosmetic Products: Technology, Applications and Formulations” by Meyer Rosen
from Delivery System Handbook for Personal Care and Cosmetic Products: Technology, Applications and Formulations
by Meyer Rosen
Elsevier Science, 2005

As with any burn, serious sunburns can cause tissue damage and lead to secondary infections and fluid loss.

“Anthony's Textbook of Anatomy & Physiology E-Book” by Kevin T. Patton, Gary A. Thibodeau
from Anthony’s Textbook of Anatomy & Physiology E-Book
by Kevin T. Patton, Gary A. Thibodeau
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2018

Exposure to the sun can cause reactions with certain medications or fruits (limes, mangos), causing reddish-purple discolorations of the skin called phytophotodermatitis.

“Nancy Caroline's Emergency Care in the Streets” by Nancy L. Caroline, Bob Elling, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Mike Smith
from Nancy Caroline’s Emergency Care in the Streets
by Nancy L. Caroline, Bob Elling, et. al.
Jones & Bartlett Learning, 2012

Sunburn can occur on highly exposed fruit so a GDC is not recommended, and leaf removal is light to moderate.

“Wine Grape Varieties in California” by Larry J. Bettiga
from Wine Grape Varieties in California
by Larry J. Bettiga
University of California, Agriculture and Natural Resources, 2003

A–B, Exposure to substances that contain psoralen compounds, such as lime juice, followed by sun exposure can cause erythema and vesicles that heal with brown hyperpigmentation.

“Habif' Clinical Dermatology E-Book” by James G. H. Dinulos
from Habif’ Clinical Dermatology E-Book
by James G. H. Dinulos
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2019

Oktay Kutluk

Kutluk Oktay, MD, FACOG is one of the world's foremost experts in fertility preservation as well as ovarian stimulation and in vitro fertilization for infertility treatments. He developed and performed the world's first ovarian transplantation procedures as well as pioneered new ovarian stimulation protocols for embryo and oocyte freezing for breast and endometrial cancer patients.

Mail: [email protected]
Telephone: +1 (877) 492-3666

Biography: https://medicine.yale.edu/profile/kutluk_oktay/
Bibliography: oktay_bibliography

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44 comments

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  • Knew a girl in highschool who thought the warning on the citrus oil stuff she had just meant a sunburn, which she wanted so she could get her ‘base coat’. It didn’t work out well for her… Not as bad as the other girl who lived in the tanning booth getting skin cancer before she was even a senior… Good ol’ early 2ks…

  • They said sugar is bad for you so i started eating meat and then now i heard someone say that meat gives you diabetes
    Why is this happening you cant do this to me

  • Lime juice is acidic like lemon juice, if you are fair skin that and sun will burn you. the pyramids were not built by humans but by Demigods.

  • SHALOM FAMILY, LOL IM IN SO CAL, ITS BEEN OVER 105 FOR A WEEK, THEY GOT SUNBLOCK KIOSKS SITTING ALL ROUND FOR THESE BEASTS TO PUT ON, 6 PEOPLE HAVE DIED WITHIN 10 DAYS OF THIS HEAT, I LOVE IT, ALL PRAISES BE TO THE MOSTHIGH

  • TO ALL THE TROLLS, YOUR COMMENTS ON THIS CHANNEL AND VIDEO IS NOT NEEDED, SO KEEP THEM TO YOURSELVES. THE CHANNEL’S SUBSCRIBERS AND VIEWERS DON’T WISH TO ADDRESS YOUR COMMENTS. IF YOU DON’T LIKE WHAT’S BEING SAID THEN YOU CAN CHANGE THE CHANNEL, THERE ARE OTHER VIDEOS THAT ARE SUITABLE FOR YOUR VIEWING. COMMON SENSE DICTATES IF YOU DON’T LIKE WHAT’S BEING SAID THEN YOU CAN CHANGE THE CHANNEL. NO ONE CARES FOR YOUR OPINIONS AND NO ONE WILL ADDRESS THEM. WE DON’T HAVE THE TIME TO ADDRESS YOUR FRAGILITY NOR DELUSIONS.

  • If you’re on the beach, covered in lime juice and can’t get to a shower, why don’t you… I don’t know… maybe jump in the ocean?

  • You can go to your local Wal-Mart or grocery store and get a bottle of lemon and/or LIME juice for flies, lice and/or MOSQUITOS.

    Ticks, ants, gnats, flees, flies, MOSQUITOS run with haste when they smell that citric acid.

    It also works well with roaches.

  • MOSQUITOS CANNOT STAND LIME JUICE OR LEMON JUICE.

    JUST get a spray bottle and pour lemon juice in it and SPRAY around the areas where you and your guest will be present; WHEN your outside.

  • the constant movement of her hands make’s me dizzy and distracted. I watched one part at least 4 times, and i completely spaced all 4 times because of her violent hand waving.

  • WOW!!! THEY BUILT THE PYRAMIDS ALL OVER THE WORLD, ESPECIALLY IN EGYPT…..LOL…��������������������. SHABBAT SHALOM MY FAMILY ✊�� B1 ☝

  • Vampire aliens…they sound like they are doing a “how to” instructional video on how to live on Mars or something. They are clearly from another planet.

  • So relieved that I found your video �� How long did it take for the hyperpigmentation to go away? I’ve been super insecure about mine

  • There’s also some in Angelica for example ( funny how many from the Apiaceae family have these compounds ), and also the Rue, and Dictamnus albus.
    But Bergamot is the least phototoxic one out of these offenders. I use it’ essential oil on my skin all the time, and I’ve never had this happen to me. I do go out on sun with it.

  • And some of us want to slept/date/marry them!!!  You will learn hopefully one day!!  Does not lime/lemons contain vitamin C??  Is that not suppose to be good for the HUMAN body??

  • Common for who������ not me… I would be fine. Oh the reporter meant the pinkskin people… I’m sure that was an honest mistake ��������

  • The breakdown of the word ‘phytophotodermatitis’ was extremely helpful! Would it be at all possible to do something similar for this sort of word in future episodes? I know some people whose minds tune out the moment they hear a complicated word because they assume it’s too difficult to understand but showing how the word is just a Lego word made up of ‘bricks’ from ancient Greek or Latin, that can help many people feel like they can keep up and learn something new.

  • Wow wow �� I was recently at a barbecue making drinks with lime juice �� cutting up outside I was in the sun ☀️ as well it was hot and humid I was fine lol ��

  • wow, this has happened to me. I had no idea what it was but after seeing the photo…. the exact same rash…. Now I know what it is.

  • I recorded myself rubbing a freshly cut lime all over the back of my hand. I’m currently working overseas IN THE MIDDLE EAST. I stood in DESERT SUN AND HEAT exposing my lime juice washed hand to the UV rays…and you know what?

    ALL I GOT WAS SWEATY. ������

    I’m gonna do this for a week. Lemme know if you want me to upload. ��

    #Limejuicechronicles
    #realhumansdontburn
    #EgyptiansWereWhiteMyBlackAss

  • Mother Nature’s turnin up on these artificial sunscreen queens lol this shit is sooo surreal, I’m luvin It ���� Oh yeah before I forget..y’all AIN’T SHiiT!!!!!! ��

  • “if you do find yourself covered in lime juice on the beach, maybe stay out of the sun like the citrus scented vampire you are”
    Me: Oh stoooop, you flatter me!! Lol

  • They need to start saying that if you’re white these are the precautions you need to take! They know damn well that mess doesn’t affect melanated people.

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  • well, I’ve been putting a mixture of lemon juice and olive oil on my skin and sunbathe in the beach and nothing ever happened to me
    it gives me a nice brown colour though

  • Grew up in South Florida. Squeezed 1000’s of limes in/on my hands and played out in the sun for hours. I’ve never experienced anything remotely close to a sunburn nor anybody I’ve grown up with. This is purely a new phenomenon.

  • No wonder I can’t find any lime juice, I really stopped it seeing on the shelves after your Margarita Dermatitis video earlier this year. I’m still over here laughing til my stomach hurts though! Thanks Queen and wishing you a speedy recovery!

  • So the animals are acting a fool turning up, the Sun is burning them, hogweed is even coming out to play and now the fruit? ��������������

  • Oh my goodness ��������������let me catch my breath ��������������yup that’s all they got to do is use what there ancestors USE ��������������. Love your commentary sis

  • @ 2:36 sounds like a receipt for disaster for YOU folks! And if that the case I’m with the lime juice! Loving nature and its abilty to expose evil beings! Its a sign that they need to get off the planet!

  • The Most High is having his way with these wicked people…They put restrictions on his people…we can do anything in this country without them arresting us, killing us, prison slavery, we can’t stand our ground, and many laws against us telling us we can’t shit without them complaining. So, the Most High has made it a crime for them to touch green folage, sit outside in the sun, have babies and be sober…damn junkies. He also is burning up their homes etc. Praise the Most High for his vengeance against the devil children. It’s on now! It’s you nasty filthy caucasoids against the Almighty! And you are losing! Yeah I am so consumed with appreciation to the Almighty for what he is doing to our enemies that I am going to get up right now and dance!!! Maybe a glass of freshly brewed wine!!!

  • So the sun doesn’t like them, the flowers don’t like them, now fruit juice doesn’t like them? What’s next? ������

    The reporter should have said lime juice and the sun should not be mixed IF YOU’RE WHITE!! We don’t have those problems.

  • And you wonder why it is getting hotter everyday. Gods angles of light from the Sun/Son carry with it higher vibrations of change. It is a cleansing vibration that is now removing anything of a lower vibration. God is using it’s sun rays and nature to rid the planet of all things not real. Only the God’s and Goddesses my so-called black man and black woman are original and real. Our day of reckoning is here. Smile

  • I remember when I was smaller and we ran out of Gel for my hair. My mom would put lime juice in my head. Until one day I got blisters.

  • This explains the nickle sized blisters I had on my upper back and shoulders a few days after I went to a beach in Costa Rica next to an orchid of lemons.

  • so what would happen if, by say, i tie someone up at the beach, put a bucket of lime juice on them and let them sit there all day? asking for a friend

  • I have been searching for the cause of dark patches on my hand. It’s already been 1month since it’s started. I never knew that lime can burn. Thanks for sharing this video Lisa. Now I know the cause and relieved. Hope they disappear soon

  • Like the early moonwalkers…they lost the data so now they going to mars instead of trying to rebuild egypt while avoiding margaritas!!!!❤��������just a thought!.Thanks Lisa ��

  • YOU DID SOOO GOOD OLIVIA! �� I haven’t been able to watch most of your videos because sometimes you put inflection in weird places but I didn’t have any issues with this video at all! ❤️❤️❤️❤️��������������������

  • Um um um smh. What a damn shame. Most of the time, I use lemon or lime juice as a deodorant. Whatever could the problem be, that wf get so chard up?? #Mothernaturemustbeblack cthu

  • It seems that lime juice, parsnip, and other natural earth elements which are completely harmless to HUEmans are now acting as pesticides only to certain bugs and pests on earth.

  • Are Mexicans immune to lime diesease? They use lime all the time on everything and lime disease or skin rash doesn’t seem to be an issue.

  • Also beware of onions, garlic, silver, crosses & wooden stakes. Contrary to popular belief they do not ask for permission to enter your private property as they steal all property as a form of tradition.

  • Thank you for highlighting this. It’s absolutely hell. A million doctors later one finally knew about this. There’s literally zero awareness of it and it doesn’t help it’s constantly confused with the other Lyme disease. I’d been taking so much lemon juice and bergamot daily, both caused years of pain.

  • Giant hogweed, Wild parsnip, and Citrus fruits causes Phytophotodermatitis (Plant juice n Sun burn skin) in White/ Pale people. Noted