Fertility Treatment

 

Abandoned Embryos From Fertility Treatment Create Ethical Dilemma | TODAY

Video taken from the channel: TODAY


 

The Truth About Prednisone and Fertility Treatment | Ask Doctor Tomáš

Video taken from the channel: Your IVF Journey


 

Hormones, medication and fertility treatment

Video taken from the channel: Fertility Associates


 

The Truth About Intralipid Infusions and Fertility Treatment | Ask Doctor Tomáš

Video taken from the channel: Your IVF Journey


 

Innovations in Fertility Treatment | UPMC Next

Video taken from the channel: UPMC


 

How can fertility treatments help you?

Video taken from the channel: Eugin


 

At what point is fertility treatment recommended?

Video taken from the channel: Top Doctors UK


In men, fertility is treated with: Surgery, if the cause is a varicoele (widening of the veins in the scrotum) or a blockage in the vas deferens, tubes that carry sperm. Antibiotics to treat. Two of the most common fertility treatments are: Healthy sperm is collected and inserted directly into your uterus when you’re ovulating.

Eggs are taken from your ovaries and fertilized by sperm in a lab, where they develop into embryos. Then a doctor puts the embryos into your uterus. In vitro fertilization (IVF) is the ART technique used for almost everyone with fertility problems. Some IVF procedures use a special fertilization technique called intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI).

In rare cases, gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT) or zygote intrafallopian transfer (ZIFT) can. Common fertility drugs include Clomid, Femara, and gonadotropins. Clomid (clomiphene citrate): A well-known fertility drug, Clomid is frequently the first drug used in treatment. Primarily, it’s used to treat female infertility, but it can be used to treat male infertility as well.

Fertility drugs Clomiphene and gonadotropins, the most commonly used fertility drugs, regulate your reproductive hormones and trigger the release of one or more eggs in each ovulation cycle. Most women use them for three to six months before conceiving or trying a different kind of treatment. Side effects and drawbacks. How it works: Specially prepared (“washed”) sperm is inserted directly into the uterus through a thin, flexible catheter during IUI, the most commonly fertility method. If you choose this method.

IVF is never the first step in the treatment of infertility except in cases of complete tubal blockage. Instead, it’s reserved for cases in which other methods such as fertility drugs, surgery, and. at Fertility Treatment Center can. We have very high pregnancy rates with a low cost-per-pregnancy.

Dr. Craig’s overall success rate is extremely high, particularly with the over age 35 population, and the overall cost per pregnancy is much lower than other practice models. Treatments for infertility can range from medications to embryo implantation through assisted reproductive technology (ART). There are treatments that are specifically for men or for women and some that involve both partners.

In 85% to 90% of cases, infertility is treated with conventional medical therapies, such as medication or surgery. 1. The Most Common Fertility Drug: Clomid You’ve probably heard of Clomid before. Clomid, or clomiphene citrate, is often the first drug tried when treating ovulatory dysfunction. 2  It may also be recommended in the early stages of treatment for couples diagnosed with unexplained infertility.

Clomid is a tablet taken orally.

List of related literature:

Various types of supplementary fertility treatments exist for couples experiencing fertility problems, ranging from drug therapy to invasive treatments such as in vitro fertilization, and many couples go on to achieve successful pregnancies.

“Sex and Society” by Marshall Cavendish Corporation
from Sex and Society
by Marshall Cavendish Corporation
Marshall Cavendish, 2010

Among women in the Nurse’s Health Study who attempted pregnancy during the 8-year follow-up, those who took a multivitamin supplement regularly had a reduced risk of anovulatory infertility compared to women who did not take a multivitamin (adjusted OR=0.65, 95% CI: 0.53, 0.80) [23].

“Biennial Review of Infertility: Volume 4” by Douglas T. Carrell, Peter N. Schlegel, Catherine Racowsky, Luca Gianaroli
from Biennial Review of Infertility: Volume 4
by Douglas T. Carrell, Peter N. Schlegel, et. al.
Springer International Publishing, 2015

Randomized trial of clomiphene citrate treatment and vitamin C for male infertility.

“Campbell-Walsh Urology” by Alan J. Wein, Louis R. Kavoussi, Andrew C. Novick, Alan W. Partin, Craig A. Peters
from Campbell-Walsh Urology
by Alan J. Wein, Louis R. Kavoussi, et. al.
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2011

Alternatively, most treatments to enhance fertility in women with endometriosis involve administration of ovulation-induction medications such as clomiphene or human menopausal gonadotropins.

“Infertility Counseling: A Comprehensive Handbook for Clinicians” by Sharon N. Covington, Linda Hammer Burns
from Infertility Counseling: A Comprehensive Handbook for Clinicians
by Sharon N. Covington, Linda Hammer Burns
Cambridge University Press, 2006

Regardless of the cause, there are three basic treatments for male and female infertility: drug and hormone therapy, surgery, and artificial insemination (the introduction of sperm into the female reproductive tract by means other than sexual intercourse).

“The Mother of All Pregnancy Books: An All-Canadian Guide to Conception, Birth and Everything in Between” by Ann Douglas
from The Mother of All Pregnancy Books: An All-Canadian Guide to Conception, Birth and Everything in Between
by Ann Douglas
Wiley, 2009

Clomiphene or other fertility treatments are also commonly prescribed.

“Human Reproductive Biology” by Richard E. Jones, Kristin H Lopez
from Human Reproductive Biology
by Richard E. Jones, Kristin H Lopez
Elsevier Science, 2013

These treatments are all used in conjunction with the woman’s use of fertility drugs and egg retrieval.

“Social Issues in America: An Encyclopedia” by James Ciment
from Social Issues in America: An Encyclopedia
by James Ciment
Taylor & Francis, 2015

If theses treatments are unsuccessful, ovulation induction and pregnancy can be attempted with a combination of Clomid, letrozole, or human gonadotropins with IUI or IVF.

“Blueprints Obstetrics and Gynecology” by Tamara L. Callahan, Aaron B. Caughey
from Blueprints Obstetrics and Gynecology
by Tamara L. Callahan, Aaron B. Caughey
Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott William & Wilkins, 2009

Proper selection and dosage adjustment of fertility drugs requires the expertise of a fertility specialist.

“Pharmacology and the Nursing Process E-Book” by Linda Lane Lilley, Shelly Rainforth Collins, Julie S. Snyder
from Pharmacology and the Nursing Process E-Book
by Linda Lane Lilley, Shelly Rainforth Collins, Julie S. Snyder
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2019

Most fertility clinics use drugs and technology to override this bodily resistance, and they work for a lot of people.

“This Changes Everything: Capitalism Vs. The Climate” by Naomi Klein
from This Changes Everything: Capitalism Vs. The Climate
by Naomi Klein
Simon & Schuster, 2015

Oktay Kutluk

Kutluk Oktay, MD, FACOG is one of the world's foremost experts in fertility preservation as well as ovarian stimulation and in vitro fertilization for infertility treatments. He developed and performed the world's first ovarian transplantation procedures as well as pioneered new ovarian stimulation protocols for embryo and oocyte freezing for breast and endometrial cancer patients.

Mail: [email protected]
Telephone: +1 (877) 492-3666

Biography: https://medicine.yale.edu/profile/kutluk_oktay/
Bibliography: oktay_bibliography

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37 comments

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  • Once again America failing its own people and not having enough regulations. I feel like doctors should be able to claim those embryos after 3 months of not paying and no contact from the couple. Then they could donate them to research and to students who want to get into that field or a similar one.

  • by the age of 34, I couldn’t imagine that my luck of bearing children had drained. As such, I ended up spending more than $21,000 to get over my sterility with infertility treatments. Unfortunately, the situation could not improve. happily, ThePregnancyFact. Com assisted me get kids. You can learn more about the plan by just visiting the website

  • There is no “ethical dilemma” over what to do with a microscopic mass of cells containing no brain, body or organs. Can we focus on actual problems please?

  • If you or your significant other is infertile, learn this guide. I was let down by the results that I was got from western medicine. later a couple of months of going through scheduled acupuncture therapies and sticking to a healthy diet, I became conceiving. Viewing my 1 year old daughter wandering in front of me makes me ecstatic. See much more about this wonderful method on Google. I remembered its name is Sofia Goρazna
    every good wish

  • Throw them away.. give the patients a time limit, if they don’t want them anymore..what’s the big deal? They’re not alive.. it’s not abortion.

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  • They should set a date
    When the couple don’t answer calls and stop paying

    They should
    Donate them for research
    Give them to couples(that’s want a new child) for a cheaper price since no one needs the embryos

  • A life of unborn embryos is more important than the current children that are alive in this country and need medical care, support, and loving people in thier life!!! what’s wrong with this scenario, it’s crazy.

  • I think this should have been decided while people where signing contracts. I think they should be given off to research, the information gathered from there can save so many lives.

  • How about we worry about the actual born children in the foster system first? I really do hope the embryos don’t end up in the wrong hands tho…

  • Thanks for the Video clip! Apologies for chiming in, I would love your initial thoughts. Have you heard the talk about Tarbbatigan Complete Unit Tip (just google it)? It is a great one of a kind product for learning how to get pregnant naturally minus the normal expense. Ive heard some awesome things about it and my work buddy got great success with it.

  • Use them 4 research and donations, tossing them in the garbage seems a bit wasteful… I don’t see any “ethical dilemma” with throwing them out, but also think that if they can be used 4 something, then why not? Someone mentioned they just want more $, and I agree that’s probably the main thing… Someone also mentioned that we are trying to keep women from having abortions, and discarding these embryos is similar to abortion… And I agree it’s basically very similar… Abortions should be legal just as much as invetro fertilization… They are pretty much morally equal… A bunch of cells w/ human life potential being moved around. Whether they are being taken out, or put in, or frozen, or donated, or used for experiments it’s all pretty much the same “ethically”… So what’s the big deal?.. If it can’t actually live outside of a host w/out medical assistance then there really isn’t much need to be concerned w/ “morality”… Since it isn’t any more “alive” than any other random bunch of cells. As others have said, we should have more concerns for people who are already alive, like kids in the system…
    P.S. humans are already WAY overpopulated, so maybe THAT should be an ethical concern b4 considering invetro to begin with; moreless what to do w/ extra fertilized eggs after… In other words is invetro even ethical? If abortions aren’t ethical then invetro probably isn’t either! As a note I am VERY pro abortion! I do not think it’s moral or ethical to impede on a women’s right to choose their own reproductive or nonreproductive options 4 themselves!
    My point is a bundle of cells is a bundle of cells, and I see no ethical dilemma in what u do with them!

  • Life Begins at Fertilization
    The following references illustrate the fact that a new human embryo, the starting point for a human life, comes into existence with the formation of the one-celled zygote:

    “Development of the embryo begins at Stage 1 when a sperm fertilizes an oocyte and together they form a zygote.”
    [England, Marjorie A. Life Before Birth. 2nd ed. England: Mosby-Wolfe, 1996, p.31]

    “Human development begins after the union of male and female gametes or germ cells during a process known as fertilization (conception).
    “Fertilization is a sequence of events that begins with the contact of a sperm (spermatozoon) with a secondary oocyte (ovum) and ends with the fusion of their pronuclei (the haploid nuclei of the sperm and ovum) and the mingling of their chromosomes to form a new cell. This fertilized ovum, known as a zygote, is a large diploid cell that is the beginning, or primordium, of a human being.”
    [Moore, Keith L. Essentials of Human Embryology. Toronto: B.C. Decker Inc, 1988, p.2]

    “Embryo: the developing organism from the time of fertilization until significant differentiation has occurred, when the organism becomes known as a fetus.”
    [Cloning Human Beings. Report and Recommendations of the National Bioethics Advisory Commission. Rockville, MD: GPO, 1997, Appendix-2.]

    “Embryo: An organism in the earliest stage of development; in a man, from the time of conception to the end of the second month in the uterus.”
    [Dox, Ida G. et al. The Harper Collins Illustrated Medical Dictionary. New York: Harper Perennial, 1993, p. 146]

    “Embryo: The early developing fertilized egg that is growing into another individual of the species. In man the term ’embryo’ is usually restricted to the period of development from fertilization until the end of the eighth week of pregnancy.”
    [Walters, William and Singer, Peter (eds.). Test-Tube Babies. Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 1982, p. 160]

    “The development of a human being begins with fertilization, a process by which two highly specialized cells, the spermatozoon from the male and the oocyte from the female, unite to give rise to a new organism, the zygote.”
    [Langman, Jan. Medical Embryology. 3rd edition. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins, 1975, p. 3]

    “Embryo: The developing individual between the union of the germ cells and the completion of the organs which characterize its body when it becomes a separate organism…. At the moment the sperm cell of the human male meets the ovum of the female and the union results in a fertilized ovum (zygote), a new life has begun…. The term embryo covers the several stages of early development from conception to the ninth or tenth week of life.”
    [Considine, Douglas (ed.). Van Nostrand’s Scientific Encyclopedia. 5th edition. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, 1976, p. 943]

    “I would say that among most scientists, the word ’embryo’ includes the time from after fertilization…”
    [Dr. John Eppig, Senior Staff Scientist, Jackson Laboratory (Bar Harbor, Maine) and Member of the NIH Human Embryo Research Panel Panel Transcript, February 2, 1994, p. 31]

    “The development of a human begins with fertilization, a process by which the spermatozoon from the male and the oocyte from the female unite to give rise to a new organism, the zygote.”
    [Sadler, T.W. Langman’s Medical Embryology. 7th edition. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins 1995, p. 3]

    “The question came up of what is an embryo, when does an embryo exist, when does it occur. I think, as you know, that in development, life is a continuum…. But I think one of the useful definitions that has come out, especially from Germany, has been the stage at which these two nuclei [from sperm and egg] come together and the membranes between the two break down.”
    [Jonathan Van Blerkom of University of Colorado, expert witness on human embryology before the NIH Human Embryo Research Panel Panel Transcript, February 2, 1994, p. 63]

    “Zygote. This cell, formed by the union of an ovum and a sperm (Gr. zyg tos, yoked together), represents the beginning of a human being. The common expression ‘fertilized ovum’ refers to the zygote.”
    [Moore, Keith L. and Persaud, T.V.N. Before We Are Born: Essentials of Embryology and Birth Defects. 4th edition. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders Company, 1993, p. 1]

    “The chromosomes of the oocyte and sperm are…respectively enclosed within female and male pronuclei. These pronuclei fuse with each other to produce the single, diploid, 2N nucleus of the fertilized zygote. This moment of zygote formation may be taken as the beginning or zero time point of embryonic development.”
    [Larsen, William J. Human Embryology. 2nd edition. New York: Churchill Livingstone, 1997, p. 17]

    “Although life is a continuous process, fertilization is a critical landmark because, under ordinary circumstances, a new, genetically distinct human organism is thereby formed…. The combination of 23 chromosomes present in each pronucleus results in 46 chromosomes in the zygote. Thus the diploid number is restored and the embryonic genome is formed. The embryo now exists as a genetic unity.”
    [O’Rahilly, Ronan and M�ller, Fabiola. Human Embryology & Teratology. 2nd edition. New York: Wiley-Liss, 1996, pp. 8, 29. This textbook lists “pre-embryo” among “discarded and replaced terms” in modern embryology, describing it as “ill-defined and inaccurate” (p. 12}]

    “Almost all higher animals start their lives from a single cell, the fertilized ovum (zygote)… The time of fertilization represents the starting point in the life history, or ontogeny, of the individual.”
    [Carlson, Bruce M. Patten’s Foundations of Embryology. 6th edition. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1996, p. 3]

    “[A]nimal biologists use the term embryo to describe the single cell stage, the two-cell stage, and all subsequent stages up until a time when recognizable humanlike limbs and facial features begin to appear between six to eight weeks after fertilization….
    “[A] number of specialists working in the field of human reproduction have suggested that we stop using the word embryo to describe the developing entity that exists for the first two weeks after fertilization. In its place, they proposed the term pre-embryo….
    “I’ll let you in on a secret. The term pre-embryo has been embraced wholeheartedly by IVF practitioners for reasons that are political, not scientific. The new term is used to provide the illusion that there is something profoundly different between what we nonmedical biologists still call a six-day-old embryo and what we and everyone else call a sixteen-day-old embryo.
    “The term pre-embryo is useful in the political arena where decisions are made about whether to allow early embryo (now called pre-embryo) experimentation as well as in the confines of a doctor’s office, where it can be used to allay moral concerns that might be expressed by IVF patients. ‘Don’t worry,’ a doctor might say, ‘it’s only pre-embryos that we’re manipulating or freezing. They won’t turn into real human embryos until after we’ve put them back into your body.'”
    [Silver, Lee M. Remaking Eden: Cloning and Beyond in a Brave New World. New York: Avon Books, 1997, p. 39]
    https://www.princeton.edu/prolife/articles/embryoquotes2.html

  • This is what happens when Man decides to try doing God’s job. Hey, here’s an idea, it’s called “Adoption.” You know, the thing that used to exist down through recorded history.

    So many actual children who are actually alive who are in desperate need of good homes and good parents end up in the system until they’re too old to be in foster care. Then they get kicked out to be on their own to survive on the streets. Many end up homeless or turn to a life of crime in order to survive. Where’s the news story on that?! No, instead we get one about frozen eggs and “Ethical Dilemmas.”

  • Leave a voicemail or send a letter and say since we can’t get payment and or reach you, we will be donating your embryos to research and or to people in need. End of story it’s like leaving a child at the hospital, if a blood guardian can’t be found the child goes into foster care.

  • This sounds like the start of a dystopian movie where someone takes those abandoned embryos and creates a whole island of experimented super soldiers and keeps them hidden from the outside world.

  • You could always ask for VOLUNTEERS to carry them and give them a chance to be born.

    I wonder how many pro lifers would be up to the task… ��

  • wait, wait, wait. i was created this way, so that means, i have little frozen embryo brothers and sisters somewhere out there? dude what

  • Why don’t they just add a clause in their contacts stating that the facility will discard of the embryos if they’re abandoned or payments stop for any reason for more than 90 days or something to that extent?

  • Either have a law or part of the contract that says that after a certain amount of time of unresponsiveness from the patient’s, the fertility clinic can either destroy or donate the embryos to science. Giving the embryos to another couple without consent from the parents however feels wrong and could create other legal and familial issues down the road.

  • I am 34 and I’ve been struggling to get pregnant for a little over a year. And these people are having these medical treatments and then just abandoning their embryos. Granted most of those people have probably passed away by now. I wish they could donate one or two to me.

  • There are so many people who can’t afford these treatments. Why not take all of these embryos and donate them to people who can’t afford to do the treatments? I know so many people who would love to have a baby and some can’t afford these treatments.

  • Put it in the contract that After such and such a time if no storage payments have been made they will be donated/used for science, If a family cannot afford IVF treatments then they should be able to get it for free!

  • Props to the Dr for making it to where they have to donate the embryos in the end.

    From the very start there should have been somewhere in the contract where it states if they don’t pay after x amount of months, the embryos get donated.
    We have such a big infertility problem, donating would help so many family’s that are infertile but can’t afford multiple rounds of IVF.

  • Umm…. get rid of them lol you can’t keep them all. We have enough over crowding and children in adoption…. make things simple & just get rid of em lol

  • Must read!

    I am writing this testimony with the joy of the lord in my heart I was depressed and heart broken before I came in contact with prophet TB Joshua, I was diagnosed with Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and the doc said I will die in less than a year, a friend told me about this man of God and how his prayers over the email has heal and cured so many of deadly disease I was mavel hearing this, I was lucky she gave me his personal Email address, [email protected] gmail.com, it is been a year and 6months now no sign of IPF, I decide to share the message so that people will benefit from this Amazing instrument of God, Anything your heart desires the lord can do, write him today and have faith you will be healed from your diseases, And your marriage, health, promotion shall be restored.

  • I’m totally anti-IVF, if you can’t have kids but want children you need to adopt from the millions of homeless kids out there. But, if facilities are going to find themselves with potentially millions of frozen babies, they need to start making a fertilization cap like the UK. Destroying life or using them for research is overwhelmingly wrong.

  • I want to write the futuristic Dickensian novel about an unethical ringleader running his band of thieves comprised of formerly frozen embryos that were abandoned.

  • There’s the usual problem with modern society. Some want babies but can’t afford them while others are literally throwing babies in the trash because oops, they accidentally made too many.

  • When humans try to manipulate things they shouldnt be manipulating in the first place. She’s selfish. Having babies is God’s gift, not some manufacture products.

  • Why are doctors afraid to discard them if they are legally abandoned and not human beings without the introduction of sperm and a womb to carry? Because doctors would like the legal right to use them for something else, without your permission. So if you lose a job, get a divorce, run into any type of financial turmoil then you have to worry about the embryo/future child that holds your DNA being implanted into someone else, or used for science. ����‍♀️ Go figure, trying to do wicked under the guise of caring about human life, like it wouldn’t line their pockets to make a whole new industry out of forfeited or repoed embryos.

  • This was great, I have been researching “hormonal tests for female infertility” for a while now, and I think this has helped. Ever heard of Jiyonnor Keyilliam Scheme (do a search on google )?

    It is an awesome exclusive product for discovering how to get pregnant fast and natural minus the hard work. Ive heard some extraordinary things about it and my colleague got amazing results with it.

  • They’re over thinking it. Of you think about it, the body naturally discards unfertalized eggs every month and starts fresh. Sometimes the body discards fertalized ones too.

  • Why is it that we here in the US like to act like our country is the best of everything but we are always last to fix important problems? Other countries have already figured out a fix for this, no more than 3 fertilized embryos at a time….this seems like an easy fix. The government shouldn’t have to make legislation for this. The clinics should just adopt that standard and do what this doctor does by having people sign that any leftovers go to science…period.

  • Doctors need to talk about this very really, very hard decision BEFORE the patient even donates an embryo. This needs to be part of the consent form discussed as a risk just like all of the other personal, medical risks that go along with it.

  • För God’s sake. You realize that every time you have your period you lose one egg. This is nothing different. Flush them down the toilet

  • People please stop doing this. It’s not efficient. I’ve always been against this. It’s not the answer. Stop wanting one baby so much that you put others on ice. This method is Selfishness and leads to the death of many tiny lives. Either harvest every embryo you save (which is probably impossible) or realize some will likely die. If you’re ok with killing a bunch of children just so you can enjoy time with one… I just can’t understand that. Once you realize your treating life like a lottery ball being plucked from a drum it should deter you from this method. You aren’t doing some benign like merely risking sperm or eggs, you’re risking human embryos. Little human lives with souls. It is so Sad that a lot of humans are imprisoned in a cold tube with little chance of ever developing and experiencing life. Choose life.