Your Preemie as well as their Respiratory system System

 

Managing Risks for Premature Babies

Video taken from the channel: Lee Health


 

What problems are most common in premature babies?

Video taken from the channel: AMITA Health


 

“Recognizing Respiratory Distress” by Monica Kleinman, MD for OPENPediatrics

Video taken from the channel: OPENPediatrics


 

“Respiratory Assessment” by Brienne Leary for OPENPediatrics

Video taken from the channel: OPENPediatrics


 

A Simple Treatment for Common Breathing Problem of Premature Infants | UCLA Health Newsroom

Video taken from the channel: UCLA Health


 

How Do A Newborn’s Lungs Work?

Video taken from the channel: HRB Mum And Baby CTNI


 

The Respiratory System of Premature Infants

Video taken from the channel: TAJ PHARMA


Premature Delivery and Respiratory Problems. In general, the earlier the baby is born, the greater the risk of developing respiratory distress. If premature delivery can be postponed a day or two, the mother can be given up to 2 injections, 24 hours apart, of steroids, such as betamethasone before delivery. RSV is a common seasonal virus similar to the flu.

The virus begins with cold-like symptoms and can spread to the lungs. RSV is easily spread. It typically affects infants and the elderly.

For preemies, RSV can be very serious as their lungs and respiratory system were not fully developed before their birth. Your Preemie and Their Respiratory System. Medically reviewed by Joel Forman, MD Common Health Issues of Premature Babies. Medically reviewed by Joel Forman, MD How Much Should a Premature Baby Eat at Home?

Medically reviewed by Lyndsey Garbi, MD Feeding Premature Babies in the NICU. Because preemies enter the world before their lungs are ready to breathe, babies born prematurely often require breathing support to survive. Both premature birth and the very life-saving technologies that give preemies a chance can have long-term consequences on a preemie’s respiratory health. Preterm infants are at highest risk for RSV as they have a vulnerable immune system and their lung anatomy hasn’t had time to develop into a functional system by the time this infection may enter their body. Children with congenital heart disease Children with chronic lung disease Children with a compromised (weakened) immune system.

“Premature babies in essence have very different sleep and awake cycles due to their immature respiratory and central nervous system development, as well as their frequent feeding schedule of every. The most common lung problem in a premature baby is respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). This was previously known as hyaline membrane disease (HMD).

A baby develops RDS when the lungs do not. Breathing problems in premature babies are caused by an immature respiratory system. Immature lungs in premature babies often lack surfactant. This.

sensitive preemie, despite the efforts of the NICU primary care team, which typically includes neonatal nurses and occupational, physical, and respiratory therapists. Most parents are stunned by how many medical procedures their preemie undergoes in the NICU, including IV lines in arms, legs, and scalp, umbilical catheters, feed Most preemies meet these criteria 2 to 4 weeks before reaching their original due date.

Infants who have had surgery, were born with health problems, or who spent weeks on breathing machines and oxygen are the most likely to stay beyond their original due date.

List of related literature:

CO2 and decrease the number of apneic spells in The neonatal respiratory muscles are poorly equipped to sustain large workloads; they are more easily fatigued than in older children, and this significantly limits their ability to maintain adequate ventilation in lung disease.

“Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics E-Book” by Robert M. Kliegman, Bonita F. Stanton, Joseph St. Geme, Nina F Schor
from Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics E-Book
by Robert M. Kliegman, Bonita F. Stanton, et. al.
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2015

Problems of the respiratory system are a major concern because preterm newborns have immature lungs but must go through the same processes as the full-term infant to begin breathing.

“Foundations of Maternal-Newborn and Women's Health Nursing E-Book” by Sharon Smith Murray, Emily Slone McKinney
from Foundations of Maternal-Newborn and Women’s Health Nursing E-Book
by Sharon Smith Murray, Emily Slone McKinney
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2017

Problems of the respiratory system are a major concern because preterm newborns have immature lungs.

“Maternal-Child Nursing E-Book” by Emily Slone McKinney, Susan R. James, Sharon Smith Murray, Kristine Nelson, Jean Ashwill
from Maternal-Child Nursing E-Book
by Emily Slone McKinney, Susan R. James, et. al.
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2017

The very preterm infant’s respiratory drive is poorly controlled by the immature respiratory centre, which is less sensitive to carbon dioxide and provides a less coordinated respiratory pattern [13, 14].

“Emerging Topics and Controversies in Neonatology” by Elaine M. Boyle, Jonathan Cusack
from Emerging Topics and Controversies in Neonatology
by Elaine M. Boyle, Jonathan Cusack
Springer International Publishing, 2020

CO2 and decrease the number of apneic The neonatal respiratory muscles are poorly equipped to sustain large workloads; they are more easily fatigued than in older children, and this significantly limits their ability to maintain adequate ventilation in lung disease.

“Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics E-Book” by Robert M. Kliegman, Bonita F. Stanton, Joseph St. Geme, Nina F Schor, Richard E. Behrman
from Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics E-Book
by Robert M. Kliegman, Bonita F. Stanton, et. al.
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2011

Oxygen requirements and apnea often increase after birth, and within 48 hours the infant has rapidly progressed to respiratory failure with hypercarbia and respiratory acidosis.

“Respiratory Care: Principles and Practice” by Dean R. Hess, Neil R. MacIntyre, Shelley C. Mishoe, William F. Galvin
from Respiratory Care: Principles and Practice
by Dean R. Hess, Neil R. MacIntyre, et. al.
Jones & Bartlett Learning, 2011

Once the infant is intubated and the lungs are mechanically ventilated, resistance to hand ventilation is noted, and the neonate will need high inspiratory pressures because the lungs are small and stiff.

“Nursing Care of the Critically Ill Child E-Book” by Mary Fran Hazinski
from Nursing Care of the Critically Ill Child E-Book
by Mary Fran Hazinski
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2012

The infants are able to maintain adequate oxygen and carbon dioxide saturations initially after birth, but they can tire over time with increased work of breathing.

“Primary Care of the Child With a Chronic Condition E-Book” by Patricia Jackson Allen, Judith A. Vessey, Naomi Schapiro
from Primary Care of the Child With a Chronic Condition E-Book
by Patricia Jackson Allen, Judith A. Vessey, Naomi Schapiro
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2009

oxygenation The ventilator in the settings normal range required (PaO in 2 such infants is usually that required for infants with normal lungs (low pressures, moderate rates, and low FiO 2, as indicated in the previous paragraph), unless the infant develops fluid overload, ARDS, pulmonary

“Essentials of Neonatal Ventilation, 1st edition, E-book” by Rajiv PK, Satyan Lakshminrusimha, Dharmapuri Vidyasagar
from Essentials of Neonatal Ventilation, 1st edition, E-book
by Rajiv PK, Satyan Lakshminrusimha, Dharmapuri Vidyasagar
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2018

The combination of immature lungs and reduced respiratory drive makes preterm infants more likely to need assistance with breathing at birth.5 Primary apnea occurs in newborns after birth and often responds to tactile stimulation.

“Kendig's Disorders of the Respiratory Tract in Children E-Book” by Robert W. Wilmott, Andrew Bush, Robin R Deterding, Felix Ratjen, Peter Sly, Heather Zar, Albert Li
from Kendig’s Disorders of the Respiratory Tract in Children E-Book
by Robert W. Wilmott, Andrew Bush, et. al.
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2018

Oktay Kutluk

Kutluk Oktay, MD, FACOG is one of the world's foremost experts in fertility preservation as well as ovarian stimulation and in vitro fertilization for infertility treatments. He developed and performed the world's first ovarian transplantation procedures as well as pioneered new ovarian stimulation protocols for embryo and oocyte freezing for breast and endometrial cancer patients.

Mail: [email protected]
Telephone: +1 (877) 492-3666

Biography: https://medicine.yale.edu/profile/kutluk_oktay/
Bibliography: oktay_bibliography

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4 comments

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  • Thank u for this. The education was easy to understand n very detailed and much needed. I was able to understand it all clearly n get an exact clinical picture that will help me in my practice. Thank you for this video! It was presented perfectly! I’m glad I found it

  • I have a 26 weeks preterm baby boy weighing 800 grams at birth. He cried at birth and didn’t require Surfactant treatment or Ventilator post delivery. He was on CPAP for 1 week. What are his chances of developing chronic lung disease in future. Any one

  • Great Dear wonderfull information thank you very much please make another video clearly just for 10 minutes sounds of abdomin chest cough it mean lot a sounds plzzzzzz i like your channel…..

  • This was a really great video! It not only highlights the progression of respiratory distress to respiratory failure, but it explains what to look for and why it is occurring at each of the stages of progression. Very easy to understand and take notes from. Thank you!