Why Toddlers Might Have Speech Delays

 

New study links screen time for children under 2 to delayed speech development

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At Home Tips for Helping a Toddler with Speech Delay | Speech Therapy Update

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Bilingual kids and speech delays

Video taken from the channel: Patricia Ruiz


 

Speech Delay Alone Vs Speech Delay with Autism (from a Mother Who Has Experienced Both!)

Video taken from the channel: Nurturing Neurodiversity


 

When to worry about speech delay in toddlers? Dr. Satish Babu K

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Overview of possible causes and types of problems in speech development

Video taken from the channel: Mayo Clinic


 

5 Signs of a Speech Delay | Speech Therapist Explains

Video taken from the channel: Walkie Talkie Speech Therapy Inc.


What can cause a speech delay? Problems with the mouth. A speech delay can indicate an issue with the mouth, tongue, or palate.

In a condition called Speech and language disorders. A 3-year-old who can comprehend and nonverbally communicate but can’t say many words may Hearing loss. a delay in these skills can happen for many reasons, including: * problems with a child’s tongue or the roof of his or her mouth, which makes it hard to form sounds and words *. A toddler speech delay occurs when your toddler boy doesn’t develop at the same pace as other toddler boys.

This can result in your child using nonverbal ways to communicate or even not communicating at all. Many things can cause delays in speech and language development. Speech delays in an otherwise normally developing child can sometimes be caused by oral impairments, like problems with the tongue or palate (the roof of the mouth). A short frenulum (the fold beneath the tongue) can limit tongue movement for speech production.

Sometimes toddlers who develop early in other areas (like climbing and jumping and other physical tasks) master language more slowly because they’re so busy concentrating on those other skills. And sometimes children whose parents (or older siblings) are quick to anticipate their needs are slower to speak up, too — because there is less of a need to. Children learn language at different rates, but most follow a general timeline. If your child doesn’t seem to be meeting communication milestones within several weeks of the average, ask her doctor about it. It may be nothing, but if your child is delayed in some way, recognizing and treating the problem early is crucial for developing language and other cognitive skills in the long run.

A language delay is a type of communication disorder. Your child may have a language delay if they don’t meet the language developmental milestones for their age. Many toddlers have speech delays, and sometimes a speech delay is a symptom of something bigger like autism.

I know from experience that it’s often confusing and overwhelming to parents who are on waiting lists for autism evaluations when these waiting lists. Toddlers in a family with older siblings sometimes speak later because brothers and sisters “talk for them.” Research also shows that girls speak earlier than boys. 1  Sometimes, though, speaking late or speech that is unclear can signal a developmental delay or a physical problem. In those cases, your child may benefit from speech therapy.

Sometimes delays may be a warning sign of a more serious problem that could include hearing loss, developmental delay in other areas, or even an autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Language delays in early childhood also could be a sign of a learning problem that may not.

List of related literature:

Children with severe delays may also be unable to imitate new speech sounds, either due to their young age or secondary to cognitive delays or because of a deficit in speech motor control.

“Introduction to Speech Sound Disorders” by Françoise Brosseau-Lapré, Susan Rvachew
from Introduction to Speech Sound Disorders
by Françoise Brosseau-Lapré, Susan Rvachew
Plural Publishing, Incorporated, 2018

Children who have developmental delays also often show disruptions in speech and language development.

“Handbook of Pediatric Neuropsychology” by Andrew S. Davis, PhD, Rik Carl D'Amato
from Handbook of Pediatric Neuropsychology
by Andrew S. Davis, PhD, Rik Carl D’Amato
Springer Publishing Company, 2010

I suspect that a significant delay in development of fine motor speech skills in a child with a strong urge to communicate and rapidly developing language abilities may set the stage for more serious disfluency.

“Stuttering: An Integrated Approach to Its Nature and Treatment” by Barry Guitar
from Stuttering: An Integrated Approach to Its Nature and Treatment
by Barry Guitar
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2006

Delays in these skills can also affect speech development in the sense that because of these delays, the child may not form the ideas and concepts that most children talk about at this age.

“Cerebral Palsy: A Complete Guide for Caregiving” by Freeman Miller, Steven J. Bachrach
from Cerebral Palsy: A Complete Guide for Caregiving
by Freeman Miller, Steven J. Bachrach
Johns Hopkins University Press, 2017

The only exception would be toddlers who also have developmental delays slowing down their speech (such as autism).

“What to Expect: The Second Year” by Heidi Murkoff
from What to Expect: The Second Year
by Heidi Murkoff
Simon & Schuster UK, 2012

Because the child cannot make certain sounds when starting to talk, undesirable speech habits are formed that are difficult to correct.

“Broadribb's Introductory Pediatric Nursing” by Nancy T. Hatfield
from Broadribb’s Introductory Pediatric Nursing
by Nancy T. Hatfield
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2003

The adult-like production of speech takes much more time to develop, longer for some children than others.

“Constructing a Language” by Michael TOMASELLO
from Constructing a Language
by Michael TOMASELLO
Harvard University Press, 2009

Not every toddler who demonstrates delayed language production experiences a later language disorder.

“Handbook of Infant Mental Health, Fourth Edition” by Charles H. Zeanah
from Handbook of Infant Mental Health, Fourth Edition
by Charles H. Zeanah
Guilford Publications, 2018

The speech-language pathologist encounters a variety of children with language delay, including those with early language delay (also referred to as late talkers), specific language impairment (SLI), Down syndrome, autism, and delays caused by multiplebirth pregnancy, to name a few.

“Language Development: Foundations, Processes, and Clinical Applications” by Brian Shulman, Nina Capone
from Language Development: Foundations, Processes, and Clinical Applications
by Brian Shulman, Nina Capone
Jones & Bartlett Learning, 2010

According to the Education Commission of the States, the early years are developmentally crucial because “brain connections develop especially fast in the first three years of life in response to stimuli, such as someone talking to, singing to, reading to or playing with the infant or toddler.”

“The Myth of the First Three Years: A New Understanding of Early Brain Development and Lifelong Learning” by John T. Bruer
from The Myth of the First Three Years: A New Understanding of Early Brain Development and Lifelong Learning
by John T. Bruer
Free Press, 1999

Oktay Kutluk

Kutluk Oktay, MD, FACOG is one of the world's foremost experts in fertility preservation as well as ovarian stimulation and in vitro fertilization for infertility treatments. He developed and performed the world's first ovarian transplantation procedures as well as pioneered new ovarian stimulation protocols for embryo and oocyte freezing for breast and endometrial cancer patients.

Mail: [email protected]
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Biography: https://medicine.yale.edu/profile/kutluk_oktay/
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15 comments

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  • My son is 2 years and 2 months. He does not talk at all, say words that is. He understands when we ask him, for a kiss, when we say thank you, and he hands us items, when we say shoes, he knows that means we’re leaving or going outside. He babbles and he grunts, a lot. We’re struggling because he does not know how to tell us what’s wrong, so he will cry and gets frustrated. We don’t know what to do. I want t help him, and even if I do repetition he doesn’t seem to repeat what I say.

  • My 20 month old baby have poor eye contact…..and speech delay

    But doctor said she is not autistic…but she has no words to communicate…

  • Hi Kayla, Thank you for these informational videos. As an adult on the autism spectrum my difficulty among other things is communicating with others socially often invisible in a crowded room, ashamed to have this problem. When people ask me certain questions it takes me time to respond. Often they get upset at me for not answering right away, I have to think about the question and process it and still struggle with stuttering to make a clear answer, Anyway, do you work with adults too or is it only kids, or how do you know if a speech therapist is a right fit as an adult? Thanks. And i am hoping to get help soon through the Regional Center here in Central Cali. Ryan.

  • Hello sir my sister’s son is 8years old he can understand everything and he can hear very well and does everywork said by his mother but he won’t speak not even single word what to do sir plz suggest me as soon as possible

  • My grandson was talking before but now he’s 2 and says a word and then I never hear it again. Mostly babbles, it’s hard I don’t know when he wants to eat or need a new diaper.

  • Cohen is making great progress! You shared some great tips that will help other families working with their children who have a speech impediment or delay. Great topic to discuss and share your insight.

  • I spoke my daughter’s pediatrician about how she is 18 months old and she just says 3-4 words. Dada, mama, adiós and esté. She recommended to only speak to her in Spanish (both my husband and I are bilingual). Since talking to both languages it will confuse her. Is this true??

  • Best advice ever and THANK YOU Sooo much. CONGRATULATIONS to your son talling more. I have my son and he is about to 4 in May ��������❤❤❤❤❤❤

  • Hi… I subscribed your channel. Its very informative. My son is 10 months old. He doesn’t babbling. He just speak “Ahh” “Gooooo” this 2 words. People telling me in this stage baby babbles “Maa” “Papa” “dada” etc. My son doesn’t started anything yet. Is this something to speech delayed? or else we have to wait until 12 months.? if you can suggest me.

  • I just want to say that I have been getting this instinct that my son has autism too apart from speech delay. When your son (Dexter) waved goodbye, that’s how my son waves his hand too. He is now 4, we had a major turning point last year when started interacting with me, giving me his cars and stating which colors they are although it’s not clear but I was so happy. Now, he does parroting when he watches a kid show that he loves, he speaks more now and I haven’t gone to a speech therapist yet but I was so happy that I stayed at home for 2 years for him. I hope I get to meet a developmental pedia now.

  • Hi Kayla, great videos, really helpful. My child is almost 2 years, he says 3 to 5 words but he knows most of the alphabets. If you point your finger to a certain letter, he can say it. only Q, L and W cannot pronounce. He can follow directions and his attention span is really good. he is attentive too. However, compared to his twin brother, he is far behind on saying more words. Any suggestion on which area we as parents should focus on?

  • Just a question please. My 5 year old has a speech delay. He talks a little but not at the same level as a 5 year old. He is also a bit shy and sometimes anti social with other children his age. We have done a couple of speach therapy classes which helped a little. I also put him in play group 2 times a week for him to be social. His speech is still not the best. Should I hold him back from starting kindergarten until he is older? Or should I let him start. I’m so confused. I just want the best for my little one. His my first child.

    I thank you for your time and advice.
    God bless. ✝️

  • Thank you so much for sharing your lovely family with us. I am worried my son has autism. Your videos give me so much hope and inspiration. May God bless you and yours all your days.

  • My son is 9 now he talks a little more than couple years ago but he still has problems he mumbles and because of that hes embarrass to talk what can I do for him to open up and try more

  • This is great information thank you! My little one is 15 months and I’m working on her speech and I definitely say “say…” This or that. ����‍♀️