What is Social Comparison Theory | Explained in 2 min
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Social Comparison: Downward and Upward
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Social comparison not only plays a role in the judgments that people make about themselves but also in the way that people behave. As you compare yourself to others, consider how both upward and downward social comparison might influence your self-belief, confidence, motivation, and attitude, and watch out for negative feelings that might emerge as a result of this process. Researchers have identified two types of social comparison: upward social comparison, where we look at people we feel are better off than we are in an attempt to become inspired and more hopeful, and downward social comparisons, where we look at people who we feel are worse off than we are, in an effort to feel better about ourselves and our situation. Upward social comparison suggest that individuals compare themselves to people who are “better” off than themselves.
For example, if someone wants to feel smart, they may upwardly compare themselves to the top student in the school, or downwardly remind themselves that they have better grades than a student who does not perform as well. Source: pexels.com. Downward comparisons are considered to. When we make comparisons, there are different types of comparisons that we may make, however we will focus on two that have been studied particularly in the area of self-esteem – upward and downward comparisons. Upward comparisons involve comparing ourselves to someone whom we view to be better than us in that particular domain.
According to Festinger, however, there are two types of social comparison: upward and downward. We make upward comparisons with people who we think are better than us, and downward comparisons. These comparisons can sometimes be healthy measures of development, such as a child reaching certain growth milestones at the same time as their peers. ASCD Customer Service.
Phone Monday through Friday 8:00 a.m.-6:00 p.m. 1-800-933-ASCD (2723) Address 1703 North Beauregard St. Alexandria, VA 22311-1714. Fosters sibling rivalry: When you compare, rather praise the other child to your child, your child may secretly start loathing his own sibling. This may lead him to behave aggressively, pick fights, tease and even hit each other.
Downward social comparison is a defensive tendency that is used as a means of self-evaluation. When a person looks to another individual or group that they consider to be worse off than themselves in order to feel better about their self or personal situation, they are. Why does engaging in downward comparison provide a boost to an individual’s self-esteem?
It reminds you that other people are not as good as you in a given domain. Which of the following are the criteria that are necessary for a person to engage in the process of social comparison?
List of related literature:
|from Readings on the Development of Children|
|from Special Educational Needs, Inclusion and Diversity|
|from The Company They Keep: Friendships in Childhood and Adolescence|
|from Psychology for Educators|
|from Genograms: Assessment and Intervention|
|from Guiding Children’s Social Development and Learning|
|from Social Development|
|from Handbook of Psychology, Developmental Psychology|
|from Encyclopedia of Human Relationships: Vol. 1-|
|from Play Therapy: The Art of the Relationship|