What’s Microcephaly

 

How Genetic Defects Cause Microcephaly

Video taken from the channel: Columbia University Irving Medical Center


 

At home with a mum and her baby with microcephaly

Video taken from the channel: AP Archive


 

Microcephaly: What Expecting Parents Need to Know

Video taken from the channel: TopLine MD Alliance


 

Zika confirmed as a cause of microcephaly

Video taken from the channel: CBC News: The National


 

The boy with microcephaly who is defying medical expectations

Video taken from the channel: ITV News


 

What is microcephaly?

Video taken from the channel: KHON2 News


 

Zika Virus | What Is Microcephaly?

Video taken from the channel: CBC News: The National


Microcephaly is a rare nervous system disorder that causes a baby’s head to be small and not fully developed. The child’s brain stops growing as it should. This can happen while the baby is still. Microcephaly is a medical condition in which the brain does not develop properly, resulting in a shorter-than-normal head.

Microcephaly may be present at birth or it may develop in the first few years of life. Often, people with this disorder have an intellectual disability, poor motor function, poor speech, abnormal facial features, seizures and dwarfism. The disorder is caused by a disruption to the genetic processes that form the brainearly in pregn. Microcephaly is a condition in which your baby’s head is smaller than those of other children of the same age and sex.

This condition may be present when your baby is born. It may also develop in. Microcephaly is a condition in which a baby’s head is smaller than average for an infant’s size and age. The baby is either born with a smaller head (congenital), or the condition develops as the baby gets older (acquired). Microcephaly is rare, occurring in 2-12 babies per 10,000 births.

Microcephaly is a rare neurological condition in which a person’s head is significantly smaller than expected based on standardized charts. Some cases of microcephaly are detected at birth, while others develop in the first few years of life. Some children with microcephaly have normal intelligence and development. Microcephaly is a shrinking of the brain and skull.

A range of genetic conditions, infections, and diseases can cause it. The cause of microcephaly is not always clear. The condition may develop. Microcephaly is a condition where a baby’s head is much smaller than normal. It is most often present at birth (congenital).

Most children with microcephaly also have a small brain and an intellectual disability. Some children with small heads have normal intelligence. Microcephaly is a medical condition in which the circumference of the head is smaller than normal because the brain has not developed properly or has stopped growing. Microcephaly can be present at birth or it may develop in the first few years of life.

Acquired microcephaly is a condition that causes a baby’s head to be small and not grow fully. The child’s brain can stop growing as it should. It can happen after the. Microcephaly is a condition where a baby’s head is much smaller than normal. It is most often present at birth (congenital).

Most children with microcephaly also have a small brain and an intellectual disability. Some children with small heads have normal intelligence.

List of related literature:

Microcephaly is usually defined as a condition in which the size of the head, measured by the occipitofrontal circumference (OFC), is greater than two standard deviations below the mean for gestational age and gender.

“Neonatology: A Practical Approach to Neonatal Diseases” by Giuseppe Buonocore, Rodolfo Bracci, Michael Weindling
from Neonatology: A Practical Approach to Neonatal Diseases
by Giuseppe Buonocore, Rodolfo Bracci, Michael Weindling
Springer Milan, 2012

Microcephaly is a congenital condition that refers to a head circumference that measures more than 3 standard deviations below the mean forage and sex.

“Maternal Child Nursing Care in Canada E-Book” by Shannon E. Perry, Marilyn J. Hockenberry, Deitra Leonard Lowdermilk, Lisa Keenan-Lindsay, David Wilson, Cheryl A. Sams
from Maternal Child Nursing Care in Canada E-Book
by Shannon E. Perry, Marilyn J. Hockenberry, et. al.
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2016

Microcephaly refers to a head circumference that measures two or more standard deviations below the mean for age and sex (Gressens & Huppi, 2011).

“Maternity and Women's Health Care E-Book” by Deitra Leonard Lowdermilk, Shannon E. Perry, Mary Catherine Cashion, Kathryn Rhodes Alden
from Maternity and Women’s Health Care E-Book
by Deitra Leonard Lowdermilk, Shannon E. Perry, et. al.
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2014

Microcephaly implies a small brain, or micrencephaly, which can result from a variety of conditions.

“Encyclopedia of the Neurological Sciences” by Robert B. Daroff, Michael J. Aminoff
from Encyclopedia of the Neurological Sciences
by Robert B. Daroff, Michael J. Aminoff
Elsevier Science, 2014

Microcephaly is defined as a head circumference that is more than three standard deviations below the mean for the age and sex of the infant (Behrman et al., 2004).

“Maternity and Pediatric Nursing” by Susan Scott Ricci, Terri Kyle
from Maternity and Pediatric Nursing
by Susan Scott Ricci, Terri Kyle
Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2009

Microcephaly is a neurodevelopment disorder describing a patient with an abnormally smaller head circumference than others.

“The Encyclopedia of Neuropsychological Disorders” by Arthur MacNeill Horton, Jr., EdD, ABPP, ABPN, Chad A. Noggle, PhD, ABN, Raymond S. Dean, PhD, ABPP, ABN, ABPdN
from The Encyclopedia of Neuropsychological Disorders
by Arthur MacNeill Horton, Jr., EdD, ABPP, ABPN, Chad A. Noggle, PhD, ABN, Raymond S. Dean, PhD, ABPP, ABN, ABPdN
Springer Publishing Company, 2011

Microcephaly is defined as head circumference more than 2 standard deviations below the mean for age and sex.

“Handbook of Clinical Diagnostics” by Xue-Hong Wan, Rui Zeng
from Handbook of Clinical Diagnostics
by Xue-Hong Wan, Rui Zeng
Springer Singapore, 2019

Microcephaly is defined as a head circumference that measures more than 3 standard deviations below the mean for age and sex.

“Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics E-Book” by Robert M. Kliegman, Bonita F. Stanton, Joseph St. Geme, Nina F Schor, Richard E. Behrman
from Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics E-Book
by Robert M. Kliegman, Bonita F. Stanton, et. al.
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2011

Microcephaly is an abnormally small head that falls 2 standard deviations below the mean.

“Textbook of Diagnostic Sonography E-Book: 2-Volume Set” by Sandra L. Hagen-Ansert
from Textbook of Diagnostic Sonography E-Book: 2-Volume Set
by Sandra L. Hagen-Ansert
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2013

Microcephaly is the result of abnormal development of the central nervous system, in which the brain and neurocranium fail to grow.

“The Developing Human E-Book: Clinically Oriented Embryology” by Keith L. Moore, T. V. N. Persaud, Mark G. Torchia
from The Developing Human E-Book: Clinically Oriented Embryology
by Keith L. Moore, T. V. N. Persaud, Mark G. Torchia
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2018

Oktay Kutluk

Kutluk Oktay, MD, FACOG is one of the world's foremost experts in fertility preservation as well as ovarian stimulation and in vitro fertilization for infertility treatments. He developed and performed the world's first ovarian transplantation procedures as well as pioneered new ovarian stimulation protocols for embryo and oocyte freezing for breast and endometrial cancer patients.

Mail: [email protected]
Telephone: +1 (877) 492-3666

Biography: https://medicine.yale.edu/profile/kutluk_oktay/
Bibliography: oktay_bibliography

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26 comments

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  • In 1987, I had a baby girl named Sarah Elizabeth Spurlock who was born with microcephaly. She went to heaven one day shy of her 16th birthday. Very tough for us all. Long term, you have a big child who acts like a very young infant or toddler. That is what it is like. You have a baby forever. We had to place her in a group home where she could get 24/7. My husband I and divorced and I never wanted to date or be a stepmom.

  • This kid reminds me of my self, I have the same condition but got never diagnosed in the right way. I’m from Morocco but live in Norway, I was trying for so many years to find out about my deformity condition, my parents wasn’t attentive about this and was just ignoring it because maybe they though I was developing well so that’s why I never got diagnosed I guess. Fortunately, I had special abilities and was self-taught and learned very quickly in differing things, but the theory part was difficult for me and I struggling very much with concentration and communicating with others and also behavioral problems and hyperactivity. I do not know what causing the type of this rare condition, but I blame vaccination.. thanks God that my brain was developing almost 100% although I have low IQ.. but I’m thankful.

  • Wow. It’s fascinating that there are different types of microcephaly in some respect. Some children are in a near vegetable state, but this child is able to communicate well and is very active. I guess it depends how grave the condition is in each child.

  • Sorry they shouldn’t make this is normal like we all look forward to have a child that’s disabled it’s very difficult and challenging I would have aborted a disabled child

  • What a wonderful mother. It is so difficult raising people with special needs. They share a special bond and you can see the love between them <3

  • The mom is so gorgeous! You’d never suspect she even was a mum but rather a postgraduate or something, her commitment and energy is also so amazing!

  • My youngest son was diagnosed with microcephaly when he was a baby. We were told he had a low chance of survival and if he did live he would be seriously disabled. He also was diagnosed with mild CP and moderate Autism. He was critically ill his first four years of life and they said he had an “unknown” syndrome. He attended regular classes and graduated high school with a normal diploma on schedule. He also got a certification in Gaming Programming and is age 20. At around 11 years of age they did a microarray test and found he had Duplication 15q Syndrome. He walks, talks and is very smart. His only issue is working around his Autistic problems but he doesn’t let it stand in his way.
    Our boys and others like them, will show the world that having a head smaller than “normal” will not prevent them from being just like everyone else.

  • This is what our taxes should be going towards, helping mum’s who have unique circumstances, not bell ends who fart out kids to get benefits and housing. Hope Yusuf is doing well.

  • I needed this today. My baby at 24 weeks pregant is in the 2nd prercintile for head circumfrance. It’s been a rough day and seeing this little boy brings me hope.

  • Clearly, his mother’s upbeat, activist attitude have given her son the best chance at a normal, engaged life. “I don’t have a small head..” what a great answer!! Wise kid!!

  • Microcephaly comes in varying levels of severity depending on how much of the brain fails to develop. Most infants born with with microcephaly or anencephaly die within a few hours or minutes after the birth. This boy has a reletively mild form of microcephaly. For a child with microcephaly his head is fairly large. Most other children his ahe with microcephaly cannot move much less speak or learn. This child is very lucky indeed

  • Absolute bullshit. This is what happens when you have a bunch of gender studies graduates that discovered the degree was worthless and their only marketable talent is mashing a keyboard. Zika was prevalent and well know since the 40’s in Africa. Where are all the cases of microcephaly? Please explain. Couldn’t be the mass of mix of toxic chemicals they use to grow food. That might cost some corporation some money. These aren’t journalists they are sycophants.

  • The first South American field trial of our Wolbachia method has begun in Brazil, with the initial releases of Wolbachia mosquitoes taking place in Tubiacanga.

    The community of Tubiacanga, in Rio de Janeiro, has shown strong support for the releases and joined our team in a celebration to mark the occasion on September 24, 2014. The event drew attention from news services locally and across Brazil, where dengue is a significant and growing health problem.

    We plan to release Wolbachia mosquitoes in our Tubiacanga field site once a week for approximately four months,

    note;it takes approx 6 months to start reducing zika in mosquito’s using wolbachia bacteria’ therefor this timing coincides exactly with the zika virus which is capable of switching the wolbachia gene cifA off ‘leaving the gne cif B turned on’ in the mosquito’ thus altering RNA in the mosquito and human sperm’ which when enters ovum causes neuron scaffold progenitor cells to mis-function’ when assembling the fetus’ which is the cause of microcephaly in new born babies;

    note;this after 9 to 12 months coincides exactly when microcephaly peaked in late November 2015 (week 47), an average of 23 weeks after the start of the epidemics of ZIKV infection and GBS

    note well microcephaly occurs in the first trimester due to zika switching off wolbachia cif A genes and thus leaving cif B genes to cause neuron scaffold progenitor cells to fail;
    most Doctors in Brazil now know this’ however the presence of zika is now reduced due to wolbachia so the future looks bright and OK after all the trouble it has caused;

  • It is very sad that ppl make fun of ppl with disabilities! even worse whn talking about a poor innocent child…hopefully none of your children end up that way!

  • My daughter Sarah was born with microcephaly in 1987, My husband left in 1990. She passed in 2004. Everyone wanted me to work but Sarah had so many appointments. Too expensive to hire someone to do what I was doing. Very hard time in my life.

  • I thought they found evidence 5 months ago that zika wasn’t the cause of the birth defects due to them finally testing healthy babies and they had zika.

  • Being as this condition really physically and mentally effects a high number of people who have it, it’s really good to see that this little boy is able to live a decent life and enjoy this beautiful world we live in. ❤

  • Why do fuckfaces always lie and say shit like “there is hope” umm really? So one day the kid will magically grow a brain? One day he won’t be dumb as a rock.

  • Comments are paranoid and toxic……nature restores balance and we’ve tipped that balance with modern science so nature will continue to combat us. It’s not government conspiracy bullshit or anything like that, it’s just nature plain and simple. Occoms Razor.

  • he is for real extremely bright and intelligent for a person his age with this condition!!! check out Lola and Clair who are sisters and ages 10 and 15 and compare his success with theirs before saying anything negative

  • They finally did it! They found the pesticides linked to the condition, had nothing to do with the virus after all. The mosquitoes with the virus also contained startling concentrations of the chemical as well. Because it’s just an “insect” they can’t blame anyone for this. You can go after monsanto all you want, but it will never change anything. So sad these humans won’t ever take action for the crimes committed against them.

  • I really appreciate what this mom is doing and I hope she gets the support she needs and I hope yusef will be happy in the future!

    Much love from Guinea west africa

  • I have microcephaly son 6 years old now in 2016, thank you for this story.
    My channel about my dear son Roman Grigoryev, and my struggle for the rights of children with special needs in Russia

  • Hi, can i know when he start to walk and speak,my son just like him,he’s one years old and still not set and walk but he move his body very will he said some words like gaga gag go ag somthing like that.

  • My goodness. He is just as normal as an average child and he speaks very well. This young man is showing the world that not all children born with microcephaly are incapable of living a fairly normal life. Aside from his life sustaining meds, he seems very normal and very active.

  • Hi, does your baby boy have cmv? My daughter does. Today I got the news her head growth has dropped to 2nd centile. My heart is broken.