Very Premature Baby Health Problems

 

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The most common long-term health problems for very premature babies are: Apnea of prematurity: Most very premature babies outgrow this before they leave the. The most common type of jaundice among premature babies is exaggerated, physiologic jaundice. In this condition, the liver can’t rid the body of bilirubin.

This substance is produced during the. Premature babies and other very sick newborns face some of the same medical issues. Listed below are some medical conditions that may be seen in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).

The conditions listed may not be relevant to your baby’s situation. We encourage you to read only what you feel would be helpful to you and your child’s. hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar. neonatal sepsis, a bacterial blood infection. pneumonia, an infection and inflammation of the lungs. patent ductus arteriosus.

Mental health conditions. Premature babies may be more likely to have anxiety or depression later in life. Depression is a medical condition in which strong feelings of sadness last for a long time and interfere with your daily life. It needs treatment to get better. A WOMAN under 3ft tall who was told giving birth could “crush her from the inside out” has defied the odds to welcome a health baby boy.

After being born with 150 fractured bones, 2ft 10in. Unfortunately, the picture isn’t as rosy for those babies born extremely prematurely (22 to 27 weeks). Just 22% of these preemies in the study had no major health conditions in adulthood. By.

Below is a list of the most common premature birth complications that a newborn may experience: Immature Lungs – Most babies have mature lungs by 36 weeks of gestation. However, since babies develop at different rates, there are exceptions to this. Premature babies may have more health problems than babies born later. These include problems with their brain, lungs, heart, eyes and other organs.

Some premature babies have to spend time in a hospital’s newborn intensive care unit (also called NICU) to get special medical care. PVL is common in very premature, low birth weight babies. It is the second most common complication involving the central nervous system in premature infants.

PVL can cause damage to the nerve pathways that control motor movements, resulting in muscles that are tight, spastic or resistant to movement, in addition to being weak.

List of related literature:

As the number of late preterm infants has grown, so has the awareness of their unique set of problems, such as delayed neonatal transition, wet lung syndrome, hypothermia, hypoglycemia, and hyperbilirubinemia (Figure 33-2).

“Avery's Diseases of the Newborn E-Book” by Christine A. Gleason, Sherin Devaskar
from Avery’s Diseases of the Newborn E-Book
by Christine A. Gleason, Sherin Devaskar
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2011

Preterm infants 32 to 35 weeks <6 months of age who have two or more of the following risk factors: attending day care, with school-aged siblings in household, exposure to environmental pollutants, congenital abnormalities of the airways, or severe neuromuscular disease.

“Manual of Neonatal Care” by John P. Cloherty, Eric C. Eichenwald, Anne R. Hansen
from Manual of Neonatal Care
by John P. Cloherty, Eric C. Eichenwald, Anne R. Hansen
Wolters Kluwer Health, 2012

The greatest risk factors appear to be young gestational age and low birthweight (Fig. 44-30); however, late preterm delivery (35 to 36 weeks) or elective delivery in the absence of labor are becoming increasingly prominent as risk factors.23 Other risk factors include maternal diabetes and perinatal hypoxia-ischemia.

“Fanaroff and Martin's Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine: Diseases of the Fetus and Infant” by Richard J. Martin, Avroy A. Fanaroff, Michele C. Walsh
from Fanaroff and Martin’s Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine: Diseases of the Fetus and Infant
by Richard J. Martin, Avroy A. Fanaroff, Michele C. Walsh
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2010

Both premature and IUGR infants are at risk for significant metabolic conditions (obesity, type II diabetes) and cardiovascular disorders (ischemic heart disease, hypertension) as adults.

“Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics, 2-Volume Set” by Robert M. Kliegman, MD, Bonita F. Stanton, MD, Joseph St. Geme, MD, Nina F Schor, MD, PhD
from Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics, 2-Volume Set
by Robert M. Kliegman, MD, Bonita F. Stanton, MD, et. al.
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2015

Long-term residua in premature and/or lowbirth-weight infants include cerebral palsy (CP), mental retardation (MR), behavior disorders, learning disabilities (LD), epilepsy, deafmuteness, blindness, hydrocephalus, chronic lung disease (bronchopulmonary dysplasia), and failure to thrive (FTT).

“Encyclopedia of Jewish Medical Ethics: A Compilation of Jewish Medical Law on All Topics of Medical Interest...” by Avraham Steinberg, Fred Rosner
from Encyclopedia of Jewish Medical Ethics: A Compilation of Jewish Medical Law on All Topics of Medical Interest…
by Avraham Steinberg, Fred Rosner
Feldheim Publishers, 2003

The reported incidence of CLD in premature infants ranges between 15% and 60%.61-63 As expected, compared with larger premature infants, smaller infants are at greater risk for this disorder.

“Fetal and Neonatal Physiology” by Richard A. Polin, Steven H. Abman, William W. Fox
from Fetal and Neonatal Physiology
by Richard A. Polin, Steven H. Abman, William W. Fox
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2011

Tomasik concluded that the following factors put premature infants at risk for hearing loss: low gestational age or associated with it prolonged mechanical ventilation, hyperbilirubinemia, severe general condition, hypoglycemia, and prolonged treatment with amikacin.

“Communication Disorders in Multicultural Populations E-Book” by Dolores E. Battle
from Communication Disorders in Multicultural Populations E-Book
by Dolores E. Battle
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2012

Infants born prematurely are at risk for respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH), necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), and sepsis.

“Management of Common Problems in Obstetrics and Gynecology” by T. Murphy Goodwin, Martin N. Montoro, Laila Muderspach, Richard Paulson, Subir Roy
from Management of Common Problems in Obstetrics and Gynecology
by T. Murphy Goodwin, Martin N. Montoro, et. al.
Wiley, 2010

The incidence rate of the disorder is 10–40 % of premature babies with low birth weight and it can cause spastic diplegia as a serious neurologic sequela on 6.5–10 % of the premature babies that survive (Lee et al. 2002).

“Radiology Illustrated: Pediatric Radiology” by In-One Kim
from Radiology Illustrated: Pediatric Radiology
by In-One Kim
Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2014

Preterm infants may develop breathing disorders such as apnea, in which breathing is not regular and rhythmical, or bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), in which the lungs are damaged and infants require supplemental oxygen and breathing support.

“Encyclopedia of Special Education: A Reference for the Education of Children, Adolescents, and Adults with Disabilities and Other Exceptional Individuals” by Cecil R. Reynolds, Elaine Fletcher-Janzen
from Encyclopedia of Special Education: A Reference for the Education of Children, Adolescents, and Adults with Disabilities and Other Exceptional Individuals
by Cecil R. Reynolds, Elaine Fletcher-Janzen
Wiley, 2007

Oktay Kutluk

Kutluk Oktay, MD, FACOG is one of the world's foremost experts in fertility preservation as well as ovarian stimulation and in vitro fertilization for infertility treatments. He developed and performed the world's first ovarian transplantation procedures as well as pioneered new ovarian stimulation protocols for embryo and oocyte freezing for breast and endometrial cancer patients.

Mail: [email protected]
Telephone: +1 (877) 492-3666

Biography: https://medicine.yale.edu/profile/kutluk_oktay/
Bibliography: oktay_bibliography

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11 comments

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  • Mera baby green poti krti he mera milk nhi piti fir v grin poty wait v nhi bdha 2kg se 500gran bdhi he 2month ho gye m kya kru milk nhi piti babut roti he

  • Doctor ne 2 june de rakhi thi or 14 may ko Cijeriyan dilevari kar di or bache ko nicu me nahi rakhaa to bache me koe problem to nahi or mind say to sahi hai yaa nahi mind ka koe test hota hai kyaa Or uska wait 2700 thaa please help me

  • Sis teeth ki problm i think premature ke karn nhi he kyuki mera bhatija normal he but usko bhi yhi problm he samne ke teeth uake bhi gal gaye he to ap preshan na ho sab accha hoga

  • Sis mri beti 2 mah ki haa mjy aisa lag ra aa ap mri beti k issues bta ri ann Ya b premature the pragency k 6 7 8 month ya pani m rahe mary pait m pani o gya thaa bht Is wja say ya choti h ha r Weak b bht ha weight b gain nai kar rhee

  • Kindly do not misguide parents premature babies are diffrent than normal ones every child is diffrent just to put content on youtube u cant just give ur inputs u are not some paedtrician get some facts cleared before speaking lady

  • My twins baby girl vanshika and vishwa also premature but thank God ki meri betiyo ko ek din bhi hospital me nai rakhna pada or aaj vo 6 year ki hai or very healthy baby koi problem nai aai

  • Meri beti premature hai wo 1.20kg thi usene bhi mughe 9 month ki home tak raat Ko sone nahe deya.aur Abhi 3 yers ki hai to 1 bhi month hamara yesa nahe gya ham hospital nahe Gaye.

  • Di same to same baatey mere sath hue ha mera beta sourya say 1mnth chota ha uska born November may h usko 7mant tak losmoshn lge rhi. Raat brh jagta thi. Or abh bhi raat ko 2 bar milk peta h.or srart to pucho he nhi ketne krta h

  • Mere beta bi premature hua 8 months me..Aise babies ko seriously kafi problem ati h palne me specially 1 yr tk…Same night me 1 bje jagna aur 6 bje morning me sona aur full day 10-15 min tk sona…brst feed bi issue rha..I used shield ki feeding ho jaye…mera beta 3.7 yrs ka h…But dekhne me lagta h 2.5ys ka h…Weight bi bhut km h…..Mere bete ki bi cosmetic surgery hue jb vo 2.5 yrs ka tha but reason y tha ki vo gir gya tha h..To bhut mushkil s vo tym manage hua……..Priya m apki regular viewer hu aur 1 yr s jyada tym ho gya mujhe apke videos dekhte..Maine yhe notice kiya ki shourya breastfeeding pr n tha..Y bhut bada reason hota h health issue ka..Kyunki prematures jyada jaroort hoti h as compare to normal babies..Aur y bat bhi sahi h ki premature feed n kr pate h…. Teething ka issue meri ek frnd ki beti ko hua kyunki vo milk jyada leti the night me aur day tym me bhi proper meals n leti the…Body me protein n calcium bad gya tha to..But touchwood abi vo achhe h..shourya ka bi teething issue tym ane pr solve ho jayega.. Touchwood!!God bless him..Its incubator.nt ventilator

  • The dislikes are from Planned parenthood and their pro choice followers because this kinda defeats their whole “The baby can’t feel until 24 weeks.” and “It’s just clump of cells.” and “It’s not alive.” B.S.

  • I almost got the world record lol I was born at 23 weeks and I wouldn’t have been saved but one of my due dates was at 24 weeks, but at the hospital place thing they confirmed it was 23 weeks