The Composition of Breast Milk

 

Types of Breast milk Simplified in hindi

Video taken from the channel: The NURSING EDUCATION


 

Fatty Acids and Fat-Soluble Vitamins in Breast Milk Ardythe Morrow

Video taken from the channel: Nestlé Nutrition Institute


 

Biochemistry of Human Milk Part 1

Video taken from the channel: Merav Efrat


 

Breastfeeding Guide (Part-2) Composition of Breast Milk

Video taken from the channel: Virtue Baby Dr Nitika Sobti


 

The powerful composition of breast milk

Video taken from the channel: Institute NaturScience


 

Biochemistry of Human Milk

Video taken from the channel: Merav Efrat


 

The science of milk Jonathan J. O’Sullivan

Video taken from the channel: TED-Ed


Breast milk is primarily composed of water, carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins. Each of these nutrients plays a role in contributing to infant growth and development. These include immune-boosting white blood cells, as well as stem cells, which may help organs develop and heal. 2. More than 1,000 proteins 3 that help your baby grow and develop, activate her immune system, and develop and protect neurons in her brain.

All that breast milk protein is made up of amino acids. The composition of breast milk can change during a single session of breastfeeding as well as during the whole period of a several months of breastfeeding, being perfectly adapted to the nutritional requirements of the baby. Table of Contents [ show]. The approximate composition of breast milk is 87% water, 7% lactose, 4% fat, and 1% protein. The fat and lactose (a type of carb/sugar) provide most of the energy in breast milk.

And that is exactly what baby needs! Also, a ton of other molecules make breast milk more than just about nutrition. The macronutrient (ie overall fat, protein and carbohydrate) composition of breastmilk is robust even across different populations of women despite variations in maternal nutritional status.

2 The average macronutrient composition of breastmilk is approximately 1.2 g/dL for protein, 3.6 g/dL for fat, and 7.4 g/dL for lactose (the main carbohydrate in breastmilk). 3 The. Breast milk contains complex proteins, lipids, carbohydrates and other biologically active components. The composition changes over a single feed as well as over the period of lactation. During the first few days after delivery, the mother produces colostrum.

This is a thin yellowish fluid that is the same fluid that sometimes leaks from the breasts during pregnancy. It is rich in protein and antibodies that provide passive immunity to the baby (the baby’s immune system is not fully. Race, age, parity, or diet do not greatly affect milk composition and there is no consistent compositional difference between milks from the two breasts unless one is infected. The principal proteins of human milk are a casein homologous to bovine beta-casein, alpha-lactalbumin, lactoferrin, immunoglobulin IgA, lysozyme, and serum albumin. Iron is 50 to 75 percent absorbed.

Vitamins and minerals in breast milk enjoy a higher bioavailability-that is, a greater percentage is absorbed. To compensate, more is added to formula, which makes it harder to digest. Digestive enzymes promote intestinal health.

Breast milk has the perfect combination of proteins, fats, vitamins, and carbohydrates. There is nothing better for the health of your baby. Leukocytes are living cells that are only found in breast milk.

They help fight infection. From colostrum that coats and seals your newborn’s stomach lining, to mature milk that helps your baby grow strong, each drop of your breast milk contains thousands of beneficial components, including: antibodies to protect against illnesses 2 hormones that promote bonding and regulate appetite 3.

List of related literature:

For the first postpartum week milk produced is colostrum, a relatively thick yellow fluid with a mean energy value of 67 kcal (0.3 MJ) per 100 ml with a volume of only 2–20 ml per feed during the first 3 days.

“Human Nutrition E-Book” by Catherine Geissler, Hilary Powers
from Human Nutrition E-Book
by Catherine Geissler, Hilary Powers
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2010

Breast milk secretion during full lactation averages approximately 120, 25, and 1.6 mg/day for phosphorus, magnesium, and zinc, respectively, but the ranges of values between individuals are wide.

“Pediatric Bone: Biology and Diseases” by Francis H. Glorieux, John M. Pettifor, Harald Juppner
from Pediatric Bone: Biology and Diseases
by Francis H. Glorieux, John M. Pettifor, Harald Juppner
Elsevier Science, 2011

Transitional breast milk is produced between colostrum (from 3–4 days) and mature milk and lasts for approximately 10 days to 2 weeks postpartum (Lawrence & Lawrence 2005).

“Mayes' Midwifery E-Book: A Textbook for Midwives” by Sue Macdonald
from Mayes’ Midwifery E-Book: A Textbook for Midwives
by Sue Macdonald
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2011

For the first 2 or 3 days, the mother’s breasts secrete colostrum, a yellowish, watery fluid with a higher protein, vitamin A, and mineral content and a lower fat and carbohydrate content than breast milk.

“Broadribb's Introductory Pediatric Nursing” by Nancy T. Hatfield
from Broadribb’s Introductory Pediatric Nursing
by Nancy T. Hatfield
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2003

It is now well established that the nutritional, immunological, and biochemical properties of breast milk promote health, growth, and development of the baby.

“Pheromones” by Gerald Litwack
from Pheromones
by Gerald Litwack
Elsevier Science, 2010

In 1980, the U.S. Congress passed the Infant Formula Act (with revisions in 1985) as the result of severe health consequences when artificial breast milk failed to include key vitamins and minerals in new formula compositions.

“Obstetrics: Normal and Problem Pregnancies E-Book” by Steven G. Gabbe, Jennifer R. Niebyl, Henry L Galan, Eric R. M. Jauniaux, Mark B Landon, Joe Leigh Simpson, Deborah A Driscoll
from Obstetrics: Normal and Problem Pregnancies E-Book
by Steven G. Gabbe, Jennifer R. Niebyl, et. al.
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2016

Soon, our breast milk flows, and that provides every nutrient needed to sustain a growing infant’s life, including protein, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals, digestive enzymes, and hormones.

“Knowledge of Self: A Collection of Wisdom on the Science of Everything in Life” by Supreme Understanding, Sunez Allah, C'BS Alife Allah
from Knowledge of Self: A Collection of Wisdom on the Science of Everything in Life
by Supreme Understanding, Sunez Allah, C’BS Alife Allah
Supreme Design, 2009

The composition of breast milk varies from individual to individual, as well as within the same individual, with composition changes occurring with stage of lactation, time of day, maternal diet, and time elapsed since feeding began.

“Conn's Current Therapy 2010 E-Book: Expert Consult” by Edward T. Bope, Robert E. Rakel, Rick D. Kellerman
from Conn’s Current Therapy 2010 E-Book: Expert Consult
by Edward T. Bope, Robert E. Rakel, Rick D. Kellerman
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2010

The composition of breast milk has long been used as the basis for determining infant nutrient requirements during the first 6 months of life, and as a basis for regulations on the permitted composition of breast milk substitutes (infant formulas).

“The Science of Paediatrics: MRCPCH Part 1 Mastercourse” by Tom Lissauer, Will Carroll
from The Science of Paediatrics: MRCPCH Part 1 Mastercourse
by Tom Lissauer, Will Carroll
Elsevier, 2016

Nutritional Advantages of Breast Milk The nutrient composition of breast milk is specifically designed for the human infant and changes over time as the infant develops, meeting the nutrient needs of the child for up to the first year of life.

“Nutrition: Science and Applications” by Lori A. Smolin, Mary B. Grosvenor
from Nutrition: Science and Applications
by Lori A. Smolin, Mary B. Grosvenor
Wiley, 2019

Oktay Kutluk

Kutluk Oktay, MD, FACOG is one of the world's foremost experts in fertility preservation as well as ovarian stimulation and in vitro fertilization for infertility treatments. He developed and performed the world's first ovarian transplantation procedures as well as pioneered new ovarian stimulation protocols for embryo and oocyte freezing for breast and endometrial cancer patients.

Mail: [email protected]
Telephone: +1 (877) 492-3666

Biography: https://medicine.yale.edu/profile/kutluk_oktay/
Bibliography: oktay_bibliography

View all posts

6 comments

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

  • So thats why my frickin cat kept suckin his brother’s balloons (his mum was too sick to feed him liquid mayo thats he had to THHHH his older brother)

  • Any creature on earth should depend upon other creatures for food but we humans exploit all the things for our own selfish reasons ��

  • The plural for Sheep is Sheep not Sheeps ( 2:01) and these videos on Milk are much more accurate: 1) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FM95_k9onEc
    2) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UcN7SGGoCNI

  • Milk is actually a type of sweat, originally produced not to feed young but as a way of distributing anti-microbial peptides over the surface of the animal.

  • I am a mother of six months old premature baby.. I had to struggle a lot for breastfeeding.. My body hardly produced any milk in the first month and my baby was dependent on formula.. But I was determined to breastfeed my baby.. I searched a lot on this topic and today I am able to exclusively breasrfeed my baby.. And feel so proud when he sleeps satisfactorily after having my feed; when he smiles and play joyfully after feed.. I ate a lot of glactogauges to increase my milk supply… Shatavari,, fennel seeds,, fenugreek seeds,, white cumin,, Dalia,, normal cumin,, spinach,, garlic.. I also had a few tablets and granules which boosted my milk supply initially… Also take a lot of rest and watch your baby while hw/she is feeding at your breast… I request all mothers who are struggling with low milk supply to add these glactogauges to their daily diet and see the difference and be benefitted.. Feed as much as you can you will get more and more and still more