Second Language Boosts Cognitive Skills in infants

 

Nuryl Introduction 1.0

Video taken from the channel: Rick Beato


 

Creating bilingual minds | Naja Ferjan Ramirez | TEDxLjubljana

Video taken from the channel: TEDx Talks


 

How Does a Child’s Brain Develop? | Susan Y. Bookheimer PhD | UCLAMDChat

Video taken from the channel: UCLA Health


 

Bilingual and monolingual baby brains differ in response to language

Video taken from the channel: I-LABS UW


 

Boost Your Baby’s Brain | Audrey van der Meer | TEDxTrondheim

Video taken from the channel: TEDx Talks


 

Babies’ brains show that social skills linked to second language learning

Video taken from the channel: I-LABS UW


 

The linguistic genius of babies | Patricia Kuhl

Video taken from the channel: TED


Studies show that the earlier you can introduce your baby to a second language, the greater their chance of being bilingual is. One study found that even by 12 months, babies’ perception of how to hear words narrows down to their first language. The results from this study show that the children who grow up with two languages (bilingual) show a definite advantage in cognitive and other developmental skills compared to those children who grow up with only one language (monolingual). This is the first study to demonstrate this advantage in children as young as two years of age. Studies show that learning a language increases the volume and density of gray matter, the volume of white matter, and brain connectivity.

In older language learners, some studies show cognitive benefits beyond languages, such as for working memory. Feed Their Brains Research shows that learning a second language boosts problem-solving, critical-thinking, and listening skills, in addition to improving memory, concentration, and the ability to multitask. Children proficient in other languages also show signs of enhanced creativity and mental flexibility. Boost Their Academic Achievement. According to a comprehensive review issued by the National Education Association (NEA), here are some of the notable benefits experienced by children who learned a second language in school.

Children who study a foreign language receive a boost in overall cognitive development, do better on standardized tests, are more creative, and have better self-esteem. In a 1998 Italian study, hearing first and second graders were taught sign language, and later showed greater memory skills and advanced cognition. This was true when compared to children learning a second spoken language and children learning no second language. The results clearly point to sign language aiding cognitive advancement.

Often, these words relate to new objects encountered or are new words to express feelings and ideas. Building vocabulary boosts cognition and promotes knowledge of the world. It also allows children to form new ideas and share them with caregivers. Language and Academic Achievement.

Building language skills is a key component of later academic. 5. Read either The Late Talker or Childhood Speech, Language & Listening Problems. How parents can encourage language skills. 1. Have a give and take.

Whether it’s bath time, dinner time, or drive time, respond to your baby’s babbling or engage your preschooler in a discussion about something that interests him. Speed up and improve your child’s language skills. 2. Read, read, read. It’s never too early to read to your baby.

One good predictor of future reading success is the amount of time parents. Learning a second language at a young age has long been known to boost brainpower. But a US study three years ago found the white matter of babies exposed to two languages benefit from this extra.

List of related literature:

Bilingual toddlers’ efficiency with the processing of the speech signal has been linked to the size of their vocabulary.

“The Handbook of Bilingualism and Multilingualism” by Tej K. Bhatia, William C. Ritchie
from The Handbook of Bilingualism and Multilingualism
by Tej K. Bhatia, William C. Ritchie
Wiley, 2014

Consequently, the brain’s potential to learn and understand language is not dependent on the infant’s ability to speak.

“The Biology of Belief 10th Anniversary Edition” by Bruce H. Lipton, Ph.D.
from The Biology of Belief 10th Anniversary Edition
by Bruce H. Lipton, Ph.D.
Hay House, 2015

Cognitive gains in 7-month-old bilingual infants.

“The Psycholinguistics of Bilingualism” by François Grosjean, Ping Li
from The Psycholinguistics of Bilingualism
by François Grosjean, Ping Li
Wiley, 2013

Infants’ early ability to segment the conversational speech signal predicts later language devel­opment: A retrospective analysis.

“Human Language: From Genes and Brains to Behavior” by Peter Hagoort
from Human Language: From Genes and Brains to Behavior
by Peter Hagoort
MIT Press, 2019

Infants also show a very early response to different properties of language.

“An Introduction to Language” by Victoria Fromkin, Robert Rodman, Nina Hyams, Mengistu Amberber, Felicity Cox, Rosalind Thornton
from An Introduction to Language
by Victoria Fromkin, Robert Rodman, et. al.
Cengage Learning Australia, 2017

Exploring 4-month-old infants’ abilities to discriminate languages from the same rhythmic class.

“Handbook of Bilingualism: Psycholinguistic Approaches” by Judith F. Kroll, Annette M. B. De Groot
from Handbook of Bilingualism: Psycholinguistic Approaches
by Judith F. Kroll, Annette M. B. De Groot
Oxford University Press, 2009

Thus, the use of two languages around and with the child who is developing his cognitive skills in language, that is, the ability to analyse language and control linguistic cues, will enhance these skills.

“Bilinguality and Bilingualism” by Blanc Michel Hamers Josiane, Josiane F. Hamers, Josiane F.. Hamers, Michel Blanc, linguiste, Blanc, Michel, Ph.D, Cambridge University Press
from Bilinguality and Bilingualism
by Blanc Michel Hamers Josiane, Josiane F. Hamers, et. al.
Cambridge University Press, 1989

We now have a vast body of research showing that a child’s potential for language development, self-regulation, intelligence, and many other facets of cognitive function can be heavily influenced by environmental factors during pregnancy and early infancy.

“Brain Health From Birth: Nurturing Brain Development During Pregnancy and the First Year” by Rebecca Fett
from Brain Health From Birth: Nurturing Brain Development During Pregnancy and the First Year
by Rebecca Fett
Franklin Fox Publishing LLC, 2019

The volume of talk that babies hear before age three affects their IQ and the size of their vocabulary even at age nine.37 Since parents differ greatly in the degree of stimulation they provide, cognitive differences inherited at birth can be magnified significantly by the time young children begin school.

“The Politics of Happiness: What Government Can Learn from the New Research on Well-Being” by Derek Bok
from The Politics of Happiness: What Government Can Learn from the New Research on Well-Being
by Derek Bok
Princeton University Press, 2010

As infants become more verbal, experience with language influences the organization of their neural response, resulting in distinct patterns of brain activity in response to words that an infant understands by 11 months (Thierry et al., 2003).

“Neural Circuit Development and Function in the Healthy and Diseased Brain: Comprehensive Developmental Neuroscience” by John Rubenstein, Pasko Rakic
from Neural Circuit Development and Function in the Healthy and Diseased Brain: Comprehensive Developmental Neuroscience
by John Rubenstein, Pasko Rakic
Elsevier Science, 2013

Oktay Kutluk

Kutluk Oktay, MD, FACOG is one of the world's foremost experts in fertility preservation as well as ovarian stimulation and in vitro fertilization for infertility treatments. He developed and performed the world's first ovarian transplantation procedures as well as pioneered new ovarian stimulation protocols for embryo and oocyte freezing for breast and endometrial cancer patients.

Mail: [email protected]
Telephone: +1 (877) 492-3666

Biography: https://medicine.yale.edu/profile/kutluk_oktay/
Bibliography: oktay_bibliography

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119 comments

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  • What I learned from this video is that “Babies started to discriminate their own languages at their first birthdays”, which means I have to pay more attention to first year when I m trying to raise my daughter a bilingual child, now she is 55-day old. Thanks for sharing this video.

  • I’m so inspired by this!, I just wish I had found out about it before Lucas(my son)was born. Is it still worth doing, starting at 16 months?

  • This is my favorite TEDx. It makes me want to dance. I usually don’t code switch, but lots of people I know do. They have linguistic sophistication.

  • Unfortunately for european people, being multilingual of which their own native language and english is not kind of things that massive achievement. Because language sequence is nearly same among of two language. As a Asian, asian person who can speak Japanese or korean or and english is so wonderful thing.

  • lot of comments about this Lady’s accent and breathing. Fist, remember her first language is Slovenian, followed by English and Spanish so her speech is bound to contain features of all of those. Secondly, she may be nervous, and thirdly the mike might not be set up at its best. All in all, I thought she did a good job without notes, giving useful insights.

  • I actually think in english, sometimes I dream in english too, and I always speak to myself in english, I’m a 14 years old french girl, who learned to be fluent in english in 1 year. I also lean korean, chinese and german! Isn’t it cool tho? If I can do it, you can too!

  • Rick, of your 3 kids it seems only the first (Dylan ) developed perfect pitch. Is that right? Did you do the same program for all 3?
    And have you seen similar results for other kids, or is Dylan special? After all, it might be expected he has musical genes….

  • NOW I’M DEPRESSED FOR THE REST OF MY LIFE!!!!!!!!!!!!!! -‘_'(that’s a giraffe emoji made with normal character now I’m like the giraffe that looks depress)

  • My mother told me that she would leave the radio on beside me to put me to sleep. Sometimes she sings lullabies to me. Today I sleep better with music and I am a musician. I may not be as good as Dylan, but I have an ear for music. I can tell notes too, but with a bit of effort LOL.

  • Rick and i Login without having a child because in the signup there should only be a guardian or a father or a mother and understand how your App Nuryl work because i also wanna practice with your app

  • Это видео ещё раз подтверждает, что чем раньше мы начинаем Заниматься иностранным языков с ребёнком, тем это более эффективно. А точнее не Заниматься, а играть, говорить и жить на иностранном языке. Мы живем в русскоязычной среде. И мы играем на английском. Тяжело. Для мотивации даже завела себе Инстаграмм @growbilingual. Но за то как приятно видеть результаты, когда тебя понимают и отвечают тебе. Это очень здорово!

  • How about at an adavanced age? I’m monolingual English with a small amount of French Canadian and trying to,learn German at 52 lol. Any help would be great lol. Great video

  • In South Sudan in Africa, we speak at least more than three languages, “Dialect,” from child hood. Because, we remains humble at all times, it’s about a cultural humility than scientific outcomes.

  • Hi Rick, felicitation for you works!!! I have to ask.. What do you think about 432hz vs 440hz. 432hz is supposed to be the natural frequency in the universe. Do you think diapason 432hz is important to humain being? Thanks

  • Excellent information, I am happy that I found your talk and research which I will use as a reference in my field. Brims more such research. You spoke ver well.

  • If “High Information Music” is limited to the genres of Jazz and Classical, what does that say about the intelligence of a culture who grows up listening from the womb to Gangtar rap & hip hop?

  • babies need human voices not meg machine ones and we can clearly see from he babies face, poor thing, that she is a bit shocked and puzzled with the sound, not at all liking it. This must make a bit of tension in them as her expression clearly shows it. Of course we know human voice is so important to babies, vital for their healthy growth but machine voices is a whole lot of crap. Human beings rising, nature rising stop all the bullshits

  • Too many contributing factors and too few experiments to single them out. Both video or audio can be effective if you present the thing which that word stands for together with the sound. Yes Teddy bear alone won’t do, neither is audio alone; I bet humans alone will not do either if there is no visual aid involved. The is Pavlov’s second signal system at work. I am shock that there is no mention of Pavlov in this typical Pavlovian scenario.

  • Waste of time listening to her thousand times saying research shows research shows. Even when she pops the question whether a parents who is not fluent in the lnagauge will they be able to reach their kid. Goddamn it.

    WASTE MY TIME 17 goddamn min ONLY to hear at the end she said stay tune what the ffff

  • The fact that you CAnT distinguish at a young age with an MRI if a child has a particular disability give me a feeling that with dedication and the right therapy approach you can help to slow down the damage.

  • Hi, Rick! Sorry to write to you here, but is there a way you can influence on the app makers to make a functional app? We have been using Nuryl for a year and a half on and off because we get quite frustrated with the app’s bugs. But after a couple of weeks, we start to miss it and install it again. And again. And again. Until it just randomly starts working.

  • This is an amazing video, We tracked down an article about How Physical Touch Is Linked to Brain Development in Kids let’s see https://www.girlandpower.com/therapists-reveals-how-physical-touch-is-linked-to-brain-development-in-kids/

  • I am a bilingual from birth, my parents spoke Russian and English. I’m so glad I had this opportunity to learn 2 languages at once, and I’m learning my third language, Spanish. When I have kids, I’ll do the same thing as my parents.

  • Brilliant video, Rick. Love how you’re so scientific, musical and all around awesome in presenting information all at once. If I ever have a child I’ll take all this into account

  • Firstly, well done on learning lots of languages… but can you please give the people credit for teaching you where its due. You would not be able to learn any language at all without hearing it spoken by other people they are your teachers. It is a complete impossibility to learn a language without being in the presence of another person or communicating organism.

  • to me it reads of how our focus and views limit theirselves as we age. to take it a step further, it may well account for 85 % of kindergarten kids tested at the genius level of skills and abilityes, they don’t know they cannot do it, and are free to see any give, unemcumbered by another’s teachings. This is down to 15 % at Graduation from highschool. check in with Sir Ken Robinsons Tedtalks. some people take to languages and others don’t. love the celestial openess

  • A lot of this is very good. But here’s the problem. I know exactly how people can and do negatively interpret this kind of research. I teach adults. And 90% of the issues they have come down to the firm belief that adults cannot learn anything new. I’ve had students who actually said that there were studies showing that only babies or small children can learn. They’ll make elaborate, articulate, lengthy arguments that as adults, they are not capable of new learning. (If they took a tenth of the all the time and energy spent on this… they’d be able to learn from some things!!) So as fascinating as all of this is, as solid as the research may be, the problem is that Dr. Kuhl ALSO just had to throw in a slide very early on showing that adults are supposedly unable to learn anything (remember that slide about how language acquisition is supposed to drop to almost zero after age 17?) But she did not do whatever research supposedly supported thisshe was involved with the research on the babies. The two got conflated when they should not have been, and a lot of people will come away with the false message that the infant research somehow also proved that adults might as well not even bother trying to take on new learning. I think that this TED talk would have been more valuable if she could have stuck to the actual research instead of feeling the need to throw in yet more reinforcement for the prejudice that adults cannot learn.

  • Thankx for the video mam….my baby’s age is 5 month she has problem in her brain.she can not see anything even her eye’s are alright. Size of her brain is small and 70%damage what to do? Plss guide

  • Very interesting. Now the question is, what’s the impact of the same experiment after the 10-12 months period? How much statistics are then taken?

    The graph at the beginning of the video is often quoted left and right, with little regard as to its actual significance. The only thing it says is that people score lower on foreign language tests as they get older. It merely observes and does not say how nor why, nor does it account for *successful* language learners. Hopefully research will tell..

  • As a Mexican, I’ve got the opportunity to study in Canada. My best friend there was Filipino. We communicated each other in English, being the common language for both of us. But as time went on in our relationship we started to incorporate to our code Tagalog words that he taught me and Spanish words that I taught him. At the end of my stay in Canada, we spoke a kind of hybrid language only understandable for the two of us. Interesting linguistic experience!

  • How about a baby speaking Chinese at home and go to kindergarten speaking English, or watching YOUTUBE children video in English or Chinese Video?

  • As a native speaker of my 2nd language once pointed out, to cheer me up: everyone has an accent! Replacing your ‘foreign’ accent with a native one makes you a better mimic, not a more fluent speaker

  • No one has ever seen God, but the one and only Son, who is himself God and is in closest relationship with the Father, has made Him known JESUS CHRIST IS LORD

  • At first I was of course really impressed by this, but then it made me think “Welcome to the education race competition starting already during pregnancy. Why dont you already connect them to the internet and put them under a 16 hour stress routine so they can have their first heart attack already at 5?” sorry for my sarcasm, but….

  • There are lots of useful and interesting ideas presented here, but i think there’s a bit of confusion involved in the presentation here that obfuscates the difference between models and reality. In particular, clearly we are describing some of the linguistic information statistically, but what really does it mean for a baby to “take statistics”? For a phrase that is used so many times in this talk, its actual meaning is rather vague…”taking statistics” sounds sexy, but its meaning is unclear.

  • you cant put all European languages into the same family:/ there are family groups of european languages.. eg. Dutch and Polish have nothing in common..[ unlike German and Dutch or Polish and Slovakian]..

  • Just because babies learn languages well doesn’t mean that adults cannot learn new languages. Keep in mind that babies have all day every day to think about what they are hearing. You don’t. It turns out that when adults attempt to lrearn a new language, some are successful and some fail no matter how hard they try. Why is this? There is a language researcher by the name of Stephen Krashen and he has discovered that we all learn languages by acquisition using comprehensible input. So the adults who are successful in learning a language are the ones (do a utube search and learn about his work.), the ones who out of shear luck used a method, or course, or teacher that gave them large amounts of comprehensible inputs. The ones who failed did so because they used a teacher, or course, or method that relied on memorization, exercises and lots and lots of grammar instruction. That is just not a successful approach to learning a new language.and if you have had the bad luck of using this approach, it is highly likely that you will NOT become fluent in a new language.

  • I realised that babies and very young children are susceptible to classical music. They all love Stravinsky. As they get older they get ruined by the infantile way they are treated because they are just perceived to be simple children. Nothing too complex or difficult. Within a year of nursery rhymes and childrens songs and particularly the music aimed at them in commercial tv programmes, their musical interests adapt to that low level. And then they don’t like classical music anymore.

  • OMG!!!! i’m 24 years old and one time I Code Mixed with my friends in my University, i was talking in spanish but i change one word in english, pero no recuerdo cual palabra fue, anyway i think they understand. Greetings from Mexico!! okay’ i am definitely Marrying a Russian Girl Now, Just hope they can learn 3 languages at the same time. (Español, English, русский) Priviet!!!

  • How amazing is I´m taking a teaching course and that we had homework watching videos like this one and at the same time I have a baby boy who turns tomorrow 8 months old.

  • Weve also see how “the breath of life” isnt accurate. Because if a fish is taken out of the water and i hales oxygen then it dies. Until this dumbfuck book which these dumb fuck godbelievers claim comes from the dumbfuck himself has absolutely no fucking holes for me to poke at, then their delusion is real. According to them that is the word of their delusion and its perfect, but when i can poke holes on it and find inconsistencies, then it isnt. And im not even a genius, im not even smart. I seriously dont know how these dumb fuck jesus luving god turds dont shove crayons up their nose because their too fucking stupid. Literally i dont take anything serious from the dumb fuck believers of their faith, because they arent god. So since they arent, then its bound for mistakes, and since nothing has ever revealed itself then its 99.9999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999 percent its bullshit.

  • This is what frustrates me. There’s legitimate evidence that learning other languages at younger ages can benefit children, but in the United States (the majority of it, anyway), they wait until early adolescence to teach children new languages.

    For example, when I was five years old, I attended a school on Martha’s Vineyard, as I was born there and lived on-island until the age of seven. They taught the students how to speak beginners Spanish throughout their entire educational career. I remember the stuff we learned back then.

    I then moved to Rehoboth, Massachusetts and found that they no longer taught a foreign language to my age group (I moved at the age of eight going into nine). I went for around three years (until the age of thirteen, I believe, when we were entering 7th grade) without trying to learn another language.

    Upon entering that Spanish I class, I found that I remembered the small amount of Spanish that I was taught as a younger child, but struggled like all hell when we were being taught in middle school and onward (so much to the point where I gave up in my senior year of high school, and now suffer the consequences).

    I am now 21, and trying to learn the German language as I didn’t finish all four years of a foreign language in high school. I am having a ridiculously difficult time trying to grasp the concepts of grammar in another language, despite it being fairly similar to my own native tongue.

    Point being, I am really sick and tired of school systems doing teaching styles improperly. With all this scientific evidence to back it up, would it not make more sense to teach kids how to speak foreign languages at a much earlier age, as the plasticity of the brain would be more apt to hold onto the information? It’s ridiculous, because they then expect students to fluidly absorb this new language information.

    Some students can easily grasp language comprehension (I have a few friends who might as well be native speakers), but they don’t think to teach them earlier on when it’s more beneficial to the student rather than themselves. It’s idiotic.

  • You have re-discovered something profound here. I was born in the early 60’s. My parents would blast out classical music from their “Hi-Fi” when is was in the womb then throughout my entire childhood. (I recall memories of “Night on Bald Mountain” before I could speak). When I was but 6 years old I memorized Lewis Carroll’s “THE WALRUS AND THE CARPENTER” from his Alice in Wonderland novel in about 30 minutes, and recited it in front of the entire elementary school. (word count of 812) I grew up with “natural” music ability, I could play any instrument I picked up. Later in early adult hood I picked up the trade of tuning pianos. I learned to read, write, and speak ancient Hebrew and Aramaic, quickly due to a “fad” interest after seeing Mel Gibson’s “Passion of the Christ”. I am not even going to go into all of my mental math abilities without the need of slide rules and calculators. My parents have none of these abilities and share none of my musical interests except for the fact that they listened to classical and jazz. Is it possible that I developed these abilities just from being exposed to the music alone that I have mentioned above, at such a young age?

  • She needs to research the statistics on getting that spit out of her fucking mouth so it doesn’t sound like oral sec when she’s talking

  • 1) Her English is a dream. 2) If you teach all babies English in addition to their native language, they would grow up and speak English (it gives better opportunities) and in 2-3 generations all people on Earth will speak only English. Which is actually a good idea. If we wanna have a truly United World, having the one and only language would enormously help reaching this goal.

  • Thank you for your exceptional talk! Recently I have watched some video about bilingual children, then I realize it is really nice if we could help our children learn foreign language almost effortlessly, comparing to us, who have to spend years and years, being hard-working and doing our tests to be fluent in some foreign language.

  • Amazing. With Miyamotos study on frequencies and water it makes sense that vibrations emitted into the brain of a developing child would change the brain to reflect the input. This is why negative music produces negative attitudes. However, I’d say your son would’ve already been smart because he’s in such good hands.

  • Looking forward for the Android app version! Anyways, really wanted to ask you if you have a playlist online of all that great selection of music? I loved all the ones that appeared in the video.

  • too bad you monetize this so much. paying for the app is fine, but free downloads or at least playlists for the music you were playing would be appreciated

  • this is amazing!!!!! along with cognitive, An incredible balance for him to absorb would be these books NVC from Marshall Rosenberg, The Four Agreements, from Miguel Ruiz/

  • Qué alivio!!! Porque a pesar d q conozco tanto ingles como francés (estudiados durante 6 años both y siendo mi idioma materno el español)cuando estoy en Europa MEZCLO ambos y me paralizo!!!!
    Gracias x hacerme saber q no soy tan inútil como suponía!!!

  • Interesting, social brain maybe is the reason why learning through internet is not as effective as learning a new major in the campus.

  • Dog/domesticated animals carrie virus/disease that manipulates Brian chemistry. For slaver/capitalist. Man/omaga never lays with animal. Bad for development of mind.

  • I agree with you. I’m an english teacher with students that have parents with different language and I think is amazing how they can talk, understanding and decoding at the same time when at home enviroment is mexican mother and American father.

  • Hi Rick,

    My son, Noah, has perfect pitch. He started playing the cello when he was 6 1/2. His teacher noticed his perfect pitch when he was around eight or nine.

    What are your thoughts on concert pitch frequency? Noah has long been bothered by “the whole world” (of music) being sharp. He likes to play his cello flatter than the tuner indicates as exact 440 A. (It’s still within A, just a little flatter.)

    Being a Suzuki mom, at his side during every practice, I have disagreed with him over the years about this. Still, he maintained that his teacher’s cello, her piano, my cello, all music was “sharp”. I just figured his perfect pitch wasn’t exactly perfect after all. Last month, a Suzuki Institute master class teacher told me that she allowed him to play his recital piece as he pleased, with his cello tuned down. When he played, she said he uttered a relieved/happy sigh. Then she started talking about numbers, 440 in particular. She said that he either liked it or didn’t like it; I wasn’t understanding at the time. I asked him about it later, trying to take him more seriously. Eventually, I began to research and came across an article about “sonic purists”. I’m not sure what to think of all of it, But when Noah and I discovered that we could change our electric piano’s frequency to A432Hz, he was very happy to play it. Now he’s experimenting, and seems to like a A436Hz, maybe 437Hz. I still don’t really understand all of it, but I’m happy that his ear is happy. However, I feel bad that he is not fully happy with the rest of the musical world. He told me that he just has to “deal with it”. He enjoys playing his cello, and now is enjoying playing the piano, though without formal training. And he truly has enjoyed playing in groups, albeit A440 Hz.

    Is Dylan happy with A440Hz?

  • Thats interesting. In my case, no one taught me to speak any language. I learned what I had heard from other people. I was 12yo already when I learned our dialect language for 1yr. After that, just few months when I speak our native language.. Now, ive been living in the US for 3yrs. I didnt speak or write a sentence in English. I hve been studying in English now for 1yr.. Then I hve learned basic in Spanish..:))) I am 30yo now..:)) wish I am still young

  • That’s a great and very informative talk. However, you’re wrong about autism. Autism is not a disability, it is a super power. Autistic brains are more sensitive and can reach higher states of development in comparison to neurotypical brains, but need longer maturation periods.

  • Dr. Susan Bookheimer: Have there ever been studies t correlate the concentration of Myelin to the Plaque that is responsible for Alzheimer’s disease during the aging of the Brain!

  • thank you! Always believed this. Also believed that it made me smarter. My home was Spanish and English and now fluent in both.

  • You are great Mr.Beato! How can an adult s
    use this app for his own good…When it’s too late for an ear to grown up as musical one?

  • bravo maddam, admiring the examples of metophirical enviromental growth and saroundings
    question is storage build up of oter knowledge and confusion of multiple languages with a minimum of 4

  • Thank you so much P.Kuhl & TED.This brilliant video finally explains why, no matter how slowly and how carefully enunciated, my German friends tried to demonstrate the difference in German between ‘ln’ and ‘len’, I was unable to actually HEAR a difference (as a native English speaker, learning German,aged 17). My English speaking mother probably didn’t use the word ‘kiln’ over much in her Motherese! Thanks Mom! You could have saved me a lot of sweat and tears…! It also explains why my native German wife, when she was at school, struggled to HEAR the difference, in English class, between ‘fought’ and ‘thought’.

  • How does Dylan visualize notes and chords in the cognitive process? Some people see lines and dots, others imagine piano keys or fingerposition. Most of us just think in letters and numbers, while a few have a certain picture, color or number for each note and chord. 
    But what´s Dylan cognitive visualization like?

    And, by the way, what a nice little baby/boy. May he get a good life. Thanks for sharing:)

  • I think the bit where dushevka claims that anyone who hasn’t learned more than one language “doesn’t give a shit” qualifies him/her to “sound like a dick” to some people. Apart from being a wholly inaccurate and assumptive statement about English and Chinese people, it is unnecessarily rude which immediately weakens the strength of the argument for people often resort to insults when they are at the limits of their knowledge.

  • Western people: discussing about bilingual necessity
    Indians*: hold my 1600 languages
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    * 2 languages is a very basic thing in India all babies does.
    Almost all present generation kids learn 3 or 4 based on where they actually live

  • I wish it was so simple. You need to have good genetics to begin with. Sorry, but if dad and mom are not highly intelligent they are unlikely to have highly intelligent kids. The kids can definitly be better than the parents but there are quite a few “twin” studies that were done to support this. That being said, you can help a child reach their greatest potential if you provide them with proper stimulation during their first 3 years of development. Spending time watching videos and not much else is rather unlikely to provide good stimulation. In short, exceptional kids are most often the result of exceptional parents doing exceptional parenting. Lots of hard work with no real breaks and a dedication to proper nutrition and exercise too. You are unlikely to raise a genius on junk food and trips to the mall.
    First children and only children are also usually the smartest and most focused. Lots of literature on why that happens if you want to do the homework.
    Not a bad idea at all but as with so many things…YMMV.

  • Our daughter is receiving Danish, English and Spanish at home, I am the only one speaking Spanish to her, she gets Danish all around (we live in Denmark) and at home me and my HB speak English with each other and she is starting to repeat English as well, she is NOT confused at all, she is starting to understand the difference between the codes and the differences in their structures and sounds. It is really wonderful.

  • What happens if you change the concert pitch to 432hz? or something other than 440. Will he create a new word for the tone…. like “sub Ab” LOL

  • “Preserve a language by speaking to you and I”?!!! This woman is a native English speaker and she doesn’t know the basics of English grammar.

  • I think this is a brilliant find and brilliant research into cognitive development. Being a trained and highly skilled musician and instrumentalist helps in being a part of the active engagement for higher impact onto the baby, is what my guess would be. Obviously, genes go a long way too. It is such a shame though that this critical window of time is so short. What I’d give to be able to have that window right now. If your research could provide tips for adults too, please share!

  • Great talk, but at the end where I thought she was going to reveal how babies can learn a foreign language (if the parents aren’t bilingual), she doesn’t give any details at all. She says watching TV doesn’t work, but babies learn the language through play, and through interaction with a native speaker of the language. Seems like we still need to do a lot more research to investigate

  • yo! if you most verily lovingly would check the new tune and <3 or repost if you vibe with!

    https://soundcloud.com/israel-lg-aguilar/ja-clarity-gray-coot-v11bruferrbeatztypebeat

    https://soundcloud.com/israel-lg-aguilar/ja-clarity-surreal-edifice

  • SHE’S JUST TALKING ABOUT THE OBVIOUS!!! Really?? I wasted15 minutes of my life waiting for her to say something really meaningful… but she just stated well known facts!

  • Does this mean that, in this case, Slovene and English simultaneously become the children’s first languages? Or does it consecutively become their first and second language? If yes, which language belongs to the first and the second?

  • If that graph was accurate in the beginning, then I would have been able to speak French after taking it for 4 1/2 years from grade school to middle school. Guess what? I couldn’t back then, and I still can’t now. This video is spreading misinformation. I learned Korean in college for less than 2 years now and can speak it at an intermediate level. My Korean is not perfect, but it is far better than I could ever speak French. And guess what? English is my native language. So how is it that my Korean is several times better than my French?

    For anyone who uses the excuse that babies learn language better, it’s just what it is, an excuse. I was able to learn Korean because I was motivated and determined to learn it. Unfortunately when I was in school, despite all of those hours in the classroom, I was not determined to speak French fluently. Babies learn their parents language for the sake of survival. They want to communicate with their parents, right? How else will they be able to do so effectively without learning the language?

  • I am dealing with four ����
    Mother tongue
    Native
    English
    And one from other state,
    ��������������
    Every thing gets mixed damn some times

  • Those last sequence of chords and their voicings were rather pretty, was that you playing them? Also is Dylan learning how to play piano? If he likes music I’d imagine he’d love listening to Jazz and atonal music, I wonder if he’d like Jacob Collier, ok I’ll stop. Interesting video and concept!

  • Can you explain why reasoning, is different for let say say children age 3 to 5 yrs in the US and European countries? I believe children at a young age can reason better in Europe than the US. What do you think?

  • Good explanation of the plasticity of the brain that allows for language acquisition, and covers in detail the first year of life. Just an aside, I’ve always thought that globes and maps should use the written and spoken language of the country they depict. If this talk has had an update, do message me. I’d love to see it.

  • WOW THIS IS AN AMAZING TALK!! It gets better as it continues. I am bilingual and I have never felt so good about speaking Hinglish than when Dr. Ramirez said that it indicates linguistic sophistication hahaha

  • Can 22-year-old use this app as well? In essence, our brains are heavily influenced by plasticity and we can learn to some extent although we are youngtsers as well?

  • I’m Russian and I’m a translator of the English language)) so now being pregnant I already try to talk with my child in English ))

  • Some people are commenting that they learned a language later in life… that is not the point of the presentation. Dr. Kuhl discusses how babies under 8 months of age from different cultures can detect sounds in any language from around the world, but adults cannot do this. Adults are language bound listeners and listen in a different way than babies do. Adults consciously use their brain to memorize and learn, while these infants are just gathering sound recognition by nature. TO oversimplify, its the difference between studying to learn French vs hanging out in a room with French people and knowing French.

    The Abstract for her research makes this more clear:
    “Patterns of developmental change in phonetic perception are critical to theory development. Many previous studies document a decline in nonnative phonetic perception between 6 and 12 months of age. However, much less experimental attention has been paid to developmental change in native-language phonetic perception over the same time period. We hypothesized that language experience in the first year facilitates native-language phonetic performance between 6 and 12 months of age. We tested 6–8and 10–12-month-old infants in the United States and Japan to examine native and nonnative patterns of developmental change using the American English /r-l/ contrast. The goals of the experiment were to: (a) determine whether facilitation characterizes native-language phonetic change between 6 and 12 months of age, (b) examine the decline previously observed for nonnative contrasts and (c) test directional asymmetries for consonants. The results show a significant increase in performance for the native-language contrast in the first year, a decline in nonnative perception over the same time period, and indicate directional asymmetries that are constant across age and culture. We argue that neural commitment to native-language phonetic properties explains the pattern of developmental change in the first year.”

  • She isn’t saying if you are old you can’t learn, the gist of what she is saying is that you acquire more easily when you are younger. I talk to a few Swedes and I’m learning the language, naturally I asked for tips and talked generally to them as to how they learnt English so well. They all said pretty much what you did it wasn’t so much formal classes and an academic route (that might have gave them a foundation, helped with grammar) but more being exposed to media so much.

  • I hate it when you can hear the (disgusting) sound from the speaker’s mouth not the sound of language but all the other! The above message is unbelievable. Sorry I cannot believe I was so rude and unforgiving. Hope this helps me and others to watch how we use words and always be considerate!

  • My daughter learned pretty good Spanish from the television. When she was a baby she loved the television and wanted to watch it more than I wanted her to watch it. I compromised by letting her watch a couple of shows in English, then I would put on a DVD in Spanish. I had a few. Tellytubbies. Lazy Town. CBBC stuff in Spanish. She didn’t like it as much as the English, but she would watch a bit then move her attention away and do something else. When she was about 18 months old, she spoke her first Spanish to me. I wasn’t expecting it. She said, “un brazo, dos brazos, una pierna, dos piernas.” I speak Spanish as a second language, but I was not expecting it and she repeated herself 3 times before I understood she was saying, “one arm, two arms, one leg, two legs.” She had learned it from the Tellytubbies. I think children and adults can learn languages from the T.V., especially children, who associate children’s T.V. with chilling out and relaxing, and only if their native language T.V. is restricted to a level where they are left wanting more.

  • Not really classical but my dad used to play RUSH when my mom was pregnant and subsequently listened to their whole epic prog era since birth. My earliest memories are running around with a walkman with Hemispheres on it, probably before I could talk. Even though I didnt get formal ear training until I was in my teens I developed a taste for complex music, great memory, good relative pitch and ended up playing multiple instruments: drums, double bass, piano, guitar. Its really amazing what early exposure to music can do to a kid!!

  • Bilingual or multilingual. Children can learn languages by viewing only videos of any randomly chosen language, if it is given to them in a certain way. And I had done it. The child speaks that language as natives speaks, in native accent. No one is hear to talk to her in native American(Utah, Arizona, Idaho.) accent, but she speaks fluently. Till today she had not talked any British or American.

  • Oh no, i wish i had seen this when it was released. My son was just about to turn 6 months and we knew about the magic windy. I was trying to get him started in Chinese but the only place we found was too far. He’s 15 months. Is it too late? Have lots of music immersion

  • What can I do to develop my ear? And what did you or do you do to stay sharp with respect to your ear Rick? After watching all these videos of Dylan, I feel happy and sad at the same time.

  • that sound coming from her mouth is extremely annoying. i can’t even watch the video without losing concentration. 0:19
    SOOOOOOOOOOOOOO FUCKING IRRITATING!!!!

  • A good guess is once youve acquired a language theres no need for another. If you were trapped in another country im sure youd start understanding things because your survival depends on it

  • I am a great proponent of exploring the human brain’s abilities…its growth with neural connections and rewiring it if possible….wonderful as this seems to me…it is also strange in a way like an experiment…I love the ability Dylan has picked up. But at has he lost something? I would never know.

  • How much do you want to bet that a large subset of babies got dropped from the study due to not being able to sit still in a weird machine. It’s probably measuring only a certain temperment or profiles of the babies that were cooperative.

  • Nonostante la conferenza si tenga a Ljubljana e i termini citati siano chiaramente sloveni…si insiste a segnalare una delle lingue parlate nella famiglia della relatrice come lo slovacco…no comment

  • You can start learning your second language from the age of 10 or older. It took me about 3 years to become as fluent as a native speaker though.

  • 19:54 A problem in the reward network in children with Autism. Is it a problem? It is different. Not so sure on that assumption.

    21: Young teen develop in the social, novelty, and reward…. not emotion control or impulse control. That is a very interesting claim. When it comes to affect, the don’t seem to be as high arousal based as they get older. Kids are all about energy and physically doing and that seems to weaken as people get older.

    https://www.newsweek.com/getting-inside-teen-brain-162273
    The article appears to cling to the classic concepts of emotion and less the view of constructed view of emotion.

    22:30 I loved that you included what we don’t know.
    26 Brains look about the same with learning disabilities.
    27 Autisms is just a different development.

    Great Video.

  • Im and early years student and I found this video very interesting and would recommend it for other students in terms of studying SLA or child development modules

  • i think its more like you have to learn without getting tired…that’s the one thing that gets me..its tiring..gonna try this code switching halfo halfo thing

  • That sounds really interesting, but as much as what Dylan is able to achieve is damn impressive, I don’t think it’s useful unless you really want to show off your kids.

  • Eh? How can you disagree? She is merely reporting what was found during empirical research… If I dug up a bone and said “I’ve found a bone” you would disagree with me? Why?

  • Alert i have finished my scientific books about how babies get and produce language through sound wave fertilization pls patricia if y are interested i can teach that practically in front of the audience if y really seak a collaboration 06 15 65 50 91

  • This sounds pretty great to me, especially since I have similar qualities I am (or at least was) pretty good at learning stuff without too much effort. Bu I’m still really cautious about those things. So my question is: are there scientific studies that support that this is not mere coincidence?

  • simple
    body has to learn it
    first step in learning a foreign language as an adult is to be able to copy the sounds with proper intonation, as children do
    ta-dah
    then comes the rest

  • I speak, read, and write three languages fluently. I have no sense that differences in language cause differences in thought. I express the same thoughts, and opinions, regardless of the language I express them in. However; I do believe that cultural differences can greatly effect thoughts, and opinions. After all: Languages are the building blocks of culture.

  • Where is the link for the app? I don’t see it on the Itunes store. My little guy is six months old now and I run a DJ business from home so he hears a lot of music of all types, but I want to learn more as this is fascinating. I trained as a teacher through music tutoring and fully believe that this is possible I just want to see the results myself.

  • 2 things about this video.
    1.) A lot of mentioned things like the developement of the childrens “pronunciation capability” are very true and are shown in a lot of cases.
    2.) Nevertheless, I does not mean that they have more difficulties with learning new sounds when they are grown up. I grew up monolingual (well ok English as a second language with 7 or 8, but anyway) now I speak 4 languages and learning my 5th while I started them jsut about 2 years ago. I think it really depends on things like motivation, intelligence and perseverance. Because if you know abstract words, you can directly ask and try to translate them to a close counterpart in another language.

  • This is highly impressive but I’m not sure I want to turn my child into a computer. Getting along with other people in life is highly important. How well will my children blend in with others if I download all this information into as if they are a computer chip? I think I’ll pass but will incorporate the concepts into my children’s daily learning.

  • I’m an English teacher from Argentina. I was working at a kindergarten with weather prompts and with The very hungry caterpillar book, and one day my 2 y.o. daughter asked me: “¿por qué te estás llevando el sun de la caterpillar al jardín?” perfectly mixing the two languages: not only was each word where it should be but also the two foreign words she used were preceded by the correct article if the foreign words had been said in Spanish: el sun/el sol, la/caterpillar/ la oruga. I simply LOVE when little kids can do these sort of things and code combining more than code mixing ��

  • Extremely interesting! I wish she publish a book/audiobook wrapping up all her discoveries, and teaching parents how to help their children develop optimally.

  • Nice, you improved the child’s memory capacity. But now you need to give him the tools for thinking, which is a whole different game. Don’t make him do rote learning. Knowing the name of something is not the same as understanding it. Search for Richard Feynman and read this http://web.mit.edu/jrankin/www/teach_transfer/rote_v_meaning.pdf

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  • My son grew up with classical music all around him, and it does show in the sense that he is simply at home in classical music and he can assess quality in all kinds of music. He also recognizes any piece from the first couple of bars. But we did not do it as a program, we simply love classical music and it was always present in our lives in all ways possible.

  • Interesting work! the punch line was missing though, what was the difference observed by the MEG between a baby learning from audio and screen and a baby receiving interaction with a person.

  • I move many times in some city in indonesia so I speak in at least 7 local languages in my country indonesia. We learn other local language naturally by listing and imitating the native speakers without study grammar rules, reading writing etc.
    english is an 8th language I studied in classroom for 8 years. but I can’t speak english wkwkwk…

    English is very very hard language for ESL students like me indonesia coz we never listen native speaker directly.

  • We should fund some institution that allows 6 to 12 month olds be able to meet with people who speak the biggest languages on earth so they can be prepared for learning it later in life.

  • I’ve spoken not fluently 8 languages right now but I completely understand and good in communication with other people. My last goals to speak at least 20 languages in my life time. The advantages, I don’t know for anybody but many for me

  • She said: look at your age on the horizontal access done and you’ll see on the vertical your skill in acquiring a second language the babies and children are genius says until they turn 7 and then there’s a systematic decline after puberty will fall off the map no scientist dispute this curve for laboratories all over the world!
    This is blatantly false! Many experts dispute this claim. Note that she does not give references for where this chart comes from (most likely it is an interpretation of Johnson & Newport, 1989, which is a flawed study carried out by two researchers with insufficient experience and understanding of foreign language acquisition.
    This is extremely irresponsible on her part to spread this myth. Children stop reacting to sound differences that do not affect meaning in their language. This is true. But it does not mean that there is a critical period after which we cannot learn to distinguish such sounds.  
    The views given here show clear monolingual bias. The same bias and ignorance seen in the writings of Chomsky and Pinker.
    Personally I have learned over 20 languages as an adult and the pronunciation and accent is mostly a matter of choice (willingness to develop an new additional cultural/linguistic identity).  We can train ourselves to recognise and produce the sounds of any language at any age.

  • Looked like he was ready to speak during the shot at 5 months! Amazing gates of perception music opens. Thanks for emphasizing the effects of high-information music! It changed the structure of sentences in this comment:)
    My children may not be exposed to high information music like in this video, however, the fascinating development shown in your video inspired me to listen to more HIM today.
    Take good care of yourselves.