Second Language Boosts Cognitive Skills in infants

 

Nuryl Introduction 1.0

Video taken from the channel: Rick Beato


 

Creating bilingual minds | Naja Ferjan Ramirez | TEDxLjubljana

Video taken from the channel: TEDx Talks


 

How Does a Child’s Brain Develop? | Susan Y. Bookheimer PhD | UCLAMDChat

Video taken from the channel: UCLA Health


 

Bilingual and monolingual baby brains differ in response to language

Video taken from the channel: I-LABS UW


 

Boost Your Baby’s Brain | Audrey van der Meer | TEDxTrondheim

Video taken from the channel: TEDx Talks


 

Babies’ brains show that social skills linked to second language learning

Video taken from the channel: I-LABS UW


 

The linguistic genius of babies | Patricia Kuhl

Video taken from the channel: TED


Studies show that the earlier you can introduce your baby to a second language, the greater their chance of being bilingual is. One study found that even by 12 months, babies’ perception of how to hear words narrows down to their first language. The results from this study show that the children who grow up with two languages (bilingual) show a definite advantage in cognitive and other developmental skills compared to those children who grow up with only one language (monolingual). This is the first study to demonstrate this advantage in children as young as two years of age. Studies show that learning a language increases the volume and density of gray matter, the volume of white matter, and brain connectivity.

In older language learners, some studies show cognitive benefits beyond languages, such as for working memory. Feed Their Brains Research shows that learning a second language boosts problem-solving, critical-thinking, and listening skills, in addition to improving memory, concentration, and the ability to multitask. Children proficient in other languages also show signs of enhanced creativity and mental flexibility. Boost Their Academic Achievement. According to a comprehensive review issued by the National Education Association (NEA), here are some of the notable benefits experienced by children who learned a second language in school.

Children who study a foreign language receive a boost in overall cognitive development, do better on standardized tests, are more creative, and have better self-esteem. In a 1998 Italian study, hearing first and second graders were taught sign language, and later showed greater memory skills and advanced cognition. This was true when compared to children learning a second spoken language and children learning no second language. The results clearly point to sign language aiding cognitive advancement.

Often, these words relate to new objects encountered or are new words to express feelings and ideas. Building vocabulary boosts cognition and promotes knowledge of the world. It also allows children to form new ideas and share them with caregivers. Language and Academic Achievement.

Building language skills is a key component of later academic. 5. Read either The Late Talker or Childhood Speech, Language & Listening Problems. How parents can encourage language skills. 1. Have a give and take.

Whether it’s bath time, dinner time, or drive time, respond to your baby’s babbling or engage your preschooler in a discussion about something that interests him. Speed up and improve your child’s language skills. 2. Read, read, read. It’s never too early to read to your baby.

One good predictor of future reading success is the amount of time parents. Learning a second language at a young age has long been known to boost brainpower. But a US study three years ago found the white matter of babies exposed to two languages benefit from this extra.

List of related literature:

Bilingual toddlers’ efficiency with the processing of the speech signal has been linked to the size of their vocabulary.

“The Handbook of Bilingualism and Multilingualism” by Tej K. Bhatia, William C. Ritchie
from The Handbook of Bilingualism and Multilingualism
by Tej K. Bhatia, William C. Ritchie
Wiley, 2014

Consequently, the brain’s potential to learn and understand language is not dependent on the infant’s ability to speak.

“The Biology of Belief 10th Anniversary Edition” by Bruce H. Lipton, Ph.D.
from The Biology of Belief 10th Anniversary Edition
by Bruce H. Lipton, Ph.D.
Hay House, 2015

Cognitive gains in 7-month-old bilingual infants.

“The Psycholinguistics of Bilingualism” by François Grosjean, Ping Li
from The Psycholinguistics of Bilingualism
by François Grosjean, Ping Li
Wiley, 2013

Infants’ early ability to segment the conversational speech signal predicts later language devel­opment: A retrospective analysis.

“Human Language: From Genes and Brains to Behavior” by Peter Hagoort
from Human Language: From Genes and Brains to Behavior
by Peter Hagoort
MIT Press, 2019

Infants also show a very early response to different properties of language.

“An Introduction to Language” by Victoria Fromkin, Robert Rodman, Nina Hyams, Mengistu Amberber, Felicity Cox, Rosalind Thornton
from An Introduction to Language
by Victoria Fromkin, Robert Rodman, et. al.
Cengage Learning Australia, 2017

Exploring 4-month-old infants’ abilities to discriminate languages from the same rhythmic class.

“Handbook of Bilingualism: Psycholinguistic Approaches” by Judith F. Kroll, Annette M. B. De Groot
from Handbook of Bilingualism: Psycholinguistic Approaches
by Judith F. Kroll, Annette M. B. De Groot
Oxford University Press, 2009

Thus, the use of two languages around and with the child who is developing his cognitive skills in language, that is, the ability to analyse language and control linguistic cues, will enhance these skills.

“Bilinguality and Bilingualism” by Blanc Michel Hamers Josiane, Josiane F. Hamers, Josiane F.. Hamers, Michel Blanc, linguiste, Blanc, Michel, Ph.D, Cambridge University Press
from Bilinguality and Bilingualism
by Blanc Michel Hamers Josiane, Josiane F. Hamers, et. al.
Cambridge University Press, 1989

We now have a vast body of research showing that a child’s potential for language development, self-regulation, intelligence, and many other facets of cognitive function can be heavily influenced by environmental factors during pregnancy and early infancy.

“Brain Health From Birth: Nurturing Brain Development During Pregnancy and the First Year” by Rebecca Fett
from Brain Health From Birth: Nurturing Brain Development During Pregnancy and the First Year
by Rebecca Fett
Franklin Fox Publishing LLC, 2019

The volume of talk that babies hear before age three affects their IQ and the size of their vocabulary even at age nine.37 Since parents differ greatly in the degree of stimulation they provide, cognitive differences inherited at birth can be magnified significantly by the time young children begin school.

“The Politics of Happiness: What Government Can Learn from the New Research on Well-Being” by Derek Bok
from The Politics of Happiness: What Government Can Learn from the New Research on Well-Being
by Derek Bok
Princeton University Press, 2010

As infants become more verbal, experience with language influences the organization of their neural response, resulting in distinct patterns of brain activity in response to words that an infant understands by 11 months (Thierry et al., 2003).

“Neural Circuit Development and Function in the Healthy and Diseased Brain: Comprehensive Developmental Neuroscience” by John Rubenstein, Pasko Rakic
from Neural Circuit Development and Function in the Healthy and Diseased Brain: Comprehensive Developmental Neuroscience
by John Rubenstein, Pasko Rakic
Elsevier Science, 2013

Oktay Kutluk

Kutluk Oktay, MD, FACOG is one of the world's foremost experts in fertility preservation as well as ovarian stimulation and in vitro fertilization for infertility treatments. He developed and performed the world's first ovarian transplantation procedures as well as pioneered new ovarian stimulation protocols for embryo and oocyte freezing for breast and endometrial cancer patients.

Mail: [email protected]
Telephone: +1 (877) 492-3666

Biography: https://medicine.yale.edu/profile/kutluk_oktay/
Bibliography: oktay_bibliography

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53 comments

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  • What I learned from this video is that “Babies started to discriminate their own languages at their first birthdays”, which means I have to pay more attention to first year when I m trying to raise my daughter a bilingual child, now she is 55-day old. Thanks for sharing this video.

  • I’m so inspired by this!, I just wish I had found out about it before Lucas(my son)was born. Is it still worth doing, starting at 16 months?

  • This is my favorite TEDx. It makes me want to dance. I usually don’t code switch, but lots of people I know do. They have linguistic sophistication.

  • Unfortunately for european people, being multilingual of which their own native language and english is not kind of things that massive achievement. Because language sequence is nearly same among of two language. As a Asian, asian person who can speak Japanese or korean or and english is so wonderful thing.

  • lot of comments about this Lady’s accent and breathing. Fist, remember her first language is Slovenian, followed by English and Spanish so her speech is bound to contain features of all of those. Secondly, she may be nervous, and thirdly the mike might not be set up at its best. All in all, I thought she did a good job without notes, giving useful insights.

  • I actually think in english, sometimes I dream in english too, and I always speak to myself in english, I’m a 14 years old french girl, who learned to be fluent in english in 1 year. I also lean korean, chinese and german! Isn’t it cool tho? If I can do it, you can too!

  • Rick, of your 3 kids it seems only the first (Dylan ) developed perfect pitch. Is that right? Did you do the same program for all 3?
    And have you seen similar results for other kids, or is Dylan special? After all, it might be expected he has musical genes….

  • NOW I’M DEPRESSED FOR THE REST OF MY LIFE!!!!!!!!!!!!!! -‘_'(that’s a giraffe emoji made with normal character now I’m like the giraffe that looks depress)

  • My mother told me that she would leave the radio on beside me to put me to sleep. Sometimes she sings lullabies to me. Today I sleep better with music and I am a musician. I may not be as good as Dylan, but I have an ear for music. I can tell notes too, but with a bit of effort LOL.

  • Rick and i Login without having a child because in the signup there should only be a guardian or a father or a mother and understand how your App Nuryl work because i also wanna practice with your app

  • Это видео ещё раз подтверждает, что чем раньше мы начинаем Заниматься иностранным языков с ребёнком, тем это более эффективно. А точнее не Заниматься, а играть, говорить и жить на иностранном языке. Мы живем в русскоязычной среде. И мы играем на английском. Тяжело. Для мотивации даже завела себе Инстаграмм @growbilingual. Но за то как приятно видеть результаты, когда тебя понимают и отвечают тебе. Это очень здорово!

  • How about at an adavanced age? I’m monolingual English with a small amount of French Canadian and trying to,learn German at 52 lol. Any help would be great lol. Great video

  • In South Sudan in Africa, we speak at least more than three languages, “Dialect,” from child hood. Because, we remains humble at all times, it’s about a cultural humility than scientific outcomes.

  • Hi Rick, felicitation for you works!!! I have to ask.. What do you think about 432hz vs 440hz. 432hz is supposed to be the natural frequency in the universe. Do you think diapason 432hz is important to humain being? Thanks

  • Excellent information, I am happy that I found your talk and research which I will use as a reference in my field. Brims more such research. You spoke ver well.

  • If “High Information Music” is limited to the genres of Jazz and Classical, what does that say about the intelligence of a culture who grows up listening from the womb to Gangtar rap & hip hop?

  • babies need human voices not meg machine ones and we can clearly see from he babies face, poor thing, that she is a bit shocked and puzzled with the sound, not at all liking it. This must make a bit of tension in them as her expression clearly shows it. Of course we know human voice is so important to babies, vital for their healthy growth but machine voices is a whole lot of crap. Human beings rising, nature rising stop all the bullshits

  • Too many contributing factors and too few experiments to single them out. Both video or audio can be effective if you present the thing which that word stands for together with the sound. Yes Teddy bear alone won’t do, neither is audio alone; I bet humans alone will not do either if there is no visual aid involved. The is Pavlov’s second signal system at work. I am shock that there is no mention of Pavlov in this typical Pavlovian scenario.

  • Waste of time listening to her thousand times saying research shows research shows. Even when she pops the question whether a parents who is not fluent in the lnagauge will they be able to reach their kid. Goddamn it.

    WASTE MY TIME 17 goddamn min ONLY to hear at the end she said stay tune what the ffff

  • The fact that you CAnT distinguish at a young age with an MRI if a child has a particular disability give me a feeling that with dedication and the right therapy approach you can help to slow down the damage.

  • Hi, Rick! Sorry to write to you here, but is there a way you can influence on the app makers to make a functional app? We have been using Nuryl for a year and a half on and off because we get quite frustrated with the app’s bugs. But after a couple of weeks, we start to miss it and install it again. And again. And again. Until it just randomly starts working.

  • This is an amazing video, We tracked down an article about How Physical Touch Is Linked to Brain Development in Kids let’s see https://www.girlandpower.com/therapists-reveals-how-physical-touch-is-linked-to-brain-development-in-kids/

  • I am a bilingual from birth, my parents spoke Russian and English. I’m so glad I had this opportunity to learn 2 languages at once, and I’m learning my third language, Spanish. When I have kids, I’ll do the same thing as my parents.

  • Brilliant video, Rick. Love how you’re so scientific, musical and all around awesome in presenting information all at once. If I ever have a child I’ll take all this into account

  • Firstly, well done on learning lots of languages… but can you please give the people credit for teaching you where its due. You would not be able to learn any language at all without hearing it spoken by other people they are your teachers. It is a complete impossibility to learn a language without being in the presence of another person or communicating organism.

  • to me it reads of how our focus and views limit theirselves as we age. to take it a step further, it may well account for 85 % of kindergarten kids tested at the genius level of skills and abilityes, they don’t know they cannot do it, and are free to see any give, unemcumbered by another’s teachings. This is down to 15 % at Graduation from highschool. check in with Sir Ken Robinsons Tedtalks. some people take to languages and others don’t. love the celestial openess

  • A lot of this is very good. But here’s the problem. I know exactly how people can and do negatively interpret this kind of research. I teach adults. And 90% of the issues they have come down to the firm belief that adults cannot learn anything new. I’ve had students who actually said that there were studies showing that only babies or small children can learn. They’ll make elaborate, articulate, lengthy arguments that as adults, they are not capable of new learning. (If they took a tenth of the all the time and energy spent on this… they’d be able to learn from some things!!) So as fascinating as all of this is, as solid as the research may be, the problem is that Dr. Kuhl ALSO just had to throw in a slide very early on showing that adults are supposedly unable to learn anything (remember that slide about how language acquisition is supposed to drop to almost zero after age 17?) But she did not do whatever research supposedly supported thisshe was involved with the research on the babies. The two got conflated when they should not have been, and a lot of people will come away with the false message that the infant research somehow also proved that adults might as well not even bother trying to take on new learning. I think that this TED talk would have been more valuable if she could have stuck to the actual research instead of feeling the need to throw in yet more reinforcement for the prejudice that adults cannot learn.

  • Thankx for the video mam….my baby’s age is 5 month she has problem in her brain.she can not see anything even her eye’s are alright. Size of her brain is small and 70%damage what to do? Plss guide

  • Very interesting. Now the question is, what’s the impact of the same experiment after the 10-12 months period? How much statistics are then taken?

    The graph at the beginning of the video is often quoted left and right, with little regard as to its actual significance. The only thing it says is that people score lower on foreign language tests as they get older. It merely observes and does not say how nor why, nor does it account for *successful* language learners. Hopefully research will tell..

  • As a Mexican, I’ve got the opportunity to study in Canada. My best friend there was Filipino. We communicated each other in English, being the common language for both of us. But as time went on in our relationship we started to incorporate to our code Tagalog words that he taught me and Spanish words that I taught him. At the end of my stay in Canada, we spoke a kind of hybrid language only understandable for the two of us. Interesting linguistic experience!

  • How about a baby speaking Chinese at home and go to kindergarten speaking English, or watching YOUTUBE children video in English or Chinese Video?

  • As a native speaker of my 2nd language once pointed out, to cheer me up: everyone has an accent! Replacing your ‘foreign’ accent with a native one makes you a better mimic, not a more fluent speaker

  • No one has ever seen God, but the one and only Son, who is himself God and is in closest relationship with the Father, has made Him known JESUS CHRIST IS LORD

  • At first I was of course really impressed by this, but then it made me think “Welcome to the education race competition starting already during pregnancy. Why dont you already connect them to the internet and put them under a 16 hour stress routine so they can have their first heart attack already at 5?” sorry for my sarcasm, but….

  • There are lots of useful and interesting ideas presented here, but i think there’s a bit of confusion involved in the presentation here that obfuscates the difference between models and reality. In particular, clearly we are describing some of the linguistic information statistically, but what really does it mean for a baby to “take statistics”? For a phrase that is used so many times in this talk, its actual meaning is rather vague…”taking statistics” sounds sexy, but its meaning is unclear.

  • you cant put all European languages into the same family:/ there are family groups of european languages.. eg. Dutch and Polish have nothing in common..[ unlike German and Dutch or Polish and Slovakian]..

  • Just because babies learn languages well doesn’t mean that adults cannot learn new languages. Keep in mind that babies have all day every day to think about what they are hearing. You don’t. It turns out that when adults attempt to lrearn a new language, some are successful and some fail no matter how hard they try. Why is this? There is a language researcher by the name of Stephen Krashen and he has discovered that we all learn languages by acquisition using comprehensible input. So the adults who are successful in learning a language are the ones (do a utube search and learn about his work.), the ones who out of shear luck used a method, or course, or teacher that gave them large amounts of comprehensible inputs. The ones who failed did so because they used a teacher, or course, or method that relied on memorization, exercises and lots and lots of grammar instruction. That is just not a successful approach to learning a new language.and if you have had the bad luck of using this approach, it is highly likely that you will NOT become fluent in a new language.

  • I realised that babies and very young children are susceptible to classical music. They all love Stravinsky. As they get older they get ruined by the infantile way they are treated because they are just perceived to be simple children. Nothing too complex or difficult. Within a year of nursery rhymes and childrens songs and particularly the music aimed at them in commercial tv programmes, their musical interests adapt to that low level. And then they don’t like classical music anymore.

  • OMG!!!! i’m 24 years old and one time I Code Mixed with my friends in my University, i was talking in spanish but i change one word in english, pero no recuerdo cual palabra fue, anyway i think they understand. Greetings from Mexico!! okay’ i am definitely Marrying a Russian Girl Now, Just hope they can learn 3 languages at the same time. (Español, English, русский) Priviet!!!

  • How amazing is I´m taking a teaching course and that we had homework watching videos like this one and at the same time I have a baby boy who turns tomorrow 8 months old.

  • Weve also see how “the breath of life” isnt accurate. Because if a fish is taken out of the water and i hales oxygen then it dies. Until this dumbfuck book which these dumb fuck godbelievers claim comes from the dumbfuck himself has absolutely no fucking holes for me to poke at, then their delusion is real. According to them that is the word of their delusion and its perfect, but when i can poke holes on it and find inconsistencies, then it isnt. And im not even a genius, im not even smart. I seriously dont know how these dumb fuck jesus luving god turds dont shove crayons up their nose because their too fucking stupid. Literally i dont take anything serious from the dumb fuck believers of their faith, because they arent god. So since they arent, then its bound for mistakes, and since nothing has ever revealed itself then its 99.9999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999 percent its bullshit.

  • This is what frustrates me. There’s legitimate evidence that learning other languages at younger ages can benefit children, but in the United States (the majority of it, anyway), they wait until early adolescence to teach children new languages.

    For example, when I was five years old, I attended a school on Martha’s Vineyard, as I was born there and lived on-island until the age of seven. They taught the students how to speak beginners Spanish throughout their entire educational career. I remember the stuff we learned back then.

    I then moved to Rehoboth, Massachusetts and found that they no longer taught a foreign language to my age group (I moved at the age of eight going into nine). I went for around three years (until the age of thirteen, I believe, when we were entering 7th grade) without trying to learn another language.

    Upon entering that Spanish I class, I found that I remembered the small amount of Spanish that I was taught as a younger child, but struggled like all hell when we were being taught in middle school and onward (so much to the point where I gave up in my senior year of high school, and now suffer the consequences).

    I am now 21, and trying to learn the German language as I didn’t finish all four years of a foreign language in high school. I am having a ridiculously difficult time trying to grasp the concepts of grammar in another language, despite it being fairly similar to my own native tongue.

    Point being, I am really sick and tired of school systems doing teaching styles improperly. With all this scientific evidence to back it up, would it not make more sense to teach kids how to speak foreign languages at a much earlier age, as the plasticity of the brain would be more apt to hold onto the information? It’s ridiculous, because they then expect students to fluidly absorb this new language information.

    Some students can easily grasp language comprehension (I have a few friends who might as well be native speakers), but they don’t think to teach them earlier on when it’s more beneficial to the student rather than themselves. It’s idiotic.

  • You have re-discovered something profound here. I was born in the early 60’s. My parents would blast out classical music from their “Hi-Fi” when is was in the womb then throughout my entire childhood. (I recall memories of “Night on Bald Mountain” before I could speak). When I was but 6 years old I memorized Lewis Carroll’s “THE WALRUS AND THE CARPENTER” from his Alice in Wonderland novel in about 30 minutes, and recited it in front of the entire elementary school. (word count of 812) I grew up with “natural” music ability, I could play any instrument I picked up. Later in early adult hood I picked up the trade of tuning pianos. I learned to read, write, and speak ancient Hebrew and Aramaic, quickly due to a “fad” interest after seeing Mel Gibson’s “Passion of the Christ”. I am not even going to go into all of my mental math abilities without the need of slide rules and calculators. My parents have none of these abilities and share none of my musical interests except for the fact that they listened to classical and jazz. Is it possible that I developed these abilities just from being exposed to the music alone that I have mentioned above, at such a young age?

  • She needs to research the statistics on getting that spit out of her fucking mouth so it doesn’t sound like oral sec when she’s talking

  • 1) Her English is a dream. 2) If you teach all babies English in addition to their native language, they would grow up and speak English (it gives better opportunities) and in 2-3 generations all people on Earth will speak only English. Which is actually a good idea. If we wanna have a truly United World, having the one and only language would enormously help reaching this goal.

  • Thank you for your exceptional talk! Recently I have watched some video about bilingual children, then I realize it is really nice if we could help our children learn foreign language almost effortlessly, comparing to us, who have to spend years and years, being hard-working and doing our tests to be fluent in some foreign language.

  • Amazing. With Miyamotos study on frequencies and water it makes sense that vibrations emitted into the brain of a developing child would change the brain to reflect the input. This is why negative music produces negative attitudes. However, I’d say your son would’ve already been smart because he’s in such good hands.

  • Looking forward for the Android app version! Anyways, really wanted to ask you if you have a playlist online of all that great selection of music? I loved all the ones that appeared in the video.

  • too bad you monetize this so much. paying for the app is fine, but free downloads or at least playlists for the music you were playing would be appreciated

  • this is amazing!!!!! along with cognitive, An incredible balance for him to absorb would be these books NVC from Marshall Rosenberg, The Four Agreements, from Miguel Ruiz/

  • Qué alivio!!! Porque a pesar d q conozco tanto ingles como francés (estudiados durante 6 años both y siendo mi idioma materno el español)cuando estoy en Europa MEZCLO ambos y me paralizo!!!!
    Gracias x hacerme saber q no soy tan inútil como suponía!!!

  • Interesting, social brain maybe is the reason why learning through internet is not as effective as learning a new major in the campus.

  • Dog/domesticated animals carrie virus/disease that manipulates Brian chemistry. For slaver/capitalist. Man/omaga never lays with animal. Bad for development of mind.