Premature Babies and Complications by Week

 

Challenges of Premature Birth

Video taken from the channel: Health Science Channel


 

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Video taken from the channel: AMITA Health


 

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Challenges of Premature Birth

Video taken from the channel: Health Science Channel


 

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Video taken from the channel: Loyola Medicine


 

Neurodevelopment of Preterm Babies

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By 28 weeks, premature babies weigh about 2 1/2 pounds and are about 16 inches long from head to toe. Rapid eye development is occurring. Premature babies born after 27 weeks can blink and no longer have fused eyelids.   The retinas are still developing, which puts babies at risk for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). While outcomes have improved for premature babies, complications can still occur. The following complications can affect preterm babies in the first weeks after birth.

Jaundice in premature babies. These can include: breathing problems infections digestive problems blood problems kidney problems brain and nervous system problems like seizures. Below is a list of the most common premature birth complications that a newborn may experience: Immature Lungs – Most babies have mature lungs by 36 weeks of gestation. However, since babies develop at different rates, there are exceptions to this.

Premature Babies – What To Expect Week By Week Each day of pregnancy changes your baby. This means that while every baby born prior to 37 weeks is considered premature, a 25 weeker is far different than a 29 or 35 weeker. The earlier the birth, the more likely she is to have complications. Doctors call a baby “premature” if she’s born more than 3 weeks before the due date.

Since preemies haven’t had. Premature birth is birth that happens too soon, before 37 weeks of pregnancy. Babies born prematurely may have more health problems at birth and later in life than babies born later. Premature babies can have long-term intellectual and developmental disabilities and problems with their lungs, brain, eyes and other organs. A baby born before the week 28 will have a lot of serious problems, but the survival rate is still remarkable.

It`s pretty common for premature babies and have an intrauterine growth restriction, which effects the established prognosis negatively. Survival rates can be misleading because it varies a lot between the following units. Once she reaches 26 weeks gestation, a baby will still need medical attention, but her chances of surviving without serious health issues are greatly improved. However, she is still at increased risk for disabilities such as cerebral palsy, deafness, blindness, and neurological problems compared to babies born later. Feeding and Digestive Problems: Premature infants often cannot drink from the breast or a bottle at birth, and may be fed with IV fluids or through a tube in the nose or mouth for several weeks.

These early feeding challenges can cause long-term feeding difficulties, including food refusal and slow growth.

List of related literature:

Maternal risk factors for prematurity include pregnancyinduced hypertension, antepartum hemorrhage, infection, and premature rupture of membranes.

“Encyclopedia of Special Education: A Reference for the Education of Children, Adolescents, and Adults with Disabilities and Other Exceptional Individuals” by Cecil R. Reynolds, Elaine Fletcher-Janzen
from Encyclopedia of Special Education: A Reference for the Education of Children, Adolescents, and Adults with Disabilities and Other Exceptional Individuals
by Cecil R. Reynolds, Elaine Fletcher-Janzen
Wiley, 2007

Late preterm infants are also at risk and need to be followed more closely because findings suggest that shortand long-term development is affected (Engle, Tomashek, & Wallman, 2007; Kelly, 2006).

“Core Curriculum for Maternal-Newborn Nursing E-Book” by AWHONN, Susan Mattson, Judy E. Smith
from Core Curriculum for Maternal-Newborn Nursing E-Book
by AWHONN, Susan Mattson, Judy E. Smith
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2010

The greatest risk factors appear to be young gestational age and low birthweight (Fig. 44-30); however, late preterm delivery (35 to 36 weeks) or elective delivery in the absence of labor are becoming increasingly prominent as risk factors.23 Other risk factors include maternal diabetes and perinatal hypoxia-ischemia.

“Fanaroff and Martin's Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine: Diseases of the Fetus and Infant” by Richard J. Martin, Avroy A. Fanaroff, Michele C. Walsh
from Fanaroff and Martin’s Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine: Diseases of the Fetus and Infant
by Richard J. Martin, Avroy A. Fanaroff, Michele C. Walsh
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2010

These complications include extreme prematurity (less than 28 weeks’ gestation), very low birthweight (less than 1,500 grams), bleeding in the brain, severe asphyxia (lack of oxygen), bacterial meningitis, and shaken baby syndrome (see Chapter 1).

“Cerebral Palsy: A Complete Guide for Caregiving” by Freeman Miller, Steven J. Bachrach
from Cerebral Palsy: A Complete Guide for Caregiving
by Freeman Miller, Steven J. Bachrach
Johns Hopkins University Press, 2017

This group of preterm infants and those infants born at 37 to 38 weeks, classified as early term births, have been less studied than the preterm infants regarding the impact of feeding problems and other complications.

“Pediatric Swallowing and Feeding: Assessment and Management, Third Edition” by Joan C. Arvedson, Linda Brodsky, Maureen A. Lefton-Greif
from Pediatric Swallowing and Feeding: Assessment and Management, Third Edition
by Joan C. Arvedson, Linda Brodsky, Maureen A. Lefton-Greif
Plural Publishing, Incorporated, 2019

Infants born prematurely are at risk for respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH), necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), and sepsis.

“Management of Common Problems in Obstetrics and Gynecology” by T. Murphy Goodwin, Martin N. Montoro, Laila Muderspach, Richard Paulson, Subir Roy
from Management of Common Problems in Obstetrics and Gynecology
by T. Murphy Goodwin, Martin N. Montoro, et. al.
Wiley, 2010

Preterm infants are at risk for various medical complications in the neonatal period, mostly because their organ systems are not fully ready to function on their own (Jobe & Ikegami, 2000).

“Handbook of Pediatric Neuropsychology” by Andrew S. Davis, PhD, Rik Carl D'Amato
from Handbook of Pediatric Neuropsychology
by Andrew S. Davis, PhD, Rik Carl D’Amato
Springer Publishing Company, 2010

The severity is related to gestational age: the more premature the infant, the more severe the disease.

“Respiratory Care: Principles and Practice” by Dean R. Hess, Neil R. MacIntyre, William F. Galvin
from Respiratory Care: Principles and Practice
by Dean R. Hess, Neil R. MacIntyre, William F. Galvin
Jones & Bartlett Learning, 2015

Nurses and health care providers must be cognizant of the risk factors for late preterm infants and be continually vigilant for the development of problems related to the infant’s immaturity (Phillips, Goldstein, Hougland, et al., 2013).

“Maternity and Women's Health Care E-Book” by Deitra Leonard Lowdermilk, Shannon E. Perry, Mary Catherine Cashion, Kathryn Rhodes Alden
from Maternity and Women’s Health Care E-Book
by Deitra Leonard Lowdermilk, Shannon E. Perry, et. al.
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2014

This presentation is cause for concern and often requires intervention such as specialized care at a facility capable of managing preterm labor and premature infants (infants born before 36 weeks’ gestation or weighing less than 5 lb [2 kg] at birth).

“Critical Care Transport” by American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS), American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP), UMBC
from Critical Care Transport
by American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS), American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP), UMBC
Jones & Bartlett Learning, 2017

Oktay Kutluk

Kutluk Oktay, MD, FACOG is one of the world's foremost experts in fertility preservation as well as ovarian stimulation and in vitro fertilization for infertility treatments. He developed and performed the world's first ovarian transplantation procedures as well as pioneered new ovarian stimulation protocols for embryo and oocyte freezing for breast and endometrial cancer patients.

Mail: [email protected]
Telephone: +1 (877) 492-3666

Biography: https://medicine.yale.edu/profile/kutluk_oktay/
Bibliography: oktay_bibliography

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6 comments

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  • Being prematurely it suck’s and your thinking why did your parent’s even bring you into this life when your going through problems the through out your life

  • My baby is also premature 26 weeks and he’s 5 years now.. he’s good but the problem is he always get coldand less immunity other than all okay

  • wow 90% is great!!!! i am so happy that they came so far! i was born in the 23rd week and was very lucky. i think it’s very important that parents look after them well while they are still so small

  • Omg! I can’t believe it how pretty she is! I’m currently experiencing a similar situation! My baby girl born at 23 weeks and 4 days i was so hopeless when i saw that tiny baby on the encubator. It passed 3 months and half since she born. And i can’t wait to take her home. She is on high flow mode. Hopefully she will be able to breathe by herself soon. Thanks for sharing your story here and make me believe everything is possible. We just have to believe! I hope your daughter still doing well and growing without any problem. You can also find me on Instagram @cristinafirmino.27 if you would like to talk. Thanks all the best xx

  • My baby is same. birth in seven month in wait is 700 grm.now he is 5 month complete.he’s wait now 3 kg.im so tension how to gain to wait speed.please shere to my u r experience.u r baby so quit ����

  • Hello, Hope you are fine.. Im from Mauritius and my baby was born in 29 weeks while my wife was 34 weeks. Dr advised to do an urgent c-section as the baby stopped developing due to low amniotic fluid. Now the MRI show that she has calcifications and eyes problems. Her skull has shrunk since she was born. Is there anything you can do to help, I mean any advices? I shall be really greatful if you can help. God bless you.