‘Secret’ Languages of Twins | Idioglossia, Cryptophasia, Autonomous Languages
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One of the popular myths about multiples is that they share a secret language, a form of communication known only to them. Terms such as idioglossia, autonomous language or cryptophasia describe the phenomenon of twin language, a fascinating. Idioglossia is a term referring to twin language.
It is also called cryptophasia. Nevertheless, a lot of experts say that this is not actually what you would call a different language, but rather some kind of code or a sequence of shortcuts, something that twins would have come up with between themselves as a way of communicating with one another. Cryptophasia is a phenomenon of a language developed by twins (identical or fraternal) that only the two children can understand. The word has its roots from the Greek crypto, meaning secret, and phasia, meaning speech. Most linguists associate cryptophasia with idioglossia, which is any language used by only one, or very few, people.
Cryptophasia also differs from idioglossia on including mirrored actions like twin-walk and identical mannerisms. Another pure example of a secret language is whatever Jody Foster in 1994’s movie Nell is saying. That kind of cryptic and unique words assembled in the language are not gibberish.
This is idioglossia or criptophasia. Twin language or twin speech is often referred to as autonomous language, cryptophasia, or idioglossia. They are all types of communication systems, most commonly occurring in twins. With the exception of cryptophasia, they may also transpire between singletons and between other siblings of multiple births.
Basically, this phenomenon describes the way two or more close siblings use words and/or gestures. The idea that twins develop entirely fabricated secret languages that only they use and only they can understand has long been a source of fascination for scientists and lay people alike. This is known as twin language, idioglossia or cryptophasia.
In most cases, however, what the twins are speaking is not an entirely new or separate language. The phenomenon, also called cryptophasia (Greek: “secret” + “speech”), describes a language developed by twins in early childhood which they only speak with each other. Invented languages spoken by very few people are also referred to as autonomous languages or idioglossia. Also known as idioglossia, autonomous language or cryptophasia, the phenomenon of the secret language among twins, twin language, twin talk has fascinated both parents and researchers.
It is a spoken language – sometimes also a language of gestures and body language – that twins adopt to communicate among each other. Twin speak is also sometimes called idioglossia, a similar phenomenon, but one that doesn’t include the mirrored actions and mannerisms that typically accompany cryptophasia. An idioglossia (from the Ancient Greek ἴδιος ídios, ‘own, personal, distinct’ and γλῶσσα glôssa, ‘tongue’) is an idiosyncratic language invented and spoken by only one person or very few people.
Most often, idioglossia refers to the “private languages” of young children, especially twins, the latter being more specifically known as cryptophasia, and commonly referred to as twin talk or twin speech. Children who are exposed to multiple languages from birth are also inclined to create idioglossias, but t.
List of related literature:
|from Tackling Selective Mutism: A Guide for Professionals and Parents|
|from Why Language Matters for Theory of Mind|
|from Ancient Greek Ideas on Speech, Language, and Civilization|
|from Intelligence, Heredity and Environment|
|from What to Expect: The Second Year|
|from Encyclopedia of Special Education: A Reference for the Education of Children, Adolescents, and Adults with Disabilities and Other Exceptional Individuals, Volume 3|
|from Encyclopedia of Special Education: A Reference for the Education of Children, Adolescents, and Adults with Disabilities and Other Exceptional Individuals, Volume 1|
|from Concise Oxford Companion to the English Language|
|from Theoretical Bases of Indo-European Linguistics|
|from Making it Explicit: Reasoning, Representing, and Discursive Commitment|